Radoslav Hlapen

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Radoslav Hlapen
Serbian imperial magnate
Spouse Irina
Issue
Titles and styles
Noble family Hlapenović
Born early 14th century
Serbian Kingdom
Died between 1383 and 1385
Serbian Empire

Radoslav Hlapen (Serbian: Радослав Хлапен; fl. 1350–1383) was a Serbian magnate who served Serbian Emperor Stefan Dušan (r. 1331-1355) and Stefan Uroš V (r. 1355–71) as vojvoda (military commander). He took part in the conquest of Byzantine lands, and was given a region north of Thessaly to govern in the early 1350s.

Origin[edit]

It is believed that Radoslav Hlapen is the same person as župan (count) Hlapen (Latin: Clapen) who governed Konavle and the wider Trebinje region in the 1330s.[2] He was possibly the son of župan Radoslav,[2] and thus named Radoslav after his father.[3] Another theory is that he was the son of Syrgiannes Palaiologos.[4]

Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos (r. 1347–54) mentioned him as among the most important nobles, and he was called a relative of Dušan.

Service under Stefan Dušan[edit]

Serres was captured in September 1345, Veria in the first half of 1346.[5] Veria and the surrounding towns were recuperated by John VI Kantakuzenos.[5] After the military conquests, perhaps by spring 1351, Hlapen returned the city to Serbian rule, with many cities and towns in the area.[6] He was appointed governor of Edessa (Voden) and Veria (Ber), just north of Thessaly.[7]

Emperor Dušan died in Devol, on 20 December 1355. Dušan was succeeded by his son Stefan Uroš V.

Service under Stefan Uroš V[edit]

After the death of the governor of Thessaly kesar Preljub (1356), Preljub's son Thomas' claim to the region was asserted by the widow Irene. The Preljubović family was forced to flee to Serbia after the advance of Nikephoros II Orsini in 1356. Irene married Radoslav Hlapen, who adopted Thomas.

Despot Simeon Uroš, the brother of Dušan, was appointed governor of Epirus and Acarnania in 1348. Following the death of Dušan and subsequent invasion of Nikephoros II, Simeon Uroš retreated to Kastoria, where he proclaimed himself "Emperor of Serbs, Greeks and Albanians". Simeon Uroš acquired the support of John Komnenos Asen (the brother-in-law of Dušan). In response, the Serbian nobility held a council in April 1357 at Skopje, in which they vowed to support Emperor Uroš, according to Dušan's will. In the summer of 1358, Simeon Uroš advanced on Zeta but was stopped at Skadar, where his army of 5,000 men was defeated by the Serbian nobility. Simeon Uroš returned to Kastoria, and never again tried to acquire Serbia. During the absence of Simeon Uroš in Epirus (1359), Hlapen invaded Thessaly on behalf of his stepson Thomas. Simeon Uroš was forced to cut his losses by recognizing Radoslav Hlapen's conquests, turning over Kastoria to him, and marrying his daughter Maria to Thomas. Hlapen continued to recognize Uroš' suzerainty, and provided a buffer between Uroš V and Simeon Uroš. After the treaty between Hlapen and Simeon Uroš, the latter settled in Thessaly.[8]

Serbian magnates and their provinces, c. 1360.

In 1365, a čelnik Radoslav was mentioned, referring either to Radoslav Hlapen or Radoslav Povika, the brother of logotet Đurađ.[1]

Fall of the Serbian Empire[edit]

After the Battle of Maritsa (1371) he became one of the most powerful provincial lords.

Last years[edit]

He retired as a monk in the Vodoča monastery where he also was buried. His votive ring was found at the site.[9] He also founded a church in Kučevište, Skopje,[9] a monastery in Ostrovo,[10] and a monastery in Greece.

Family[edit]

Monastery in Kučevište, Skopje, 1903.

He married Irina (Irene), the widow of caesar Preljub. They had the following issue:

Legacy[edit]

Mavro Orbini (1563–1614) called him "primo barone di Grecia" (1601).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Evans 1989, p. 9.
  2. ^ a b Blagojević 1997, p. 47.
  3. ^ Blagojević 1997, p. 48.
  4. ^ Evans 1989, p. 16.
  5. ^ a b Maksimović 2004.
  6. ^ Византолошки институт 1987, p. 155.
  7. ^ Fine 1994, pp. 347.
  8. ^ Fine 1994, pp. 347–50.
  9. ^ a b Mihajlovski 2005.
  10. ^ Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti (1937). Društveni i istoriski spisi 49. p. 69. 

Sources[edit]

Books
Journals