Radical 46

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← 45 Radical 46 (U+2F2D) 47 →
(U+5C71) "mountain"
Gwoyeu Romatzyh:shan
Cantonese Yale:sāan
Japanese Kana:サン san (on'yomi)
やま yama (kun'yomi)
Sino-Korean:산 san
Chinese name(s):(Left) 山字旁 shānzìpáng
(Top) 山字頭/山字头 shānzìtóu
(Bottom) 山字底 shānzìdǐ
Japanese name(s):山/やま yama
(Left) 山偏/やまへん yamahen
(Top) 山冠/やまかんむり yamakanmuri
Hangul:메 me
Stroke order animation

Radical 46 or radical mountain (山部) meaning "mountain" is one of the 31 Kangxi radicals (214 radicals total) composed of three strokes. It is found in the names of mountains generally in east Asia.

In the Kangxi Dictionary, there are 636 characters (out of 49,030) to be found under this radical.

is also the 39th indexing component in the Table of Indexing Chinese Character Components predominantly adopted by Simplified Chinese dictionaries published in mainland China.

In Taoist cosmology, 山 (mountain) is the nature component of the bagua diagram gèn. This diagram corresponds to the I Ching trigram ☶.


Strokes Characters
+1 (= -> )
+2 JP (also obsolete variant form of -> ) (= -> )
+3 屿SC (=嶼) (= -> ) SC (=) SC (=)
+4 (= -> ) SC (=嶇) SC (=崗) SC (=峴) SC (=嶴) SC (=嵐) SC (=島)
+5 SC (=嶺) (=嶇) (=岧) SC (=崬) 岿SC (=巋) SC (=嶨) SC (=嶧) JP
+6 (= -> ) (=峒) JP SC/JP (=峽) (=峛) SC (=嶢) SC (=嶠) SC (=崢) SC (=巒)
+7 (=峨) HK variant (=峰) 峿 SC (=嶗) SC (=崍) SC (=嶮)
+8 (=崇) (=崑) (=崖) (=崙) SC (=嶄)
+9 (=峙) 崿 (=岩) (=岩) (= -> ) SC (=嶸) SC (=嶔) (=崎) SC (=嶁)
+11 嵿 (=嶄) (=島) (=島)
+12 (=嶛)
+13 (=峱)
+14 嶿
+16 (=巃) SC (=巔)
+17 JP (=巖)
+19 (=巔) (=巖)
+20 (=巘)


The radical is also used as an independent Chinese character. It is one of the Kyōiku kanji or Kanji taught in elementary school in Japan.[1] It is a first grade kanji[1]


  1. ^ a b "The Kyoiku Kanji (教育漢字) - Kanshudo". www.kanshudo.com. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 2023-05-06.


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