Rafael Guízar y Valencia

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Saint
Rafael Guízar y Valencia
Tumba de San Rafael Guízar y Valencia en Xalapa, Veracruz, México.jpg
Portrait.
Bishop
Born16 April 1878
Cotija, Michoacán, Mexico
Died6 June 1938(1938-06-06) (aged 60)
Mexico City, Mexico
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified29 January 1995, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
Canonized15 October 2006, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI
Major shrineXalapa Cathedral,
Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Feast24 October
AttributesBishop's attire
PatronageDiocese of Xalapa

Rafael Guízar y Valencia (April 16, 1878 – June 6, 1938)[1] was a Mexican Catholic bishop who cared for the wounded, sick, and dying during the Mexican Revolution. Named Bishop of Xalapa, he was driven out of his diocese and forced to live the remainder of his life in hiding in Mexico City. He was a Knight of Columbus.[1] He was an uncle of Marcial Maciel, the founder of the Legion of Christ (who was later removed from leadership of that group by the Holy See).

Guizar's body was exhumed in 1950, twelve years after his death, and witnesses have said it had not decayed, except for the left eye, which he was said to have offered up for a sinner during his lifetime.[2]

Pope Benedict XVI canonized Guízar on October 15, 2006.


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Uncle of Marcial Maciel[edit]

Guízar was the uncle of Marcial Maciel, who became a priest and founded the Legion of Christ, committed to obedient service of the pope. According to investigative journalist Jason Berry and former Hartford Courant religion writer Gerald Renner:

The day before Bishop Guizar died, he had been heard shouting angrily at his eighteen-year-old nephew, Marcial Maciel. He was giving Maciel a dressing-down after two women had come to the bishop's house to complain about Maciel, who was their neighbor. Father Orozco, who was among the original group of boys to found the Legion of Christ in 1941, said he heard the women had complained about the "noise" Maciel was making with children he had brought into his home to teach religion. He said that the seminary officials blamed Maciel for his uncle's heart attack and subsequent death.[7]

The incident would take on new significance decades after Guízar's death, when Pope Benedict XVI ordered Maciel to retire to a life of prayer and penance after a papal commission completed its investigation into his sexual misconduct with Legion seminarians who were minors at the time. Suspended from priestly faculties by Pope Benedict, Maciel did not attend his uncle's canonization.[8] Maciel was also discovered, in 2009, to have fathered possibly as many as six children while under the vow of chastity.[9]

Veneration[edit]

Guízar was beatified by Pope John Paul II on January 29, 1995. He was canonized on October 15, 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Newest K of C Saint a Model of Charity". www.kofc.org. Retrieved 2020-02-25.
  2. ^ "El Cuerpo del Ilmo. Sr. Obispo Guizár y Valencia se encuentra como si tuviera 24 Hrs. de haber fallecido". Cause for the Canonization (in Spanish).
  3. ^ "Bishop St. Raphael Guizar Valencia". Catholic Hierarchy.
  4. ^ Luis González (John Upton translator), San José de Gracia: Mexican Village in Transition (University of Texas Press, 1982), p. 154
  5. ^ Philippe Levillain (2002). The Papacy: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 1208.
  6. ^ "La Catedral de Xalapa". Archidiócesis de Xalapa (in Spanish).
  7. ^ Berry & Renner, Vows of Silence, Free Press, a division of Simon & Schuster, New York: 2004, p. 155
  8. ^ "The Reverend Marcial Maciel". The Telegraph: Obituaries. 2 February 2008.
  9. ^ Thompson, Damian (12 August 2009). "Legionaries of Christ founder Fr Maciel may have had six children, say reports". The Telegraph.

External links[edit]