Radmore Abbey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Radmore Abbey
Monastery information
Order Cistercian
Established c.1143
Disestablished c.1153
Dedicated to Virgin Mary
People
Founder(s) Empress Matilda, King Stephen of England
Site
Location Cannock Wood, Staffordshire, England
Public access Yes

Radmore Abbey was an cistercian abbey near Cannock, Staffordshire, England. Originally a hermitage, the abbey did not exist for long, being exchanged for lands in Warwickshire after little more than ten years.

History[edit]

The abbey began as a hermitage, set up in the early 1130s by King Stephan, near the hamlet of Cannock Wood. This grant was confirmed by Roger de Clinton, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, who gave the hermits permission to follow a rule of their choosing.[1] Around 1143, the hermits secured a similar charter from Empress Matilda. In doing so, they were presumably trying to secure their future whatever the result of the civil war.[2] The hermits joined the Cistercian order sometime in the 1140s, dedicating their abbey to Saint Mary. Several grants, including land in Staffordshire and Warwickshire, were made to the abbey and in 1153 Matilda's son, Henry, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, became a benefactor.[1]

The abbey only lasted until the winter of 1154, when the monks petitioned the Henry, now king Henry II, for grant of land on another site. Because of disputes with local foresters, the monks were finding Radmore increasingly unsuitable.[1] The king exchanged the royal manor at Stoneleigh, Warwickshire for the abbey and the monks established Stoneleigh Abbey in June 1155, with Radmore becoming a royal hunting lodge.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d M W Greenslade, R B Pugh (Editors), G C Baugh, Revd L W Cowie, Revd J C Dickinson, A P Duggan, A K B Evans, R H Evans, Una C Hannam, P Heath, D A Johnston, Professor Hilda Johnstone, Ann J Kettle, J L Kirby, Revd R Mansfield, Professor A Saltman (1970). "Houses of Cistercian monks: The abbey of Radmore". A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Hilton, Rodney (July 1985). Class Conflict and the Crisis of Feudalism: Essays in Medieval Social History. ISBN 9780826427380. Retrieved 29 October 2013.