Radha Jayalakshmi

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Radha and Jayalakshmi
ராதா ஜெயலட்சுமி
Born 1932
Died Jayalakshmi - May 27, 2014(2014-05-27) (aged 82)
Genres Carnatic musicf
Occupation(s) vocalist

Radha and Jayalakshmi, popularly known as Radha Jayalakshmi (Tamil: ராதா ஜெயலட்சுமி), were Indian Carnatic music vocalist duo as well as playback singers in films in the 1940s and 1950s, before they became music teachers. The person who does the playback singing is Jayalakshmi but was named as Radha Jayalakshmi in the cine field. Actually, Radha was her cousin and singing partner on the stage performances. They were early singers in the trend of duo singing in Carnatic music, which started in the 1950s, with performers like Soolamangalam Sisters, and later continued by Bombay Sisters, Ranjani-Gayatri and Priya Sisters.[1]

The duo was awarded the 1981 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in Carnatic Music – Vocal, given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama[2] Vidushi Jayalakshmi died in Chennai on 27 May 2014.[3]

Early life and training[edit]

Radha and Jayalakshmi were from G. N. Balasubramaniam school, where they learned classical vocal music from the noted vocalist and teacher himself.[4]

Career[edit]

She had rendered her 'ringing' trained, cultured sweet voice in Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu and Kannada movies from the late 1940s till the end of the 1950s.

On rare occasion she had movies in her credit in the 1960s and 1970s.

In Deivam, Kunnakkudi Vaidyanathan had Radha and Jayalakshmi to render Thiruchendooril Por Purindhu, the song set in Thiruthani. This is perhaps the only film song to be sung by Radha of the duo.

Now they have stopped giving performances. But they are good teachers. They have performed throughout India. Shanmukhapriya and Haripriya, popularly known as the Priya Sisters, were their students.[5]

Music composers she sang for[edit]

In the 50s, many music directors gave her memorable songs, including K. V. Mahadevan, S. M. Subbaiah Naidu, G. Govindarajulu Naidu, T. G. Lingappa, G. Ramanathan, Vedha, C. N. Pandurangan, S. Balachander, S. V. Venkatraman, Chittor V. Nagaiah, H. R. Pathmanaba Sastiri, Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy, M. S. Gnanamani, Adepalli Rama Rao, G. K. Venkatesh, G. Devarajan and Shankar-Ganesh.

Playback singers she sang with[edit]

She sang immemorable duets mostly with T. M. Soundararajan, Seerkazhi Govindarajan and A. M. Rajah. Others are T. A. Mothi, Ghantasala, S. Balachander, Thiruchi Loganathan, K. R. Ramaswamy and Pithapuram Nageswara Rao.

She also sang duets with female singers with most notably with P. Leela and Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi. Others are M. L. Vasanthakumari, N. L. Ganasaraswathi, T. V. Rathinam, K. Rani, S. Varalakshmi and Jikki.

Death[edit]

Jayalakshmi, one of the duo, died, aged 82, in Chennai on 26 May 2014.[6]

Filmography[edit]

Playback singer[edit]

Year Film Language Song Music Co-Singer
1948 Idhu Nijama Tamil Madarellam S. Balachander S. Balachander
1950 Ezhai Padum Padu Tamil Vidhiyin Vilaivaal[7] S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
1950 Prasanna Malayalam Sukritharaaga M. S. Gnanamani Prasad Rao
Kaayikasoubhaagyam
Dhavalaroopa
Bhaarathamaatha Paripoorna
Aagathamaay Madhukaalam
1951 Kaidhi Tamil Be Happy Be Cheerful Be Jolly S. Balachander
1952 Kanjana Malayalam Charana Pankajam S. M. Subbaiah Naidu[8]
Vela Cheyyu
1952 Kanchana Tamil Etham Pottu S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
Pazhaniappa Nin Paadham
1952 Jameenthaar Tamil Madhuvai Parugum Vandu G. Ramanathan
1952 Moondru Pillaigal Tamil Malai Thiritha Magarasi Parur S. Anantharaman and M. D. Parthasarathy P. Leela & N. L. Ganasaraswathi
1952 Panam Tamil En Vazhvil Puthu Paadama Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy
1952 Puratchi Veeran Tamil Oh Alai Modhum Shankar-Jaikishan
1952 Desabhakthan Malayalam Oh Athimodamaarnna Shankar-Jaikishan
1952 Thai Ullam Tamil Poochendu Nee Ponvandu Naan Chittor V. Nagaiah T. A. Mothi & N. L. Ganasaraswathi
Pokkiri Payale
1953 Inspector Tamil Aasai Mounamaai Pesidum Kanngalum G. Ramanathan
1953 Manidhanum Mirugamum Tamil Jagam Yaavum G. Govindarajulu Naidu
1953 Manam Pola Mangalyam Tamil Manam Pola Adepalli Rama Rao
Andru Ododi Vandhu
1953 En Veedu Tamil Pongalo Pongal Chittor V. Nagaiah Ghantasala
Solla Vallayo
Boomiyile Oru M. L. Vasanthakumari
Vathabi Ganapathim
1953 Poongodhai Tamil Thenoorum Paarijaatha P. Adinarayana Rao
1953 Ponni Tamil Azhagum Gunamum Ulla Pennukku S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
Paambodu Pazhagalaam Pennmani
Aadi Paadu Paappaa
Aaduvome Oonjal Aaduvome P. A. Periya Nayaki, Radha & A. P. Komala
1954 Mangalyam Tamil Ninaithaaley Inbam Tharum K. V. Mahadevan
Ottumiru Ullanthanai Vettuvathu
1954 Manohara Tamil Kadhal Kondaadugiraar S. V. Venkatraman
Singara Paingkiliye Pesu A. M. Rajah
Vazhvatho Mathu
1954 Manohara Telugu Pranaya Vilasamule S. V. Venkatraman
Vana Mahosthavam Jikki & Pithapuram Nageswara Rao
1954 Ratha Pasam Tamil Jagam Yaavumey M. K. Athmanathan
1954 Koondukkili Tamil Paar En Magale Paar Paar K. V. Mahadevan
Vaanga Ellorume Serndhu Ondraagave T. M. Soundararajan, V. N. Sundharam & K. Rani
1954 Pona Machaan Thirumbi Vandhan Tamil Odam Pole Namadhu Vaazhvu Odanum C. N. Pandurangan & M. S. Viswanathan V. N. Sundharam
Aadhaaram Nin Paadham Ambigaiye
1954 Kalyanam Panniyum Brammachari Tamil Madhumalar Ellam T. G. Lingappa
Vennilavum Vanum Pol
1954 Edhir Paradhathu Tamil Jegam Ezhum Neeye C. N. Pandurangan
1955 Mullaivanam Tamil Engirundho Ingu Vandha Radhiye K. V. Mahadevan T. M. Soundararajan
Sariyendru Neeye Oru Vaarthai Sonnal T. M. Soundararajan
Puttham Pudhu Malare Kurunagai Puriyum Vennilavey
Nainaithaale Inikkudhadi
1955 Menaka Tamil Manampola Ini Vaazhalaam C. N. Pandurangan & Vedha K. R. Ramasamy
Kanavu Ninaivaagum
1955 Valliyin Selvan Tamil Mangalam Enbaro Parur S. Anantharaman
1955 Nalla Thangai Tamil O Seemane Thirumbi G. Ramanathan
Kaniyaadha Manam Kaniyaadha
1955 Town Bus Tamil Ponnaana Vaazhve Mannagi Poma K. V. Mahadevan M. S. Rajeswari & Thiruchi Loganathan
Nenjam Urugudhey
1956 Gomathiyin Kaadhalan Tamil Ambigapathi Nadagam G. Ramanathan T. V. Rathinam & P. Leela
1957 Magadhala Naattu Mary Tamil Jeya Jeya Aiyame R. Parthasarathi K. Rani
1957 Samaya Sanjeevi Tamil Aanantham Tharuvathu Sangeethemey G. Ramanathan
1957 Thangamalai Ragasiyam Tamil Aanantham Puthu Aanantham T. G. Lingappa Jikki
1957 Sarangadhara Tamil Ethukkithanai Modi G. Ramanathan
1957 Thaskaraveeran Malayalam Maayaamoham Maaraathe Nee S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
1957 Pudhu Vazhvu Tamil Kottu Melam Kovilile G. Ramanathan & C. N. Pandurangan
1958 Manamaalai Tamil Nadanamaadinaar Vedha P. Leela
1958 Boologa Rambai Tamil Kannalar Ingu Varuvaar C. N. Pandurangan
Amba Arul Purivaai
Gangatharane
Aasai Nenjame A. M. Rajah
1958 Bhooloka Ramba Telugu O Manohara C. N. Pandurangan A. M. Rajah
1958 Anbu Engey Tamil Kaya Pazhama Sollu Raja Vedha
1958 Kaathavaraayan Tamil Kanne En Kanmaniye.... Amudha Ootrile Kumudha Malar Pole G. Ramanathan Ghantasala
1959 Maragadham Tamil Maalai Mayangugira Neram S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
Punnagai Thavazhum T. M. Soundararajan
Kanukkulle Unnai Paaru T. M. Soundararajan
Aadinaal Nadanam Aadinaal
1959 Manimekalai Tamil Manathai Kavarntha G. Ramanathan Seerkazhi Govindarajan
Varuga Varuga Sugumaaraa P. Leela & A. P. Komala
1959 Sivagangai Seemai Tamil Muthu Pugazh Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy S. Varalakshmi
1959 Minnal Veeran Tamil Kannodu Kanninai Nokki S. M. Subbaiah Naidu Seerkazhi Govindarajan
1959 Odi Vilaiyaadu Pappa Tamil Pachai Kuzhandayadi Kannil Paavaiyandro Chandramathi Krishnamurthy Seerkazhi Govindarajan
1959 Pandithevan Tamil Kannum Karuthum C. N. Pandurangan & Meenakshi Subramanyam K. Rani & S. Janaki
1960 Vimala Telugu Neeli Vennela Kaya Sage S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
Kannullo Nee Bomma Choodu Ghantasala
Kaavaave Amma Devi
Kannula Beluke Song Ghantasala
1960 Ponni Thirunaal Tamil Nattukkor Thanthaiyadi K. V. Mahadevan Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi
1960 Bhaktha Sabari Telugu Rama Manomohana Pendyala Nageswara Rao
1960 Irumbu Thirai Tamil Enna Seithaalum S. V. Venkatraman
1960 Raja Bakthi Tamil Kaliyuga Malarmaran G. Govindarajulu Naidu
1960 Ranadheera Kanteerava Kannada Karunada Vairamudi Kanteerava G. K. Venkatesh Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi
1960 Ranadheera Kanteerava Kannada Enna MogavaBhoodaana G. K. Venkatesh
1960 Solaimalai Raani Tamil Anaiya Jothi C. N. Pandurangan A. M. Rajah
Anbaana Mozhi Pesum A. M. Rajah
1961 Bhagyalakshmi Tamil Varalakshmi Varuvaai Amma Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy
Palingu Manappandhalile
1961 Akbar Tamil Azhagin Nila S. V. Venkatraman
1961 Sabarimala Ayyappan Malayalam Ashrithayaamen S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
1962 Indira En Selvam Tamil Aaraaro Aaraaro H. R. Pathmanaba Sastiri & C. N. Pandurangan
Thellathelindha Thenamudhe
1962 Avana Ivan Tamil Vaaranamayiram S. Balachander
1962 Konjum Salangai Tamil Brahman Thaalam Poda S. M. Subbaiah Naidu Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi
1962 Bhoodaana Kannada Bhagyada Lakshmi G. K. Venkatesh
1963 Arivaali Tamil Vaazhiya Needoozhi S. V. Venkatraman P. Leela
1964 Oraal Koodi Kallanaayi Malayalam Veeshuka Nee Kodumkatte K. V. Job
1966 Motor Sundaram Pillai Tamil Maname Muruganin Mayilvahanam M. S. Viswanathan
1969 Kumara Sambhavam Malayalam Maayaanadanavihaarini G. Devarajan P. Leela
1969 Kaval Deivam Tamil Maiyal Migavum Meerudhe G. Devarajan
1971 Aathi Parasakthi Tamil Kokku Parakkum Indha K. V. Mahadevan
Thandhaikku Mandhiratthai
1973 Dheivam Tamil Thiruchendooril Por Purindhu Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan Radha
1973 Nathayil Muthu Tamil Aadu Raadhe Shankar-Ganesh Seerkazhi Govindarajan
Raama Raama Jeya.... Ragupathi Raagava Raajaaraam
1973 Amman Arul Tamil Akilamellam Vilangum Shankar-Ganesh Radha
19 Tamil Nalla Veenaiyithe

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sisters in song". The Hindu. 30 January 2010. 
  2. ^ "SNA: List of Akademi Awardees". Sangeet Natak Akademi Official website. 
  3. ^ "Vidushi Jayalakshmi is no more". 
  4. ^ "GNB, the good friend". The Hindu. 23 May 2003. 
  5. ^ "We owe it to Radha-Jayalakshmi". The Hindu. 4 April 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Carnatic singer dead in Chennai". The Hindu. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "Ezhai Padum Paadu 1950". The Hindu. 2 November 2007. 
  8. ^ "Old gold". The Hindu. 21 March 2010. 

External links[edit]