Race Point Light

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Race Point)
Jump to: navigation, search
Race Point Light
Race Point Lighthouse being painted 2012.jpg
The lighthouse gets a fresh coat of paint in 2012
Location Cape Cod
Coordinates 42°3′44.4″N 70°14′34.9″W / 42.062333°N 70.243028°W / 42.062333; -70.243028
Year first constructed 1816
Year first lit 1876 (current structure)
Automated 1972
Foundation Natural/emplaced
Construction Iron plate with brick interior
Tower shape Conical
Markings / pattern White with black lantern
Height 45 feet (14 m)
Focal height 41 feet (12 m) above mean sea level
Original lens Fourth-order Fresnel lens
Current lens VRB-25
Range 16 nautical miles (30 km; 18 mi)
Characteristic Fl W 10s
Admiralty number J0386
ARLHS number USA-680
USCG number

1-485[1][2][3]

Race Point Light Station
Race Point Lighthouse, Provincetown, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 1911 postcard.jpg
1911 postcard
Race Point Light is located in Cape Cod
Race Point Light
Location Race Point Beach, Provincetown, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°3′44.4″N 70°14′41″W / 42.062333°N 70.24472°W / 42.062333; -70.24472Coordinates: 42°3′44.4″N 70°14′41″W / 42.062333°N 70.24472°W / 42.062333; -70.24472
Area less than one acre
Built 1876
Architectural style Italianate
MPS Lighthouses of Massachusetts TR
NRHP Reference # 87001482[4]
Added to NRHP June 15, 1987

Race Point Light is a historic lighthouse on Cape Cod, in Provincetown, Massachusetts; it is on the National Register of Historic Places. The original tower, first illuminated in 1816, was replaced in 1876 with the current 45-foot tall iron-plated tower and a new keeper's dwelling. The American Lighthouse Foundation operates the property and rents out two buildings for overnight stays. The actual light is maintained by the Coast Guard. The site is reached by walking about 45 minutes over sand; with a National Parks Service Oversand Permit, a four-wheel-drive vehicle can be used.[5][6][7]

History[edit]

The original "rubble stone" tower and keepers's house

Race Point Light was first established in 1816, the third light on Cape Cod (after Highland Light (1797) and Chatham Light (1808). The original light was a 25 feet (7.6 m) rubblestone tower that featured one of the earliest rotating beacons, which distinguished it from others on Cape Cod. In 1858 the light got a fourth order Fresnel lens and, in 1874, a second keeper's quarters.

In 1876, after significant deterioration of the original tower, it was replaced with a 45-foot tall cast iron tower lined with brick. The Fresnel lens was installed into the new tower. The original keeper's stone house was removed and replaced with one made of wood. Race Point Light was electrified in 1957. The larger keeper's house was removed in 1960 and the other was updated.[1] The light was automated in 1972.[8]

Race Point Lighthouse after 1876

In 1995 the group updated the keeper’s house and began offering rooms for overnight stays in 1998. A solar electrical system was installed in October 2003, and a wind turbine back-up generator was added in 2007. The light now uses a solar-powered VRB-25 optic with 400,000 candlepower, operated by the Coast Guard.[9] Operation of the site is by the American Lighthouse Foundation. Tours are available on the first and third Saturdays from June until October.[10] Both the Keeper's House and the Whistle House are available for overnight rental.[3]

Race Point Light was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Race Point Light Station on June 15, 1987, reference number 87001482.[4]

Light keepers[edit]

The following keepers maintained the light over the years, some for a surprisingly short time. Several had been assistant keepers for years prior to their promotion to head keeper.[11]

  • Joshua Dyer (1816 – 1822)
  • Elijah Dyer (1822 – 1847)
  • Lemuel Cook (1847 – 1853)
  • Waterman Crocker (1853 – 1861)
  • Josiah Ghenn (1861 – 1870)
  • James Cushman (1870 – 1885)
  • Thomas V. Mullins (1885 – 1892)
  • Charles A. Havender (1892 – 1904)
  • Samuel S. Smith (1904 – 1909)
  • Roscoe G. Lopaus (1909)
  • Waldo Leighton (1909 – 1915)
  • William H. Lowther (1915 – 1935)
  • James W. Hinckley (1935 – 1937)
  • Javan D. York (1938 – 1942)
  • Theodore M. Koswoski (1944)
  • James O’Brien (1944)
  • Joseph L. Collette (1944)
  • Osborne E. Hallett (1945 – 1955)
  • Elias J. Martinez (1955 – 1956)
  • Gottfried Schiffers (1956 – 1958)
  • Elias J. Martinez (1958 – 1959)
  • Aubrey T. Griggs (1959 – 1960)

Gallery[edit]

Race Point Light, postcard, circa 1930-1945

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]