Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko
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The Radical Party (Ukrainian: Радикальна Партія) is a political party in Ukraine. It was registered in September 2010. Its official name is the Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko (Ukrainian: Радикальна Партія Олега Ляшка).
Ukrainian Radical Democratic Party
The party was established at the founding congress in Mykolaiv on 18 August 2010 and was then named the Ukrainian Radical-Democratic Party (Ukrainian: Українська демократично-радикальна партія). Under this name it was registered with the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine on 28 September 2010. At the time, the party was led by Vladislav Telipko.
Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko
At the 2012 parliamentary election the party won 1.08% of the national votes and 1 constituency (it had competed in 28 constituencies) for its leader Lyashko who did not join a faction in the Verkhovna Rada. The party was most successful in Chernihiv Oblast, where it received 10.69 percent of the vote, finishing fifth. The constituency that Lyashko won was also located in Chernihiv Oblast.
According to political scientist Tadeusz A. Olszański mid-September 2014 the party was "a typical one-man party, centred around Oleh Lyashko; its real organisational potential remains a mystery".
At the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election the party's list was led by Lyashko. In third place was Serhiy Melnychuk, commander of the Aidar Battalion. In fourth place was the singer Zlata Ognevich. And in fifth place was Yuri Shukhevych, son of the military leader of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army Roman Shukhevych. At the election the party won 22 seats. It received support from rural and regional voters who had previously supported Fatherland.
On 3 June 2015 parliament stripped the party's MP Melnychuk of his parliamentary prosecutorial immunity rights; he was accused of forming a criminal gang, abductings and threatening people.
Radical Party left the second Yatsenyuk Government coalition on 1 September 2015 in protest over a vote in parliament involving a change to the Ukrainian Constitution that would lead to decentralization and greater powers for areas held by pro-Russian separatists. According to party leader Lyashko the party “can’t stay in the coalition after anti-Ukrainian changes to the constitution, initiated by the president, were approved against the will of three parties of the coalition”. (He was referring to his own party, Self Reliance and Fatherland.)
Ideology and stances
The party is centered on Lyashko, who is known for his populism and highly combative behavior. The Radical Party advocates a number of traditional left-wing positions (lower salary taxes, a ban on agricultural land sale and eliminating the illegal land market, a tenfold increase in budget spending on health, setting up primary health centres in every village ), and mixes them with strong nationalist sentiments. Anton Shekhovtsov of University College London considers Lyashko's party to be similar to left-wing populist and nationalist.
The party supports increased taxation for products manufactured by oligarchs, a crisis tax on oligarchs to balance the Ukrainian budget and alleviate inflation.
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- (Ukrainian) Політична партія «Радикальна Партія Олега Ляшка», DATA
- Tadeusz A. Olszański (17 September 2014). "Ukraine's political parties at the start of the election campaign". OSW: Centre for Eastern Studies. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
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- Artem Dzyubenko. "Pro-presidential party polling fifth for parliamentary vote". Retrieved 16 February 2015.
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- (Ukrainian) Депутатські фракції і групи VII скликання Deputy fractions and Groups, Verkhovna Rada official website
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- Lyashko:No sponsors, tycoons or deputies on election list of Radical Party, Kyiv Post (8 August 2012)
- Poroshenko and Yatsenyuk’s parties maneuver for lead role in coalition , Kyiv Post (29 October 2014)
New Verkhovna Rada, Kyiv Post (Oct. 30, 2014)
- Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament, Ukrainian Television and Radio (8 November 2014)
People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
- Party of Regions gets 185 seats in Ukrainian parliament, Batkivschyna 101 - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (12 November 2012)
- (Ukrainian) Радикальна партія Олега Ляшка, RBK Ukraine
- (Ukrainian) Олег Ляшко офіційно перейменував свою партію, 24 News (14 december 2011)
- (Ukrainian) Candidates, RBC Ukraine
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- Rada supports coalition-proposed government lineup, Interfax-Ukraine (2 December 2014)
Rada approves new Cabinet with three foreigners, Kyiv Post (2 December 2014)
(Ukrainian) Rada voted the new Cabinet, Ukrayinska Pravda (2 December 2014)
- Five political forces sign coalition agreement, Interfax-Ukraine (21 November 2014)
Ukraine's parliamentary parties initial coalition agreement, Interfax-Ukraine (21 November 2014)
- Ukrainian Parliament strips two MP's of their immunity from prosecution, Ukraine Today (3 June 2015)
- Ukraine Radical Party Quits Ruling Coalition After Deadly Clash, Bloomberg News (1 September 2015)
- Departure of nationalists unlikely to break up Ukrainian ruling coalition and will improve likelihood of decentralisation, Jane's Information Group (3 September 2015)
- The Communist Party May Be on Its Last Legs, But Social Populism is Still Alive, The Ukrainian Week (23 October 2014)
- "With Stunts and Vigilante Escapades, a Populist Gains Ground in Ukraine". The New York Times.
- "Ukraine's presidential election and the far right".
- Ukraine election: What to look for, BBC News (24 October 2014)
- Official website (Ukrainian)