|3ºGovernor of Coahuila y Tejas|
|Preceded by||Luciano García|
|Succeeded by||Víctor Blanco|
San Antonio, Texas
|Profession||Military and Political|
Gonzales was born in San Antonio de Béxar in 1789. He joined the military as a cadet in the presidial company of Nuestra Señora de Loreto. In October 1810, at age 20, Gonzales was made Second Alferez, and two years later he earned the title of First Alferez.
On June 3, 1814, Gonzales was promoted to second lieutenant, and established a presidio in Monclova (Coahuila, in modern Mexico). One year later, on July 14, 1815, he was promoted to first lieutenant of the Royalist company of Presidio de Rio Grande, and on May 18, 1818 he reached the rank of captain.
On July 3, 1821, Gonzales participated in the Mexican Independence movement. On December 12, 1821 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. On August 15, 1824, he was named governor of Coahuila and Texas. In that year, Gonzales granted each Shawnee family who settled in Texas a square mile of land in the south bank of Red River.
- "Handbook of Texas Online: Gonzales, Rafael". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
- Weddle, Robert S. (1991). San Juan Bautista: Gateway to Spanish Texas. University of Texas Press. pp. 373–. ISBN 978-0-292-77651-7.
- "Pre-Republic Governors of Texas". Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- Jackson, Jack (2005). Indian Agent: Peter Ellis Bean in Mexican Texas. Texas A&M University Press. pp. 108–. ISBN 978-1-60344-612-9.
- "Come and Take It". Gonzales Texas Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
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