Radical nationalism in Russia

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Radical nationalism in Russia refers to some far-right and some far-left extremist nationalist movements and organizations. Of note, the term "nationalist" in Russia often refers to radical nationalism. However, it is often mixed up with "fascism" in Russia. While this terminology does not exactly match the formal definitions of fascism, the common denominator is chauvinism. In all other respects the positions vary over a wide spectrum. Some movements hold a political position that the state must be an instrument of nationalism (such as the National Bolshevik Party, headed by Eduard Limonov), while others (for example, Russian National Unity) resolve to vigilante tactics against the perceived "enemies of Russia" without going into politics.

Historically, the first prototype of such groups started with the Black Hundreds in Imperial Russia. More recent antisemitic, supremacist and neo-fascist organizations include Pamyat, Russian National Socialist Party and others.

In 1997, the Moscow Anti-Fascist Center estimated there were 40 (nationalist) extremist groups operating in Russia.[1] The same source reported 35 extremist newspapers, the largest among these being Zavtra.

In spite of repression by governmental authorities, a right-wing extremist movement has established itself in Russia.[2]

Parties, organizations, movements described as radical nationalist[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chronology of events - NUPI
  2. ^ Racist Violence and Neo-Nazi Movements in Russia, Robert Kusche, Dresden, August 2013

External links[edit]