Rafael Guízar y Valencia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Rafael Guízar y Valencia
Tumba de San Rafael Guízar y Valencia en Xalapa, Veracruz, México.jpg
Born16 April 1878
Cotija, Michoacán, Mexico
Died6 June 1938(1938-06-06) (aged 60)
Mexico City, Mexico
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified29 January 1995, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
Canonized15 October 2006, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI
Major shrineXalapa Cathedral,
Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Feast24 October
AttributesBishop's attire
PatronageDiocese of Xalapa

Rafael Guízar y Valencia (April 16, 1878 – June 6, 1938)[1] was a Mexican Catholic bishop who cared for the wounded, sick, and dying during the Mexican Revolution. Named Bishop of Xalapa, he was driven out of his diocese and forced to live the remainder of his life in hiding in Mexico City. He was a Knight of Columbus.[1] He was an uncle of Marcial Maciel, the founder of the Legion of Christ (who was later removed from leadership of that group by the Holy See).

Guizar's body was exhumed in 1950, twelve years after his death, and witnesses have said it had not decayed, except for the left eye, which he was said to have offered up for a sinner during his lifetime.[2]

Pope Benedict XVI canonized Guízar on October 15, 2006.

Investigation of potential copyright issue

Please note this is about the text of this Wikipedia article; it should not be taken to reflect on the subject of this article.

Do not restore or edit the blanked content on this page until the issue is resolved by an administrator, copyright clerk or OTRS agent.

If you have just labeled this page as a potential copyright issue, please follow the instructions for filing at the bottom of the box.

The previous content of this page or section has been identified as posing a potential copyright issue, as a copy or modification of the text from the source(s) below, and is now listed on Wikipedia:Copyright problems (listing):

Unless the copyright status of the text on this page is clarified, the problematic text or the entire page may be deleted one week after the time of its listing.

Temporarily, the original posting is still accessible for viewing in the page history.

Can you help resolve this issue?
If you hold the copyright to this text, you can license it in a manner that allows its use on Wikipedia. Click "Show" to see how.
  1. You must permit the use of your material under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA) and the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL) (unversioned, with no invariant sections, front-cover texts, or back-cover texts).
  2. Explain your intent to license the content on this article's discussion page
  3. To confirm your permission, you can either display a notice to this effect at the site of original publication or send an e-mail from an address associated with the original publication to permissions-en@wikimedia.org or a postal letter to the Wikimedia Foundation. These messages must explicitly permit use under CC-BY-SA and the GFDL. See Wikipedia:Donating copyrighted materials.
  4. Note that articles on Wikipedia must be written from a neutral point of view and must be verifiable in published third-party sources; consider whether, copyright issues aside, your text is appropriate for inclusion in Wikipedia.
You can demonstrate that this text is in the public domain, or is already under a license suitable for Wikipedia. Click "Show" to see how.
Explain this on this article's discussion page, with reference to evidence. Wikipedia:Public domain and Wikipedia:Compatibly licensed may assist in determining the status.
Otherwise, you may write a new article without copyright-infringing material. Click "Show" to read where and how.

Your rewrite should be placed on this page, where it will be available for an administrator or clerk to review it at the end of the listing period. Follow this link to create the temporary subpage.

  • Simply modifying copyrighted text is not sufficient to avoid copyright infringement—if the original copyright violation cannot be cleanly removed or the article reverted to a prior version, it is best to write the article from scratch. (See Wikipedia:Close paraphrasing.)
  • For license compliance, any content used from the original article must be properly attributed; if you use content from the original, please leave a note at the top of your rewrite saying as much. You may duplicate non-infringing text that you had contributed yourself.
  • It is always a good idea, if rewriting, to identify the point where the copyrighted content was imported to Wikipedia and to check to make sure that the contributor did not add content imported from other sources. When closing investigations, clerks and administrators may find other copyright problems than the one identified. If this material is in the proposed rewrite and cannot be easily removed, the rewrite may not be usable.
State that you have created a rewrite on this article's discussion page.
About importing text to Wikipedia
  • Posting copyrighted material without the express permission of the copyright holder is unlawful and against Wikipedia policy.
  • If you have express permission, this must be verified either by explicit release at the source or by e-mail or letter to the Wikimedia Foundation. See Wikipedia:Declaration of consent for all enquiries.
  • Policy requires that we block those who repeatedly post copyrighted material without express permission.
Instructions for filing

If you have tagged the article for investigation, please complete the following steps:

  • Add the following to the bottom of Wikipedia:Copyright_problems/2020 February 25
    * {{subst:article-cv|Rafael Guízar y Valencia}} from . ~~~~
  • Place this notice on the talk page of the contributor of the copyrighted material:
    {{subst:Nothanks-web|pg=Rafael Guízar y Valencia|url=}} ~~~~
  • To blank a section instead of an entire article, add the template to the beginning of the section and {{Copyvio/bottom}} at the end of the portion you intend to blank.

Uncle of Marcial Maciel[edit]

Guízar was the uncle of Marcial Maciel, who became a priest and founded the Legion of Christ, committed to obedient service of the pope. According to investigative journalist Jason Berry and former Hartford Courant religion writer Gerald Renner:

The day before Bishop Guizar died, he had been heard shouting angrily at his eighteen-year-old nephew, Marcial Maciel. He was giving Maciel a dressing-down after two women had come to the bishop's house to complain about Maciel, who was their neighbor. Father Orozco, who was among the original group of boys to found the Legion of Christ in 1941, said he heard the women had complained about the "noise" Maciel was making with children he had brought into his home to teach religion. He said that the seminary officials blamed Maciel for his uncle's heart attack and subsequent death.[7]

The incident would take on new significance decades after Guízar's death, when Pope Benedict XVI ordered Maciel to retire to a life of prayer and penance after a papal commission completed its investigation into his sexual misconduct with Legion seminarians who were minors at the time. Suspended from priestly faculties by Pope Benedict, Maciel did not attend his uncle's canonization.[8] Maciel was also discovered, in 2009, to have fathered possibly as many as six children while under the vow of chastity.[9]


Guízar was beatified by Pope John Paul II on January 29, 1995. He was canonized on October 15, 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Newest K of C Saint a Model of Charity". www.kofc.org. Retrieved 2020-02-25.
  2. ^ "El Cuerpo del Ilmo. Sr. Obispo Guizár y Valencia se encuentra como si tuviera 24 Hrs. de haber fallecido". Cause for the Canonization (in Spanish).
  3. ^ "Bishop St. Raphael Guizar Valencia". Catholic Hierarchy.
  4. ^ Luis González (John Upton translator), San José de Gracia: Mexican Village in Transition (University of Texas Press, 1982), p. 154
  5. ^ Philippe Levillain (2002). The Papacy: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 1208.
  6. ^ "La Catedral de Xalapa". Archidiócesis de Xalapa (in Spanish).
  7. ^ Berry & Renner, Vows of Silence, Free Press, a division of Simon & Schuster, New York: 2004, p. 155
  8. ^ "The Reverend Marcial Maciel". The Telegraph: Obituaries. 2 February 2008.
  9. ^ Thompson, Damian (12 August 2009). "Legionaries of Christ founder Fr Maciel may have had six children, say reports". The Telegraph.

External links[edit]