January 21, 1929 |
New York City, New York
|Other names||Radley H. Metzger;
|Education||City College of New York|
|Years active||1957 - 1990s|
|Known for||adult erotic films and related.|
Radley Metzger (also known as Radley H. Metzger and by the pseudonym, "Henry Paris") (born January 21, 1929) is an American filmmaker and film distributor most noted for popular adult erotic films, including I, a Woman (1966), Camille 2000 (1969), The Lickerish Quartet (1970), The Image (1975) and The Opening of Misty Beethoven (1976). According to one film reviewer, Metzger's films are noted for their "lavish design, witty screenplays, and a penchant for the unusual camera angle". Another reviewer noted that his films were, "highly artistic – and often cerebral ... and often featured gorgeous cinematography".
Life and career
Metzger was born in 1929 and raised in New York City. He claimed he found relief from his allergies in movie theaters while growing up. Later, Metzger received a B.A. in Dramatic Arts from City College of New York, where he studied with filmmakers Hans Richter and Leo Seltzer. He also studied acting privately with director Harold Clurman. During the Korean War, Metzger served in the U. S. Air Force with the 1350th Photographic Group, which interrupted his graduate studies at Columbia University.
Early in his career, in the 1950s, Metzger worked primarily as a film editor and was a member of Local 771 of the IATSE. He was employed in editing trailers for Janus Films, a major distributor of foreign art films, especially those of Michelangelo Antonioni, Ingmar Bergman, Frederico Fellini and Jean-Luc Godard. In 1953, Metzger was credited as assistant director to William Kyriakis on the film Guerilla Girl. His directorial film debut, Dark Odyssey (1958) (co-directed with Kyriakis), was a drama concerning the experiences of a Greek immigrant arriving in New York. The film was favorably reviewed by the New York Times. In 1959, he edited the film The Gangster Story, starring Walter Matthau.
Later, in 1961, along with film distributor Ava Leighton, Metzger founded Audubon Films, a distribution company that specialized in importing international features, some of which were marketed into the gradually expanding adult erotic film genre. Metzger's skills as an editor were employed in re-cutting and augmenting many of the features Audubon handled, including The Twilight Girls (FR,1957), I Spit on Your Grave (FR,1959) and their first runaway success, Mac Ahlberg 's I, a Woman (DN/SW,1965).
Metzger's second directorial effort, The Dirty Girls (shot in 1963 and released in 1965), marked his emergence as a major auteur in the adult erotic film genre. His subsequent films were often shot in Europe and adapted from novels or other literary sources, including Carmen, La Dame aux Camellias, L'image (by Catherine Robbe-Grillet), Pygmalion, Thérèse et Isabelle (by Violette Leduc), Naked Came the Stranger, Six Characters in Search of an Author (by Luigi Pirandello) and The Cat and the Canary. He cites Claude Lelouch, John Farrow, Michael Powell and Orson Welles as influencing his work. Metzger worked with the French film director Jean Renoir, as well as the American actor Hal Linden. Andy Warhol was a fan of Metzger's film work and commented that Metzger's film, The Lickerish Quartet, was “an outrageously kinky masterpiece”. In 1972, Metzger directed the film Score, based on an erotic off-Broadway play by Sylvester Stallone. Films directed by Metzger included musical scores composed by Georges Auric, Stelvio Cipriani, Georges Delerue and Piero Piccioni.
Under the pseudonym "Henry Paris," Metzger also directed several explicit adult erotic features during the mid- to late-1970s. These films are typified by high production values, especially The Opening of Misty Beethoven (1975) and The Private Afternoons of Pamela Mann (1975), and are generally critically celebrated. Some, including Score (1974), were also released in softcore versions. Many of these films, including The Image (1975) and Barbara Broadcast (1977), as well as Metzger's earlier softcore films, Camille 2000 (1969) and The Lickerish Quartet (1970), are available in Blu-ray versions.
With his 1978 feature The Cat and the Canary, Metzger distinguished himself as one of the few adult film auteurs to direct a dramatic feature outside of the adult erotic film genre. The film starred Honor Blackman, Carol Lynley and Dame Wendy Hiller.
Later, in the 1990s, as a result of the passing of his long-time partner, Ava, due to cancer, Metzger produced several videos on alternative health care, including one on cancer treatment, and a five-part video series on homeopathy with Dr Andre Weil. According to Metzger, "I felt that in the 1990s, people needed more information on an intelligent approach to health and disease–that they needed to know about alleviating guilt. That was my emphasis."
In 1977, Metzger's film The Opening of Misty Beethoven was the recipient of the first Adult Film Association of America awards for Best Direction (as Henry Paris), Best Film and Best Actor (Jamie Gillis).
In 2011, Metzger's film work was the subject of a retrospective at the UCLA Film and Television Archive.
- Dark Odyssey (1961)
- La Baie du désir (1964) (aka Erotic Touch) (uncredited)
- Dictionary of Sex (1964)
- The Dirty Girls (1965)
- The Alley Cats (1966)
- Carmen, Baby (1967)
- Thérèse and Isabelle (1968)
- Camille 2000 (1969)
- The Lickerish Quartet (1970)
- Little Mother (1973) (aka Mother)
- Score (1974)
- The Private Afternoons of Pamela Mann (1974) (as Henry Paris)
- Naked Came the Stranger (1975) (as Henry Paris)
- The Image (1975) (aka L'image; The Punishment of Anne)
- The Opening of Misty Beethoven (1976) (as Henry Paris)
- Barbara Broadcast (1977) (as Henry Paris)
- Maraschino Cherry (1978) (as Henry Paris)
- The Cat and the Canary (1978)
- The Tale of Tiffany Lust (1979) (aka Body Lust) (uncredited)
- World of Henry Paris (1981) (as Henry Paris)
- The Princess and the Call Girl (1984)
- Cook, David A. (2002). History of the American cinema 9. University of California Press. pp. 274–275. ISBN 0-520-23265-8.
- Staff (2015). "Radley Metzger - TCM Archive Materials". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Dollar, Steve (August 5, 2014). "Radley Metzger Retrospective Opens at Film Society of Lincoln Center". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Staff (August 7, 2014). "This Is Softcore: The Art Cinema Erotica of Radley Metzger". Film Society of Lincoln Center. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Gallagher, Steve (August 7, 2014). "“This is Softcore”: The History of Radley Metzger". Filmmaker Magazine. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Gallagher, Steve (Summer 1997), "The Libertine", Filmmaker Magazine, retrieved May 24, 2015
- Simpson, Claire (October 2, 2013). "Adults Only: 5 Films By Radley Metzger". What Culture. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- MacFarlane, Steve (August 6, 2014). "Interview: Radley Metzger". Slant Magazine. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Staff. "Dreams of Desire - The Films of Radley Metzger". Mondo Digital. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Staff. "A Talk With Radley Metzger". Mondo Digital. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Staff (August 8, 2014). "The Lickerish Quartet". Film Society of Lincoln Center. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
- Staff (January 17, 2012). "The Films of Henry Paris". Mondo Digital. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
- Staff (May 25, 2015). "Films of Radley Metzger on Blu-Ray". Amazon.com. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- Staff (May 25, 2015). "Films of Radley Metzger on Blu-Ray". VideoPix. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- Staff. "Body Lust (1981) - Alternate title: The Tale of Tiffany Lust". New York Times. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Radley Metzger at the Internet Movie Database.
- Radley Metzger - The Films by Nathaniel Thompson (2007).
- Radley Metzger - Thoughts by Gary Morris (1998).
- Radley Metzger - Biography (German).
- Radley Metzger - Interview (2010) (Podcast; 20:06).
- Radley Metzger - Selected Film Trailers: