Radio Nacional del Perú

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Radio Nacional del Perú
Broadcast areaPeru
(nationwide)
SloganLa radio que nace cada día
(in Spanish: «The radio that is born each day»)
FrequencyAM: various
FM: various
First air dateJune 15, 1925
Language(s)Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
OwnerNational Institute of Radio and Television of Peru (IRTP)
Webcastradionacional.com.pe/envivo
Websiteradionacional.gob.pe

Radio Nacional del Perú is the first and the oldest radio station in Peru. It had its origins in the private station Lima OAX-AM, owned by the Peruvian Broadcasting Company, which was founded in 1924 by César A. Coloma, Santiago Acuña among others, and started broadcasting on June 15, 1925.[1]

Background[edit]

Logo de Radio Nacional del Perú utilizado en el 2008 al 2012.

The OAX official performance was linked to the sale of "Marconi" brand radio receptors. From 9:00 to 11:00, it broadcast non-professionally formatted programs including readings, opera arias and classical music recitals, all of them performed by amateurs. OAX was officially launched by president Augusto B. Leguía on June 20 1925.

Radio programs were still something new in Lima, but they could not compete with the then live night shows. Therefore, OAX soon declared bankruptcy and, by government resolution of September 6 1926, the Peruvian State took over under the administration of Mr. Joaquín de Azambuja who, as he was instructed, turned the company into a broadcaster for government messages and public interest event information.[2][3]

Official Launch[edit]

In 1937, OA4X was renamed as Radio Nacional del Perú OAX-4A, affix of the Peruvian radio and television in open signal. Its limited programming was broadcast from the Government Palace, the Congress of the Republic, Lima Cathedral, San Marcos University, the Catholic University, the National Academy of Music, Entre Nous Society, and from the former Santa Beatriz horse racecourse.[4]

On January 30, 1937, the representative of the Marconi’s Wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd, Mr. Miguel McNulty Goupil, launched the Peru National Radio (Radio Nacional del Perú) Official Broadcasting Station OAX 4-A-854 ½ kc (long- wave) / 10 kilowatts; and OAX 4-Z-49.24 m (short-wave) / 14 kilowatts, at San Miguel quarters, Lima, Peru. The station, deemed the most powerful of the Pacific western coasts, was fully furnished with English-made machines and all what is required for daily programs with well-known social and artistic participants.[5]

The opening counted with the musical frame of an orchestra of more than 30 musicians and led by the conductor of the National Philharmonic, Master Federico Gerdes. It was followed by the speeches of the President of the Republic, General Óscar R. Benavides and the Marconi general representative, Mr. Miguel McNulty. The latter had been appointed General Manager of the new broadcasting on January 16, 1937, maintaining his position at the Marconi.[6]

Other positions held at the Peru National Radio: Guillermo Lazarte, Commercial Director, and Antonio Garland, Artistic Director.[7]

Transmitter Site and Office: A short-wave and a long-wave transmitters were installed at San Miguel quarters, Lima, each one with 10 KW of power in the antenna or on the carrier wave. The made in England transmitters were the most modern in radioelectric technology. Two towers were erected for the antenna systems, as well as an Art Studio building at Av Petit Thouars.[8]

Nowadays it belongs to the National Institute of Radio and Television of Peru.[9][10][11][12]

First Radio Programs[edit]

Initially, there were several blocks divided in "hours", such as "The Literary Hour", (La Hora Literaria) "The Home Hour" (La Hora del Hogar), "The Rotary Hour" (La Hora Rotaria), "The Amateur Hour" (La Hora del Aficionado) . Soloists and small bands used to perform in the latter, where many artists became famous, such as César Miró, who was also a radio presenter, literary writer and cineast. Likewise, Juan Sedó and Benjamín Puente were notable sport commentators followed by Augusto Ferrando who from December 23 1934 was in charge of the horse race comments from Santa Beatriz Racecourse (Hipódromo de Santa Beatriz).

On January 30 1937, President Óscar R. Benavides relaunched the renewed "Peru National Radio" (Radio Nacional del Perú) at the same venue it is nowadays. Doubtless, one of the most remembered programs was: "Enjoyable Grammar Chats" (Charlas de Gramática Amena) where Felipe Sassone "attacked" César Miró, who replied from his program "Smiling Chats on Geography" (Charlas de geografía risueña) in DUSA Radio. When this radio disappeared, César Miró became the artistic director of "Peru National Radio" in 1940. He took advantage of the radio studio space, creating an auditorium. This is the beginning of a live program era, which included more than 120 concerts by the National Symphonic Orchestra between 1940 to 1944; folkloric music with Yma Súmac and Florencio Coronado, and a primetime high rating Peruvian creole music program named "Peruvian Saturday" (Sábado Peruano) directed by Alberto Martínez Gómez and presented by David Odría.[13]

The following years[edit]

The National Radio kept the country informed on the main national and international events, such as the end of the Second World War in 1945, the passing of Pope John 23rd , several presidential summits and all that has been part of the modern Peruvian history. From the early eighties the radio has many subsidiaries in the whole country, which are connected via satelite.[14][15][16][17]

Present[edit]

The National Radio transmitted the passing of Pope John Paul 2nd in 2005. On the other hand, the National Radio actively keeps live programs at the country's borders, supporting so the efforts of the Peruvian State in cementing a Peruvian pride in those far and difficult areas. This radio was also a useful link among the families and victims of the Pisco earthquake in 2007.[18]

For many years, Peru National Radio was the Peruvian broadcasting leader and is currently having a technological potentiation, technical and human resource updating and a new programming. All this will allow it to fully retake the place it deserves in the national radiophony and in the heart of all the Peruvian people.[19][20][21][22][23][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ANUNCIO Y NOTA INFORMATIVA SOBRE LA INAUGURACION DE LA ESTACION “RADIO NACIONAL DEL PERU”, PUBLICADOS EN EL DIARIO “LA NOCHE”. Consultado el 4 de agosto de 2018.
  2. ^ Las radios en AM y en FM CPI. Consultado el 10 de agosto de 2018.
  3. ^ VOCES DE LA HISTORIA Personalidades más allá de sus tiempos.. Consultado el 11 de agosto de 2018.
  4. ^ Los primeros veinte años de la radio en el Perú - Emilio Bustamante. Consultado el 31 de julio de 2018.
  5. ^ Diario La Sanción de Lima, periódico independiente, 30 de enero de 1937.
  6. ^ Diario La Sanción de Lima, periódico independiente, 30 de enero de 1937.
  7. ^ Diario La Sanción de Lima, periódico independiente, 30 de enero de 1937.
  8. ^ Diario La Sanción de Lima, periódico independiente, 30 de enero de 1937.
  9. ^ “Memoria”: Archivo digital histórico de Radio Nacional. Consultado el 26 de julio de 2018.
  10. ^ Radio Nacional de Perú digitaliza su archivo histórico sonoro. Consultado el 26 de julio de 2018.
  11. ^ “La historia de la radio en el Perú” por Emilio Bustamante. Consultado el 30 de julio de 2018.
  12. ^ HISTORIA DE LA RADIO EN EL PERÚ. Consultado el 2 de agosto de 2018.
  13. ^ Radio Nacional: La primera emisora del Perú
  14. ^ Radio Nacional de Perú premia apoyo Semana Negra a escritores iberoamericanos. Consultado el 27 de julio de 2018.
  15. ^ Radio Nacional del Perú se denomina ahora simplemente:”Nacional”. Consultado el 27 de julio de 2018.
  16. ^ HISTORIA DE RADIO NACIONAL. Consultado el 30 de julio de 2018.
  17. ^ TV Perú y Radio Nacional pasarán a la cartera de Cultura, anuncia Fernando Zavala [VIDEO]. Consultado el 6 de agosto de 2018.
  18. ^ Los 70 años de Radio Nacional de Perú. Consultado el 26 de julio de 2018.
  19. ^ Programa Estación 103
  20. ^ Historia de Radio Nacional del Perú. Consultado el 8 de setiembre de 2017.
  21. ^ Spot de Radio Nacional del Perú (2017). Consultado el 19 de setiembre de 2017.
  22. ^ Radio Nacional del Perú|TV PERÚ. Consultado el 25 de julio de 2018.
  23. ^ Aniversario TV Perú y Radio Nacional 2015. Consultado el 31 de julio de 2018.
  24. ^ Radio Nacional por sus 80 años. Consultado el 1 de agosto de 2018.

External links[edit]