Radymno

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Radymno
Saint Lawrence's Church
Saint Lawrence's Church
Coat of arms of Radymno
Coat of arms
Radymno is located in Poland
Radymno
Radymno
Coordinates: 49°57′0″N 22°48′59″E / 49.95000°N 22.81639°E / 49.95000; 22.81639
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo podkarpackie flag.svg Subcarpathian
County Jarosław
Gmina Radymno (urban gmina)
Founded 1366
City rights 1431
Government
 • Mayor Krzysztof Roman
Area
 • Total 13.59 km2 (5.25 sq mi)
Elevation 202.5 m (664.4 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 5,501[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 37-550
Car plates RJA
Website (Radymno)

Radymno [raˈdɨmnɔ] (Ukrainian: Ради́мно Radymno, Yiddish: רעדעםRedem) is a town in south-eastern Poland with 5,543 inhabitants (02.06.2009).[2] It has been part of the Podkarpackie Voivodeship since its creation in 1999. Radymno was previously in the Przemyśl Voivodeship from 1975–1998.

History[edit]

First traces of human settlement in what today is Radymno date back to the Neolothic times, as in 1958, archaeologists found remains of a 2nd-century settlement. In early Middle Ages, the area was part of Polish state, but in 981, it was seized by Kievan Rus'. Together with whole Red Ruthenia, Radymno was annexed by Polish King Casimir III the Great in mid-14th century.

In 1366, a nobleman Bernard of Szynwald received permission from Casimir III to establish a settlement in the fields. In 1384, Radymno was presented to the Bishops of Przemyśl, and in 1431 King Władysław II Jagiełło gave town charter to the village. Due to its location by the San, and along a busy merchant route, Radymno was an important trade and market center. The town, however, was looted by Wallachians (1488) and Crimean Tatars (1502, 1624). Furthermore, it burned in fires (1603, 1638, 1647). To protect it from further raids, Radymno was fortified in 1625, but in 1656 it was captured by Swedes, and in 1657 by Transilvanians during the Swedish invasion of Poland. Swedish wars left Radymno in ruins, and the town for many years did not recover from widespread destruction. In late July 1683, the army of Hetman Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski camped near Radymno, on its way towards Vienna (see Battle of Vienna).

In the second half of the 18th century, before the Partitions of Poland, the population of Radymno was 1200, with 154 houses, three churches, hospital, parish school, two brickyards, and a residence of the Bishops of Przemyśl.

In the middle of 18th century, Radymno had a population of 860 Roman Catholics, 196 people of Greek Catholic faith, and 26 Jews.[3] As a result of the first of Partitions of Poland (Treaty of St-Petersburg dated 5 July 1772, Radymno (and the Galicia) was attributed to the Habsburg Monarchy.[4] It was part of the Bezirkshauptmannschaft Jaroslau (Jarosław County).[5] For more details, see the article Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. Radymno remained in Galicia until November 1918.

Austrian Jubilee pair cancelled in 1912

In 1860, Radymno received rail connection with Przemyśl. Austrian government for a while considered construction of a fortress here, but changed their minds and created Przemyśl Fortress instead. In 1857–1867 Radymno was the seat of a county. In late 19th century, the town had the population of 2700.

On May 24, 1915, the Battle of Radymno took place between Russian 8th Army of General Aleksei Brusilov, and German-Austrian 8th Army under General August von Mackensen. The town was almost completely destroyed.

In the Second Polish Republic, Radymno belonged to the Lwów Voivodeship, with a mixed Polish - Jewish population of 2500. On September 10, 1939, during the Invasion of Poland, German 4th Light Division crossed the San here, after a very light resistance and barely any battle with Polish Army’s Jarosław Group under Colonel Jan Wojciak, who just escaped to the East a quickly as he could leaving Poland to defend itself. According to the memoir of Dov Hister, during the invasion of Radymno three Polish Army Youth took out a position in the Council's tower, the German blown the tower with one cannon shot and killed and buried the three boys inder the tower's rubble. During the war, groups of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, which operated in the area, murdered 59 Poles, including 29 killed in the village of Michałówka. Radymno was captured by the Red Army on July 26, 1944, after heavy fighting with German armoured units, of the estimated 1,200 Jews in Radymno prior to the World War II only a handful survived, many were handed over by the Ukrainian's collaborators to the Germans and the Nazi regime. Some of the Jews were murdered by the Nazis outside the village in September 1939. The story of the Jewish residents of Radymno is documented in Dov Hister book The Power of Survival.

Sport[edit]

Radymno is a small town, but it is extremely developed in terms of sport. Currently in the city there are 4 sports club.

MKS Radymno

It is a football men’s club. Since 1934 operated in Radymno Military&Civil Sports Society. Later, the name of this club has changed. Until now its name is MKS Radymno. The team has its own stadium, where we can find about 1000 seats. Since season 2004/05 the team plays in class constituency. At the moment, MKS Radymno plays in the Fifth Division. There are 3 sections: senior, junior and junior junior. In this club’s history we can find many presidents, but Grzegorz Olech is a current one. (Official page [1] )

TKS “Żagiel” Radymno

It is a volleyball men’s club. “Żagiel” is a relatively young club, because it has started its activity in 2010. That’s the only club in the city, in which men can play the volleyball. There are 2 sections: senior and cadet. The senior play in the Second Podkarpacie League. Cadets play in Podkarpacie League Cadets. Zdzisław Koniuch is the founder and the president of the club. (Official page [2] )

KS Feniks Radymno

It is a volleyball women’s club. Women’s passion and involvement women's in volleyball were the main factors why this club was created. That was in 2012. Feniks Radymno has 2 sections: junior and youngster. At the beginning the team play in Amateur Volleyball League. Every year the club gets one of three places on the podium. Also every year Feniks with the president of the city are organizing New Year's female Volleyball Tournament. (Official page [3] )

UKS Giganci Radymno

It is the youngest club in the city. The club was created by involved parents, in 2015. They didn’t want their children to spend most of the day by playing games, but rather to be active and do some sports. Giganci Radymno is mainly football club, but it has also a chess section. In the club yoy can find children aged 7 to 13 years. (Official page [4] )

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demographic Yearbook of Poland 2014
  2. ^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division" (PDF). © 1995-2009 Central Statistical Office 00-925 Warsaw, Al. Niepodległości 208. 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  3. ^ J. Motylkiewicz. "Ethnic Communities in the Towns of the Polish-Ukrainian Borderland in the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Centuries". C. M. Hann, P. R. Magocsi ed. Galicia: A Multicultured Land. University of Toronto Press. 2005. p. 37.
  4. ^ Atlas des peuples d'Europe centrale, André et Jean Sellier, 1991, p.88
  5. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967

Coordinates: 49°57′N 22°49′E / 49.950°N 22.817°E / 49.950; 22.817