Rafał Trzaskowski

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Rafał Trzaskowski
Rafał Trzaskowski (EPP Summit, Zagreb, 2019).jpg
Trzaskowski in 2019
Mayor of Warsaw
Assumed office
22 November 2018
Deputy MayorPaweł Rabiej
Robert Soszyński
Michał Olszewski
Renata Kaznowska
Preceded byHanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz
Minister of Administration and Digitization
In office
3 December 2013 – 22 September 2014
PresidentBronisław Komorowski
Prime MinisterDonald Tusk
DeputyStanisław Huskowski
Preceded byMichał Boni
Succeeded byAndrzej Halicki
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
Secretary of State for European Affairs
In office
22 September 2014 – 16 November 2015
Prime MinisterEwa Kopacz
MinisterGrzegorz Schetyna
Personal details
Born (1972-01-17) 17 January 1972 (age 48)
Warsaw, Poland
Political partyCivic Platform
Spouse(s)Małgorzata Trzaskowska
Children2
Alma materCollege of Europe
University of Warsaw (Ph.D.)
AwardsLegion of Honour Legion of Honour
Rafał Trzaskowski at the European People's Party Congress in Malta, 2017

Rafał Kazimierz Trzaskowski (pronounced Ra-fow Tsha-sko-fsky [tʂaskɔfski]; born 17 January 1972) is a Polish politician and the current Mayor of Warsaw. He is also a political scientist specializing in European studies.

He served as a Member of the European Parliament (2009-2013), Minister of Administration and Digitization (2013-2014) as well as the Secretary of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland (2014-2015). He was elected a Member of the Polish Parliament in 2015. In the 2018 Polish local elections he was elected Mayor of Warsaw.

In May 2020, Trzaskowski became the Civic Platform's candidate for Presidency of Poland to stand in the presidential election.[1]

Work and education[edit]

Trzaskowski attended the Mikołaj Rej High School in Warsaw (Polish: XI Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Mikołaja Reja), and then studied international relations and English philology at the University of Warsaw, graduating in 1996.[2][3] He subsequently graduated in European studies from the College of Europe in Natolin (1997).[2] He was granted a scholarship at the Oxford University in 1996 as well as the European Union Institute for Security Studies in Paris in 2002. In 2004, he obtained his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree in political science at the University of Warsaw's Faculty of Journalism and Political Science, after completing a dissertation titled "The dynamics of the European Union's institutional reform" under the supervision of Stanisław Parzymies.[4][5]

Since 1995, he worked as a simultaneous interpreter and an English teacher. In 1998, he became an academic teacher at the National School of Public Administration, and in 2002 at the Collegium Civitas. His scientific interests primarily concern the European integration and international affairs. Since 2002, he has also worked as an analyst at the European Centre in Natolin.[6]

Political career[edit]

Between 2000 and 2001, he started working for Jacek Saryusz-Wolski at Poland's Office of the European Integration Committee. In the years 2004-2009, he was an advisor of the Civic Platform political party at the European Parliament. In 2009, having received 25,178 votes, he was elected Member of the European Parliament representing the Platforma Obywatelska party.[7] During his election campaign he was supported by well-known Polish personalities and artists such as Tomasz Karolak, Grzegorz Turnau, Michał Żebrowski and Urszula Dudziak. At the European Parliament, he was a member of the European People's Party. In 2010, he was the head of the election campaign of Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz running for the post of the mayor of Warsaw in the 2010 Polish local elections.[8]

On 27 November 2013, Trzaskowski was sworn in as the Minister of Administration and Digitization by President Bronisław Komorowski. During his ministry, Trzaskowski created a system of notifying the Government Security Center warning citizens, about violent meteorological phenomena. He was responsible for cooperation with local governments, supervision over voivods and assistance to victims in connection with natural disasters, for example during the floods in 2014, as well as cybersecurity, accessibility of content on the Internet for people with disabilities and protection of personal data on the web. On 24 September 2014, he became Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland and dealt with co-ordinating matters relating to the EU across the different ministries of the Donald Tusk cabinet. At that time, Trzaskowski was the main negotiator in relations with the EU on behalf of the prime minister and coordinated the work of ministries in relations with EU institutions. [9]

In 2015, he participated in the 2015 Polish parliamentary elections and won a seat in the Sejm having received 47,080 votes.[10] In 2016, he became a National Council Member of the Civic Platform party. In the same year, he assumed the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs in the shadow cabinet created by the Civic Platform.[11] On 29 March 2017, he became the vice-chairman of the European People's Party.[12] As a Member of the Sejm, Trzaskowski was a member of the European Union Affairs Committee, Foreign Affairs Committee and the Digitization, Innovation and Modern Technologies Committee. In parliamentary activities, Trzaskowski mainly dealt with issues related to foreign affairs, European policy, defence, as well as health policy, protection of civil and minority rights, and self-government support. During his time, he submitted over 150 interpellations and over 70 parliamentary questions.

Trzaskowski and Italy's former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi in 2017

In 2017, he received the order of the Legion of Honour for his contributions to strengthening the Polish-French relations.[13]

Mayor of Warsaw[edit]

In November 2017, it was announced that he would be the joint candidate for the Mayor of Warsaw of the Civic Platform and the Modern political party in the 2018 Polish local elections.[14] He subsequently went on to win the elections on 21 October 2018 in the first round and was elected Mayor of Warsaw after beating his major rival Patryk Jaki of the Law and Justice party.[15][16][17] He received a total of 505,187 votes (56.67%).[18] During his mayoral term, Trzaskowski introduced, among others, a free nursery program for Warsaw kids, increased funding under the Warsaw in vitro program and carried out record purchases of clean public transport vehicles. In the first years of his term in office, six new stations of the second metro line were commissioned and works on the construction of the third metro line were started.

On 18 February 2019, he signed the LGBT+ Declaration, which is aimed at fighting discrimination of the LGBT community and provides guidance in such areas as security, education, culture, sport, administration, and work.[19][20]

In February 2020 he was elected as Civic Platform's vice-chairman.[21]

2020 presidential election[edit]

On 15 May 2020, he was chosen by the Civic Platform party boss Borys Budka to be the their candidate for Presidency of Poland to stand in the presidential election, after Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska's resignation from her candidacy due to very poor polls.[1] On 28 June 2020, he earned second place in the first round of the 2020 Polish presidential election, winning 30.46% of the votes, and advanced to the second round, which is due to take place on 12 July 2020.[22][23]

Other activities[edit]

Personal life[edit]

He is the son of jazz pianist and composer Andrzej Trzaskowski and Teresa née Arens. He is a stepbrother of Piotr Ferster, a director of the Piwnica pod Baranami literary cabaret in Kraków. His great-grandfather, Bronisław Trzaskowski, was a linguist who established some of the first girls' secondary schools (gimnazja) in Poland.[citation needed]

As an 8-year-old, he appeared on "Our Backyard" (Polish: Nasze podwórko), a 1980 Polish children's television series and had a promising career as an actor.[25] He is married to Małgorzata. They have two children: Aleksandra and Stanisław.[citation needed]

Publications[edit]

  • Dynamika reformy systemu podejmowania decyzji w Unii Europejskiej, Wydawnictwo Prawo i Praktyka Gospodarcza, Warsaw 2004
  • Polityczne podstawy rozszerzenia UE, Wydawnictwo Natolin, Warsaw 1997
  • Przyszły Traktat konstytucyjny. Granice kompromisu w dziedzinie podejmowania decyzji większością kwalifikowaną (co-written with Jan Barcz), Wydawnictwo Prawo i Praktyka Gospodarcza, Warsaw 2004

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Zaborowska, Malwina (May 2020). "Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska rezygnuje ze startu w wyborach prezydenckich". www.rmf24.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2020-05-15.
  2. ^ a b "Rafał Trzaskowski". www.sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  3. ^ Lubelska, Krystyna (2009-06-27). "Trzaskowski Rafał". www.polityka.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  4. ^ "dr Rafał Trzaskowski". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  5. ^ "Dr Rafał Trzaskowski". Ośrodek Przetwarzania Informacji — Państwowy Instytut Badawczy.
  6. ^ "Rafał Trzaskowski – sociable patriot". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  7. ^ "Wyniki wyborów / Lista wybranych posłów". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  8. ^ "Poliglota z Europarlamentu zastąpi Boniego. Kim jest Rafał Trzaskowski?". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  9. ^ "TRZASKOWSKI RAFAŁ, PHD". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  10. ^ "Wybory do Sejmu i Senatu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej 2015". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  11. ^ "Nowa Platforma - najważniejsze decyzje Rady Krajowej PO". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  12. ^ "EPP Congress in Malta – Highlights of the First Day". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  13. ^ "Rafał Trzaskowski odznaczony Legią Honorową "za wkład w rozwój relacji francusko-polskich"". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  14. ^ "Trzaskowski wspólnym kandydatem Platformy i Nowoczesnej w Warszawie". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  15. ^ "Poland Elections Test Governing Party's Populist Message". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  16. ^ "In Warsaw's local election, Europe's identity crisis plays out". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  17. ^ "Rafał Trzaskowski wygrywa wybory prezydenckie w Warszawie". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  18. ^ "WYBORY SAMORZĄDOWE 2018". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  19. ^ "Mayor of Warsaw signs the LGBT+ Declaration". Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  20. ^ "Warsaw Mayor Rafał Trzaskowski signs LGBT+ declaration". Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  21. ^ "Platforma Obywatelska ma nowe władze. Rafał Trzaskowski i Bartosz Arłukowicz wiceszefami partii". gazetapl (in Polish). Retrieved 2020-02-09.
  22. ^ Sławiński, Aleksander (28 June 2020). "Wybory prezydenckie. Zagraniczne media komentują wyniki pierwszej tury" [Presidential election Foreign media comment on the results of the first round] (in Polish). Wirtualna Polska. Archived from the original on 29 June 2020.
  23. ^ Kulej, Magdalena (28 June 2020). "Duda kontra Trzaskowski. Jest pierwszy sondaż na II turę wyborów" [Duda versus Trzaskowski. This is the first poll for the second round of elections] (in Polish). Wiadomości (Eurozet). Archived from the original on 29 June 2020.
  24. ^ Members of the Council European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR).
  25. ^ "Rafał Trzaskowski". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
Political offices
Preceded by
Michał Boni
Minister of Administration and Digitization
2013–2014
Succeeded by
Andrzej Halicki
Preceded by
Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz
Mayor of Warsaw
2018–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska
Civic Platform nominee for
President of Poland

2020
Most recent