Radhika Mohan Maitra
Radhika Mohan Maitra
|Origin||Talando, Tanore, Rajshahi, Bangladesh; (Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India)|
|Died||16 October 1981|
|Genres||Hindustani classical music|
Radhika Mohan Maitra (1917–1981) was an Indian sarod player and the guru of Narendra Nath Dhar, Kalyan Mukherjea, Buddhadev Das Gupta, Sanjoy Bandopadhyay, Abanindra Maitra, Pranab Kumar Naha, Samarendra Nath Sikdar, Michael Robbins, and many other musicians of this generation. Maitra was considered an influential figure in 20th century sarod playing and received the title Sangeetacharya. He was among those awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1971.
Radhika Mohan Maitra came from a Bengali zamindar family that had a history of musicianship and of patronising that art. At present this is at Talando of Tanore upozila of Rajshahi district in Bangladesh. His grandfather, Lalit Mohan Maitra, was a player of the tabla, his father, Brajendra Mohan, played the sarod, and his mother learned the sitar. Among those who were patronised by his grandfather was Mohammed Amir Khan and it was he who acted as the guru and principal teacher of Radhika, although the pupil also learned other instruments and styles of music with his permission. In addition to his musical training, Maitra held an M.A. degree in philosophy, awarded by the University of Calcutta, and also a LL.B. law degree. He taught philosophy for a while and was also a noted musicologist with several books to his name.
Maitra rose to prominence as a musician in the 1950s, when he was in demand for concerts both within India and elsewhere in the world. Aside from radio recitals, he performed in countries such as Afghanistan, Australia, China, New Zealand and the Philippines as part of cultural delegations organised by the Government of India, and he also performed in a non-government tour of the US in 1975. It was from around that time that he gradually reduced his appearances, preferring instead to concentrate on teaching both the sarod and the sitar. His students were often obtained by a referral method, whereby a potential new pupil was introduced by someone who was already being taught by Maitra. Sometimes he would teach directly, and other times he would delegate the task to a student.
In 1976 Radhika Mohan founded the Mohammed Ameer Khan School of Instrumental Music, which was dedicated to the development of young talent in Sarod and Sitar to carry the banner of the Shahjahanpur Gharana forward. He started the ‘Rising Talents’ music conference in 1977, which focused on providing opportunities to young and talented artists, irrespective of their Gharana or Guru, to perform in front of the music loving audience of Calcutta. This program became very popular and continued even after his death, till the mid nineties. Some of the most well known names in today’s Indian Classical music scene got an opportunity to perform on the big stage for the first time at the Rising Talents conference.
Radhika Mohan Maitra invented the Mohan Veena in 1948 and in 1949 it was adapted at All India Radio by Thakur Jaidev Singh, the then chief producer of AIR. In this instrument the goat skin of the sarod is replaced by wood and the bridge of the sarod is replaced by the bridge of Surbahar. ￼ He performed several programs on Mohanveena in All India Radio which are available now in public domain and are the assets of AIR archives.https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/blink/watch/He-who-came-first/article20849369.ece
- Chatterjee, Gautam (8 August 2008). "Music on the screen". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Timeout". The Telegraph. 23 January 2006. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Sangeet Natak Akademi Puraskar (Akademi Awards)". Sangeet Natak Akademi. Archived from the original on 30 May 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- Hamilton, James Sadler (1994). Sitar Music in Calcutta: An Ethnomusicological Study. Motilal Banarsidass Publisher. pp. 3–6, 113–114. ISBN 978-8-12081-210-9.
- Hamilton, James Sadler (1994). Sitar Music in Calcutta: An Ethnomusicological Study. Motilal Banarsidass Publisher. pp. 115–119. ISBN 978-8-12081-210-9.
- Kalyan Mukherjea; Peter Manuel (2010). "Radhika Mohan Maitra: His Life and Times". Asian Music. 41 (2): 188 – via Project MUSE.
- Hamilton, James Sadler (1994). Sitar Music in Calcutta: An Ethnomusicological Study. Motilal Banarsidass Publisher. p. 115. ISBN 978-8-12081-210-9.
- Mukherjea, Kalyan; Manuel, Peter (2010). "Radhika Mohan Maitra: His Life and Times". Asian Music. 41 (2): 180–197. doi:10.1353/amu.0.0065. S2CID 162348071.