The radio ballad is an audio documentary format created by Ewan MacColl, Peggy Seeger, and Charles Parker in 1958. It combines four elements of sound: songs, instrumental music, sound effects, and, most importantly, the recorded voices of those who are the subjects of the documentary. The latter element was revolutionary; previous radio documentaries had used either professional voice actors or prepared scripts.
Original radio ballads
The original radio ballads were recorded for the BBC. MacColl wrote a variety of songs especially for them, many of which have become folk classics. The trio together made eight radio ballads between 1958 and 1964. They were:
- The Ballad of John Axon (1958), about an engine driver who died trying to stop a runaway freight train
- Song of a Road (1959), about the men who built the London-Yorkshire motorway, the M1
- Singing the Fishing (1960), about the men and women of the herring fishing fleets of East Anglia and Northeast Scotland
- The Big Hewer (1961), about the miners of the Northumberland, Durham, South Wales and East Midlands coalfields
- The Body Blow (1962), about people suffering from polio
- On the Edge (1963), about teenagers in Britain
- The Fight Game (1963), about boxers
- The Travelling People (1964), about the nomadic peoples of Ireland and Britain.
A book about the making of the radio ballads was published on the fiftieth anniversary of the first broadcast of John Axon. Set into Song: Ewan MacColl, Charles Parker and the Radio Ballads was written and researched by Peter Cox, published by Labatie Books ISBN 978-0-9551877-1-1 and has an extensive website which carries the first two pages of each chapter, the complete transcripts and cast lists for each programme, bibliography, footnotes and reviews.
- The Ballad of John Axon - 2 July 1958
- Song Of A Road - 5 November 1959
- Singing The Fishing - 16 August 1960
- The Big Hewer - 18 August 1961
- The Body Blow - 27 March 1962
- On The Edge - 13 February 1963
- The Fight Game - 3 July 1963
- The Travelling People - 17 April 1964
In an unpublished letter to The Guardian, in 1999, Ian Campbell detailed a further two programmes made a year apart, by Parker, with music by Campbell (and John Chapman in the former case), without the involvement of MacColl or Seeger, and broadcast, according to Campbell, "to critical acclaim", then "consigned… to permanent oblivion".
- The Jewellery - about Birmingham's Jewellery Quarter. No programme with this title appears in the Radio Times but an episode of People Today broadcast on the Home Service on 12 April 1962 was produced by Charles Parker so may have been a source of material.
- Cry from the Cut - about the Midlands canal network, broadcast on BBC Home Service Midland, 13 February 1962.
2006 radio ballads
The following ballads were broadcast between February and April 2006: The Song of Steel on the decline of the Sheffield and Rotherham Steel Industry (27 February); The Enemy That Lives Within, on HIV/AIDS (6 March); The Horn of the Hunter, on Foxhunting (13 March); Swings and Roundabouts, on Travellers who run fairgrounds (20 March) Thirty Years of Conflict; on The Troubles in Northern Ireland (27 March); and The Ballad of the Big Ships, on the shipyards of the Tyne and the Clyde, (3 April).
All were later released on CD, and a separate CD was also released containing a selection of the songs drawn from across the series.
2010 Ballad of the Miners' Strike
2012 Olympic Games radio ballads
In 2012 BBC Radio 2 broadcast a series of six new radio ballads on the subject of the Olympic Games with original songs from Nancy Kerr, Jez Lowe, Julie Matthews, Martin Simpson and Boo Hewerdine amongst others.
The following ballads were broadcast in July and August 2012: Olympia on the origins of the Olympic Games; Berlin which focused on the 1936 Summer Olympics; Munich on the 1972 Summer Olympics; Controversies; Going for Gold; and The Marathon.
Raidió Teilifís Éireann
On 13 September 2020 RTE broadcast The Ballad of the Stolwijk Rescue, possibly the first Irish radio ballad, based around an interview with the last eyewitness to a dramatic rescue from a Dutch shipwreck and the music of Brían Mac Gloinn.
- "BBC - Radio 2 - Radio Ballads - Original Ballads - History". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
- "BBC - Radio 2 - Radio Ballads - Original Ballads". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
- Campbell, Ian (1999). "The missing Radio Ballads". Enthusiasms - 13. Musical Traditions. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
- "People Today". BBC Genome Project. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
- "Cry From the Cut: tribute to the Narrow Boats on the canals of Britain". BBC Genome Project. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
- "2006 Radio Ballads". BBC Online. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
- "Ballad of the Miner's Strike". Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "The Ballads Of The Games". Media Centre. BBC. 24 November 2011. Archived from the original on 6 June 2012.
- "The Ballad of the Stolwijk Rescue - Lyric Feature". Dublin: RTE. 14 September 2020. Archived from the original on 16 September 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.