|Member of the Australian Parliament|
2 December 1972 – 13 December 1975
|Preceded by||Peter Howson|
|Succeeded by||Peter Falconer|
|Member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly|
5 May 1979 – 2 October 1992
|Preceded by||Alan Scanlan|
|Succeeded by||Denise McGill|
|Born||27 March 1935|
Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia
|Political party||Australian Labor Party|
Charles Race Thorson Mathews (born 27 March 1935), usually known as Race Mathews, is an Australian co-operative economist, and former member of Victoria's State Parliament and Australia's Federal Parliament for the Australian Labor Party (ALP). As of 2012[update] he was a senior research fellow at Monash University's Faculty of Business and Economics.
From 1972 to 1975, Mathews was the Federal Member for Casey, where he served as the Chairman of the House of Representatives Select Committee on Specific Learning Difficulties (1974–1975), and the Chairman of the Government Members' Committee on Urban and Regional Development. From 1979 to 1992, Mathews served as the State Member for Oakleigh in the Victorian Legislative Assembly during the Cain Government. In this capacity, Mathews served as the Chairman of the Ministerial Advisory Committee on Co-operatives, the Minister for Community Services from 1987 to 1988, and Minister for Police and Emergency Services and Minister for the Arts 1982–1987.
Mathews is the author, co-author, or editor of numerous books on politics and economics. These include "Building the Society of Equals: Worker Co-operatives and the A.L.P.," "Jobs of Our Own," "Australia's First Fabians,"  "Whitlam Re-visited: Policy Development, Policies and Outcomes," "Labor's Troubled Times," and "Turning the Tide: Towards a Mutualist Philosophy and Politics for Labor and the Left."
Mathews' Co-operative Individualism, coupled with his strong Fabian Socialist beliefs, has led to some criticism by other academics. For instance, Jocelyn Pixley has attacked Mathews for his (apparent) support of the Cain Government's Co-operative Development Program, on the basis that Beatrice Webb, a founder of the Fabian Society, was a prominent member of the Federalist school of Co-operative economics, which supports Consumers' Co-operatives linked through co-operative wholesale societies, and was a harsh critic of Workers' cooperatives. Pixley writes:
A 'prefigurative' argument, that [Workers] co-ops were 'pioneers of a new exciting territory', a 'testing ground' for socialism... formed the basis of one Labor politician's support [i.e. Mathews], among others. It is an interesting position for a professed Fabian to hold, given Beatrice Webb's harsh judgement that [Workers'] co-operatives were associations of small capitalists as fraudulent as any other."
However, in spite of being a Minister in the Cain Government's Chairman of the Ministerial Advisory Committee on Co-operatives, and being a supporter of Workers Co-operatives, Mathews was a critic of the Cain Government's Co-operative Development Program, telling one magazine at the time that they were:
"...'in most instances wretchedly managed, chronically under-performing and expressive of the attitude that the world owes their members a living.' He said that we should 'wipe what has already happened in this state in the field of co-operation.' It was 'an historical aberration,' and it 'would have been better if it had never been.'"
- Curriculum Vitae: Race Mathews Archived 7 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- Dr. Race Mathews Archived 11 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Mathews, Race. "Victorian Labor's new crisis". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- Mathews, Race, "Building the Society of Equals: Worker Co-operatives and the A.L.P.," Melbourne : Victorian Fabian Society, 1983.
- Mathews, Race, "Jobs of Our Own: Building a Stakeholder Society," Sydney, Pluto Press (Australia), and London, Comerford & Miller, 1999.
- Mathews, Race, "Australia's First Fabians: Middle-Class Radicals, Labour Activists and the Early Labour Movement" Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
- Mathews, Race; Emy, Hugh; and Hughes, Owen; "Whitlam Re-visited: Policy Development, Policies and Outcomes", Sydney: Pluto Press, 1992.
- Mathews, Race, Burchall, David "Labor's Troubled Times," Sydney: Pluto Press (Australia), 1991.
- Mathews, Race, "Turning the Tide: Towards a Mutualist Philosophy and Politics for Labor and the Left," Melbourne: Australian Fabian Society and Arena Publications, 2001.
- Pixley, Jocelyn, "Citizenship and Employment: investigating Post-Industrial Options", Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
- "Mathews Attacks Co-operative Program", in “The Co-operator: Victoria’s Journal of Co-operative Affairs”, No. 12, p. 5.
|Parliament of Australia|
| Member for Casey
|Victorian Legislative Assembly|
| Member for Oakleigh
| Minister for the Arts