Racu

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Racu
Csíkrákos
Roman Catholic fortified church
Roman Catholic fortified church
Location in Harghita County
Location in Harghita County
Racu is located in Romania
Racu
Racu
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 46°27′0″N 25°45′45″E / 46.45000°N 25.76250°E / 46.45000; 25.76250Coordinates: 46°27′0″N 25°45′45″E / 46.45000°N 25.76250°E / 46.45000; 25.76250
CountryRomania
CountyHarghita
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Attila Császár[1] (UDMR)
Population
 (2011)[2]
1,607
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
537225
Area code+40 266
Vehicle reg.HR
Websitewww.rakos.ro

Racu (Hungarian: Csíkrákos, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈtʃiːkraːkoʃ], meaning "Place with the Crabs of Csík") is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Component villages[edit]

The commune is composed of two villages:

In Romanian In Hungarian
Racu Csíkrákos
Gârciu Göröcsfalva

Gârciu village was called Satu Nou from 1964 until 2011.

History[edit]

The villages were part of the Székely Land region of the historical Transylvania province. They belonged to Csíkszék district. After the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, they fell within the Csík County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics[edit]

The commune has an absolute Hungarian (Székely) majority. According to the 2011 census it has a population of 1,587 which 99,5% or 1,579 are Hungarian. Formerly part of Siculeni commune, the two villages broke off in 2004.

Twinnings[edit]

Maps[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.