Radical 46

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← 45 Radical 46 (U+2F2D) 47 →
(U+5C71) "mountain"
Pronunciations
Pinyin:shān
Bopomofo:ㄕㄢ
Gwoyeu Romatzyh:shan
Wade–Giles:shan1
Cantonese Yale:sāan
Jyutping:saan1
Pe̍h-ōe-jī:san
Japanese Kana:サン san (on'yomi)
やま yama (kun'yomi)
Sino-Korean:산 san
Names
Chinese name(s):(Left) 山字旁 shānzìpáng
(Top) 山字頭/山字头 shānzìtóu
(Bottom) 山字底 shānzìdǐ
Japanese name(s):山/やま yama
(Left) 山偏/やまへん yamahen
(Top) 山冠/やまかんむり yamakanmuri
Hangul:메 me
Stroke order animation
山-order.gif

Radical 46 or radical mountain (山部) meaning "mountain" is one of the 31 Kangxi radicals (214 radicals total) composed of three strokes. It is found in the names of mountains generally in east Asia.

In the Kangxi Dictionary, there are 636 characters (out of 49,030) to be found under this radical.

is also the 39th indexing component in the Table of Indexing Chinese Character Components predominantly adopted by Simplified Chinese dictionaries published in mainland China.

In Taoist cosmology, 山 (mountain) is the nature component of the bagua diagram gèn. This diagram corresponds to the I Ching trigram ☶.

Evolution[edit]

Strokes Characters
+0
+1 (= -> )
+2 JP (also obsolete variant form of -> ) (= -> )
+3 屿SC (=嶼) (= -> ) SC (=) SC (=)
+4 (= -> ) SC (=嶇) SC (=崗) SC (=峴) SC (=嶴) SC (=嵐) SC (=島)
+5 SC (=嶺) (=嶇) (=岧) SC (=崬) 岿SC (=巋) SC (=嶨) SC (=嶧) JP
+6 (= -> ) (=峒) JP SC/JP (=峽) (=峛) SC (=嶢) SC (=嶠) SC (=崢) SC (=巒)
+7 (=峨) HK variant (=峰) 峿 SC (=嶗) SC (=崍) SC (=嶮)
+8 (=崇) (=崑) (=崖) (=崙) SC (=嶄)
+9 (=峙) 崿 (=岩) (=岩) (= -> ) SC (=嶸) SC (=嶔) (=崎) SC (=嶁)
+10
+11 嵿 (=嶄) (=島) (=島)
+12 (=嶛)
+13 (=峱)
+14 嶿
+15
+16 (=巃) SC (=巔)
+17 JP (=巖)
+18
+19 (=巔) (=巖)
+20 (=巘)

Literature[edit]

  • Fazzioli, Edoardo (1987). Chinese calligraphy : from pictograph to ideogram : the history of 214 essential Chinese/Japanese characters. calligraphy by Rebecca Hon Ko. New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 0-89659-774-1.
  • Lunde, Ken (Jan 5, 2009). "Appendix J: Japanese Character Sets" (PDF). CJKV Information Processing: Chinese, Japanese, Korean & Vietnamese Computing (Second ed.). Sebastopol, Calif.: O'Reilly Media. ISBN 978-0-596-51447-1.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]