December 4, 1981
Porto Alegre, Brazil
|Area(s)||Writer, Penciller, Inker, Colourist|
|Awards||IGN Best of 2010 Award for Best New Series
2011 Eisner Award for Best New Series
2011 Harvey Award for Best New Series
Rafael Albuquerque (born April 12, 1981) is a Brazilian comic book creator primarily for his artwork on titles such as DC Comics' Blue Beetle and as illustrator and co-creator of American Vampire. Though primarily a penciler and inker of interior comic art, he has also done work as a cover artist, colorist and writer.
Early life and influences
Albuquerque begun his professional career working in advertising, doing work for local companies. He began his comic book career in 2002, after posting his portfolio on the Internet, doing work for the Egyptian publishing company AK Comics, which published books for the Middle East.
In 2005, Albuquerque published the creator-owned graphic novel crime story Rumble in la Rambla. It would be published in the United States in 2007 by Image Comics under the title Crimeland. He collaborated with writers Keith Giffen and Alan Grant in 2006 by illustrating issues #4 and #5 of Jeremiah Harm and the first issue of Pirate Tales for Boom! Studios. In 2006 and 2007 he illustrated the first three issues of the Boom! series Savage Brothers.
In 2007 he drew Wonderlost #2 by writer C. B. Cebulski, and "Oil for Blood", a story in volume 2 of 24Seven, both published by Image Comics. The latter was nominated for the 2008 Eisner Award for Best Anthology (though the anthology's editor, Ivan Brandon, was the named nominee, and not the individual creators).
Albuquerque first gained the notice of U.S. comics readers with his work as the regular penciler on the DC Comics monthly series Blue Beetle, which he drew from issues #10 (February 2007) to #34 (February 2009). The series proved to be a challenge to Albuquerque, who thought the mainstream superhero book was not well-suited to his darker style, and approached the book by employing less heavy blacks and ink splats, and a more "cartoony" storytelling style. His other DC work has included covers of several titles, as well as interior work on issues #52 and #53 of Superman/Batman. and the Robin/Spoiler Special #1 in 2008. That same year, Albuquerque illustrated writer Ivan Brandon's story, "Wild Goose", which appeared in the Dark Horse Comics anthology Tales of the Fear Agent. In 2009 he illustrated issues #3 and #4 of Strange Adventures and drew the covers to Marvel Comics' four-issue miniseries Nomad: Girl Without a World.
In January 2010, Newsarama named Albuquerque one of ten creators to watch for the coming year. Albuquerque, with Eduardo Medeiros and Mateus Santolouco, wrote Mondo Urbano (Urban World), a graphic novel published by Oni Press. That same year Albuquerque began illustrating American Vampire, a vampire series by DC Comics' Vertigo imprint, the first five issues of which consisted of two separate stories, one by Scott Snyder and one by Stephen King, marking King's first original work for comics. Albuquerque illustrated the two stories with different styles, representative of both the personalities of the characters and the eras in which they were set, explaining that he utilized high-contrast blacks and whites for the 1920s story featuring Pearl in order to evoke the films of that era, and a "dirtier, sketchier technique" involving traditional inking, ink wash and pencils for the 1880s story featuring bank robber Skinner, in order to evoke that story's "rough and violent" setting. The first hardcover collection appeared on The New York Times Best Seller list, and the series won IGN's Best of 2010 Award, 2011 Eisner Award and the 2011 Harvey Award, all of them for Best New Series.
In 2012 Albuquerque illustrated and wrote his first story for DC Comics, which appeared in Legends of the Dark Knight. He drew backup stories for Batman vol. 2 #21-23 (August-October 2013) as part of the "Batman: Zero Year" storyline.
Albuquerque publishes a creator-owned webcomic in Brazil titled Tune 8, which follows a time traveler named Joshua who has only a disembodied female voice as to guide him through the foreign and inhospitable place in which he finds himself. Tune 8 was serialized on the Brazilian website Ig.com.br, and a print edition of the comic is sold by Albuquerque at conventions. Albuquerque hopes to eventually publish an English language edition. In 2013 he co-scripted with frequent collaborator Scott Snyder the 64 page American Vampire one-shot The Long Road to Hell.
Awards and nominations
- IGN Best of 2010 Award for Best New Series (for American Vampire, with Scott Snyder)
- 2011 Eisner Award for Best New Series (for American Vampire, with Scott Snyder and Stephen King)
- 2011 Harvey Award for Best New Series (for American Vampire, with Scott Snyder and Stephen King)
- 2009 Wizard Fan Award for Favorite Breakout Artist (for Blue Beetle)
- 2010 Broken Frontier Award for Best Debut Book (for American Vampire)
- 2011 Scream Award for Best Comic Book or Graphic Novel (for American Vampire)
- 2011 Eagle Awards
- 2012 Eagle Award for Favourite Continued Story (for American Vampire: "Ghost War")
- 2012 HQ Mix Awards for
- Animal Man vol. 2 #24-25, 27-28 (2013-2014)
- Batman vol. 2 #8-11, 21-23 (2012-2013)
- Batman Black and White vol. 2 #2 (2013)
- Blue Beetle vol. 2 #10-14, 16-18, 20, 22-25, 29-30, 33-34 (2007-2009)
- DCU Holiday Special #1 (2009)
- Green Lantern vol. 4 #40 (2009)
- Legends of the Dark Knight vol. 2 #12 (2013)
- Robin/Spoiler Special #1 (2008)
- Strange Adventures vol. 3 #3-4 (2009)
- Superman/Batman #51-52, 62-63, 75 (2008-2010)
- American Vampire #1-9, 13-18, 22-25, 28-34 (2010-2013)
- American Vampire Anthology #1 (2013)
- American Vampire: Second Cycle #1-4, 6 (2014-2015)
- American Vampire: The Long Road to Hell #1 (2013)
- "Rafael Albuquerque". Lambiek Comiclopedia. September 19, 2014. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015.
- "About". Rafaelalbuquerque.com. n.d. Archived from the original on September 29, 2015.
- Arrant, Chris (February 12, 2009). "The Road to Albuquerque ... Rafael Albuquerque". Newsarama. Archived from the original on September 29, 2015.
- Rogers, Vaneta (October 18, 2007). "Rafael Albuquerque on Crimeland". Newsarama. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007.
- Rafael Albuquerque at the Grand Comics Database
- "2008 Eisner Nominations Announced". Comic Book Resources. April 14, 2008. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015.
- Manning, Matthew K.; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "2000s". Batman: A Visual History. Dorling Kindersley. p. 300. ISBN 978-1465424563.
This issue, drawn by Rafael Albuquerque and Victor Ibanez, explained [the Spoiler's] return.
- "Nomad: Girl Without a World (2009 - 2010)". Marvel Comics. n.d. Archived from the original on January 24, 2014.
- Arrant, Chris (January 4, 2010). "Ten for '10: Things to Watch in the New Year - Creators". Newsarama. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015.
- Pepose, David (February 23, 2010). "Oni Press to publish Mondo Urbano". Newsarama. Archived from the original on October 19, 2011.
- "Variant Cover Revealed for Vertigo's American Vampire #1". Dread Central. February 23, 2010. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- Cowsill, Alan; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "2000s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 340. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
The first five double-sized issues consisted of two stories, illustrated by Rafael Albuquerque. Scott Snyder wrote each issue's lead feature, and Stephen King wrote the back-up tales.
- Rogers, Vaneta (October 26, 2009). "Stephen King Brings an American Vampire Tale to Vertigo". Newsarama. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- Rogers, Vaneta (October 29, 2010). "Rafael Albuquerque Talks American Vampire, Stephen King". Newsarama. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015.
- Gustines, George Gene (October 15, 2010). "Graphic Books Best-Sellers: Vampire 2.0". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015.
- "Best New Series American Vampire by Scott Snyder and Rafael Albuquerque". IGN. 2010. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Melrose, Kevin (July 23, 2011). "Winners announced for 2011 Eisner Awards". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015.
- Albuquerque, Rafael (August 21, 2011). "American Vampire wins the Harvey Award!". Rafaelalbuquerque.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015.
- "2011 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. n.d. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015.
- Arrant, Chris (January 11, 2013). "Conversing on Comics with Rafael Albuquerque". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013.
- Manning "2010s" in Dougall, p. 336: Batman #21 "This issue...also featured a back-up tale written by Scott Snyder and James Tynion IV, and drawn by Rafael Albuquerque."
- Arrant, Chris (April 25, 2012). "Rafael Albuquerque goes creator-owned in Brazil with Tune 8". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 7, 2015.
- "Rafael Albuquerque". Wizard World. n.d. Archived from the original on July 22, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- Albuquerque, Rafael (January 7, 2009). "Wizard Fan Awards 2009 Nomination". Rafaelalbuquerque.com. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015.
- Hautain, Frederik (January 11, 2011). "Broken Frontier Awards 2010: The Winners". Broken Frontier. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015.
- Melrose, Kevin (September 7, 2011). "Nominees announced for Spike TV's 2011 Scream Awards". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015.
- Johnston, Rich (March 14, 2011). "Eagle Awards Nominations Announced". Bleeding Cool. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015.
- Spurgeon, Tom (May 25, 2012). "Your 2012 Eagle Awards Winners". The Comics Reporter. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015.
- "Juri Do 24º HQMIX Faz As Pre-Indicacoes". HQ Mix Award. March 29, 2012. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015.(Portuguese) English translation at Google Translate