Rafael Calderón Muñoz
José María Vicente Esteban Rafael de Jesús, known as Rafael Calderón Muñoz (October 24, 1869 – June 15, 1943) was a Costa Rican politician and physician. He is cited as "one of the leaders of a circle of Catholic politicians with social concerns". Calderón Muñoz was Vice President from 1940 until his death.
Born in San José, Costa Rica to Adolfo Calderón Calderón and María Muñoz y Vargas, he graduated in medicine, surgery and obstetrics at the Catholic University of Leuven, east of Brussels. Calderón Muñoz became a member of the Constituent Assembly in 1917. He was a member of the Senate and Consul of Costa Rica in Belgium. He was elected to the Constitutional Congress in 1930, and reelected ten years later.  He was President of the First Legislature from 1918-19, and 1931-32.
Calderón Muñoz held numerous administrative positions, including Superintendent of Hospital San Juan de Dios and President of National Bank Insurance .
Married to Ana María, they were the parents of President Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia, in 1940, Calderón Muñoz became one of the Vice Presidents of the country along with Teodoro Picado Michalski, Jorge Hine Saborío and Francisco Calderón Guardia, which he held until his death in 1943.
- "Beneméritos de la Patria: Rafael Calderón Muñoz" (in Spanish). Asamblea.go.cr. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Historia natural de Guanacaste (in Spanish). EUNED. 2004. p. 17. ISBN 978-9968-31-348-3.
- Palmer, Steven; Molina, Iván (1 January 2009). The Costa Rica Reader: History, Culture, Politics. Duke University Press. p. 135. ISBN 0-8223-8281-4.
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- Valembois, Víctor (2008). Costa Rica et la Belgique. EUNED. p. 36. ISBN 978-9968-31-678-1.
- Congreso Internacional de las Ciencias Genealógica y Heráldica (in Spanish). Ediciones Hidalguia. 1983. p. 17. ISBN 978-84-00-05341-3.
- Los forjadores de la seguridad social en Costa Rica (in Spanish). Yalena de la Cruz. 1995. p. 62. GGKEY:X5EBQJC7QDT.
- "Noted Costa Rican dies". Spokane, Washington: Spokane Daily Chronicle. 15 June 1943. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
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