Radwinter

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Radwinter
Radwinter Churchyard - geograph.org.uk - 228042.jpg
St Mary's Church
Radwinter is located in Essex
Radwinter
Radwinter
Radwinter shown within Essex
Population 612 
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
EssexCoordinates: 52°00′N 0°12′E / 52.0°N 0.20°E / 52.0; 0.20
Radwinter Post Office
A Historic map of Radwinter 1945
Male and Female Occupations 1881 Census
Graph showing population change from 1881

Radwinter is a village and a civil parish on the B1053 road, in the Uttlesford district of the county of Essex, England. The population in the 2011 Census was 612[1] with 306 males and 306 females living in the parish.[2] Radwinter has a 14th Century church in the centre dedicated to St Mary the Virgin from Princes Well[3] and a primary school.[4] The village has four outlying hamlets in the district of Uttlesford in between the market town of Saffron Walden (Essex) and Haverhill (Suffolk).[5]

In the 1870's Radwinter was described as:

The parish comprises 3, 802 acres. Post-town, Saffron-Walden. Real property, £5, 365. Pop., 946. Houses, 214. The property is much subdivided. Radwinter Hall, Bendish Hall, and the Hill are chief residences.[6]

There is much local history of the parish dating back to the 1800s. The parish its self was once divided into Great Radwinter and Little Radwinter however this distinction is now lost. There was also four manors in existence, Radwinter Hall, Brockhold's, Bendish Hall and Radwinter Grange. Most of what can be seen today in the centre of Radwinter is the work of the Bullock family, they were Lords of the Manor and rectors or Radwinter.[7]

Demographics[edit]

The population has been changing since it started to be closely monitored in the 1881 census up to the present day. According to the 2011 census there was 612 people living in Radwinter, 25 of them aged 0–4, 125 aged 5–17, 460 ages 18–89 and 2 that are 90 and over, showing a small dependancy ratio and a large working population.[8] In 1881 and 2011 the populations are similar, with a population of around 600 however the figures have fluxuated in-between these dates as seen in the graph. In 1950 the population was at its lowest with approximately

The lifestyle of the people living in Radwinter has also been changing since the 1881 census. Nearly 160 women in the village did not have or has an unknown occupation and all the other women were in jobs such as domestic servants or dealing with food, lodgings and dress which was very traditional for that time period. Approximately 179 men in the village of Radwinter in 1881 has an occupation involving agriculture or animals showing the type of industry Radwinter once was.

Community[edit]

With a small population of 612 the village is small and closely connected. In Radwinter there are approximately 250 houses. many of the old houses and cottages date back to the Tudor times, built from oak timbers from the surrounding woodland areas. Other houses are older and have been altered as time passes and other houses were built more recently such as the 20th and 21st century houses seen around Radwinter.[9] The community centres around the parish church and post office but also has a village hall, a local primary school, a sport and recreation ground and a local public house and restaurant, The Plough Inn. The village contains several important buildings that are listed for their historical and architectural value. some of the buildings include The Old Dairy, The Old Bakehouse, The Old brewery and Church Hill Cottages, all of which are protected by law.[10]

Church[edit]

The Saint Mary the Virgin Church was first built in the 12th century from flint and white limestone with a roof made from tile and led.[11] In 1350 the porch and door were added and Between 1868 and 1882 the church was renovated and enlarged by architect William Eden Nesfield to what it is today.[12] Today a large scale restoration and enlargement of the church done by the Reverend John Frederick Watkinson Bullock dominates the building.

See also[edit]

The Hundred Parishes

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 28 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Radwinter (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  3. ^ http://www.radwinterhistory.org.uk/radwinter/baptismspt4.html
  4. ^ http://www.radwinter.essex.sch.uk/
  5. ^ "Radwinter Village". Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  6. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: a. Fullerton & Co. 
  7. ^ "Radwinter History". Radwinter Village History. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  8. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics (2011). "Age structure 2011". Office For National Statistics. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  9. ^ Briggs, James (January 2014). "Radwinter Parish Information Pack" (PDF). Radwinter. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  10. ^ Briggs, James (January 2014). "Radwinter Parish Information Pack" (PDF). Radwinter Parish Council. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  11. ^ Briggs, James (January 2014). "Radwinter Information Pack: Buildings" (PDF). Radwinter. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  12. ^ "Radwinter Village". Radwinter Village website. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 

External links[edit]