Radio Battalion

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Radio Battalions are tactical electronic warfare units of the United States Marine Corps. There are currently three operational Radio Battalions in the Marine Corps organization: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd. In fleet operations, teams from Radio Battalions are most often attached to the command element of Marine Expeditionary Units.

Concept[edit]

A Radio Battalion consists mainly of signals intelligence and electronic intelligence operators organized into smaller tactical units with different roles. Basic collection teams consist of 4–6 operators using specialized equipment based in HMMWVs. A variation on this is the MEWSS (Mobile Electronic Warfare Support System), which is an amphibious light armored vehicle equipped with similar electronic warfare equipment. MEWSS crews serve dual roles as electronic warfare operators and LAV crewmen. Radio Reconnaissance Platoons serve in a special operations role where the use of standard collection teams is not possible, such as covert infiltrations or tactical recovery of aircraft and personnel (TRAP).

History[edit]

In June 1943, 2nd Radio Intelligence Platoon was activated at Camp Elliott, California. The unit took part in the Battle of Guadalcanal and the Battle of Peleliu. The 3rd Radio Intelligence Platoon was also formed in June 1943 and took part in the Battles of the Kwajalein Atoll and Okinawa. From World War II until the early 1960s, various units performed radio intercepts, growing from platoon to company and, in 1964, to 1st Radio Battalion. Sub-units of the battalion were deployed to Vietnam from 1967 to 1975, including participation in evacuation efforts during the Fall of Saigon. In the early 1980s, 2nd Radio Battalion was part of the multinational peacekeeping force in Beirut, Lebanon. More recently, Radio Battalions served in Operation Desert Storm, Somalia, Kosovo, the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, and the 2004 Operation Phantom Fury in Fallujah. Radio Battalions also send detachments to augment intelligence efforts at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba, and at other bases throughout the world.

In Afghanistan, Radio Battalion has proven especially effective against improvised explosive devices.[1]

Organization[edit]

1st Radio Battalion[edit]

USMC - 1st Radio Battalion.png

1st Radio Battalion, reformed in August 2004, is based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California, and supports the I Marine Expeditionary Force (I MEF). The battalion maintains four companies: Alpha, Bravo, Charlie and H&S Companies. 1st Radio Battalion was first based at Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kāneʻohe Bay, and operated out of there for several decades until it was reformed at Camp Pendleton.

Chronology and Summary of Operations

2nd Radio Intelligence Platoon

What is now 1st Radio Battalion began as 2nd Radio Intelligence Platoon, activated during World War II on June 14, 1943 at Camp Linda Vista, Camp Elliott, California.

June 14, 1943 Activated and designated 2nd Radio Intelligence Platoon

December 1943 Relocated to Pacific Theater

January 1944 Participated in the Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal)

July 31, 1944 Reassigned to the 1st Marine Division, Fleet Marine Forces

August 1944 Relocated to the Carolina Islands

September 1944 Participated in the Battle of Peleliu

2nd Radio Separate Intelligence Platoon

October 20, 1944 Redesignated 2nd Separate Radio Intelligence Platoon

November 1944 Relocated to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory

March 8, 1945 Deactivated

May 24, 1945 Reactivated at Wahiawa, Hawaii Territory

September 28, 1945 Deactivated

After deactivation on 28 September 1945, personnel were assigned to other Radio Intercept Platoons, which were located in Naval Radio Stations in Guam and in China. They remained there during part of the early China Occupation, and most of them returned to the United States near the end of January and February 1946.

1st Radio Company

September 15, 1958 Reactivated at Camp Smith, Territory of Hawaii as 1st Radio Company.

June 1959 Relocated from Camp Smith to Kaneohe Bay, Marine Corps Air Station.

1st Composite Radio Company

September 8, 1959 Redesignated as 1st Composite Radio Company.

January 2, 1962 Deployed to Pleiku, South Vietnam as Detachment One under the command of Captain John K. Hyatt, Jr.

September 17, 1963 Redesignated as 1st Radio Company, Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii.

1st Radio Battalion

July 14, 1964 Redesignated as 1st Radio Battalion, FMF at Kaneohe Bay under the command of Major Henry Vod der Heyde.

February 1967 Deployed to Danang, South Vietnam as Sub-Unit One.

March 1, 1969 Sub-Unit one merged into 1st Radio Battalion, FMF, Camp Horn, Danang, South Vietnam

October 1970 Elements (Sub-Unit 2) assisted US Army unit in Udorn, Thailand. An Army Unit Commendation was authorized.

April 1971 Redeployed to Marine Corps Station, Kaneohe, Hawaii.

April 1971 Sub-Unit 2, 1st Radio Battalion deactivated and merged back into 1st Radio Battalion, FMF, Kaneohe, Hawaii. Major L. K. Russell was in command of Sub-Unit 2 and LtCol Ed Resnick was the 1st Radio Battalion Commander. Shortly thereafter, date unknown, LtCol John K. Hyatt, Jr. took command.

April 1972 Elements returned to South Vietnam in support of the 9th Marine Amphibious Brigade under the command of Brigadier General Miller abroad the U.S.S Blue Ridge and other naval ships. Several members were authorized the Combat Action Ribbon during this period.

April 1975 Elements participated in evacuations in Southeast Asia.

May 1975 Elements participated in the recovery of the SS Mayaguaez.

Unit Commanders

1stLt Marcus J. Couts 09112/0200 USMC June 14, 1943 – May 5, 1944

2ndLt Walter C. Smith 010462/0225 USMC May 6, 1944 – January 27, 1945

2ndLt Jack Evans 043139/0225 USMC February 28, 1945 – March 8, 1945

Capt Marcus J. Couts 09112/0225 USMC May 28, 1945 – September 28, 1945

LtCol John K. Hyatt, Jr. ?-1973

LtCol Carl W. Kachaukas 1973-?

Casualties

World War II

(September 20–23, 1944 Peleliu Island ‘Palau Group’, Carolina Islands)

Wounded in Action

Name (Military Occupational Specialty)

Keith K. Bean (776 High Speed Intercept Operator)

Carter D. Bucy (405 Administration)

Edward W. Clark (641 Telephoneman)

Glenn C. Erwin (641 Telephoneman)

Julius f. Harder (739 High Speed Intercept Operator)

John H. Maynard (766 High Speed Radio Operator)

H. Riffle (unknown)

Killed in Action

Rank/Name/ Service No. (MOS)/Date of Death

PFC William J. Hughes Jr. 00500585 (unknown) 23 September 1944

Cpl Josephe A. Prete 00440073 (739 Intercept Operator) 20 September 1944

Cpl Stephen J. Weber 00454532 (unknown) 20 September 1944

Vietnam

Killed in Action

Rank/Name/MOS/Date of Death

Capt James Westley Ayers 2502, 26 May 1967

Cpl Stephen Lee Traughber 2575, 10 September 1967

LCpl Larry Allan Jones 2571, 24 April 1968

Sg Paul Jay Kingery 2571, 13 May 1968

MGySgt Edward Reynold Storm 2578, 28 December 1969

Sgt Larry Wade Duke 2571, 10 March 1970

Sgt Robert Hrisoulis 2571, 21 January 1971

Unit Honors

World War II

American Campaign Streamer

Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Streamer with three Bronze Stars

1. Defense of Guadalcanal

2. Consolidation of Solomon Islands

3. Western Carolines Operation

World War II Victory Streamer

Navy Unit Commendation Streamer with One Bronze Star

1. December 1, 1943 to September 1944 (while assigned to the Signal Battalion, III Marine Amphibious Corps)

2. June 14, 1943 to September 2, 1945 (as component of Naval Communications Intelligence Organization)

Vietnam

Navy Unit commendation - 31 October 1968 to 31 July 1969 for support of twenty-five major combat operations in Republic of Vietnam.

Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation

1. 1 August 1969 – 9 March 1970 for Combat Operations Pinestone Canyon, Iroquouis Grove, Arlington Canyon, Idaho Canyon, Georgia Tar, Fulton Square, and Durham Peak in support of Vandergrift Combat Base, Dong Ha Mountain and Dong Ha Combat Base, Con Theien, Hill 327, Hill 37, Hill 55, An Hoa and Danang.

2. 10 March 1970 to 3 April 1971 for Combat Operations Imperial lake, Pickens Forest, Catawaba Falls, Tulare Falls and Upshur Stream.

Vietnam Service Streamer with two Silver Stars

1. 1969 – 1970

2. 1970 – 1971

Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm Streamer – 1969 – 1970

National Defense Service Streamer – 1969 – 1970

Army Meritorious Unit Commendation – Elements of 1st Radio Battalion, FMF serving with the 7th Radio Research Field Station, Udorn, Thailand (November 11, 1970 – February 26, 1971)

Philippine Presidential Unit Commendation – Elements of the 1st Radio Battalion, FMF serving with the 9th MAB during July 21, 1972 – August 15, 1972[2]

2nd Radio Battalion[edit]

2RadBn.JPG

2nd Radio Battalion is the oldest Radio Battalion having been established as the 1st Radio Intelligence Platoon, Signals Company, Headquarters Battalion, 1st Marine Division on 2 January 1943. 2nd Radio Battalion (informally known as RadBn) based at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, supports the II Marine Expeditionary Force (II MEF). The battalion consists of three operations companies and a Headquarters and Support company. Alpha Company consists of Operation and Control Element's (OCE) 1 and 2 and an Operation Control and Analysis Center (OCAC). Bravo company is charged with supporting the 22nd, 24th and 26th Marine Expeditionary Units. Bravo supplies Collection Teams, Analysts and also contains MEWSS Teams and Radio Reconnaissance Teams. Charlie Company currently has two OCEs and currently serves as an EAS platoon for those Marines about to get out and a training platoon for new Marines arriving from MOS School. Headquarters and Support Company supports all activities of Alpha, Bravo and Charlie companies as needed.

3rd Radio Battalion[edit]

3RadBnNew2.jpg

3rd Radio Battalion, located aboard Marine Corps Base Hawaii in Kāneʻohe Bay, traces its lineage to 1943 with the creation of the 3d Radio Intelligence Platoon. Most recently, since August 2003, the Battalion has served in a dual support role of both I and III Marine Expeditionary Force. Following the units return from Iraq in February 2006, 3d Radio Battalion began focusing on supporting the Global War on Terrorism. In October 2008 3rd Radio Battalion deployed as part of SPMAGTF-A to Helmand Province in Southern Afghanistan as part of the ISAF troop surge, and participated in several major operations including the Battle of Now Zad as well as Operation Khanjar.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nygaard, Bryan. "Radio Battalion Helps ANGLICO Intercept Insurgents." US Marine Corps News, 6 June 2011.
  2. ^ "USMC, 1st Radio Battalion, Vietnam Veterans". www.swanassoc.com. Retrieved 2016-09-28. 

External links[edit]