Radio access network

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A radio access network (RAN)[1] is part of a mobile telecommunication system implementing a radio access technology (RAT). Conceptually, it resides between a device such as a mobile phone, a computer, or any remotely controlled machine and provides connection with its core network (CN). Depending on the standard, mobile phones and other wireless connected devices are varyingly known as user equipment (UE), terminal equipment, mobile station (MS), etc. RAN functionality is typically provided by a silicon chip residing in both the core network as well as the user equipment. See the following diagram:

    /  ⧵
   /    ⧵
 / ⧵    / ⧵

Examples of RAN types are:

It is also possible for a single handset/phone to be simultaneously connected to multiple RANs. Handsets capable of this are sometimes called dual-mode handsets. For instance it is common for handsets to support both GSM and UMTS (a.k.a. "3G") RATs. Such devices seamlessly transfer an ongoing call between different radio access networks without the user noticing any disruption in service.

RAN in the United States[edit]

According to research company New Street, mobile providers T-Mobile US and AT&T use Swedish communication company Ericsson as their primary RAN provider, while Verizon primarily uses South Korean provider Samsung. Nokia is the minority vendor for all major US wireless providers. According to EJL Wireless Research, Verizon is also using Ericsson.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "What is a Radio Access Network (RAN)?". SearchNetworking. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  2. ^ Jones, Dan (2023-12-11). "Verizon is already working with Ericsson on Open RAN, one analyst says". Silverlinings. Retrieved 2023-12-13.