St James the Great parish church
Radley shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||2,774 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|District||Vale of White Horse|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||Oxford West and Abingdon|
Radley // is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) northeast of the centre of Abingdon, Oxfordshire. The parish includes the hamlet of Lower Radley on the River Thames. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire. The village is home to Radley College, a famous boarding independent school for boys from the age of thirteen.
The Church of England parish church of Saint James the Great was built in about 1290. The church is built of stone, but unusually its roof is supported by wooden pillars installed by a medieval Abbot of Abingdon, who was told in a vision to "seek [them] in the forest". The present south aisle dates from the 14th century but the chancel, nave and bell tower were rebuilt in the 15th century. The windows contain Royal heraldic stained glass from the latter part of the 15th century and from the Tudor period. In the tower is a stained-glass portrait believed to represent King Henry VII.
The church is missing its north aisle and transept, which were destroyed during the Civil War. The south doorway is 15th century but an inscription on the present door states that it was made in 1656. In the chancel is a Renaissance style monument to the lord of the manor, Sir William Stonhouse (died 1632), made by Nicholas Stone. The canopy over the pulpit is said to have originally stood behind the Speaker's chair in the House of Commons and was given to the church by local man, Speaker William Lenthall, in 1643. If so, it is the canopy from under which Parliamentarian soldiers dragged Lenthall at the end of the Long Parliament. St. James' is a Grade II* listed building.
The tower has a ring of six bells. Abel Rudhall of Gloucester cast five of them including the tenor in 1754. Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the present treble bell in 1952. St. James' has also a Sanctus bell that Henry I Knight of Reading cast in 1617.
Abingdon Abbey held the manor of Radley until the dissolution of the monasteries in 1538. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, George Stonhouse built a house in Radley Park, but in 1727 the Stonhouse family replaced this with a new mansion, Radley Hall. Early in the 19th century the house was leased for a time as a Nonconformist school, and from 1847 it was leased to William Sewell who founded Saint Peter's College, Radley. The school is now generally referred to as Radley College.
In 1844 the Great Western Railway opened an extension from Didcot to Oxford, passing through Radley parish. In 1873 the GWR opened Radley railway station 0.5 miles (800 m) southwest of the village. It is now served by First Great Western trains.
South of the village are current and former gravel pits. The disused pits have flooded, forming a number of lakes. In 1985 the Central Electricity Generating Board began filling some of these lakes with waste ash from Didcot Power Station. In June 2005 RWE npower applied for permission to fill in two more lakes. RWE npower soon withdrew Bullfield Lake from its proposal, but continued with its proposal for the larger Thrupp Lake. Local opposition formed into a protest campaign called Save Radley Lakes. In December 2008 RWE npower finally announced that it "no longer needed" Thrupp Lake and withdrew its application.
Radley has a Church of England primary school, a village hall and a Women's Institute. There is a public house, the Bowyer Arms, controlled by Greene King Brewery. Radley Cricket Club plays in Oxfordshire Cricket Association Division Three.
Included among Radley's former residents are: Dr. Gary Botting, now an extradition lawyer in Canada, who attended the Church of England Primary School and began collecting moths in Radley in 1948.
- "Area: Radley CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, p. 665, ISBN 9781405881180
- Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 410–416
- "Radley community website: Radley Parish Church". Radleyvillage.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "Church of St James". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- Pevsner 1966, p. 196.
- "Oxford Diocesan Guild of Church Bell Ringers, Old North Berkshire Branch". Onb.org.uk. 2010-02-17. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- Davies, Peter (22 February 2010). "Radley S James Gt". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- "Radley College". Radley.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "Radley community website: History of the Railway". Radley-village.org.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- "Save Radley Lakes". Save Radley Lakes. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "Radley community website: Radley's Lakes Endangered!". Radley-village.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "Radley Church of England Primary School". Radley-village.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "Radley community website: Village Hall". Radley-village.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "Oxfordshire Federation of Women's Institutes". Oxfordshirefwi.freeuk.com. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "The Bowyer Arms". The Bowyer Arms. 2008-11-24. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "Radley community website: Radley Cricket Club". Radley-village.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "Oxfordshire Cricket Association". Oxfordshire Cricket Association. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- Heather and Gary Botting, The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984) Preface, p. xii.
Sources and further reading
- Barclay, Alistair; Halpin, Claire (1999). Excavations at Barrow Hills, Radley, Oxfordshire: Volume 1 The Neolithic and Bronze Age Monument Complex. Thames Valley Landscape Series 11. Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology. ISBN 0-947816-89-5.
- Chambers, Richard; McAdam, Ellen (2007). Excavations at Radley Barrow Hills, Radley, Oxfordshire: Volume 2 The Romano-British Cemetery and Anglo-Saxon Settlement. Thames Valley Landscape Series 25. Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology. ISBN 978-0-947816-73-5.
- Page, W.H.; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 410–416.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). Berkshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 196–197.
Media related to Radley at Wikimedia Commons