Radeon RX 500 series

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AMD Radeon RX 500 Series
AMD Radeon logo 2019.png
Release date18 April 2017; 2 years ago (18 April 2017)
CodenamePolaris
ArchitectureGCN 4th gen
Fabrication process28 nm (CMOS)
Samsung/GloFo 14 nm (FinFET)
Samsung/GloFo 12 nm (FinFET)
Cards
Entry-levelRadeon RX 550
Radeon RX 560
Mid-rangeRadeon RX 570
Radeon RX 580
Radeon RX 590
API support
Direct3D
OpenCLOpenCL 2.0 [1]
OpenGLOpenGL 4.5 (4.6 Windows 7+ and Adrenalin 18.4.1+)[2] [3] [4] [5][6]
Vulkan
History
PredecessorRadeon RX 400 series
SuccessorRadeon RX Vega series

The Radeon RX 500 series is a series of graphics cards made by AMD. These cards are based on the fourth iteration of the Graphics Core Next architecture, featuring GPUs based on Polaris 30, Polaris 20, Polaris 11, and Polaris 12 chips.[10] Thus the RX 500 series uses the same microarchitecture and instruction set as its predecessor, while making use of improvements in the manufacturing process to enable higher clock rates.[11][12]

Third-generation GCN chips are produced on a 28 nm CMOS process. Polaris (fourth-generation GCN) chips (except for Polaris 30) are produced on a 14 nm FinFET process, developed by Samsung Electronics and licensed to GlobalFoundries.[13] Polaris 30 chips are produced on a 12 nm FinFET process, developed by Samsung and GlobalFoundries.

Chipset table[edit]

Desktop and laptop[edit]

Model
(Codename)
Release Date
& Price
Architecture
Fab
Transistors
& Die Size
Core Fillrate[a][b][c] Processing power[a][d]
(GFLOPS)
Memory TBP (W) Bus interface
Config[e] Clock[a] (MHz) Texture (GT/s) Pixel (GP/s) Single Double Bus type
& width
Size (GiB) Clock (MT/s) Band-
width (GB/s)
Radeon
520[15]
April 18, 2017
OEM
GCN 1st gen
28 nm
Unknown 320:20:4
5 CU
1030 20.6 4.1 659 Unknown GDDR5
64-bit
1
2
4500 48 Unknown Unknown
Radeon
530
GDDR5[16]
April 18, 2017
OEM
GCN 3rd gen
28 nm

125 mm2
320:20:8
384:24:8
6/5 CU
1024 24.6 8.2 655
786
Unknown GDDR5
64-bit
1
2
4[17]
Unknown Unknown
Radeon
530
DDR3[16]
DDR3 Unknown Unknown
Radeon
RX 540
(Lexa)[18][19]
April 18, 2017
OEM
GCN 4th gen
Samsung/GloFo
14LPP[20][f]
2.2×109
101 mm2
512:32:16
8 CU
1219 39 19.5 1248 78 GDDR5
128-bit
2
4
6000 96 Unknown PCIe 3.0 x8
Radeon
RX 550
(Lexa)[22][23]
April 20, 2017
$79 USD
640:40:16
10 CU
1100[24]
1183
35.2
37.9
17.6
18.9
1126
1211
70.4
75.7
7000 112 50
Radeon
550X
(Lexa)[25]
April 11, 2018
OEM
640:40:16
10 CU
1287 51.48 20.6 1647 103 GDDR5
64-bit
7000 56 50
Radeon
RX 550X
(Lexa)[26]
April 3, 2018
$79 USD
512:40:16
640:40:16
8/10 CU
1287 51.48 20.6 1318
1647
82.4
103
GDDR5
128-bit
7000 112 50
Radeon
RX 560D[27][28][29]
July 2017
Only available in China and through OEMs
3.0×109
123 mm2
896:56:16
14 CU
1090
1175
61.0
65.8
17,4
18.8
1953
2106
122,0
131.6
6000 96 65
Radeon
RX 560[g]
(Baffin)[27]
October 2017
$99 USD
896:56:16
14 CU
1090
1175
61.0
65.8
17.4
18.8
1953
2106
122.0
131.6
7000 112 60-80
Radeon
RX 560[g]
(Baffin)[30][23]
May 2017
$99 USD
1024:64:16
16 CU
1175
1275
75.2
81.6
18.8
20.4
2406
2611
150.4
163.2
7000 112 60–80
Radeon
RX 570
(Polaris20 XL)[31][23]
April 18, 2017
$169 USD
5.7×109
232 mm2
2048:128:32
32 CU
1168
1244
149.5
159.2
37.4
39.8
4784
5095
299.0
318.4
GDDR5
256-bit
4
8
7000 224 150 PCIe 3.0 x16
Radeon
RX 580
(Polaris20 XT)[32][23]
April 18, 2017
$199 USD (4 GB)
$229 USD (8 GB)
2304:144:32
36 CU
1257
1340
181.0
193.0
40.2
42.9
5792
6175
362.0
385.9
8000 256 185
Radeon
RX 590
(Polaris30 XT)[33]
November 15, 2018
$279 USD
GCN 4th gen
Samsung/GloFo
12LP (14LP+)[h]
2304:144:32
36 CU
1469
1545
211.5
222.5
47.0
49.4
6769
7120
423.0
444.9
8 8000 256 225
  1. ^ a b c Boost values (if available) are stated below the base value in italic.
  2. ^ Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of Texture Mapping Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  3. ^ Pixel fillrate is calculated as the number of Render Output Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  4. ^ Precision performance is calculated from the base (or boost) core clock speed based on a FMA operation.
  5. ^ Unified Shaders : Texture Mapping Units : Render Output Units and Compute Units (CU)
  6. ^ GlobalFoundries' 14 nm 14LPP FinFET process is second-sourced from Samsung Electronics.[21]
  7. ^ a b In October 2017 AMD branded an additional Polaris chip as "RX 560", although it features less shader and texture mapping units than the first released RX 560.
  8. ^ GlobalFoundries' 12 nm 12LP process is based on Samsung's 14 nm 14LPP process.[21]


Radeon Feature Matrix[edit]

The following table shows features of AMD's Radeon-branded GPUs (see also: List of AMD graphics processing units).

Name of GPU series R100 R200 R300 R400 R500 R600 RV670 R700 Evergreen Northern
Islands
Southern
Islands
Sea
Islands
Volcanic
Islands
Arctic
Islands/Polaris
Vega Navi
Released Apr 2000 Aug 2001 Sep 2002 May 2004 Oct 2005 May 2007 Nov 2007 Jun 2008 Sep 2009 Oct 2010 Jan 2012 Sep 2013 Jun 2015 Jun 2016 Jun 2017 Jul 2019
Marketing Name Radeon 7000 Radeon 8000 Radeon 9000 Radeon X700/X800 Radeon X1000 Radeon HD 1000/2000 Radeon HD 3000 Radeon HD 4000 Radeon HD 5000 Radeon HD 6000 Radeon HD 7000 Radeon Rx 200 Radeon Rx 300 Radeon RX 400/500 Radeon RX Vega/Radeon VII(7nm) Radeon RX 5000
AMD support Ended Current
Instruction set Not publicly known[citation needed] TeraScale instruction set GCN instruction set RDNA instruction set
Microarchitecture TeraScale 1 TeraScale 2 (VLIW5) TeraScale 3 (VLIW4) GCN 1st gen GCN 2nd gen GCN 3rd gen GCN 4th gen GCN 5th gen RDNA
Type Fixed pipeline[a] Programmable pixel & vertex pipelines Unified shader model
Direct3D 7.0 8.1 9.0
11 (9_2)
9.0b
11 (9_2)
9.0c
11 (9_3)
10.0
11 (10_0)
10.1
11 (10_1)
11 (11_0) 11 (11_1)
12 (11_1)
11 (12_0)
12 (12_0)
11 (12_1)
12 (12_1)
Shader model N/A 1.4 2.0+ 2.0b 3.0 4.0 4.1 5.0 5.1 5.1
6.3
6.4
OpenGL 1.3 2.0[b] 3.3 4.5 (on Linux 4.2)[34][4][5][c] 4.6 (on Linux: 4.5+)
Vulkan N/A 1.0
(Win 7+ or Mesa 17+)
1.1
OpenCL N/A Close to Metal 1.1 1.2 2.0 (Adrenalin driver on Win7+)
1.2 (on Linux, 2.0 and 2.1 WIP mostly in Linux ROCm)
?
HSA N/A Yes ?
Video decoding ASIC N/A Avivo/UVD UVD+ UVD 2 UVD 2.2 UVD 3 UVD 4 UVD 4.2 UVD 5.0 or 6.0 UVD 6.3 UVD 7[35][d] VCN 2.0[35][d]
Video encoding ASIC N/A VCE 1.0 VCE 2.0 VCE 3.0 or 3.1 VCE 3.4 VCE 4.0[35][d]
Power saving ? PowerPlay PowerTune PowerTune & ZeroCore Power ?
TrueAudio N/A Via dedicated DSP Via shaders
FreeSync N/A 1
2
HDCP[e] ? 1.4 1.4
2.2
1.4
2.2
2.3
PlayReady[e] N/A 3.0 No 3.0
Supported displays[f] 1–2 2 2–6 ?
Max. resolution ? 2–6 ×
2560×1600
2–6 ×
4096×2160 @ 60 Hz
2–6 ×
5120×2880 @ 60 Hz
3 ×
7680×4320 @ 60 Hz[36]
?
/drm/radeon[g] Yes N/A
/drm/amdgpu[g] N/A Experimental[37] Yes
  1. ^ The Radeon 100 Series has programmable pixel shaders, but do not fully comply with DirectX 8 or Pixel Shader 1.0. See article on R100's pixel shaders.
  2. ^ These series do not fully comply with OpenGL 2+ as the hardware does not support all types of non-power of two (NPOT) textures.
  3. ^ OpenGL 4+ compliance requires supporting FP64 shaders and these are emulated on some TeraScale chips using 32-bit hardware.
  4. ^ a b c The UVD and VCE were replaced by the Video Core Next (VCN) ASIC in the Raven Ridge APU implementation of Vega.
  5. ^ a b To play protected video content, it also requires card, operating system, driver, and application support. A compatible HDCP display is also needed for this. HDCP is mandatory for the output of certain audio formats, placing additional constraints on the multimedia setup.
  6. ^ More displays may be supported with native DisplayPort connections, or splitting the maximum resolution between multiple monitors with active converters.
  7. ^ a b DRM (Direct Rendering Manager) is a component of the Linux kernel. Support in this table refers to the most current version.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Radeon Software Crimson ReLive Edition 17.4.3 Release Notes". AMD. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  2. ^ "AMD Radeon Software Crimson Edition 16.3 Release Notes". AMD. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  3. ^ "AMDGPU-PRO Driver for Linux Release Notes". 2016. Archived from the original on 11 December 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Mesamatrix". mesamatrix.net. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  5. ^ a b "RadeonFeature". X.Org Foundation. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  6. ^ "AMD Adrenalin 18.4.1 Graphics Driver Released (OpenGL 4.6, Vulkan 1.1.70) - Geeks3D". www.geeks3d.com.
  7. ^ "Radeon Software Adrenalin Edition 18.3.4 Release Notes". AMD. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Radeon™ Software for Linux® with Vulkan® 1.1 support". AMD. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  9. ^ "AMD Open Source Driver for Vulkan". GPUOpen. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  10. ^ "AMD launches Radeon RX 500 series - VideoCardz.com". 18 April 2017.
  11. ^ Smith, Ryan. "AMD Announces the Radeon RX 500 Series: Polaris Refreshed, Starting Today". Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  12. ^ "AMD launches Radeon RX 500 family of graphics cards". Neowin. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Radeon Technologies Group - January 2016 - AMD Polaris Architecture". Guru3d.com.
  14. ^ "Radeon™ RX 480 Graphics Card". AMD. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  15. ^ "Radeon™ 520 Graphics Card - AMD". www.amd.com.
  16. ^ a b "Radeon™ 530 Modern Gaming Graphics Card - AMD". www.amd.com.
  17. ^ "Inspiron 17 inch 3000 Laptop with the latest processors - Dell United States". Dell.
  18. ^ "Radeon™ RX 540 Graphics - AMD". www.amd.com.
  19. ^ "AMD Radeon™ RX 540X - AMD". www.amd.com.
  20. ^ "14LPP 14nm FinFET Technology". GLOBALFOUNDRIES. GLOBALFOUNDRIES.
  21. ^ a b Schor, David (22 July 2018). "VLSI 2018: GlobalFoundries 12nm Leading-Performance, 12LP". WikiChip Fuse. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Radeon™ RX 550 - High Performance Graphics Card - AMD". www.amd.com.
  23. ^ a b c d Smith, Ryan (18 April 2017). "AMD Announces Radeon RX 500 Series: Polaris Refresh, Starting Today". Anandtech. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  24. ^ Wallossek, Igor (27 April 2017). "AMD Radeon RX 550 2GB Review". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  25. ^ "Product data" (PDF). products.amd.com.
  26. ^ "AMD Radeon™ RX 550X - AMD". www.amd.com.
  27. ^ a b Oh, Nate (5 December 2017). "AMD Silently Lowers RX 560 Specification, Now Covers RX 460-class Products". Anandtech. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  28. ^ Forrest, Derek (6 December 2017). "AMD Apologizes For RX 560 Spec Change, Ensures Full Transparency With AIB Partners". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  29. ^ "AMD Radeon RX 560 Specs". TechPowerUp. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  30. ^ "Radeon™ RX 560 - High Performance Gaming Graphics Card - AMD". www.amd.com.
  31. ^ "Radeon™ RX 570 - Advanced HD Gaming Graphics Card - AMD". www.amd.com.
  32. ^ "Radeon™ RX 580 Gaming Graphics Card - AMD". www.amd.com.
  33. ^ "Radeon RX 590 Graphics - AMD". www.amd.com.
  34. ^ "AMD Radeon Software Crimson Edition Beta". AMD. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  35. ^ a b c Killian, Zak (22 March 2017). "AMD publishes patches for Vega support on Linux". Tech Report. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  36. ^ "Radeon's next-generation Vega architecture" (PDF). Radeon Technologies Group (AMD). Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  37. ^ Larabel, Michael (7 December 2016). "The Best Features of the Linux 4.9 Kernel". Phoronix. Retrieved 7 December 2016.