Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko

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Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko

Радикальна Партія Олега Ляшка
LeaderOleh Lyashko[1]
Founded28 September 2010; 9 years ago (2010-09-28)[1]
HeadquartersMykolaiv, Ukraine
IdeologyUkrainian nationalism[2]
Right-wing nationalism[3]
Populism[4][5][6]
Agrarianism[7]

Soft Euroscepticism[8]
Political positionSocial: Right-wing[3]
Fiscal: Centre-left[4][5][6]
European affiliationNone
International affiliationNone
Colours     Red
Verkhovna Rada[9]
0 / 450
Regions (2015)[10]
2,533 / 158,399
Website
liashko.ua

The Radical Party (Ukrainian: Радикальна Партія), whose official name is the Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko (Ukrainian: Радикальна Партія Олега Ляшка)[1] and formerly known as the Ukrainian Radical-Democratic Party (Ukrainian: Українська демократично-радикальна партія), is a political party in Ukraine[11] that was registered in September 2010.[1]

At the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election, the party had won 1 seat.[12] The party won 22 seats at the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election.[13][14]

History[edit]

Ukrainian Radical-Democratic Party[edit]

The logo of the Ukrainian Radical-Democratic Party

The party was established at the founding congress in Mykolaiv on 18 August 2010 and was then named the Ukrainian Radical-Democratic Party.[15] Under this name, it was registered with the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine on 28 September 2010.[1][15] At the time, the party was led by Vladislav Telipko.[15][16]

Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko[edit]

During its third party congress on 8 August 2011, Oleh Lyashko was elected the new party leader.[15] The same day, the party changed its name to the Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko.[17]

At the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election, the party won 1.08% of the national votes and 1 constituency (it had competed in 28 constituencies)[18] for its leader Lyashko,[19] who did not join a faction in the Verkhovna Rada.[20] The party was most successful in Chernihiv Oblast, where it received 10.69 percent of the vote, finishing fifth.[16] The constituency that Lyashko won was also located in Chernihiv Oblast.[16]

According to political scientist Tadeusz A. Olszański, in mid-September 2014 the party was "a typical one-man party, centred around Oleh Lyashko; its real organisational potential remains a mystery".[2] At the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, the party's list was led by Lyashko, with Serhiy Melnychuk, commander of the Aidar Battalion, in third place, singer Zlata Ognevich in fourth place and Yuri Shukhevych, son of the military leader of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army Roman Shukhevych, in fifth place.[21] At the election, the party won 22 seats.[14] It received support from rural and regional voters who had previously supported Fatherland.[22]

On 21 November 2014, the party became a member of the coalition supporting the second Yatsenyuk government and sent one minister into this government.[23][24]

On 3 June 2015, the parliament stripped the party's MP Serhiy Melnychuk of his parliamentary prosecutorial immunity rights as he was accused of forming a criminal gang, abductings and threatening people.[25]

The Radical Party left the second Yatsenyuk government coalition on 1 September 2015 in protest over a vote in parliament involving a change to the Ukrainian Constitution that would lead to decentralization and greater powers for areas held by pro-Russian separatists.[26] According to party leader Lyashko, the party "can't stay in the coalition after anti-Ukrainian changes to the constitution, initiated by the president, were approved against the will of three parties of the coalition".[26] He was referring to his own party, Self Reliance and Fatherland.[27]

Ideology and stances[edit]

The Radical Party is centered on Lyashko, who is known for his populism and highly combative behavior. The party advocates a number of traditional left-leaning positions on economics[4][5][28] such as lower salary taxes, a ban on agricultural land sale and eliminating the illegal land market, a tenfold increase in budget spending on health and setting up primary health centres in every village[29] and mixes them with strong nationalist sentiments.[30] Anton Shekhovtsov of University College London considers Lyashko's party to be similar to left-wing populist and nationalist.[31] A similar view is shared by political scientist Mattia Zulianello.[32]

The party has promised to purify the country of oligarchs "with a pitchfork".[33] It has proposed higher taxes on products manufactured by oligarchs and a crisis tax on the latter.[29]

The party wants to re-arm Ukraine with nuclear weapons.[33] The party also advocates an end to the War in Donbass by the use of force.[2]

Party leader Lyashko had stressed in May 2011 he had nothing against sexual minorities.[34] In a September 2015 interview with Ukrayinska Pravda, he stated that being a LGBT person "is the choice of each individual. I can not condemn".[35]

Party leaders[edit]

  • Vladislav Telipko (2010–2011)
  • Oleh Lyashko (2011–present)

Election results[edit]

Results in the 2012 elections
Results in the 2014 elections

Verkhovna Rada[edit]

Year Popular vote % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Government
2012 221,136 1.08
1 / 450
Increase 1 Opposition
2014 1,171,697 7.45
22 / 450
Increase 22 Coalition government (until 2015),
Opposition (2015−19)
2019 586,294 4.01
0 / 450
Decrease 22 Extra-parliamentary

Presidential elections[edit]

President of Ukraine
Election year Candidate No. of 1st round votes % of 1st round vote No. of 2nd round votes % of 2nd round vote
2014 Oleh Lyashko 1,500,377 8.32
2019 Oleh Lyashko 1,036,003 5.48

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Політична партія «Радикальна Партія Олега Ляшка» [Political party «Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko»] (in Ukrainian). DATA. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Tadeusz A. Olszański (17 September 2014). "Ukraine's political parties at the start of the election campaign". OSW: Centre for Eastern Studies. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b Lukatsky, Efrem; Karmanau, Yuras (1 September 2015). "Right-wing party exits parliamentary coalition in Ukraine". Business Insider. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Noack, Rick (14 August 2014). "Why Ukrainian politicians keep beating each other up". The Washington Post. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Arsenyi Svynarenko (29 August 2014). "Ukraine's political landscape is shifting". Politiikasta.fi. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  6. ^ a b Kuzio, Taras (26 August 2014). "Ukraine is heading for new parliamentary elections, but the country still lacks real political parties". LSE EUROPP Blog. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Радикальна партія Олега Ляшка - Офіційна сторінка Радикалькальної партії Олега Ляшка". liashko.ua.
  8. ^ de Borja Lasheras, Francisco (22 December 2016). "Ukraine's rising Euroscepticism". European Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  9. ^ "Депутатські фракції і групи VII скликання" (in Ukrainian). "Deputy fractions and Groups". Verkhovna Rada official website.
  10. ^ Кандидати, яких обрано депутатами рад. www.cvk.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). 15 November 2015. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Lyashko: No sponsors, tycoons or deputies on election list of Radical Party". Kyiv Post. 8 August 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Party of Regions gets 185 seats in Ukrainian parliament, Batkivschyna 101 - CEC". Interfax-Ukraine. 12 November 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  13. ^ Olena Goncharova; Ian Bateson (29 October 2014). "Poroshenko and Yatsenyuk's parties maneuver for lead role in coalition". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
    "New Verkhovna Rada". Kyiv Post. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament". Ukrainian Television and Radio. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
    "People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC". Interfax-Ukraine. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
    "Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC". Interfax-Ukraine. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  15. ^ a b c d Радикальна партія Олега Ляшка [Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko] (in Ukrainian). RBC Ukraine. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  16. ^ a b c "Ukraine's Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko: Facts and Details". RIA Novosti. 25 October 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  17. ^ Олег Ляшко офіційно перейменував свою партію [Oleh Lyashko officially renamed his party] (in Ukrainian). 24 News. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  18. ^ Радикальна партія Олега Ляшка [Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko] (in Ukrainian). RBC Ukraine. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  19. ^ (in Ukrainian) Proportional votes Archived 2012-10-30 at the Wayback Machine & Constituency seats Archived 2012-11-05 at the Wayback Machine, Central Election Commission of Ukraine Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  20. ^ "National deputies of Ukraine:Oleh Lyashko". Verkhovna Rada. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  21. ^ "Ukraine Votes On Oct. 26 To Elect New Parliament". Kyiv Post. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  22. ^ Tadeusz A. Olszański (29 October 2014), A strong vote for reform: Ukraine after the parliamentary elections, OSW—Centre for Eastern Studies, retrieved 29 November 2017
  23. ^ "Rada supports coalition-proposed government lineup". Interfax-Ukraine. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
    "Rada approves new Cabinet with three foreigners". Kyiv Post. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
    "Rada voted the new Cabinet" Рада проголосувала новий кабмін. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 2 December 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  24. ^ "Five political forces sign coalition agreement". Interfax-Ukraine. 21 November 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
    "Ukraine's parliamentary parties initial coalition agreement". Interfax-Ukraine. 21 November 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  25. ^ "Ukrainian Parliament strips two MP's of their immunity from prosecution". Ukraine Today. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  26. ^ a b "Ukraine Radical Party Quits Ruling Coalition After Deadly Clash". Bloomberg News. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  27. ^ "Departure of nationalists unlikely to break up Ukrainian ruling coalition and will improve likelihood of decentralization". Jane's Information Group. 3 September 2015. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  28. ^ Taras Kuzio (26 August 2014). "Ukraine is heading for new parliamentary elections, but the country still lacks real political parties". LSE EUROPP Blog. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  29. ^ a b "The Communist Party May Be on Its Last Legs, But Social Populism is Still Alive". The Ukrainian Week. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  30. ^ David M. Herszenhorn (24 October 2014). "With Stunts and Vigilante Escapades, a Populist Gains Ground in Ukraine". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  31. ^ "Ukraine's presidential election and the far right". 29 May 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  32. ^ Zulianello, Mattia (2019). "Varieties of Populist Parties and Party Systems in Europe: From State-of-the-Art to the Application of a Novel Classification Scheme to 66 Parties in 33 Countries" (PDF). Government and Opposition: 6.
  33. ^ a b "Ukraine election: What to look for". BBC News. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  34. ^ "A. Lyashko: each of us a role to play". Ukrainian National News. May 19, 2011. Archived from the original on November 26, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  35. ^ "З усіх вил: звідки взявся та до чого дійшов Олег Ляшко" (in Russian). "Of all the twisted, and where did what came Oleh Lyashko". Ukrayinska Pravda. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2019.

External links[edit]