Radostowice

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Radostowice
Village
Coat of arms of Radostowice
Radostowice is located in Poland
Radostowice
Radostowice
Radostowice is located in Silesian Voivodeship
Radostowice
Radostowice
Coordinates: 50°1′N 18°54′E / 50.017°N 18.900°E / 50.017; 18.900Coordinates: 50°1′N 18°54′E / 50.017°N 18.900°E / 50.017; 18.900
CountryPoland Poland
VoivodeshipSilesian
CountyPszczyna
GminaSuszec
Population
1,500
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationSPS

Radostowice [radɔstɔˈvit͡sɛ] (German: Radostowitz) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Suszec, within Pszczyna County, Silesian Voivodeship, in southern Poland.[1] It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of Suszec, 6 km (4 mi) north-west of Pszczyna, and 27 km (17 mi) south of the regional capital Katowice.

The village has a population of 1,500 people.

History[edit]

In the Middle Ages, the area was part of the territory of the Vistulans tribe, one of the Polish tribes.[2] It became part of the emerging Polish state in the 10th century. As a result of the fragmentation of Poland, it was part of the Polish Seniorate Province and Duchy of Racibórz. The village was established in the 14th century.[citation needed] The name of the village comes from the Polish word radość, which means "joy".

Afterwards, the village passed under Bohemian (Czech) suzerainty, and in the 15th century, it became part of the newly formed Duchy of Pszczyna. During the political upheaval caused by Matthias Corvinus the duchy was overtaken in 1480 by Casimir II, Duke of Cieszyn from the Piast dynasty, who sold it in 1517 to the Hungarian magnates of the Thurzó family, forming the Pless state country. In the accompanying sales document issued on 21 February 1517 the village was mentioned as Radostowicze.[3] Along with the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1526 it became part of the Habsburg monarchy. In the War of the Austrian Succession most of Silesia was conquered by the Kingdom of Prussia, including the village, and in 1871 it became part of the German Empire. In 1861, it had a population of 382, mainly Catholics by religion.[4] After World War I, Poland regained independence, and following the subsequent Polish Silesian Uprisings against Germany, the village was reintegrated with the reborn Polish state.

During the German occupation (World War II), in 1942–1943, the occupiers operated a subcamp of the Auschwitz concentration camp in the village, in which dozens of prisoners were subjected to forced labour.[5]

Transport[edit]

The Voivodeship road 935 runs through the village and the National road 1 runs nearby, east of the village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ Orlik, Zygmunt (2012). Poręba: z życia podpszczyńskiej wsi (in Polish). Pszczyna: Towarzystwo Miłośników Ziemi Pszczyńskiej. p. 13. ISBN 978-83-62674-16-9.
  3. ^ Musioł, Ludwik (1930). "Dokument sprzedaży księstwa pszczyńskiego z dn. 21. lutego 1517 R." Roczniki Towarzystwa Przyjaciół Nauk na Śląsku. Katowice: nakł. Towarzystwa ; Drukiem K. Miarki. R. 2: 235–237. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  4. ^ Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, Tom IX (in Polish). Warszawa. 1888. p. 436.
  5. ^ "Radostowitz". Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau. Retrieved 3 July 2021.