Historical racial and ethnic demographics of the United States

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The racial and ethnic demographics of the United States have changed dramatically throughout its history.

Italian Americans in Little Italy in Manhattan, New York City, New York, around 1900.
Native American (Apache) warriors in 1886.
A Hispanic American rally in San Jose, California, in 2006.
African American slaves on a South Carolina plantation (The Old Plantation, c. 1790)

Sources of data[edit]

Asian American and Pacific Islander American women wearing traditional clothing in 2008.

During the American colonial period, British colonial officials conducted censuses in some of the Thirteen Colonies that included enumerations by race.[1] In addition, tax lists and other reports provided additional data and information about the racial demographics of the Thirteen Colonies during this time period.[1]

People have been enumerated by race in every United States Census since the first one in 1790.[2] Collection of data on race and ethnicity in the United States Census has changed over time, including addition of new enumeration categories and changes in definitions of those categories.[2][3][4]

Historical trends[edit]

The Black (African American) population was non-existent in 1610, but increased rapidly after 1620 with the implementation of the slave trade in colonial areas which later became parts of the United States.[1] African Americans (Blacks) made up almost one-fifth of the United States population in 1790, but their percentage of the total U.S. population declined in almost every U.S. census until 1930.[5] From at least 1790 until the start of World War I, the overwhelming majority (around ninety percent) of African Americans[5] lived in the southern United States.[6][7] In addition, before 1865, the overwhelming majority of African Americans were slaves.[5] The Great Migration throughout the twentieth century (starting from World War I)[5][6] resulted in more than six million African Americans leaving the Southern U.S. (especially rural areas) and moving to other parts of the United States (especially to urban areas) due to the greater economic/job opportunities, less anti-black violence/lynchings,[8] and a smaller amount of segregation/discrimination there.[9][10] Due to the Great Migration, many large cities outside of the former Confederacy (such as New York, Chicago, Detroit, and Cleveland) experienced huge increases in the African American percentage of their total population.[9]

Whites (including Non-Hispanic Whites) have historically made up the overwhelming majority (usually between eighty and ninety percent) of the total United States population.[5] The United States historically had few Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans, especially before the late twentieth century.[5] Most Asian Americans[5] historically lived in the western United States.[11][12] The Hispanic and Asian population of the United States has rapidly increased in the late twentieth and twenty-first centuries, and the African American percentage of the U.S. population is slowly increasing as well since reaching a low point of less than ten percent in 1930.[5]

Historical data for all races and for Hispanic origin (1610–2010)[edit]

The United States Census enumerated Whites and Blacks since 1790, Asians and Native Americans since 1860 (though all Native Americans in the U.S. were not enumerated until 1890), "some other race" since 1950, and "two or more races" since 2000.[2] Hispanics (as well as the Non-Hispanic White population) were enumerated since 1940 (with the exception of 1950 and 1960), but some estimates for the Hispanic (and Non-Hispanic White) population were made for certain years before 1940 (as well as for 1950 and 1960).[2][13][14]

Racial and Ethnic Demographics of the Thirteen Colonies (Total Numbers) Between 1610 and 1750[1][a]
Race/Ethnic Group 1610 1620 1630 1640 1650 1660 1670 1680 1690 1700 1710 1720 1730 1740 1750
Total Population 350 2,302 4,646 26,634 50,368 75,058 111,935 151,507 210,372 250,888 331,711 466,185 629,445 905,563 1,170,760
White 350 2,282 4,586 26,037 48,768 72,138 107,400 144,536 193,643 223,071 286,845 397,346 538,424 755,539 934,340
Black (also called Negro) 0 20 60 597 1,600 2,920 4,535 6,971 16,729 27,817 44,866 68,839 91,021 150,024 236,420
Racial and Ethnic Demographics of the Thirteen Colonies and the United States (Total Numbers) Between 1760 and 1840[1][a][15][16][17]
Race/Ethnic Group 1760 1770 1780 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840
Total Population 1,593,625 2,148,076 2,780,369 3,929,214 5,308,483 7,239,881 9,638,453 12,860,702 17,063,353
White 1,267,819 1,688,254 2,204,949 3,172,006 4,306,446 5,862,073 7,866,797 10,532,060 14,189,705
Black (also called Negro) 325,806 459,822 575,420 757,208 1,002,037 1,377,808 1,771,656 2,328,642 2,873,648
Racial and Ethnic Demographics of the United States (Total Numbers) Between 1850 and 1920[15][16][17][17][c]
Race/Ethnic Group 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920
Total Population 23,191,876 31,443,321 38,558,371 50,155,783 62,947,714 75,994,575 91,972,266 105,710,620
White 19,553,068 26,922,537 33,589,377 43,402,970 55,101,258 66,809,196 81,731,957 94,820,915
Black 3,638,808 4,441,830 4,880,009 6,580,793 7,488,676 8,833,994 9,827,763 10,463,131
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 44,021[b] 25,731[b] 66,407[b] 248,253 237,196 265,683 244,437
Asian and Pacific Islander 34,933 63,254 105,613 109,527 114,189 146,863 182,137
Hispanic (of any race)[14] 116,943 393,555 503,189 797,994[14] 1,286,154[14]
Non-Hispanic White[14] 19,438,451 43,065,679 66,374,317 81,043,248[14] 93,604,612[14]
Racial and Ethnic Demographics of the United States (Total Numbers) Between 1930 and 2010[15][16][17][c]
Race/Ethnic Group 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Total Population 122,775,046 131,669,275 150,697,361 179,323,175 203,210,158 226,545,805 248,709,873 281,421,906 308,745,538
White 110,286,740 118,214,870 134,942,028 158,831,732 178,119,221 188,371,622 199,686,070 211,460,626 223,553,265
Black 11,891,143 12,865,518 15,042,286 18,871,831 22,539,362 26,495,025 29,986,060 34,658,190 38,929,319
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 332,397 333,969 343,410 551,669 795,110 1,420,400 1,959,234 2,475,956 2,932,248
Asian and Pacific Islander 264,766 254,918 321,033 980,337 1,526,401 3,500,439 7,273,662 10,641,833 15,214,265
Some other race 48,604 87,606 230,064 6,758,319 9,804,847 15,359,073 19,107,368
Two or more races 6,826,228 9,009,073
Hispanic (of any race) 2,021,820[14] 3,231,409[14] 5,814,784[14] 8,920,940[14] 14,608,673 22,354,059 35,305,818 50,477,594
Non-Hispanic White 116,261,189[14] 131,805,405[14] 153,217,498[14] 169,622,593[14] 180,256,366 188,128,296 194,552,774 196,817,552
Racial and Ethnic Demographics of the United States (Percentages) Between 1790 and 1900[15][16][17]
Race/Ethnic Group 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900
White 80.7% 81.1% 81.0% 81.6% 81.9% 83.2% 84.3% 85.6% 87.1% 86.5% 87.5% 87.9%
Black 19.3% 18.9% 19.0% 18.4% 18.1% 16.8% 15.7% 14.1% 12.7% 13.1% 11.9% 11.6%
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 0.1%[b] 0.1%[b] 0.1%[b] 0.4% 0.3%
Asian and Pacific Islander 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%
Hispanic (of any race) 0.5% 0.8% 0.7%
Non-Hispanic White 83.8% 85.9% 87.3%
Racial and Ethnic Demographics of the United States (Percentages) Between 1910 and 2010[15][16][17][c]
Race/Ethnic Group 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
White 88.9% 89.7% 89.8% 89.8% 89.5% 88.6% 87.7% 83.1% 80.3% 75.1% 72.4%
Black 10.7% 9.9% 9.7% 9.8% 10.0% 10.5% 11.1% 11.7% 12.1% 12.3% 12.6%
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 0.3% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3% 0.4% 0.6% 0.8% 0.9% 0.9%
Asian and Pacific Islander 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.5% 0.8% 1.5% 2.9% 3.8% 4.9%
Other race 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 3.0% 3.9% 5.5% 6.2%
Two or more races 2.4% 2.9%
Hispanic (of any race) 0.9% 1.2% 1.5% 2.1% 3.2% 4.4% 6.4% 9.0% 12.5% 16.3%
Non-Hispanic White 88.1% 88.5% 88.3% 87.5% 85.4% 83.5% 79.6% 75.6% 69.1% 63.7%

a^ These population estimates include a small number of Native Americans/Indians as part of the Black/Negro population throughout this time period (1610–1780).[1]
b^ While all Native Americans in the United States were only counted as part of the (total) U.S. population since 1890, the U.S. Census Bureau previously either enumerated or made estimates of the non-taxed Native American population (which was not counted as a part of the U.S. population before 1890) for the 1860–1880 time period. The combined taxed and non-taxed Native American population in the United States was 339,421 in 1860, 313,712 in 1870, and 306,543 in 1880.[18]
c^ Data on race from the 2000 and 2010 U.S. Censuses are not directly comparable with those from the 1990 census and previous censuses due, in large part, to giving respondents the option to report more than one race.[19]

Population by race and age (census 2010)[edit]

U.S. 100% White alone 72.41% Black alone 12.61% Mixed* 9.11% Asian alone 4.75% American Indian and Alaska Native alone 0.95% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 0.17%
Population 0-14 61 227 213 39 826 806 8 819 453 9 009 537 2 707 849 732 923 130 645
Percent group 0-14 in race 19.83% 17.82% 22.66% 32.04% 18.45% 25.00% 24.19%
Population 0-14 compared to racial groups 100% 65.05% 14.40% 14.71% 4.42% 1.20% 0.21%
Population 15-49 148 469 487 103 153 069 20 084 707 15 334 191 8 065 404 1 527 690 304 426
Proportions 0-14 to 15-49 0.41239 0.38609 0.43911 0.58755 0.3357 0.47976 0.42915
  • some other race, two or more races and all other mixed people (about 5.3% Some other race (mainly Mestizo), 0.6% Black in combination, 0.55% Asian in combination, 0.25% American Indian or Alaska Native in combination, 2.4% Multiracial)
Age group U.S. 100% (percent of the population) White alone 72.41% (percent in the race/percent in the age group) Black alone 12.61% (percent in the race/percent in the age group) Mixed 9.11% (percent in the race/percent in the age group) Asian alone 4.75% (percent in the race/percent in the age group) American Indian and Alaska Native alone 0.95% (percent in the race/percent in the age group) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 0.17% (percent in the race/percent in the age group)
Population 308 745 538 223 553 265 38 929 319 28 116 441 14 674 252 2 932 248 540 013
0-4 20 201 362 (6.5%) 12 795 675 (5.7%/63.34%) 2 902 590 (7.5%/14.37%) 3 315 480 (11.8%/16.41%) 898 011 (6.1%/4.45%) 244 615 (8.3%/1.21%) 44 991 (8.3%/0.22%)
5-9 20 348 657 (6.6%) 13 293 799 (5.9%/65.33%) 2 882 597 (7.4%/14.17%) 2 957 487 (10.5%/14.53%) 928 248 (6.3%/4.56%) 243 259 (8.3%/1.20%) 43 267 (8.0%/0.21%)
10-14 20 677 194 (6.7%) 13 737 332 (6.1%/66.44%) 3 034 266 (7.8%/14.67%) 2 736 570 (9.7%/13.23%) 881 590 (6.0%/4.26%) 245 049 (8.4%/1.19%) 42 387(7.8%/0.20%)
15-19 22 040 343 (7.1%) 14 620 638 (6.5%/66.35%) 3 448 051 (8.9%/15.64%) 2 704 571 (9.6%/12.27%) 956 028 (6.5%/4.34%) 263 805 (9.0%/1.20%) 47 250(8.7%/0.21%)
20-24 21 585 999 (7.0%) 14 535 947 (6.5%/67.34%) 3 111 397 (8.0%/14.41%) 2 538 967 (9.0%/11.76%) 1 106 222 (7.5%/5.12%) 240 716 (8.2%/1.12%) 52 750 (9.8%/0.24%)
25-29 21 101 849 (6.8%) 14 345 364 (6.4%/67.98%) 2 786 254 (7.2%/13.20%) 2 464 343 (8.8%/11.68%) 1 234 322 (8.4%/5.85%) 221 654 (7.6%/1.05%) 49 912 (9.2%/0.24%)
30-34 19 962 099 (6.5%) 13 573 270 (6.1%/68.00%) 2 627 925 (6.8%/13.16%) 2 273 322 (8.1%/11.39%) 1 240 906 (8.5%/6.22%) 202 928 (6.9%/1.02%) 43 748 (8.1%/0.22%)
35-39 20 179 642 (6.5%) 13 996 797 (6.3%/69.36%) 2 613 389 (6.7%/12.95%) 2 038 408 (7.2%/10.10%) 1 296 301 (8.8%/6.42%) 196 017 (6.7%/0.97%) 38 730(7.2%/0.19%)
40-44 20 890 964 (6.8%) 15 052 798 (6.7%/72.05%) 2 669 034 (6.9%/12.78%) 1 782 463 (6.3%/8.53%) 1 155 565 (7.9%/5.53%) 194 713(6.6%/0.93%) 36 391(6.7%/0.17%)
45-49 22 708 591 (7.4%) 17 028 255 (7.6%/74.99%) 2 828 657 (7.3%/12.46%) 1 532 117 (5.4%/6.75%) 1 076 060 (7.3%/4.74%) 207 857 (7.1%/0.92%) 35 645(6.6%/0.16%)
50-54 22 298 125 (7.2%) 17 178 632 (7.7%/77.04%) 2 694 247 (6.9%/12.08%) 1 222 175 (4.3%/5.48%) 980 282 (6.7%/4.40%) 191 893 (6.5%/0.86%) 30 896 (5.7%/0.14%)
55-59 19 664 805 (6.4%) 15 562 187 (7.0%/79.14%) 2 205 820 (5.7%/11.22%) 873 943 (3.1%/4.44%) 844 490 (5.8%/4.29%) 154 320 (5.3%/0.78%) 24 045 (4.5%/0.12%)
60-64 16 817 924 (5.4%) 13 693 334 (6.1%/81.42%) 1 686 695(4.3%/10.03%) 611 144 (2.2%/3.63%) 689 601 (4.7%/4.10%) 118 362 (4.0%/0.70%) 18 788 (3.5%/0.11%)
65-69 12 435 263 (4.0%) 10 313 002 (4.6%/82.93%) 1 162 577 (3.0%/9.35%) 394 208 (1.4%/3.17%) 474 327 (3.2%/3.81%) 79 079 (2.7%/0.64%) 12 070 (2.2%/0.10%)
70-74 9 278 166 (3.0%) 7 740 932 (3.5%/83.43%) 852 317 (2.2%/9.19%) 268 574 (1.0%/2.89%) 354 268 (2.4%/3.82%) 53 926 (1.8%/0.58%) 8 149 (1.5%/0.09%)
75-79 7 317 795 (2.4%) 6 224 569 (2.8%/85.06%) 616 789 (1.6%/8.43%) 184 596 (0.7%/2.52%) 251 210 (1.7%/3.43%) 35 268 (1.2%/0.48%) 5 363 (1.0%/0.07%)
80-84 5 743 327 (1.9%) 5 002 427(2.2%/87.10%) 424 592 (1.1%/7.39%) 122 249 (0.4%/2.13%) 168 879 (1.2%/2.94%) 21 963(0.7%/0.38%) 3 217 (0.6%/0.06%)
85+ 5 493 433 (1.8%) 4 858 307 (2.2%/88.44%) 382 122 (1.0%/6.96%) 95 824 (0.3%/1.74%) 137 942 (0.9%/2.51%) 16 824 (0.6%/0.31%) 2 414 (0.4%/0.04%)

Population by race (Estimates)[20][edit]

Year USA White alone (All) White alone (Non-Hispanic) Black alone Black alone (Non-Hispanic) Asian alone American Indian and Alaska Native alone Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone Some other race Two or more races White and Black White and American Indian and Alaska Native White and Asian Black and American Indian and Alaska Native Two or more races (Other)
2010 309,349,689 229,397,472 (74.2%) 196,929,412 (63.7%) 38,874,625 (12.6%) 37,897,524 (12.3%) 14,728,302 (4.8%) 2,553,566 (0.8%) 507,916 (0.2%) 14,889,440 (4.8%) 8,398,368 (2.7%) 2,028,521 (0.7%) 1,705,454 (0.6%) 1,558,860 (0.5%) 289,341 (0.1%) 2,816,192 (0.9%)
2011 311 591 919 230 838 975 (74.08%) 197 084 523 (63.25%) 39 189 528 (12.58%) 38 148 876 (12.24%) 15 020 419 (4.82%) 2 547 006 (0.82%) 506 017 (0.16%) 14 768 156 (4.74%) 8 721 818 (2.80%) 2 174 782 (0.70%) 1 734 245 (0.56%) 1 652 866 (0.53%) 302 250 (0.10%) 2 857 675 (0.92%)
2012 313 914 040 231 992 377 (73.90%) 197 243 423 (62.83%) 39 623 138 (12.62%) 38 464 192 (12.25%) 15 555 530 (4.96%) 2 563 505 (0.82%) 543 198 (0.17%) 14 562 678 (4.64%) 9 073 614 (2.89%) 2 275 588 (0.72%) 1 799 343 (0.57%) 1 733 309 (0.55%) 316 788 (0.10%) 2 948 586 (0.94%)
2013 316 128 839 232 969 901 (73.70%) 197 392 411 (62.44%) 39 919 371 (12.63%) 38 807 755 (12.28%) 16 012 120 (5.07%) 2 521 131 (0.80%) 525 750 (0.17%) 14 811 025 (4.69%) 9 369 541 (2.96%) 2 408 065 (0.76%) 1 832 055 (0.58%) 1 840 160 (0.58%) 318 286 (0.10%) 2 970 975 (0.94%)
2014 318 857 056 233 963 128 (73.38%) 197 409 353 (61.91%) 40 379 066 (12.66%) 39 267 149 (12.31%) 16 686 960 (5.23%) 2 601 714 (0.82%) 557 154 (0.17%) 15 063 263 (4.72%) 9 605 771 (3.01%) 2 518 746 (0.79%) 1 881 024 (0.59%) 1 929 461 (0.61%) 312 454 (0.10%) 2 964 086 (0.93%)

Black population (2000 and 2010)

Black group 2000 2010
Black alone (% in USA) 34 658 190 (12.32%) 38 929 319 (12.61%)
Black in combination with other races (% in USA/% in group) 1 761 244 (0.63%/4.84%) 3 091 424 (1.00%/7.36%)
Black alone or in combination with other races (% in USA) 36 419 434 (12.94%) 42 020 743 (13.61%)
Black alone (Not Hispanic) (% of Blacks) 33 947 837 (97.95%) 37 685 848 (96.81%)
Black in combination with other races (Not Hispanic) (% in this group/% in their group) 1 435 914 (81.53%/4.06%) 2 437 677 (78.85%/6.08%)
Black alone or in combination with other races (Not Hispanic) (% in USA) 35 383 751 (12.57%) 40 123 525 (13.00%)
Black alone (Hispanic) (% of Blacks) 710 353 (2.05%) 1 243 471 (3.19%)
Black in combination with other races (Hispanic) (% in this group/% in their group) 325 330 (18.47%/31.41%) 653 747 (21.15%/34.46%)
Black alone or in combination with other races (Hispanic) (% in USA) 1 035 683 (0.37%) 1 897 218 (0.61%)

Hispanic or Latino (Estimates)

Hispanic population (2000 and 2010)

Hispanic group 2000 (% in USA/% in Hispanic group) 2010 (% in USA/% in Hispanic group)
Total 35 305 818 (12.55%/100%) 50 477 594 (16.35/100%)
Mexican 20 640 711 (7.33%/58.46%) 31 798 258 (10.30%/62.99%)
Puerto Rican 3 406 178 (1.21%/9.65%) 4 623 716 (1.50%/9.16%)
Cuban 1 241 685 (0.44%/3.52%) 1 785 547 (0.58%/3.54%)
Dominican 764 945 (0.27%/2.17%) 1 414 703 (0.46%/2.80%)
Costa Rican 68 588 (0.02%/0.19%) 126 418 (0.04%/0.25%)
Guatemalan 372 487 (0.14%/1.06%) 1 044 209 (0.34%/2.07%)
Honduran 217 569 (0.08%/0.62%) 633 401 (0.21%/1.25%)
Nicaraguan 177 684 (0.06%/0.50%) 348 202 (0.11%/0.69%)
Panamanian 91 723 (0.03%/0.26%) 165 456 (0.05%/0.33%)
Salvadoran 655 165 (0.23%/1.86%) 1 648 968 (0.53%/3.27%)
Other Central American 103 721 (0.04%/0.29%) 31 626 (0.01%/0.06%)
Argentinean 100 864 (0.04%/0.29%) 224 952 (0.07%/0.45%)
Bolivian 42 068 (0.01%/0.12%) 99 210 (0.03%/0.20%)
Chilean 68 849 (0.02%/0.20%) 126 810 (0.04%/0.25%)
Colombian 470 684 (0.17%/1.33%) 908 734 (0.29%/1.80%)
Ecuadorian 260 559 (0.09%/0.74%) 564 631 (0.18%/1.12%)
Paraguayan 8 769 (<0.01%/0.02%) 20 023 (0.01%/0.04%)
Peruvian 233 926 (0.08%/0.66%) 531 358 (0.17%/1.05%)
Uruguayan 18 804 (0.01%/0.05%) 56 884 (0.02%/0.11%)
Venezuelan 91 507 (0.03%/0.26%) 215 023 (0.07%/0.43%)
Other South American 57 532 (0.02%/0.16%) 21 809 (0.01%/0.04%)
Spaniard 100 135 (0.04%/0.28%) 635 253 (0.21%/1.26%)
All other Hispanic or Latino 6 111 665 (2.17%/17.31%) 3 452 403 (1.12%/6.84%)

Hispanic or Latino Population by Type of Origin and Race: 2010

Origin Total Hispanic population (% in Hispanic Group/% in USA) White (% in group) Black (% in group) American Indian and Alaska Native (% in group) Asian (% in group) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (% in group) Some Other Race (% in group) Two or More Races (% in group)
Total Hispanic 50 477 594 (100%/16.35%) 26 735 713 (52.97%) 1 243 471 (2.46%) 685 150 (1.36%) 209 128 (0.41%) 58 437 (0.12%) 18 503 103 (36.66%) 3 042 592 (6.03%)
Central American 35 976 538 (71.27%/11.65%) 18 491 777 (51.40%) 425 389 (1.18%) 523 432 (1.45%) 113 846 (0.32%) 34 096 (0.10%) 14 332 437 (39.84%) 1 875 561 (5.21%)
Mexican 31 798 258 (62.99%/10.30%) 16 794 111 (52.81%) 296 778 (0.93%) 460 098 (1.45%) 101 654 (0.32%) 24 600 (0.08%) 12 544 645 (39.45%) 1 576 372 (4.96%)
Guatemalan 1 044 209 (2.07%/0.34%) 401 763 (38.48%) 11 471 (1.10%) 31 197 (2.99%) 2 386 (0.23%) 7 251 (0.69%) 515 394 (49.36%) 74 747 (7.16%)
Salvadoran 1 648 968 (3.27%/0.53%) 663 224 (50.22%) 16 150 (0.98%) 17 682 (1.07%) 4 737 (0.29%) 1 105 (0.07%) 832 805 (50.50%) 113 265 (6.87%)
Other Central American 1 305 103 (2.59%/0.42%) 632 679 (48.48%) 100 990 (7.74%) 14 455 (1.11%) 5 069 (0.39%) 1 140 (0.09%) 439 593 (33.68%) 111 177 (8.52%)
South American 2 769 434 (5.49%/0.90%) 1 825 468 (65.91%) 37 786 (1.36%) 21 053 (0.76%) 12 224 (0.44%) 1 079 (0.04%) 690 073 (24,92%) 181 751 (6.56%)
Caribbean 7 823 966 (15.50%/2.53%) 4 400 071 (56.24%) 667 775 (8.53%) 64 689 (0.83%) 32 759 (0.42%) 12 814 (0.16%) 2 039 263 (26.06%) 606 595 (7.75%)
Cuban 1 785 547 (3.54%/0.58%) 1 525 521 (85.44%) 82 398 (4.61%) 3 002 (0.17%) 4 391 (0.25%) 774 (0.04%) 103 499 (5.80%) 65 962 (3.69%)
Dominican 1 414 703 (2.80%/0.46%) 419 016 (29.62%) 182 005 (12.87%) 19 183 (1.36%) 4 056 (0.29%) 1 279 (0.09%) 651 339 (46.04%) 137 825 (9.74%)
Puerto Rican 4 623 716 (9.16%/1.50%) 2 455 534 (53.11%) 403 372 (8.72%) 42 504 (0.92%) 24 312 (0.53%) 10 761 (0.23%) 1 284 425 (27.78%) 402 808 (8.71%)
All other Hispanic 4 087 656 (8.10%/1.32%) 2 018 397 (49.38%) 112 521 (2.75%) 75 976 (1.86%) 50 299 (1.23%) 10 448 (0.26%) 1 441 330 (35.26%) 378 685 (9.26%)

Hispanic or Latino 2010-2014 (Estimates)

Year USA Hispanic or Latino White (in group/in USA) Black (in group/in USA) Asian (in group/in USA) American Indian and Alaska Native (in group/in USA) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (in group/in USA) Some other race (in group/in USA) Two or more races (in group/in USA) Mexican (in group/in USA) Puerto Rican (in group/in USA) Cuban (in group/in USA) Other Hispanic (in group/in USA)
2010 309 349 689 50 740 089 (16,40%) 32 468 060 (63,99%/10,50%) 977 101 (1,93%/0,32%) 162 038 (0,32%/0,05%) 479 043 (0,94%/0,15%) 33 117 (0,07%/0,01%) 14 331 229 (28,24%/4,63%) 2 289 501 (4,51%/0,74%) 32 929 683 (64,90%/10,64%) 4 691 890 (9,25%/1,52%) 1 873 585 (3,69%/0,61%) 11 244 931 (22,16%/3,64%)
2011 311 591 919 51 939 916 (16,67%) 33 754 452 (64,99%/10,83%) 1 040 652 (2,00%/0,33%) 165 431 (0,32%/0,05%) 460 011 (0,89%/0,15%) 36 076 (0,07%/0,01%) 14 202 943 (27,34%/4,56%) 2 280 351 (4,39%/0,73%) 33 557 922 (64,61%/10,77%) 4 885 294 (9,41%/1,57%) 1 891 014 (3,64%/0,61%) 11 605 686 (22,34%/3,72%)
2012 313 914 040 52 961 017 (16,87%) 34 748 954 (65,61%/11,14%) 1 158 946 (2,19%/0,37%) 180 070 (0,34%/0,06%) 479 033 (0,90%/0,15%) 45 391 (0,09%/0,01%) 13 947 953 (26,34%/4,44%) 2 400 670 (4,53%/0,76%) 34 038 599 (64,27%/10,84%) 4 970 604 (9,39%/1,58%) 1 957 557 (3,70%/0,62%) 11 994 257 (22,65%/3,82%)
2013 316 128 839 53 986 412 (17,08%) 35 577 490 (65,90%/11,25%) 1 111 616 (2,06%/0,35%) 170 781 (0,32%/0,05%) 461 674 (0,86%/0,15%) 43 322 (0,08%/0,01%) 14 169 602 (26,25%/4,48%) 2 451 927 (4,54%/0,78%) 34 586 088 (64,06%/10,94%) 5 138 109 (9,52%/1,63%) 2 013 155 (3,73%/0,64%) 12 249 060 (22,69%/3,87%)
2014 318 857 056 55 279 452 (17,34%) 36 553 775 (66,13%/11,46%) 1 111 917 (2,01%/0,35%) 173 308 (0,31%/0,05%) 498 292 (0,90%/0,16%) 49 604 (0,09%/0,02%) 14 384 163 (26,02%/4,51%) 2 508 393 (4,54%/0,79%) 35 320 579 (63,89%/11,08%) 5 266 738 (9,53%/1,65%) 2 046 805 (3,70%/0,64%) 12 645 330 (22,88%/3,97%)

Asian 2000-2014 (Estimates)

Asian population (2000 and 2010)

Asian group Asian alone 2000 (% in USA in Total/% in Asian group) Asian alone 2010 (% in USA in Total/% in Asian group) Asian in combination with other races 2000 (% in group) Asian in combination with other races 2010 (% in group) Asian alone or in combination with other races 2000 (% in USA in Total/% in Asian group) Asian alone or in combination with other races 2010 (% in USA in Total/% in Asian group)
Total 10 242 998 (3.64%) 14 674 252 (4.75%) 1 655 830 (13.81%) 2 646 604 (15.28%) 11 989 828 (4.26%) 17 320 856 (5.61%)
Asian Indian 1 718 778 (0.61%/16.78%) 2 918 807 (0.95%/19.89%) 180 821 (9.52%) 264 256 (8.30%) 1 899 599 (0.68%/15.84%) 3 183 063 (1.03%/18.38%)
Bangladeshi 46 905 (0.02%/0.46%) 142 080 (0.05%/0.97%) 10 507 (18.30%) 5 220 (3.54%) 57 412 (0.02%/0.48%) 147 300 (0.05%/0.85%)
Bhutanese 192 (<0.01%/<0.01%) 18 814 (0.01%/0.13%) 20 (9.43%) 625 (3.22%) 212 (<0.01%/<0.01% 19 439 (0.01%/0.11%)
Burmese 14 620 (0.01%/0.14%) 95 536 (0.03%/0.65%) 2 100 (12.56%) 4 664 (4.65%) 16 720 (0.01%/0.14%) 100 200 (0.03%/0.58%)
Cambodian 183 769 (0.07%/1.79%) 255 497 (0.08%/1.74%) 22 283 (10.81%) 21 170 (7.65%) 206 052 (0.07%/1.72%) 276 667 (0.09%/1.60%)
Chinese 2 564 190 (0.91%/25.03%) 3 535 382 (1.15%/24.09%) 301 042 (10.51%) 474 732 (11.84%) 2 865 232 (1.02%/23.90%) 4 010 114 (1.30%/23.15%)
Chinese except Taiwanese 2 432 046 (0.86%/23.74%) 3 322 350 (1.08%/22.64%) 288 391 (10.60%) 457 382 (12.10%) 2 720 437 (0.97%/22.69%) 3 779 732 (1.22%/21.82%)
Taiwanese 118 827 (0.04%/1.16%) 199 192 (0.06%/1.36%) 11 564 (8.87%) 16 249 (7.54%) 130 391 (0.05%/1.09%) 215 441 (0.07%/1.24%)
Filipino 1 908 125 (0.68%/18.63%) 2 649 973 (0.86%/18.06%) 456 690 (19.31%) 766 867 (22.44%) 2 364 815 (0.84%/19.72%) 3 416 840 (1.11%/19.73%)
Hmong 174 712 (0.06%/1.71%) 252 323 (0.08%/1.72%) 11 598 (6.23%) 7 750 (2.98%) 186 310 (0.07%/1.55%) 260 073 (0.08%/1.50%)
Indonesian 44 186 (0.02%/0.43%) 70 096 (0.02%/0.48%) 18 887 (29.94%) 25 174 (26.42%) 63 073 (0.02%/0.53%) 95 270 (0.03%/0.55%)
Iwo Jiman 18 (<0.01%/<0.01%) 2 (<0.01%/<0.01%) 60 (76.92%) 10 (83.33%) 78 (<0.01%/<0.01%) 12 (<0.01%/<0.01%)
Japanese 852 237 (0.30%/8.32%) 841 824 (0.27%/5.74%) 296 695 (25.82%) 462 462 (35.46%) 1 148 932 (0.41%/9.58%) 1 304 286 (0.42%/7.53%)
Korean 1 099 422 (0.39%/10.73%) 1 463 474 (0.47%/9.97%) 129 005 (10.50%) 243 348 (14.26%) 1 228 427 (0.44%/10.25%) 1 706 822 (0.55%/9.85%)
Laotian 179 103 (0.06%/1.75%) 209 646 (0.07%/1.43%) 19 100 (9.64%) 22 484 (9.69%) 198 203 (0.07%/1.65%) 232 130 (0.08%/1.34%)
Malaysian 15 029 (0.01%/0.15%) 21 868 (0.01%/0.15%) 3 537 (19.05%) 4 311 (16.47%) 18 566 (0.01%/0.15%) 26 179 (0.01%/0.15%)
Maldivian 29 (<0.01%/<0.01%) 102 (<0.01%/<0.01%) 22 (43.14%) 25 (19.69%) 51 (<0.01%/<0.01%) 127 (<0.01%/<0.01%)
Mongolian 3 699 (<0.01%/0.04%) 15 138 (<0.01%/0.10%) 2 169 (36.96%) 3 206 (17.48%) 5 868 (<0.01%/0.05%) 18 344 (0.01%/0.11%)
Nepalese 8 209 (<0.01%/0.08%) 57 209 (0.02%/0.39%) 1 190 (12.66%) 2 281 (3.83%) 9 399 (<0.01%/0.08%) 59 490 (0.02%/0.34%)
Okinawan 6 138 (<0.01%/0.06%) 5 681 (<0.01%/0.04%) 4 461 (42.09%) 5 645 (49.84%) 10 599 (<0.01%/0.09%) 11 326 (<0.01%/0.07%)
Pakistani 164 628 (0.06%/1.61%) 382 994 (0.12%/2.61%) 39 681 (19.42%) 26 169 (6.40%) 204 309 (0.07%/1.70%) 409 163 (0.13%/2.36%)
Singaporean 2 017 (<0.01%/0.02%) 4 569 (<0.01%/0.03%) 377 (15.75%) 778 (14.55%) 2 394 (<0.01%/0.02%) 5 347 (<0.01%/0.03%)
Sri Lankan 21 364 (0.01%/0.21%) 41 456 (0.01%/0.28%) 3 223 (13.11%) 3 925 (8.65%) 24 587 (0.01%/0.21%) 45 381 (0.01%/0.26%)
Thai 120 918 (0.04%/1.18%) 182 872 (0.06%/1.25%) 29 365 (19.54%) 54 711 (23.03%) 150 283 (0.05%/1.25%) 237 583 (0.07%/1.37%)
Vietnamese 1 169 672 (0.42%/11.42%) 1 632 717 (0.53%/11.13%) 54 064 (4.42%) 104 716 (6.03%) 1 223 736 (0.43%/10.21%) 1 737 433 (0.56%/10.03%)
Other Asian, not specified 162 913 (1,59%) 238 332 (1,62%) 213 810 (56,76%) 385 429 (61,79%) 376 723 (3,14%) 623 761 (3,60%)
All South Asians 1 960 105 (19,14%) 3 519 391 (23,98%) 235 464 (10,72%) 302 501 (7,91%) 2 195 569 (18,31%) 3 821 892 (22,07%)
All East and Southeast Asians 8 119 980 (79,27%) 10 916 529 (74,39%) 1 206 556 (12,94%) 1 958 674 (15,21%) 9 326 536 (77,79%) 12 875 203 (74,33%)

Asian population pyramids (Census 2010)

Age group Asian alone 4.75% (percent in the race/percent in USA) Asian Indian alone (0,92% in USA/19,38% in group) (percent in the group/percent in Asian alone group) Chinese alone (1,08% in USA/22,81% in group) (percent in the group/percent in Asian alone group) Japanese alone (0,25% in USA/5,20% in group) (percent in the group/percent in Asian alone group) Asian alone, other* (2,50% in USA/52,61% in group) (percent in the group/percent in Asian alone group)
Population 14 674 252 2 843 391 3 347 229 763 325 7 720 307
0-4 898 011 (6.1%/4.45%) 239 745 (8.43%/26.70%) 166 058 (4.96%/18.49%) 20 999 (2.75%/2.34%) 471 209 (6.10%/52.47%)
5-9 928 248 (6.3%/4.56%) 205 562 (7.23%/22.15%) 196 879 (5.88%/21.21%) 23 010 (3.01%/2.48%) 502 797 (6.51%/54.17%)
10-14 881 590 (6.0%/4.26%) 160 602 (5.65%/18.22%) 187 438 (5.60%/21.26%) 22 976 (3.01%/2.61%) 510 574 (6.61%/57.92%)
15-19 956 028 (6.5%/4.34%) 148 008 (5.21%/15.48%) 210 220 (6.28%/21.99%) 27 288 (3.57%/2.85%) 570 512 (7.39%/59.68%)
20-24 1 106 222 (7.5%/5.12%) 196 704 (6.92%/17.78%) 268 226 (8.01%/24.25%) 35 953 (4.71%/3.25%) 605 339 (7.84%/54.74%)
25-29 1 234 322 (8.4%/5.85%) 325 474 (11.45%/27.37%) 252 212 (7.53%/20.43%) 38 115 (4.99%/3.09%) 618 521 (8.01%/50.11%)
30-34 1 240 906 (8.5%/6.22%) 351 838 (12.37%/28.35%) 244 035 (7.29%/19.67%) 49 264 (6.45%/3.97%) 595 769 (7.72%/48.01%)
35-39 1 296 301 (8.8%/6.42%) 288 633 (10.15%/22.27%) 265 020 (7.92%/20.44%) 60 985 (7.99%/4.70%) 681 663 (8.83%/52.59%)
40-44 1 155 565 (7.9%/5.53%) 213 768 (7.52%/18.50%) 261 082 (7.80%/22.59%) 61 640 (8.08%/5.33%) 619 075 (8.02%/53.57%)
45-49 1 076 060 (7.3%/4.74%) 167 387 (5.89%/15.56%) 286 875 (8.57%/26.66%) 65 565 (8.59%/6.09%) 556 233 (7.20%/51.69%)
50-54 980 282 (6.7%/4.40%) 142 827 (5.02%/14.57%) 251 059 (7.50%/25.61%) 65 126 (8.53%/6.64%) 521 270 (6.75%/53.18%)
55-59 844 490 (5.8%/4.29%) 124 549 (4.38%/14.75%) 219 708 (6.56%/26.02%) 59 880 (7.84%/7.09%) 440 353 (5.70%/52.14%)
60-64 689 601 (4.7%/4.10%) 104 867 (3.69%/15.21%) 171 656 (5.13%/24.89%) 53 833 (7.05%/7.81%) 359 245 (5.65%/52.09%)
65-69 474 327 (3.2%/3.81%) 73 314 (2.58%/15.46%) 106 541 (3.18%/22.46%) 39 724 (5.20%/8.37%) 254 748 (3.30%/53.71%)
70-74 354 268 (2.4%/3.82%) 48 553 (1.71%/13.71%) 93 883 (2.80%/26.50%) 32 584 (4.27%/9.20%) 179 248 (2.32%/50.60%)
75-79 251 210 (1.7%/3.43%) 27 446 (0.97%/10.93%) 72 308 (2.16%/28.78%) 39 345 (5.15%/15.66%) 112 111 (1.45%/44.63%)
80-84 168 879 (1.2%/2.94%) 14 570 (0.51%/8.63%) 50 173 (1.50%/29.71%) 34 819 (4.56%/20.62%) 69 317 (0.90%/41.05%)
85+ 137 942 (0.9%/2.51%) 9 544 (0.34%/6.92%) 43 856 (1.31%/31.79%) 32 219 (4.22%/23.36%) 52 323 (0.68%/37.93%)
  • Only about 10% from these category are people from South Asia, rest are from East or Southeast Asia
Year USA Asian Asian Indian (in group/in USA) Chinese (in group/in USA) Filipino (in group/in USA) Japanese (in group/in USA) Korean (in group/in USA) Vietnamese (in group/in USA) Other Asian (in group/in USA)
2010 309 349 689 14 728 302 (4.76%) 2 765 155 (18.77%/0.89%) 3 456 912 (23.47%/1.12%) 2 512 686 (17.06%/0.81%) 774 600 (5.26%/0.25%) 1 456 076 (9.89%/0.47%) 1 625 365 (11.04%/0.53%) 2 137 508 (14.51%/0.69%)
2011 311 591 919 15 020 419 (4,82%) 2 908 204 (19,36%/0,93%) 3 520 150 (23,44%/1,13%) 2 538 325 (16,90%/0,81%) 756 898 (5,04%/0,24%) 1 449 876 (9,65%/0,47%) 1 669 447 (11,11%/0,54%) 2 177 519 (14,50%/0,70%)
2012 313 914 040 15 555 530 (4,96%) 3 049 201 (19,60%/0,97%) 3 660 659 (23,53%/1,17%) 2 658 354 (17,09%/0,85%) 780 210 (5,02%/0,25%) 1 450 401 (9,32%/0,46%) 1 675 246 (10,77%/0,53%) 2 281 459 (14,67%/0,73%)
2013 316 128 839 16 012 120 (5,07%) 3 189 485 (19,92%/1,01%) 3 781 673 (23,62%,1,20%) 2 664 606 (16,64%/0,84%) 794 441 (4,96%/0,25%) 1 446 592 (9,03%/0,46%) 1 692 760 (10,57%/0,54%) 2 442 563 (15,25%/0,77%)
2014 318 857 056 16 686 960 (5.23%) 3 491 052 (20.92%/1.09%) 3 941 615 (23.62%/1.24%) 2 770 918 (16.61%/0.87%) 759 056 (4.55%/0.24%) 1 476 577 (8.85%/0.46%) 1 714 143 (10.27%/0.54%) 2 533 599 (15.18%/0.79%)

American Indian and Alaska Native 2010-2014 (Estimates)

Year USA American Indian and Alaska Native Cherokee tribal grouping (in group/in USA) Chippewa tribal grouping (in group/in USA) Navajo tribal grouping (in group/in USA) Sioux tribal grouping (in group/in USA) Other (in group/in USA)
2010 309 349 689 2 553 566 (0.83%) 285 476 (11.18%/0.09%) 115 859 (4.54%/0.04%) 308 013 (12.06%/0.10%) 131 048 (5.13%/0.04%) 1 713 170 (67.09%/0.55%)
2011 311 591 919 2 547 006 (0.82%) 266 224 (10.45%/0.09%) 119 868 (4.71%/0.04%) 305 559 (12.00%/0.10%) 129 382 (5.08%/0.04%) 1 725 973 (67.76%/0.55%)
2012 313 914 040 2 563 505 (0.82%) 276 381 (10.78%/0.09%) 113 262 (4.42%/0.04%) 312 039 (12.17%/0.10%) 121 503 (4.74%/0.04%) 1 740 320 (67.89%/0.55%)
2013 316 128 839 2 521 131 (0.80%) 279 419 (11.08%/0.09%) 111 939 (4.44%/0.04%) 304 744 (12.09%/0.10%) 126 485 (5.02%/0.04%) 1 698 544 (67.37%/0.54%)
2014 318 857 056 2 601 714 (0.82%) 282 867 (10.87%/0.09%) 115 987 (4.46%/0.04%) 320 603 (12.32%/0.10%) 125 790 (4.83%/0.04%) 1 756 467 (67.51%/0.55%)

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 2010-2014 (Estimates)

Year USA Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (in USA) Native Hawaiian (in group/in USA) Guamanian or Chamorro (in group/in USA) Samoan (in group/in USA) Other Pacific Islander (in group/in USA)
2010 309 349 689 507 916 (0.16%) 157 029 (30.92%/0.05%) 72 807 (14.33%/0.02%) 114 796 (22.60%/0.04%)/ 163 284 (32.15%/0.05%)
2011 311 591 919 506 017 (0.16%) 156 239 (30.88%/0.05%) 64 192 (12.69%/0.02%) 108 849 (21.51%%/0.03%) 176 737 (34.93%/0.06%)
2012 313 914 040 543 198 (0.17%) 175 299 (32.27%/0.06%) 72 738 (13.39%/0.02%) 103 079 (18.98%/0.03%) 192 082 (35.36%/0.06%)
2013 316 128 839 525 750 (0.17%) 179 489 (34.14%/0.06%) 63 655 (12.11%/0.02%) 105 235 (20.02%/0.03%) 177 371 (33.74%/0.06%)
2014 318 857 056 557 154 (0.17%) 180 203 (32.34%/0.06%) 73 811 (13.25%/0.02%) 114 288 (20.51%/0.04%) 188 852 (33.90%/0.06%)

Immigration to the United States[edit]

Immigration to the United States by region and country: [21]

Region 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
All immigrants 1 016 518 990 553 1 031 631 1 062 040 1 042 625 1 130 818 1 107 126 1 052 415 1 266 129 1 122 257 957 883 703 542 1 059 356 1 058 902 841 002 644 787
East and Southeast Asia 216 457 220 689 238 820 252 594 230 130 234 870 235 037 245 904 270 430 232 823 201 495 148 231 206 074 211 146 164 445 120 733
South Asia 132 600 117 655 119 383 123 625 117 499 102 633 100 894 96 283 99 433 116 181 94 631 67 630 92 689 96 041 65 345 51 036
North Africa and West/Central Asia 101 467 79 708 88 505 92 239 92 773 95 731 81 418 73 859 93 324 81 902 60 969 44 084 63 690 63 060 51 994 41 475
Sub-Saharan Africa 78 181 80 664 90 007 83 400 82 885 106 974 87 443 76 353 94 375 65 705 52 104 39 013 47 206 40 420 33 541 26 740
Americas 397 718 396 598 407 169 419 996 423 784 478 108 491 805 445 879 552 056 448 689 414 523 304 990 477 092 474 112 394 779 312 160
Europe 83 259 86 675 81 775 83 736 88 732 105 528 103 853 106 625 146 359 165 076 124 928 94 018 164 443 165 712 124 598 87 815
Australia and Oceania 5 098 5 265 4 728 4 962 5 337 5 563 5 254 6 090 7 372 6 526 5 967 4 335 5 482 6 052 5 089 3 636

Cyprus was calculated in Europe. South Sudan was calculated in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Top 10 sending countries:

Number 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
All immigrants 1 016 518 990 553 1 031 631 1 062 040 1 042 625 1 130 818 1 107 126 1 052 415 1 266 129 1 122 257 957 883 703 542 1 059 356 1 058 902 841 002 644 787
1. M. 134 052 M. 135 028 M. 146 406 M. 143 446 M. 139 120 M. 164 920 M. 189 989 M. 148 640 M. 173 749 M. 161 445 M. 175 411 M. 115 585 M. 218 822 M. 205 560 M. 173 493 M. 147 402
2. I. 77 908 Ch. 71 798 Ch. 81 784 Ch. 87 016 Ch. 70 863 Ch. 64 238 Ch. 80 271 Ch. 76 655 Ch. 87 307 I. 84 680 I. 70 151 I. 50 228 I. 70 823 I. 70 032 Ch. 45 585 Ch. 32 159
3. Ch. 76 089 I. 68 458 I. 66 434 I. 69 013 I. 69 162 P. 60 029 I. 63 352 P. 72 596 P. 74 606 Ch. 69 933 P. 57 846 P. 45 250 Ch. 61 082 Ch. 56 267 P. 42 343 P. 30 943
4. P. 49 996 P. 54 446 P. 57 327 P. 57 011 P. 58 173 I. 57 304 P. 54 030 I. 65 353 I. 61 369 P. 60 746 Ch. 55 494 Ch. 40 568 P. 51 040 P. 52 919 I. 41 903 I. 30 157
5. Cu. 46 679 D.R. 41 311 D.R. 41 566 D.R. 46 109 D.R. 53 870 D.R. 49 414 Cu. 49 500 Col. 33 187 Cu. 45 614 Cu. 36 261 V. 31 524 E.S. 28 231 V. 33 563 V. 35 419 V. 26 553 V. 20 335
6. D.R. 44 577 Cu. 32 219 Cu. 32 820 Cu. 36 452 Cu. 33 573 Cu. 38 954 D.R. 31 879 H. 30 405 Col. 43 144 V. 32 784 D.R. 30 506 D.R. 26 159 E.S. 31 060 E.S. 31 089 E.S. 22 543 D.R. 17 811
7. V. 30 283 V. 27 101 V. 28 304 V. 34 157 V. 30 632 V. 29 234 V. 31 497 Cu. 29 104 D.R. 38 068 D.R. 27 503 E.S. 29 807 V. 22 087 Cu. 28 182 Cu. 27 453 H. 22 337 H. 16 514
8. K. 20 565 K. 23 214 H. 22 818 K. 22 860 H. 22 582 Col. 27 849 Col. 30 213 V. 28 691 E.S. 31 782 K. 26 562 Cu. 20 488 Col. 14 720 B.-H. 25 329 H. 27 031 N. 20 947 J. 14 693
9. E.S. 19 273 Col. 21 131 Col. 20 931 Col. 22 635 Col. 22 406 K. 25 926 K. 26 666 D.R. 28 024 V. 30 691 Col. 25 566 K. 19 766 G. 14 386 D.R. 22 515 B.-H. 23 594 Cu. 18 960 E.S. 14 581
10. Ir. 19 153 H. 20 351 K. 20 895 H. 22 111 K. 22 262 H. 24 280 H. 26 007 K. 22 405 J. 24 976 U. 22 745 G. 18 920 R. 13 935 U. 21 190 Can. 21 752 D.R. 17 465 Cu. 14 019

M.- Mexico, Ch.- China, I.- India, P.- Philippines, D.R.- Dominican Republic, Cu.- Cuba, V.- Vietnam, K.- Korea (South & North), Col.- Colombia, H. - Haiti, E.S. - El Salvador, J. - Jamaica, U- Ukraine, G. - Guatemala, R.- Russian Federation, N. - Nicaragua, B.-H. - Bosnia-Herzegovina, Can. - Canada, Ir - Iraq

East and Southeast Asia:

Country 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
All immigrants from East and Southeast Asia 216 457 220 689 238 820 252 594 230 130 234 870 235 037 245 904 270 430 232 823 201 495 148 231 206 074 211 146 164 445 120 733
China 76 089 71 798 81 784 87 016 70 863 64 238 80 271 76 655 87 307 69 933 55 494 40 568 61 082 56 267 45 585 32 159
Philippines 49 996 54 446 57 327 57 011 58 173 60 029 54 030 72 596 74 606 60 746 57 846 45 250 51 040 52 919 42 343 30 943
Vietnam 30 283 27 101 28 304 34 157 30 632 29 234 31 497 28 691 30 691 32 784 31 524 22 087 33 563 35 419 26 553 20 335
Korea 20 565 23 214 20 895 22 860 22 262 25 926 26 666 22 405 24 386 26 562 19 766 12 382 20 724 20 532 15 721 12 795
Burma 11 144 12 565 17 383 16 518 12 925 13 621 3 403 3 130 4 562 2 095 1 379 1 193 1 356 1 373 1 201 1 200
Thailand 6 197 7 583 9 459 9 962 9 384 10 444 6 637 8 751 11 749 5 505 4 318 3 126 4 144 4 245 3 753 2 366
Japan 5 545 5 925 6 061 6 161 6 264 7 690 6 821 6 748 8 265 8 768 7 697 5 971 8 248 9 578 7 049 4 202
Taiwan 4 697 5 385 5 331 6 154 6 732 8 038 9 073 8 990 8 086 9 196 9 005 6 917 9 775 12 120 9 019 6 700
Malaysia 2 622 2 477 2 605 2 273 1 714 2 014 1 945 2 149 2 281 2 632 1 987 1 200 2 124 2 439 1 551 991
Cambodia 2 536 2 624 2 473 2 745 2 986 3 771 3 713 4 246 5 773 4 022 3 553 2 263 2 800 2 462 2 138 1 394
Hong Kong 2 278 2 226 2 104 2 306 2 432 2 651 3 373 3 527 3 256 3 705 3 951 3 574 6 075 8 300 5 407 4 910
Indonesia 2 139 2 731 2 603 2 856 3 032 3 679 3 606 3 716 4 868 3 924 2 419 1 805 2 418 2 525 1 767 1 186
Rest* 2 366 2 614 2 491 2 575 2 731 3 535 4 002 4 300 4 600 2 951 2 556 1 895 2 725 2 967 2 358 1 552
  • Macau, Mongolia, Brunei, Laos, Singapore

South Asia:

Country 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
All immigrants from South Asia 132 600 117 655 119 383 123 625 117 499 102 633 100 894 96 283 99 433 116 181 94 631 67 630 92 689 96 041 65 345 51 036
India 77 908 68 458 66 434 69 013 69 162 57 304 63 352 65 353 61 369 84 680 70 151 50 228 70 823 70 032 41 903 30 157
Pakistan 18 612 13 251 14 740 15 546 18 258 21 555 19 719 13 492 17 418 14 926 12 086 9 415 13 694 16 393 14 504 13 485
Bangladesh 14 645 12 099 14 705 16 707 14 819 16 651 11 753 12 074 14 644 11 487 8 061 4 616 5 483 7 152 7 204 6 038
Nepal 12 357 13 046 11 312 10 166 7 115 4 514 4 093 3 472 3 733 3 158 2 878 2 095 1 137 945 616 453
Bhutan 7 298 8 954 10 198 10 137 6 109 594 42 52 78 30 17 15 14 5 D 4
Sri Lanka 1 767 1 847 1 994 2 053 2 036 2 009 1 935 1 831 2 191 1 894 1 431 1 246 1 529 1 505 1 118 899
Maldives 13 D D 3 D 6 D 9 D 6 7 15 9 9 D 0

North Africa and West/Central Asia:

Country 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
All immigrants from North Africa and West/Central Asia 101 467 79 708 88 505 92 239 92 773 95 731 81 418 73 859 93 324 81 902 60 969 44 084 63 690 63 060 51 994 41 475
Iraq 19 153 9 552 20 369 21 133 19 855 12 110 4 795 3 765 4 337 4 077 3 494 2 450 5 174 4 965 5 087 3 360
Iran 11 615 12 863 12 916 14 822 14 182 18 553 13 852 10 460 13 947 13 887 10 434 7 230 12 960 10 425 8 487 7 176
Egypt 11 477 10 294 8 988 7 778 8 978 8 844 8 712 9 267 10 500 7 905 5 522 3 348 4 852 5 159 4 450 4 421
Afghanistan 10 527 2 196 1 617 1 648 2 017 3 165 2 813 1 753 3 417 4 749 2 137 1 252 1 759 1 202 1 011 877
Uzbekistan 5 194 4 382 4 726 5 056 4 770 5 467 6 375 4 665 4 015 2 887 1 995 1 445 2 317 2 031 1 631 1 221
Jordan 5 187 4 188 4 099 3 876 3 868 4 282 3 936 3 917 4 038 3 748 3 431 2 927 3 964 4 572 3 900 3 269
Turkey 3 834 4 144 4 162 4 403 4 483 4 958 4 210 4 425 4 941 4 614 3 835 3 029 3 375 3 215 2 606 2 215
Israel 3 805 3 996 4 153 3 826 4 515 5 612 5 851 4 496 5 943 5 755 4 160 2 741 3 826 3 744 2 783 1 847
Morocco 3 605 3 336 3 656 4 399 5 013 5 447 4 425 4 513 4 949 4 411 4 128 3 137 3 387 4 958 3614 2 970
Syria 3 540 3 366 3 014 2 785 2 555 2 442 2 641 2 385 2 918 2 831 2 256 1 938 2 557 3 350 2 367 2 048
Yemen 3 492 3 532 2 620 3 361 3 591 3 134 1 872 2 396 4 308 3 366 1 760 1 382 1 227 1 607 1 789 1 160
Lebanon 3 245 2 783 2 879 3 295 3 487 3 831 4 254 4 267 4 083 4 282 3 818 2 956 3 935 4 579 3 662 3 033
Armenia 2 913 2 722 2 681 2 983 2 979 3 442 3 586 4 351 6 317 2 591 1 833 1 287 1 800 1 762 1 253 1 250
Sudan 2 442 1 945 2 471 2 628 2 397 3 577 3 598 2 930 5 504 5 231 3 211 1 883 2 921 1 650 1 531 1 346
Saudi Arabia 1 696 1 463 1 343 1 396 1 263 1 418 1 194 1 171 1 542 1 210 906 735 1 014 1 178 1 063 759
Algeria 1 669 1 241 1 369 1 364 1 305 1 485 1 037 1 036 1 300 1 115 805 759 1 030 875 906 789
Georgia 1 240 1 368 1 341 1 490 1 518 1 578 1 620 1 554 2 003 1 389 964 735 886 786 493 310
Kazakhstan 1 221 1 241 1 202 1 235 1 282 1 562 1 630 1 604 2 073 2 223 1 906 1 740 2 315 2 310 1 493 723
Kuwait 1 057 937 1 044 973 1 037 1 124 1 104 1 017 1 230 1 152 1 091 710 1 063 1 270 1 018 803
United Arab Emirates 1 039 910 854 707 779 697 693 758 1 006 812 596 380 472 461 436 310
Rest* 3 516 3 249 3 001 3 081 2 899 3 003 3 220 3 129 4 953 3 667 2 687 2 020 2 856 2 961 2 414 1 588
  • Tunisia, Libya, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan

Sub-Saharan Africa:

Country 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
All immigrants from Sub-Saharan Africa 78 181 80 664 90 007 83 400 82 885 106 974 87 443 76 353 94 375 65 705 52 104 39 013 47 206 40 420 33 541 26 740
Nigeria 12 828 13 840 13 575 11 824 13 376 15 253 12 475 12 448 13 459 10 597 9 374 7 872 8 105 8 253 7 831 6 742
Ethiopia 12 300 13 097 14 544 13 793 14 266 15 462 12 917 12 786 16 152 10 571 8 286 6 635 7 565 5 092 4 053 4 262
Ghana 7 115 10 265 10 592 8 798 7 429 8 401 8 195 7 610 9 367 6 491 5 337 4 410 4 248 4 023 4 339 3 707
Kenya 5 884 6 123 7 043 7 762 7 421 9 880 6 998 7 030 8 779 5 347 5 335 3 209 3 199 2 501 2 197 1 407
Somalia 5 190 3 764 5 204 4 451 4 558 13 390 10 745 6 251 9 462 5 829 3 929 2 444 4 535 3 007 2 393 1 690
Democratic Republic of Congo 4 347 2 792 3 731 2 424 1 764 2 122 1 261 1 129 738 260 155 110 178 145 123 87
Cameroon 3 943 3 908 3 815 4 754 4 161 3 463 3 771 3 392 2 919 1 458 1 309 927 984 791 860 824
Liberia 3 874 3 334 4 109 4 151 4 837 7 641 7 193 4 102 6 887 4 880 2 757 1 766 2 869 2 273 1 570 1 351
South Africa 2 676 2 629 2 781 2 649 2 758 3 171 2 723 2 988 3 201 4 536 3 370 2 210 3 861 4 090 2 824 1 577
Eritrea 2 002 2 138 2 643 2 102 1 656 1 928 1 270 1 081 1 593 796 675 556 560 540 382 325
Sierra Leone 1 740 1 651 1 688 1 985 2 011 2 687 2 795 1 999 3 572 2 731 1 596 1 492 2 246 1 878 1 585 970
Togo 1 612 1 257 1 756 1 506 1 563 1 680 1 661 1 565 1 720 1 523 2 041 1 187 935 487 386 254
Côte d'Ivoire 1 477 1 486 1 760 1 302 1 621 2 159 1 645 1 193 2 067 930 666 483 629 596 439 303
Uganda 1 409 1 350 1 340 1 239 1 085 1 364 1 174 1 122 1 372 858 721 455 575 457 418 250
Guinea 1 375 1 518 1 656 1 555 1 379 1 725 1 735 1 088 1 110 495 347 29 16 11 5 3
Senegal 1 273 1 340 1 615 1 424 1 285 1 524 1 149 1 024 1 367 913 769 522 530 663 554 368
Cape Verde 1 154 1 673 1 684 1 808 1 668 2 238 1 916 2 048 1 780 1 225 1 015 745 871 868 1 079 902
Gambia 1 111 1 018 1 159 972 859 978 739 826 897 581 422 263 343 390 231 183
Rest* 6 871 7 422 9 295 8 901 9 188 11 908 7 081 6 671 7 933 5 684 4 000 3 698 4 957 4 355 2 274 1 533
  • Republic of Congo, Burundi, Djibouti, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Seychelles, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland, Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger

Americas:

Country 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
All immigrants from Americas 397 718 396 598 407 169 419 996 423 784 478 108 491 805 445 879 552 056 448 689 414 523 304 990 477 092 474 112 394 779 312 160
Mexico 134 052 135 028 146 406 143 446 139 120 164 920 189 989 148 640 173 749 161 445 175 411 115 585 218 822 205 560 173 493 147 402
Cuba 46 679 32 219 32 820 36 452 33 573 38 954 49 500 29 104 45 614 36 261 20 488 9 262 28 182 27 453 18 960 14 019
Dominican Republic 44 577 41 311 41 566 46 109 53 870 49 414 31 879 28 024 38 068 27 503 30 506 26 159 22 515 21 195 17 465 17 811
El Salvador 19 273 18 260 16 256 18 667 18 806 19 909 19 659 21 127 31 782 21 359 29 807 28 231 31 060 31 089 22 543 14 581
Jamaica 19 026 19 400 20 705 19 662 19 825 21 783 18 477 19 375 24 976 18 345 14 430 13 347 14 835 15 322 15 949 14 693
Colombia 18 175 21 131 20 931 22 635 22 406 27 849 30 213 33 187 43 144 25 566 18 846 14 720 18 758 16 627 14 427 9 928
Haiti 15 274 20 351 22 818 22 111 22 582 24 280 26 007 30 405 22 226 14 524 14 191 12 293 20 213 27 031 22 337 16 514
Canada 11 586 13 181 12 932 12 800 13 328 16 140 15 109 15 495 18 207 21 878 15 569 11 350 19 352 21 752 16 057 8 782
Ecuador 10 960 10 591 9 342 11 103 11 492 12 128 11 663 12 248 17 489 11 608 8 626 7 066 10 561 9 665 7 651 8 882
Peru 10 606 12 564 12 609 14 064 14 247 16 957 15 184 17 699 21 718 15 676 11 794 9 409 11 918 11 062 9 579 8 414
Brazil 10 429 11 033 11 441 11 763 12 258 14 701 12 195 14 295 17 903 16 662 10 556 6 331 9 439 9 448 6 943 3 887
Guatemala 10 238 10 224 10 341 11 092 10 467 12 187 16 182 17 908 24 133 16 818 18 920 14 386 16 178 13 496 9 942 7 294
Venezuela 8 427 9 572 9 387 9 183 9 409 11 154 10 514 10 692 11 341 10 645 6 220 4 018 5 228 5 170 4 693 2 498
Honduras 8 156 8 898 6 884 6 133 6 448 6 404 6 540 7 646 8 177 7 012 5 508 4 645 6 435 6 571 5 917 4 793
Guyana 6 267 5 897 5 683 6 599 6 749 6 670 6 823 5 726 9 552 9 317 6 351 6 809 9 938 8 279 5 719 3 290
Trinidad and Tobago 3 988 4 724 5 214 5 023 5 435 6 256 5 937 6 829 8 854 6 568 5 384 4 138 5 738 6 618 6 635 4 259
Argentina 3 874 4 372 4 359 4 473 4 399 5 780 5 353 5 645 7 327 7 081 4 805 3 129 3 661 3 297 2 317 1 387
Nicaragua 2 886 3 048 3 046 3 401 3 565 4 137 3 614 3 716 4 145 3 305 4 009 4 094 10 659 19 634 20 947 13 327
Costa Rica 1 966 2 114 2 020 2 135 2 164 2 384 2 090 2 540 3 109 2 278 1 755 1 246 1 591 1 733 1 310 883
Bolivia 1 719 2 071 1 948 2 173 2 253 2 837 2 436 2 590 4 025 2 197 1 768 1 376 1 664 1 819 1 761 1 444
Chile 1 581 1 736 1 673 1 853 1 950 2 250 2 017 2 274 2 774 2 404 1 810 1 310 1 839 1 921 1 700 1 085
Uruguay 1 128 1 352 1 374 1 553 1 331 1 775 1 451 1 418 1 664 1 154 787 469 536 541 426 267
Panama 1 095 1 234 1 281 1 374 1 536 1 806 1 678 1 916 2 418 1 815 1 417 1 164 1 680 1 867 1 829 1 640
Rest* 5 756 6 287 6 133 6 192 6 571 7 433 7 295 7 380 9 661 7 268 5 565 4 453 6 290 6 962 6 179 5 080
  • United States, Belize, Paraguay, Suriname, French Guiana, Bermuda, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles (and Curaçao), Saint Kitts-Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands

Europe:

Country 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
All immigrants from Europe 83 259 86 675 81 775 83 736 88 732 105 528 103 853 106 625 146 359 165 076 124 928 94 018 164 443 165 712 124 598 87 815
United Kingdom 12 225 12 984 12 014 11 572 12 792 15 748 14 348 14 545 17 207 19 800 14 915 9 527 16 297 18 278 13 273 7 647
Russian Federation 9 079 9 753 9 969 7 944 6 718 8 238 11 695 9 426 13 159 18 055 17 410 13 935 20 771 20 313 16 940 12 321
Ukraine 7 752 8 193 7 642 8 292 8 477 11 223 10 813 11 001 17 140 22 745 14 156 11 633 21 190 20 914 15 511 10 102
Poland 5 689 6 430 6 300 6 863 7 643 8 754 8 354 10 355 17 051 15 351 14 326 10 510 12 711 11 769 10 090 8773
Germany 5 584 6 032 5 812 6 125 6 888 7 583 7 091 7 582 8 436 9 264 7 099 5 064 8 888 9 790 7 565 5 166
France 4 284 4 425 3 862 3 653 3 861 4 491 4 872 3 423 4 258 4 399 3 595 2 375 3 797 4 569 3 442 2 196
Albania 3 828 3 186 3 364 3 612 4 711 5 137 5 754 5 737 7 914 5 947 3 840 3 362 3 765 4 358 4 755 3 695
Italy 3 298 2 960 2 673 2 443 2 579 2 892 2 514 2 569 3 215 3 066 2 346 1 644 2 578 3 096 2 448 1 512
Romania 3 246 3 773 3 748 3 882 4 003 4 910 4 930 5 802 7 137 7 103 4 571 3 655 4 887 6 628 6 863 5 678
Bulgaria 2 981 2 844 2 440 2 661 2 570 3 133 2 960 3 981 4 828 5 635 4 253 3 825 3 608 4 400 4 917 4 171
Spain 2 928 2 480 1 842 1 890 1 684 1 769 1 621 1 578 1 971 1 888 1 339 917 1 361 1 711 1 254 869
Republic of Moldova 2 341 2 485 2 021 2 258 1 981 2 295 1 692 1 356 3 036 3 506 1 507 1 151 2 103 2 068 1 251 753
Belarus 2 015 1 970 1 659 1 964 2 038 2 407 2 390 2 328 3 086 3 503 2 255 1 858 2 923 2 901 2 170 1 320
Ireland 1 605 1 626 1 514 1 371 1 507 1 637 1 465 1 503 1 906 2 088 1 531 983 1 398 1 505 1 296 804
Greece 1 235 1 361 1 054 949 745 798 769 882 1 124 1 070 769 651 1 009 1 155 950 719
Netherlands 1 195 1 142 1 091 1 085 1 321 1 499 1 240 1 368 1 651 1 815 1 303 981 1 549 1 679 1 337 773
USSR (former) 1 136 1 264 1 296 3 687 4 978 5 911 5 270 5 090 6 229 2 899 929 1 072 2 403 2 707 3 263 5 022
Rest* 12 838 13 641 13 367 13 384 14 114 15 781 18 345 18 631 26 835 36 204 28 083 21 418 53 047 47 655 27 113 16 188
  • Czech Republic, Czechoslovakia (former), Slovak Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia, Austria, Belgium, Luxembourg, Monaco, Switzerland

Australia and Oceania:

Country 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
All immigrants from Australia and Oceania 5 098 5 265 4 728 4 962 5 337 5 563 5 254 6 090 7 372 6 526 5 967 4 335 5 482 6 052 5 089 3 636
Australia 2 809 2 759 2 414 2 343 2 512 2 622 2 464 2 518 3 249 3 193 2 604 1 836 2 557 2 811 2 044 1 103
Rest* 2 289 2 506 2 314 2 619 2 825 2 941 2 790 3 572 4 123 3 333 3 363 2 499 2 925 3 241 3 045 2 533
  • New Zealand, Fiji, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Kiribati, Micronesia, Federated States, Palau, American Samoa, French Polynesia, Marshall Islands, Samoa, Tonga

Black population as a percentage of the total population by U.S. region and state (1790–2010)[edit]

Many Southern U.S. states historically had African Americans compose 35% or more of their total population(s), with three of them (Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina) even having an African American majority at certain periods in their history. In contrast, the African American percentage of the total population in other parts of the U.S. (outside of the South) was historically almost always in the single digits (0.0% to 9.9%). Even after the Great Migration, no or almost no U.S. state outside of the Southern U.S. has ever had an African American percentage of its total population be greater than 16%.

African–Americans as percentage of total population (1790–2010) by U.S. state[22][23][24]
State/territory 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
 United States of America 19.3% 18.9% 19.0% 18.4% 18.1% 16.8% 15.7% 14.1% 12.7% 13.1% 11.9% 11.6% 10.7% 9.9% 9.7% 9.8% 10.0% 10.5% 11.1% 11.7% 12.1% 12.3% 12.6%
Northeast 3.4% 3.2% 2.9% 2.5% 2.3% 2.1% 1.7% 1.5% 1.5% 1.6% 1.6% 1.8% 1.9% 2.3% 3.3% 3.8% 5.1% 6.8% 8.9% 9.9% 11.0% 11.4% 11.8%
Midwest 1.2% 2.4% 2.1% 2.6% 2.7% 2.5% 2.0% 2.1% 2.2% 1.9% 1.9% 1.8% 2.3% 3.3% 3.5% 5.0% 6.7% 8.1% 9.1% 9.6% 10.1% 10.4%
South 35.2% 35.0% 36.7% 37.2% 37.9% 38.0% 37.3% 36.8% 36.0% 36.0% 33.8% 32.3% 29.8% 26.9% 24.7% 23.8% 21.7% 20.6% 19.1% 18.6% 18.5% 18.9% 19.2%
West 0.7% 0.7% 0.6% 0.7% 0.9% 0.7% 0.7% 0.9% 1.0% 1.2% 2.9% 3.9% 4.9% 5.2% 5.4% 4.9% 4.8%
 Alabama 41.4% 29.0% 33.2% 38.5% 43.3% 44.7% 45.4% 47.7% 47.5% 44.8% 45.2% 42.5% 38.4% 35.7% 34.7% 32.0% 30.0% 26.2% 25.6% 25.3% 26.0% 26.2%
 Alaska 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 3.0% 3.0% 3.4% 4.1% 3.5% 3.3%
 Arizona 0.3% 0.3% 0.4% 1.5% 1.5% 1.0% 2.4% 2.5% 3.0% 3.5% 3.3% 3.0% 2.8% 3.0% 3.1% 4.1%
 Arkansas 13.0% 11.7% 15.5% 20.9% 22.7% 25.6% 25.2% 26.3% 27.4% 28.0% 28.1% 27.0% 25.8% 24.8% 22.3% 21.8% 18.3% 16.3% 15.9% 15.7% 15.4%
 California 1.0% 1.1% 0.8% 0.7% 0.9% 0.7% 0.9% 1.1% 1.4% 1.8% 4.4% 5.6% 7.0% 7.7% 7.4% 6.7% 6.2%
 Colorado 0.1% 1.1% 1.3% 1.5% 1.6% 1.4% 1.2% 1.1% 1.1% 1.5% 2.3% 3.0% 3.5% 4.0% 3.8% 4.0%
 Connecticut 2.3% 2.5% 2.6% 2.9% 2.7% 2.6% 2.1% 1.9% 1.8% 1.9% 1.6% 1.7% 1.4% 1.5% 1.8% 1.9% 2.7% 4.2% 6.0% 7.0% 8.3% 9.1% 10.1%
 Delaware 21.6% 22.4% 23.8% 24.0% 24.9% 25.0% 22.2% 19.3% 18.2% 18.0% 16.8% 16.6% 15.4% 13.6% 13.7% 13.5% 13.7% 13.6% 14.3% 16.1% 16.9% 19.2% 21.4%
 District of Columbia 30.4% 33.1% 31.2% 30.1% 29.1% 26.6% 19.1% 33.0% 33.6% 32.8% 31.1% 28.5% 25.1% 27.1% 28.2% 35.0% 53.9% 71.1% 70.3% 65.8% 60.0% 50.7%
 Florida 47.1% 48.7% 46.0% 44.6% 48.8% 47.0% 42.5% 43.7% 41.0% 34.0% 29.4% 27.1% 21.8% 17.8% 15.3% 13.8% 13.6% 14.6% 16.0%
 Georgia 35.9% 37.1% 42.5% 44.4% 42.6% 41.0% 42.4% 44.0% 46.0% 47.0% 46.7% 46.7% 45.1% 41.7% 36.8% 34.7% 30.9% 28.5% 25.9% 26.8% 27.0% 28.7% 30.5%
 Hawaii 0.2% 0.4% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.5% 0.8% 1.0% 1.8% 2.5% 1.8% 1.6%
 Idaho 0.4% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.4% 0.6%
 Illinois 7.4% 6.4% 2.5% 1.5% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4% 1.1% 1.5% 1.5% 1.8% 1.9% 2.8% 4.3% 4.9% 7.4% 10.3% 12.8% 14.7% 14.8% 15.1% 14.5%
 Indiana 4.4% 2.6% 1.0% 1.1% 1.0% 1.1% 0.8% 1.5% 2.0% 2.1% 2.3% 2.2% 2.8% 3.5% 3.6% 4.4% 5.8% 6.9% 7.6% 7.8% 8.4% 9.1%
 Iowa 0.4% 0.2% 0.2% 0.5% 0.6% 0.6% 0.6% 0.7% 0.8% 0.7% 0.7% 0.8% 0.9% 1.2% 1.4% 1.7% 2.1% 2.9%
 Kansas 0.6% 4.7% 4.3% 3.5% 3.5% 3.2% 3.3% 3.5% 3.6% 3.8% 4.2% 4.8% 5.3% 5.8% 5.7% 5.9%
 Kentucky 17.0% 18.6% 20.2% 22.9% 24.7% 24.3% 22.5% 20.4% 16.8% 16.5% 14.4% 13.3% 11.4% 9.8% 8.6% 7.5% 6.9% 7.1% 7.2% 7.1% 7.1% 7.3% 7.8%
 Louisiana 55.2% 51.8% 58.5% 55.0% 50.7% 49.5% 50.1% 51.5% 50.0% 47.1% 43.1% 38.9% 36.9% 35.9% 32.9% 31.9% 29.8% 29.4% 30.8% 32.5% 32.0%
 Maine 0.6% 0.5% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.4% 0.5% 1.2%
 Maryland 34.7% 36.7% 38.2% 36.1% 34.9% 32.3% 28.3% 24.9% 22.5% 22.5% 20.7% 19.8% 17.9% 16.9% 16.9% 16.6% 16.5% 16.7% 17.8% 22.7% 24.9% 27.9% 29.4%
 Massachusetts 1.4% 1.5% 1.4% 1.3% 1.2% 1.2% 0.9% 0.8% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.1% 1.2% 1.2% 1.3% 1.6% 2.2% 3.1% 3.9% 5.0% 5.4% 6.6%
 Michigan 3.7% 3.0% 2.1% 0.8% 0.3% 0.6% 0.9% 1.0% 0.9% 0.7% 0.7% 0.6% 1.6% 3.5% 4.0% 6.9% 9.2% 11.2% 12.9% 13.9% 14.2% 14.2%
 Minnesota 0.6% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.5% 0.7% 0.9% 1.3% 2.2% 3.5% 5.2%
 Mississippi 41.5% 47.0% 44.1% 48.4% 52.3% 51.2% 55.3% 53.7% 57.5% 57.6% 58.5% 56.2% 52.2% 50.2% 49.2% 45.3% 42.0% 36.8% 35.2% 35.6% 36.3% 37.0%
 Missouri 17.6% 15.9% 18.3% 15.6% 13.2% 10.0% 6.9% 6.7% 5.6% 5.2% 4.8% 5.2% 6.2% 6.5% 7.5% 9.0% 10.3% 10.5% 10.7% 11.2% 11.6%
 Montana 0.9% 0.9% 1.0% 0.6% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.4%
 Nebraska 0.3% 0.6% 0.5% 0.8% 0.6% 0.6% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.5% 2.1% 2.7% 3.1% 3.6% 4.0% 4.5%
 Nevada 0.7% 0.8% 0.8% 0.5% 0.3% 0.6% 0.4% 0.6% 0.6% 2.7% 4.7% 5.7% 6.4% 6.6% 6.8% 8.1%
 New Hampshire 0.6% 0.5% 0.5% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 0.3% 0.4% 0.6% 0.7% 1.1%
 New Jersey 7.7% 8.0% 7.6% 7.2% 6.4% 5.8% 4.9% 3.8% 3.4% 3.4% 3.3% 3.7% 3.5% 3.7% 5.2% 5.5% 6.6% 8.5% 10.7% 12.6% 13.4% 13.6% 13.7%
 New Mexico 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.8% 1.2% 0.8% 0.5% 1.6% 0.7% 0.9% 1.2% 1.8% 1.9% 1.8% 2.0% 1.9% 2.1%
 New York 7.6% 5.3% 4.2% 2.9% 2.3% 2.1% 1.6% 1.3% 1.2% 1.3% 1.2% 1.4% 1.5% 1.9% 3.3% 4.2% 6.2% 8.4% 11.9% 13.7% 15.9% 15.9% 15.9%
 North Carolina 26.8% 29.4% 32.2% 34.4% 35.9% 35.6% 36.4% 36.4% 36.6% 38.0% 34.7% 33.0% 31.6% 29.8% 29.0% 27.5% 25.8% 24.5% 22.2% 22.4% 22.0% 21.6% 21.5%
 North Dakota 1.0% 0.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.4% 0.6% 0.6% 1.2%
 Ohio 0.5% 0.8% 0.8% 1.0% 1.1% 1.3% 1.6% 2.4% 2.5% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3% 3.2% 4.7% 4.9% 6.5% 8.1% 9.1% 10.0% 10.6% 11.5% 12.2%
 Oklahoma 8.4% 7.0% 8.3% 7.4% 7.2% 7.2% 6.5% 6.6% 6.7% 6.8% 7.4% 7.6% 7.4%
 Oregon 0.5% 0.2% 0.4% 0.3% 0.4% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.8% 1.0% 1.3% 1.4% 1.6% 1.6% 1.8%
 Pennsylvania 2.4% 2.7% 2.9% 2.9% 2.8% 2.8% 2.3% 2.0% 1.9% 2.0% 2.0% 2.5% 2.5% 3.3% 4.5% 4.7% 6.1% 7.5% 8.6% 8.8% 9.2% 10.0% 10.8%
 Rhode Island 6.3% 5.3% 4.8% 4.3% 3.7% 3.0% 2.5% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.1% 2.1% 1.8% 1.7% 1.4% 1.5% 1.8% 2.1% 2.7% 2.9% 3.9% 4.5% 5.7%
 South Carolina 43.7% 43.2% 48.4% 52.8% 55.6% 56.4% 58.9% 58.6% 58.9% 60.7% 59.8% 58.4% 55.2% 51.4% 45.6% 42.9% 38.8% 34.8% 30.5% 30.4% 29.8% 29.5% 27.9%
 South Dakota 0.0% 0.6% 0.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.6% 1.3%
 Tennessee 10.6% 13.2% 17.5% 19.6% 21.4% 22.7% 24.5% 25.5% 25.6% 26.1% 24.4% 23.8% 21.7% 19.3% 18.3% 17.4% 16.1% 16.5% 15.8% 15.8% 16.0% 16.4% 16.7%
 Texas 27.5% 30.3% 31.0% 24.7% 21.8% 20.4% 17.7% 15.9% 14.7% 14.4% 12.7% 12.4% 12.5% 12.0% 11.9% 11.5% 11.8%
 Utah 0.4% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.4% 0.5% 0.6% 0.6% 0.7% 0.8% 1.1%
 Vermont 0.3% 0.4% 0.3% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.5% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.5% 1.0%
 Virginia 43.4% 44.6% 47.1% 47.8% 47.9% 46.9% 45.0% 43.3% 41.9% 41.8% 38.4% 35.6% 32.6% 29.9% 26.8% 24.7% 22.1% 20.6% 18.5% 18.9% 18.8% 19.6% 19.4%
 Washington 12.7% 0.3% 0.9% 0.4% 0.4% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.4% 0.4% 1.3% 1.7% 2.1% 2.6% 3.1% 3.2% 3.6%
 West Virginia 9.5% 9.8% 11.5% 12.1% 11.2% 9.6% 7.8% 5.6% 4.1% 4.2% 4.3% 4.5% 5.3% 5.9% 6.6% 6.2% 5.7% 4.8% 3.9% 3.3% 3.1% 3.2% 3.4%
 Wisconsin 1.2% 1.8% 0.6% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.4% 0.4% 0.8% 1.9% 2.9% 3.9% 5.0% 5.7% 6.3%
 Wyoming 2.0% 1.4% 1.5% 1.0% 1.5% 0.7% 0.6% 0.4% 0.9% 0.7% 0.8% 0.7% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8%
 Puerto Rico 8.0% 12.4%

Mexican (1910–1930) and Hispanic/Latino (1940–2010) population as a percentage of the total population by U.S. region and state[edit]

Historically, the U.S. states with the largest Mexican/Hispanic/Latino populations were primarily located in the Southwestern states, Texas and Florida. However, the percentage of the Hispanic/Latino population has dramatically increased in many U.S. states both inside and outside the Southwest in recent decades.

Percentage of population of Mexican origin (1910–1930) and of Hispanic/Latino origin (1940–2010) by U.S. state[25][26][27][28][a]
State/territory 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
 United States of America 0.4% 0.7% 1.2% 1.4% 4.7% 6.4% 9.0% 12.5% 16.3%
Northeast 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 4.1% 5.3% 7.4% 9.8% 12.6%
Midwest 0.0% 0.1% 0.3% 0.2% 1.5% 2.2% 2.9% 4.9% 7.0%
South 1.1% 1.7% 2.5% 1.9% 4.4% 5.9% 7.9% 11.6% 15.9%
West 1.9% 3.1% 5.4% 6.1% 11.3% 14.5% 19.1% 24.3% 28.6%
 Alabama 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.9% 0.6% 1.7% 3.9%
 Alaska 2.1% 2.4% 3.2% 4.1% 5.5%
 Arizona 28.6% 30.4% 30.2% 20.4% 17.2% 14.9% 17.3% 16.2% 18.8% 25.3% 29.6%
 Arkansas 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 0.8% 0.8% 3.2% 6.4%
 California 2.1% 3.7% 6.8% 6.0% 7.2% 9.1% 13.7% 19.2% 25.8% 32.4% 37.6%
 Colorado 0.4% 1.6% 5.7% 8.2% 9.0% 9.0% 11.6% 11.8% 12.9% 17.1% 20.7%
 Connecticut 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 2.4% 4.0% 6.5% 9.4% 13.4%
 Delaware 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 1.1% 1.6% 2.4% 4.8% 8.2%
 District of Columbia 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 2.1% 2.8% 5.4% 7.9% 9.1%
 Florida 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.3% 6.6% 8.8% 12.2% 16.8% 22.5%
 Georgia 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 1.1% 1.7% 5.3% 8.8%
 Hawaii 3.0% 7.4% 7.3% 7.2% 8.9%
 Idaho 0.0% 0.3% 0.3% 0.5% 2.6% 3.9% 5.3% 7.9% 11.2%
 Illinois 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.3% 3.3% 5.6% 7.9% 12.3% 15.8%
 Indiana 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.2% 1.3% 1.6% 1.8% 3.5% 6.0%
 Iowa 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.6% 0.9% 1.2% 2.8% 5.0%
 Kansas 0.5% 0.9% 1.1% 0.7% 2.1% 2.7% 3.8% 7.0% 10.5%
 Kentucky 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.7% 0.6% 1.5% 3.1%
 Louisiana 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 1.9% 2.4% 2.2% 2.4% 4.2%
 Maine 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.4% 0.6% 0.7% 1.3%
 Maryland 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.4% 1.5% 2.6% 4.3% 8.2%
 Massachusetts 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 1.1% 2.5% 4.8% 6.8% 9.6%
 Michigan 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.2% 1.4% 1.8% 2.2% 3.3% 4.4%
 Minnesota 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.6% 0.8% 1.2% 2.9% 4.7%
 Mississippi 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.4% 1.0% 0.6% 1.4% 2.7%
 Missouri 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.9% 1.1% 1.2% 2.1% 3.5%
 Montana 0.0% 0.1% 0.5% 0.4% 1.1% 1.3% 1.5% 2.0% 2.9%
 Nebraska 0.0% 0.2% 0.5% 0.4% 1.4% 1.8% 2.3% 5.5% 9.2%
 Nevada 1.1% 1.8% 3.7% 2.8% 5.6% 6.7% 10.4% 19.7% 26.5%
 New Hampshire 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.6% 1.0% 1.7% 2.8%
 New Jersey 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 4.3% 6.7% 9.6% 13.3% 17.7%
 New Mexico 6.9% 9.8% 15.2% 41.7% 36.5% 28.3% 37.4% 36.6% 38.2% 42.1% 46.3%
 New York 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.0% 8.0% 9.5% 12.3% 15.1% 17.6%
 North Carolina 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 1.0% 1.2% 4.7% 8.4%
 North Dakota 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 0.6% 0.7% 1.2% 2.0%
 Ohio 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.9% 1.1% 1.3% 1.9% 3.1%
 Oklahoma 0.3% 0.4% 0.2% 0.2% 1.4% 1.9% 2.7% 5.2% 8.9%
 Oregon 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 1.7% 2.5% 4.0% 8.0% 11.7%
 Pennsylvania 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.9% 1.3% 2.0% 3.2% 5.7%
 Rhode Island 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.7% 2.1% 4.6% 8.7% 12.4%
 South Carolina 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 1.1% 0.9% 2.4% 5.1%
 South Dakota 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.4% 0.6% 0.8% 1.4% 2.7%
 Tennessee 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.7% 0.7% 2.2% 4.6%
 Texas 7.1% 9.9% 13.8% 11.5% 13.3% 14.8% 17.7% 21.0% 25.5% 32.0% 37.6%
 Utah 0.0% 0.3% 0.8% 0.5% 4.1% 4.1% 4.9% 9.0% 13.0%
 Vermont 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.6% 0.6% 0.7% 0.9% 1.5%
 Virginia 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.0% 1.5% 2.6% 4.7% 7.9%
 Washington 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 2.1% 2.9% 4.4% 7.5% 11.2%
 West Virginia 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.7% 0.5% 0.7% 1.2%
 Wisconsin 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.9% 1.3% 1.9% 3.6% 5.9%
 Wyoming 0.2% 1.1% 3.2% 2.4% 5.6% 5.2% 5.7% 6.4% 8.9%
 Puerto Rico 98.8% 99.0%

a^ There are other estimates on this page which are a little different. These estimates here come from the U.S. Census Bureau.

Projections for 2020 through 2060[edit]

The U.S. Census Bureau has projected that the U.S. white non-Hispanic population will become a minority (that is, less than half of the total U.S. population) during the 2040s, resulting in a plurality.[29] In December 2012, the U.S. Census Bureau projected that 2043 would be the year in which the U.S. would become a majority minority nation, with no single ethnic classification constituting a majority of the population.[30] By 2060, Hispanic Americans are projected to account for about one-third of the total U.S. population.[30] The tables present Census Bureau "middle series" projections published in May 2013.

Racial and ethnic demographics of the United States (total numbers) between 2020 and 2060 (projected)[31]
Race/ethnic group 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Total population 333,896,000 358,471,000 380,016,000 399,803,000 420,268,000
White 255,346,000 267,604,000 276,438,000 282,959,000 289,587,000
Black 44,810,000 49,246,000 53,412,000 57,553,000 61,822,000
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 4,328,000 4,889,000 5,407,000 5,881,000 6,308,000
Asian and Pacific Islander 19,708,000 23,802,000 27,945,000 31,967,000 35,815,000
Two or more races 9,704,000 12,929,000 16,814,000 21,443,000 26,737,000
Hispanic (of any race) 63,784,000 78,655,000 94,876,000 111,732,000 128,780,000
Non-Hispanic White 199,313,000 198,817,000 193,887,000 186,334,000 178,951,000
Racial and Ethnic Demographics of the United States (Percentages) Between 2020 and 2060 (Projected)[32][33]
Race/Ethnic Group 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
White 76.5% 74.7% 72.7% 70.8% 68.9%
Black 13.4% 13.7% 14.1% 14.4% 14.7%
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 1.3% 1.4% 1.4% 1.5% 1.5%
Asian and Pacific Islander 5.9% 6.6% 7.4% 8.0% 8.5%
Two or more races 2.9% 3.6% 4.4% 5.4% 6.4%
Hispanic (of any race) 19.1% 21.9% 25.0% 27.9% 30.6%
Non-Hispanic White 59.7% 55.5% 51.0% 46.6% 42.6%

Vital statistics of racial and ethnic groups (since 1935)[edit]

Average population (x 1,000)[34] Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000)[35] Natural change (per 1,000) Total fertility rate
1935 127,362 2,377,000 1,392,752 984,248 18.7 10.9 7.7 2.19
1936 128,181 2,355,000 1,479,228 875,772 18.4 11.5 6.8 2.15
1937 128,961 2,413,000 1,450,427 962,573 18.7 11.2 7.5 2.17
1938 129,969 2,496,000 1,381,391 1,114,609 19.2 10.6 8.6 2.22
1939 131,028 2,466,000 1,387,897 1,078,103 18.8 10.6 8.2 2.17
1940 132,165 2,559,000 1,417,269 1,142,000 19.4 10.8 8.6 2.23
1941 133,002 2,703,000 1,397,642 1,305,358 20.3 10.5 9.8 2.33
1942 134,464 2,989,000 1,385,187 1,603,813 22.2 10.3 11.9 2.55
1943 136,003 3,104,000 1,459,544 1,644,306 22.8 10.7 12.1 2.64
1944 138,083 2,939,000 1,411,338 1,644,456 21.2 10.2 11.0 2.49
1945 139,994 2,858,000 1,401,719 1,456,281 20.4 10.0 10.4 2.42
1946 140,008 3,411,000 1,395,617 2,015,383 24.1 10.0 14.1 2.86
1947 145,023 3,817,000 1,445,370 2,371,630 26.6 10.0 16.6 3.18
1948 148,013 3,637,000 1,444,337 2,192,663 24.9 9.8 15.1 3.03
1949 149,336 3,649,000 1,443,607 2,205,393 24.5 9.7 14.8 3.04
1950 151,861 3,632,000 1,452,454 2,180,000 24.1 9.6 14.5 3.03
1951 154,056 3,823,000 1,482,099 2,340,901 24.8 9.6 15.2 3.20
1952 156,431 3,913,000 1,496,838 2,416,162 25.0 9.6 15.4 3.30
1953 159,047 3,965,000 1,447,459 2,142,000 25.2 9.1 16.1 3.36
1954 161,948 4,078,000 1,481,091 2,596,909 24.8 9.3 15.5 3.48
1955 163,476 4,097,000 1,528,717 2,568,283 25.0 9.3 14.3 3.52
1956 166,578 4,218,000 1,564,476 2,653,524 25.1 9.3 15.8 3.63
1957 169,637 4,308,000 1,633,128 2,666,872 25.3 9.5 15.8 3.71
1958 172,668 4,255,000 1,647,886 2,607,114 24.4 9.5 14.9 3.65
1959 175,642 4,244,796 1,656,814 2,587,982 24.0 9.4 14.7 3.66
1960 179,979 4,257,850 1,711,982 2,545,868 23.7 9.5 14.1 3.65
1961 182,992 4,268,326 1,701,522 2,566,804 23.3 9.3 14.0 3.62
1962 185,771 4,167,362 1,756,720 2,410,642 22.4 9.5 12.9 3.46
1963 188,483 4,098,020 1,813,549 2,284,471 21.7 9.6 12.1 3.32
1964 191,141 4,027,490 1,798,051 2,229,439 21.1 9.4 11.7 3.19
1965 193,526 3,760,358 1,828,136 1,932,222 19.4 9.5 9.9 2.91
1966 195,576 3,606,274 1,863,149 1,743,125 18.4 9.5 8.9 2.72
1967 197,457 3,520,959 1,851,323 1,669,636 17.8 9.4 8.4 2.56
1968 199,399 3,501,564 1,930,082 1,571,482 17.6 9.7 7.9 2.46
1969 201,385 3,600,206 1,921,990 1,678,216 17.9 9.5 8.4 2.46
1970 203,984 3,731,386 1,921,031 1,810,355 18.4 9.4 9.0 2.480
1971 206,827 3,555,970 1,927,542 1,628,428 17.2 9.3 7.9 2.266
1972 209,284 3,258,411 1,963,944 1,294,467 15.6 9.4 6.2 2.010
1973 211,357 3,136,965 1,973,003 1,163,962 14.8 9.5 5.3 1.879
1974 213,342 3,159,958 1,934,388 1,225,570 14.8 9.1 5.7 1.835
1975 215,465 3,144,198 1,892,879 1,251,319 14.6 8.8 5.8 1.774
1976 217,563 3,167,788 1,909,440 1,258,348 14.6 8.8 5.8 1.738
1977 219,760 3,326,632 1,899,597 1,427,035 15.1 8.6 6.5 1.789
1978 222,095 3,333,279 1,927,788 1,405,491 15.0 8.7 6.3 1.760
1979 224,567 3,494,398 1,913,841 1,580,557 15.6 8.5 7.1 1.808
1980 227,225 3,612,258 1,989,841 1,622,417 15.9 8.8 7.1 1.839
1981 229,466 3,629,238 1,977,981 1,651,257 15.8 8.6 7.2 1.812
1982 231,664 3,680,537 1,974,797 1,705,740 15.9 8.5 7.4 1.827
1983 233,792 3,638,933 2,019,201 1,619,732 15.6 8.6 6.9 1.799
1984 235,825 3,669,141 2,039,369 1,629,772 15.6 8.6 6.9 1.806
1985 237,924 3,760,561 2,086,440 1,674,121 15.8 8.8 7.0 1.844
1986 240,133 3,756,547 2,105,361 1,651,186 15.6 8.8 6.9 1.837
1987 242,289 3,809,394 2,123,323 1,686,071 15.7 8.8 7.0 1.872
1988 244,499 3,909,510 2,167,999 1,741,511 16.0 8.9 7.1 1.934
1989 246,819 4,040,958 2,150,466 1,890,492 16.4 8.7 7.7 2.014
1990 249,623 4,158,212 2,148,463 2,009,749 16.7 8.6 8.1 2.081
1991 252,981 4,110,907 2,169,518 1,941,389 16.2 8.6 7.7 2.062
1992 256,514 4,065,014 2,175,613 1,889,401 15.8 8.5 7.4 2.046
1993 259,919 4,000,240 2,268,553 1,731,687 15.4 8.7 6.7 2.019
1994 263,126 3,952,767 2,278,994 1,673,773 15.0 8.7 6.4 2.001
1995 266,278 3,899,589 2,312,132 1,587,457 14.6 8.7 6.0 1.978
1996 269,394 3,891,494 2,314,690 1,576,804 14.4 8.6 5.9 1.976
1997 272,647 3,880,894 2,314,245 1,566,649 14.2 8.5 5.7 1.971
1998 275,854 3,941,553 2,337,256 1,604,297 14.3 8.5 5.8 1.999
1999 279,040 3,959,417 2,391,399 1,568,018 14.2 8.6 5.6 2.007
2000 282,172 4,058,814 2,403,351 1,655,463 14.4 8.5 5.9 2.056
2001 285,082 4,025,933 2,416,425 1,609,508 14.1 8.5 5.6 2.030
2002 287,804 4,021,726 2,443,387 1,578,339 14.0 8.5 5.5 2.020
2003 290,326 4,089,950 2,448,288 1,641,662 14.1 8.4 5.5 2.047
2004 293,046 4,112,052 2,397,615 1,714,437 14.0 8.2 5.9 2.051
2005 295,753 4,138,349 2,448,017 1,690,332 14.0 8.3 5.7 2.057
2006 298,593 4,265,555 2,426,264 1,839,291 14.3 8.1 6.2 2.108
2007 301,580 4,316,233 2,423,712 1,892,521 14.3 8.0 6.3 2.120
2008 304,375 4,247,694 2,471,984 1,775,710 14.0 8.1 5.9 2.072
2009 307,007 4,130,665 2,437,163 1,693,502 13.5 7.9 5.6 2.002
2010 309,330 3,999,386 2,468,435 1,530,951 13.0 8.0 5.0 1.931
2011 311,583 3,953,590 2,515,458 1,438,412 12.7 8.1 4.6 1.894
2012 313,874 3,952,841 2,543,279 1,409,562 12.6 8.1 4.5 1.881
2013 316,129 3,932,181 2,596,993 1,335,188 12.4 8.2 4.2 1.857
2014 318,858 3,988,076 2,626,418 1,361,658 12.5 8.2 4.3 1.863
2015 3,977,745

Source: National Center for Health Statistics,[36] Census Bureau Intercensal Estimates [9][37][38][39]

White (including White Hispanic)[edit]

Average population (x 1,000) Live births[40] Deaths[41] Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000) Fertility rates
1990 3,290,273 (79.12%) 1,853,254 1,437,019 15.8 8.8 7.0 2.00
1991 3,241,273 (78.84%) 1,868,904 1,372,369 15.3 8.8 6.5 1.99
1992 3,201,678 (78.76%) 1,873,781 1,327,897 15.0 8.8 6.2 1.98
1993 3,149,833 (78.74%) 1,951,437 1,198,396 14.6 9.0 5.6 1.96
1994 3,121,004 (78.96%) 1,959,875 1,161,129 14.3 9.0 5.3 1.96
1995 3,098,885 (79.46%) 1,987,437 1,111,448 14.1 9.0 5.1 1.95
1996 3,093,057 (79.48%) 1,992,966 1,100,091 13.9 9.0 4.9 1.96
1997 3,072,640 (79.17%) 1,996,393 1,076,247 13.7 8.9 4.8 1.96
1998 3,118,727 (79.12%) 2,015,984 1,102,743 13.8 8.9 4.9 1.99
1999 3,132,501 (79.11%) 2,061,348 1,071,153 13.7 9.0 4.7 2.01
2000 3,194,005 (78.69%) 2,071,287 1,122,718 13.9 9.0 4.9 2.05
2001 3,177,626 (78.92%) 2,079,691 1,097,935 13.7 8.9 4.8 2.04
2002 3,174,760 (78.94%) 2,102,589 1,072,171 13.6 9.0 4.6 2.04
2003 3,225,848 (78.87%) 2,103,714 1,122,134 13.7 8.9 4.8 2.07
2004 3,222,928 (78.38%) 2,056,643 1,166,285 13.6 8.7 4.9 2.07
2005 3,229,294 (78.03%) 2,098,097 1,131,197 13.6 8.8 4.8 2.08
2006 3,310,308 (77.60%) 2,077,549 1,232,759 13.8 8.7 5.1 2.12
2007 3,336,626 (77.30%) 2,074,151 1,262,475 13.8 8.6 5.2 2.14
2008 3,274,163 (77.08%) 2,120,233 1,153,930 13.5 8.7 4.8 2.09
2009 3,173,293 (76.82%) 2,086,355 1,086,938 13.0 8.5 4.5 2.02
2010 3,069,315 (76.74%) 2,114,749 954,566 12.5 8.6 3.9 1.95
2011 3,020,355 (76.39%) 2,156,077 864,278 12.2 8.7 3.5 1.91
2012 2,999,820 (75.89%) 2,175,178 824,642 12.1 8.8 3.3 1.89
2013 2,985,757 (75.93%) 2,217,103 768,654 12.0 8.9 3.1 1.87
2014 3,019,863 (75.72%) 2,237,880 781,983 12.0 8.9 3.1 1.88

White (non-Hispanic)[edit]

The natural increase is slightly smaller than shown for non-Hispanic whites and slightly different for non-Hispanic blacks because the birth figures shown refer to mothers of that race, not the children. Most non-white babies of non-Hispanic white mothers are either Hispanic or black, and non-Hispanic black mothers occasionally have Hispanic children. On the other hand, all children born to Hispanic mothers, even if the mothers are white Hispanic, are counted as Hispanic.

Black (non-Hispanic)[edit]

Average population (x 1,000) Live births1 Deaths Natural change1 Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000) Fertility rates
19902 661,701 (15.91%) 23.0 2.55
19912 666,758 (16.22%) 22.4 2.53
19922 657,450 (16.17%) 21.6 2.48
1993 641,273 (16.03%) 20.7 2.41
1994 619,198 (15.66%) 19.5 2.31
1995 587,781 (15.07%) 18.2 2.19
1996 578,099 (14.86%) 17.6 2.14
1997 581,431 (14.98%) 273,381 308,050 17.4 8.1 9.3 2.14
1998 593,127 (15.05%) 275,264 317,863 17.5 8.0 9.5 2.16
1999 588,981 (14.88%) 281,979 307,002 17.1 8.1 9.0 2.13
2000 34,406 604,346 (14.89%) 282,676 321,670 17.3 8.0 9.3 2.18
2001 34,780 589,917 (14.65%) 284,343 305,574 16.6 8.0 8.6 2.11
2002 35,130 578,335 (14.38%) 286,573 291,762 16.1 7.9 8.2 2.05
2003 35,438 576,033 (14.08%) 287,968 288,065 15.9 7.9 8.0 2.04
2004 35,798 578,772 (14.08%) 283,859 294,913 15.8 7.7 8.1 2.03
2005 36,147 583,759 (14.11%) 289,163 294,596 15.8 7.7 8.1 2.03
2006 36,521 617,247 (14.47%) 286,581 330,666 16.5 7.6 8.9 2.13
2007 36,906 627,191 (14.53%) 286,366 340,825 16.6 7.5 9.1 2.14
2008 37,291 623,029 (14.67%) 285,522 337,507 16.3 7.4 8.9 2.12
2009 37,657 609,584 (14.76%) 282,982 326,602 15.7 7.2 8.5 2.05
2010 37,898 (12.3%) 589,808 (14.75%) 283,438 306,370 15.1 7.2 7.9 1.97
2011 38,149 (12.2%) 582,345 (14.73%) 286,797 295,548 14.7 7.2 7.5 1.92
2012 38,464 (12.3%) 583,489 (14.76%) 291,179 292,310 14.6 7.2 7.4 1.90
2013 38,808 (12.3%) 583,834 (14.85%) 299,227 284,607 14.4 7.3 7.1 1.88
2014 39,267 (12.3%) 588,891 (14.77%) 303,844 285,047 14.4 7.3 7.1 1.87
2015 589,605 (14.82%)

Asian and Pacific Islander (including of Hispanic origin)[edit]

Average population (x 1,000) Live births1 Deaths Natural change1 Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000) Fertility rates
1990 141,635 (3.41%) 21,127 120,508 19.0 2.00
1991 145,372 (3.54%) 22,173 123,199 18.3 1.93
1992 150,250 (3.70%) 23,660 126,590 17.9 1.90
1993 152,800 (3.82%) 25,386 127,414 17.3 1.84
1994 157,632 (3.99%) 27,103 130,529 17.1 1.83
1995 160,287 (4.11%) 28,297 131,990 16.7 1.80
1996 165,776 (4.26%) 29,508 136,268 16.5 1.79
1997 169,769 (4.37%) 30,756 139,013 16.2 1.76
1998 172,652 (4.38%) 31,987 140,665 15.9 1.73
1999 180,776 (4.57%) 33,675 147,101 15.9 1.75
2000 11,173 200,543 (4.94%) 34,875 165,668 17.1 1.89
2001 11,670 200,279 (4.97%) 37,048 163,231 16.1 3.0 13.1 1.79
2002 12,157 210,907 (5.24%) 38,332 172,575 16.3 3.0 13.3 1.79
2003 12,626 221,203 (5.41%) 40,127 181,076 16.4 3.0 13.4 1.82
2004 13,090 229,123 (5.57%) 40,533 188,590 16.4 2.9 13.5 1.83
2005 13,576 231,108 (5.58%) 43,194 187,914 15.9 3.0 12.9 1.78
2006 14,067 241,045 (5.65%) 44,707 196,338 16.0 3.0 13.0 1.80
2007 14,548 254,488 (5.90%) 45,609 208,879 16.4 2.9 13.5 1.85
2008 15,031 253,185 (5.96%) 47,903 205,282 15.7 3.0 12.7 1.80
2009 15,492 251,089 (6.08%) 49,225 201,864 15.1 3.0 12.1 1.74
2010 15,922 246,886 (6.17%) 51,162 195,724 14.5 3.0 11.5 1.69
2011 16,270 253,915 (6.42%) 53,336 200,579 14.5 3.1 11.4 1.71
2012 272,802 (6.90%) 56,352 216,450 15.1 3.1 12.0 1.77
2013 265,673 (6.76%) 59,869 205,804 14.3 3.2 11.1 1.68
2014 282,723 (7.09%) 61,570 221,153 14.6 3.2 11.4 1.72
2015 281,306 (7.07%)

American Indian and Alaskan Native (including of Hispanic origin)[edit]

Average population (x 1,000) Live births1 Deaths Natural change1 Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000) Fertility rates
1990 39,051 (0.94%) 8,316 30,735 18.9 2.19
1991 38,841 (0.94%) 8,621 30,220 18.3 2.14
1992 39,453 (0.97%) 8,953 30,500 17.9 2.14
1993 38,732 (0.97%) 9,579 29,153 17.0 2.01
1994 37,740 (0.95%) 9,637 28,103 16.0 1.95
1995 37,278 (0.96%) 9,997 27,281 15.3 1.88
1996 37,880 (0.97%) 10,127 27,753 14.9 1.86
1997 38,572 (0.99%) 10,576 27,996 14.7 1.83
1998 40,272 (1.02%) 10,845 29,427 14.8 1.85
1999 40,170 (1.01%) 11,312 28,858 14.2 1.78
2000 2,684 41,668 (1.03%) 11,363 30,305 14.0 3.8 10.2 1.77
2001 2,770 41,872 (1.04%) 11,977 29,895 13.6 3.9 9.7 1.72
2002 2,857 42,368 (1.05%) 12,415 29,953 13.3 3.9 9.4 1.68
2003 2,948 43,052 (1.05%) 13,147 29,905 13.0 4.0 9.0 1.64
2004 3,045 43,927 (1.07%) 13,124 30,803 12.8 3.8 9.0 1.61
2005 3,148 44,813 (1.08%) 13,918 30,895 12.6 3.9 8.7 1.59
2006 3,259 47,721 (1.12%) 14,037 33,684 13.0 3.8 9.2 1.63
2007 3,377 49,443 (1.15%) 14,367 35,076 12.9 3.8 9.1 1.63
2008 3,505 49,537 (1.17%) 14,776 34,761 12.5 3.7 8.8 1.57
2009 3,637 48,665 (1.18%) 14,960 33,705 11.8 3.6 8.2 1.50
2010 3,755 46,760 (1.17%) 15,565 31,195 11.0 3.6 7.4 1.40
2011 3,815 46,419 (1.17%) 15,945 30,474 10.7 3.7 7.0 1.37
2012 46,093 (1.17%) 16,527 29,566 10.5 3.8 6.7 1.35
2013 45,991 (1.17%) 17,052 28,939 10.3 3.8 6.5 1.33
2014 44,928 (1.13%) 18,008 26,920 9.9 4.0 5.9 1.29
2015 44,328 (1.11%)

Hispanics (of all racial groups)[edit]

  • Notes: Estimates for the population of each race by year (available starting in 2000) do not include multiracial individuals which have been "bridged" to the single-race categories for the purposes of calculating the birth and fertility rates.

New Hampshire did not start reporting Hispanic origin until 1993, and Oklahoma until 1991, so data from those states are excluded before then.

Average population (x 1,000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000) Fertility rates
19902 595,073 (14.31%) 26.7 2.96
19912 623,085 (15.16%) 26.5 2.96
19922 643,271 (15.82%) 26.1 2.96
1993 654,418 (16.36%) 25.4 2.89
1994 665,026 (16.82%) 24.7 2.84
1995 679,768 (17.43%) 24.1 2.80
1996 701,339 (18.02%) 23.8 2.77
1997 709,767 (18.29%) 95,460 614,307 23.0 3.1 19.9 2.68
1998 734,661 (18.64%) 98,406 636,255 22.7 3.0 19.6 2.65
1999 764,339 (19.30%) 103,740 660,599 22.5 3.1 19.4 2.65
2000 35,662 815,868 (20.10%) 107,254 708,614 23.1 3.0 20.1 2.73
2001 37,144 851,851 (21.16%) 113,413 738,438 22.9 3.1 19.8 2.73
2002 38,618 876,642 (21.80%) 117,135 759,507 22.7 3.0 19.7 2.71
2003 40,049 912,329 (22.31%) 122,026 790,303 22.8 3.0 19.8 2.74
2004 41,501 946,349 (23.01%) 122,416 823,933 22.8 3.0 19.9 2.76
2005 43,024 985,505 (23.81%) 131,161 854,344 22.9 3.0 19.9 2.79
2006 44,606 1,039,077 (24.36%) 133,004 906,073 23.3 3.0 20.3 2.86
2007 46,197 1,062,779 (24.62%) 135,519 927,260 23.0 2.9 20.1 2.84
2008 47,794 1,041,239 (24.51%) 139,241 901,998 21.8 2.9 18.9 2.71
2009 49,327 999,548 (24.20%) 141,576 857,972 20.3 2.9 17.4 2.53
2010 50,740 (16.4%) 945,180 (23.63%) 144,490 800,690 18.7 2.9 15.8 2.35
2011 51,940 (16.7%) 918,129 (23.22%) 149,635 768,494 17.6 2.9 14.7 2.24
2012 52,961 (16.9%) 907,677 (22.96%) 156,419 751,258 17.1 3.0 14.1 2.19
2013 53,986 (17.1%) 901,033 (22.91%) 163,241 737,792 16.7 3.0 13.7 2.15
2014 55,279 (17.3%) 914,065 (22.92%) 169,387 744,678 16.5 3.0 13.5 2.13
2015 922,836 (23.20%)

p Preliminary data.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d Gibson, Campbell; Kay Jung (September 2002). "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States". Population Division, U. S. Census Bureau. 
  3. ^ "A Brief History of the OMB Directive 15". American Anthropological Association. 1997. Retrieved May 18, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity". Office of Management and Budget. October 30, 1997. Retrieved May 18, 2013. 
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  6. ^ a b Gibson, Campbell; Kay Jung (September 13, 2002). "Table 4. South Region – Race and Hispanic Origin: 1790 to 1990" (PDF). Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2013. 
  7. ^ Copeland, Larry (2011-07-01). "Blacks return to Southern roots - USATODAY.com". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  8. ^ "Lynching Statistics". Law2.umkc.edu. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
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  13. ^ http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/immigration/Hispanics-US-1850-1990.pdf
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  15. ^ a b c d e "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States" (PDF). Census.gov. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
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  22. ^ "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States". Census.gov. Retrieved September 15, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Powered by Google Docs" (PDF). Docs.google.com. Retrieved September 15, 2012. 
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  29. ^ "An Older and More Diverse Nation by Midcentury". U.S. Census Bureau. August 14, 2008. 
  30. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau Projections Show a Slower Growing, Older, More Diverse Nation a Half Century from Now". U.S. Census Bureau. December 12, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Table 4. Projections of the Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States: 2015 to 2060. Middle Series.". 2012 National Population Projections: Summary Tables. U.S. Census Bureau. May 2013. Retrieved May 18, 2013. 
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