Raeford, North Carolina

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Raeford, North Carolina
City
Hoke County Courthouse
Hoke County Courthouse
Location of Raeford, North Carolina
Location of Raeford, North Carolina
Coordinates: 34°58′54″N 79°13′39″W / 34.98167°N 79.22750°W / 34.98167; -79.22750Coordinates: 34°58′54″N 79°13′39″W / 34.98167°N 79.22750°W / 34.98167; -79.22750
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyHoke
Government
 • TypeCity Council
 • MayorJohn Knox McNeill III
Area
 • Total4.3 sq mi (11.1 km2)
 • Land4.2 sq mi (11.0 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation259 ft (79 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total4,611
 • Estimate (2016)[1]4,998
 • Density1,176/sq mi (454.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes28361, 28376
Area code(s)910
FIPS code37-54580[2]
GNIS feature ID1022137[3]
Websitewww.raefordcity.org

Raeford is a city in Hoke County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 4,611 at the 2010 census,[4] and in 2016 the estimated population was 4,998.[1] It is the county seat of Hoke County.[5] The county was named after Confederate General Robert F. Hoke, a North Carolina native.

History[edit]

John McRae and A.A. Williford operated a turpentine distillery and general store, respectively. Each took a syllable from his name and came up with the name Raeford for the post office they established.[citation needed] The MacRae family, who lived at the "ford of the creek", was at one time made up primarily of old Highland Scot families. Likewise, the Upper Cape Fear Valley of North Carolina was in the 18th and 19th centuries the largest settlement of Gaelic-speaking Highland Scots in North America.[citation needed] Today, many of these old families continue to live in the area, though their presence is noticeably diminished by the great numbers of newcomers to the area as a result of Fort Bragg. Since World War II, many Lumbee Indian families have moved northward from Robeson County and now constitute a significant element of the population that is otherwise European and African American.

The Hoke County Courthouse and Raeford Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

Geography[edit]

Raeford is located in central Hoke County at 34°58′54″N 79°13′39″W / 34.98167°N 79.22750°W / 34.98167; -79.22750 (34.981800, -79.227469).[7] It is bordered to the northeast by Rockfish Creek, an east-flowing tributary of the Cape Fear River. The southern part of the city drains to Toneys Creek, a south-flowing component of the Lumber RiverPee Dee RiverWaccamaw River watershed.

U.S. Route 401 runs through the north and west sides of Raeford, leading east 22 miles (35 km) to Fayetteville and southwest 20 miles (32 km) to Laurinburg. U.S. 401 Business passes through the center of town as Harris Avenue and East Central Avenue. North Carolina Highway 20 leaves the center of Raeford as St. Pauls Drive, leading southeast 19 miles (31 km) to St. Pauls. North Carolina Highway 211 runs through the center of Raeford, entering from the south on Main Street and leaving to the west on Prospect Avenue; NC-211 leads south 30 miles (48 km) to Lumberton and northwest 17 miles (27 km) to Aberdeen.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.3 square miles (11.1 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.53%, is covered by water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910580
19201,235112.9%
19301,3035.5%
19401,62824.9%
19502,03024.7%
19603,05850.6%
19703,1804.0%
19803,63014.2%
19903,469−4.4%
20003,386−2.4%
20104,61136.2%
Est. 20164,998[1]8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[2] of 2000, 3,386 people, 1,323 households, and 899 families resided in the city. The population density was 902.3 people per square mile (348.6/km²). The 1,440 housing units averaged 383.7 per square mile (148.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.75% White, 40.93% African American, 2.86% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.16% of the population.

Of the 1,323 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 18.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were not families. About 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was distributed as 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,306, and for a family was $33,772. Males had a median income of $27,060 versus $26,050 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,093. About 18.6% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.6% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Raeford city, North Carolina". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Ineitha Lynnette Hardaway's North Carolina Voter Registration". voterrecords.com. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  10. ^ "Herneitha Hardaway Richardson's North Carolina Voter Registration". voterrecords.com. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  11. ^ "Eric Demarqua Maynor". Basketball-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.

External links[edit]