Márquez in 2014
|Full name||Rafael Márquez Álvarez|
|Date of birth||13 February 1979|
|Place of birth||Zamora, Michoacán, Mexico|
|Height||1.82 m (6 ft 0 in)|
|Playing position||Centre back
|2010–2012||New York Red Bulls||44||(1)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 29 April 2018
‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 2 July 2017
Rafael Márquez Álvarez (Spanish: [rafaˈel ˈmarkes] ( listen); born 13 February 1979) is a Mexican professional footballer who plays for the Mexico national team. He can play as a central defender, sweeper, or defensive midfielder. Nicknamed El Káiser, Márquez is widely regarded as the best defender in Mexico's history and one of the best Mexican players of all time.
Márquez began his career with Atlas in 1996, playing in over 70 games with the club before moving to France in 1999 with Monaco, where he won the Ligue 1 title. In 2003, Márquez transferred to Barcelona, becoming the first ever Mexican to represent the club. He would go on to play in over 200 games during seven seasons with Barcelona, and win numerous championships. In 2006, he became the first Mexican player to win the UEFA Champions League when Barcelona defeated Arsenal in the final. In 2010 Márquez joined the New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer. After being released from the club in 2012, he moved back to Mexico, this time to play for Club León. After captaining the team to two back-to-back league titles in 2013 and 2014, Márquez transferred to Hellas Verona of the Italian Serie A. He returned to boyhood club Atlas in 2015, and announced his retirement from football in April 2018.
A Mexican international since 1997, Márquez has been capped 143 times for the national team, having won the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup, and the 2003 and 2011 editions of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. In 2014, he became the first player to captain his national team in four consecutive editions of the FIFA World Cup, captaining the Mexico national team in the 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 editions of the tournament. Márquez is the Mexican player with the most World Cup matches played with 16.
- 1 Club career
- 2 International career
- 3 Reception
- 4 Outside football
- 5 Career statistics
- 6 Honours
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Márquez began his career at Mexican club Atlas, for whom he debuted in 1996 at only 17 years of age. Márquez rose to prominence while with Atlas, making 77 appearances for the team and being runner-up in the league, losing the final against Toluca on penalties during the Verano 1999 tournament.
After playing the 1999 Copa América with Mexico, Márquez joined French club AS Monaco for a reported US$6 million. He made his debut on 14 August against Bastia. In his first season, Monaco won the league title, with Márquez being named in the Ligue 1 team of the season. He went on to play in 109 matches with Monaco over four seasons, winning the Coupe de la Ligue as well.
In the summer of 2003, Márquez signed for Spanish club FC Barcelona. In his first season with Barcelona, Márquez appeared 21 times, and the team came in second place that season. During his second season, he was moved from his natural position as a centre back to a defensive midfield role, due to injuries to players Thiago Motta, Edmílson and Gerard. That year, Barcelona won its 17th league title on 14 May 2005 after a 1–1 tie with Levante. After an injury in his left knee, Márquez returned after a month to play against Milan in the first leg of the 2006 UEFA Champions League semi-final. Barcelona, playing away at the San Siro, won 1–0. On 17 May, Barcelona won the UEFA Champions League after defeating Arsenal 2–1 in the final, with Márquez playing the entire match. He became the first Mexican to play in a Champions League final and the first to win it.
After the 2006 World Cup, Barcelona extended Márquez's contract for the following four years to €38.5 million which would see his contract end in June 2010. Despite sustaining injuries, he was rumoured to be up for sale at the end of the 2006–07 season. His future at Barça was up in the air until the 2007 Copa América where Mexico finished in third place.
During the 2007–08 season, Márquez formed a partnership with new signing Gabriel Milito while captain Carles Puyol was out injured. Constant injuries, however, threw off his form. Márquez's success declined with the rest of the season, leading Barcelona to end up in third place in La Liga after a miserable second half where injuries lead to his contribution being negligible. Even so, new coach Pep Guardiola continued to rely on his contributions; with the departure of Ronaldinho, Márquez had become the last original signing of the Frank Rijkaard era to remain on the team.
Márquez was Guardiola's first-choice at centre back along with captain Puyol for the 2008–09 season. On 13 December 2008, Márquez played his 200th match for Barcelona in the clash against Real Madrid, which they won 2–0. He got injured on 28 April 2009, in a match against Chelsea in the 2008–09 Champions League semi-final. Márquez was told he needed surgery on his left knee, forcing him to miss the rest of the season. Barcelona would go on to win a historic treble after winning the 2008–09 Champions League, though Márquez missed the final through injury.
Prior to the 2009–10 season, Márquez received an offer from Italian Serie A club Fiorentina. Márquez, however, said he wanted to end his career at Barcelona. Márquez eventually signed a new contract with Barça in November 2009 that would keep him at the club until 2012. On 20 February 2010, he scored his first goal since his return against Racing Santander.
On 31 July 2010, Márquez was released from his contract by Barcelona. During his time with the club, he played in 242 matches and scored 13 goals, making him the most-capped non-European player in the club's history and the eighth-most capped foreigner. In his 12-year European career, Márquez appeared in 46 UEFA Champions League matches, which was the most by a Mexican or CONCACAF player, until compatriot Javier Hernández surpassed that record in 2017. At the time, Márquez was also one of two players from CONCACAF to play in a Champions League final, the other being Trinidad and Tobago's Dwight Yorke.
New York Red Bulls
After seven years with and being released by Barcelona and participating at the 2010 FIFA World Cup, it was reported that Italian club Juventus was strongly linked to the Mexican defender, as a back-up for defender Leonardo Bonucci.
On 1 August 2010, it was announced that Márquez had signed with the New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer on a three-and-a-half-year contract. He was the club's third Designated Player and was unveiled to the media at Red Bull Arena on 3 August wearing the number 4 jersey and reuniting with former Barcelona teammate Thierry Henry. On 8 August, Márquez made his MLS debut against the Chicago Fire in a scoreless draw. On 21 August, Márquez scored his first goal, an astonishing shot with his right foot, for the Red Bulls in a 4–1 win at Toronto FC. On 21 October, Márquez started for the Red Bulls in a 2–0 victory over New England Revolution which clinched the regular season Eastern Conference title.
New York released Márquez on 13 December 2012. His stint in New York was heavily criticized by many fans and journalists for his constant injuries, suspensions and perceived lack of commitment to the fans and club. Márquez later revealed in an interview with ESPN Deportes that going to play in the United States was "a bad decision" and called it the worst decision he ever made in his career. He said that he had misjudged the arc of his career, believing it was declining faster than it was, and that he regretted declining offers from various European clubs, including one from Italian side Juventus.
Hours after being released by the New York Red Bulls, it was announced that Márquez signed with Mexican club León, returning to his home country after 13 years abroad. It would not be until 5 October 2013 that Márquez scored his first goal for León in the match against Puebla, scoring a penalty kick in the 17th minute.
On 15 December, León captured the Apertura 2013 title after defeating América 5–1 on aggregate. Márquez, the club captain, played in both legs as he lifted his first league title in Mexico, more than 14 years after losing the final against Toluca when he played in Atlas. The following tournament, Márquez helped León capture their second straight league title, becoming only the second team in history to win consecutive league titles in the short tournament era, the first being UNAM, who won the Clausura 2004 and Apertura 2004. He also became the first Mexican footballer to win league titles in three different countries.
On 7 August 2014, Hellas Verona of Serie A signed Márquez on undisclosed terms. He stated that he had taken a pay cut to join the club as he was desperate to return to Europe. He made his debut in the league on 31 August, starting as Verona played out a goalless draw at home against Atalanta. The move made Márquez the first Mexican to play in five different countries.
Return to Atlas
On 21 December 2015, it was announced that Márquez had officially transferred to Atlas, returning to the club he debuted with. He was handed the number 4 shirt.
On 19 April 2018, Márquez announced that he would retire at the end of the season. He did, however, state his intention of representing Mexico at the World Cup. Márquez played his final match at the Estadio Jalisco on 20 April, a 1–0 victory in the Clásico Tapatío against Guadalajara. The following week, Márquez played his final club match against Pachuca at the Estadio Hidalgo, which ended in a 0–0 draw.
Márquez made his debut with Mexico on 5 February 1997 in a friendly match against Ecuador. It was reported that his call-up was due to an error made by national team coach Bora Milutinović, who wanted to call up fellow Atlas player César Márquez. Márquez has since been a regular call-up for Mexico, although he was not chosen for the 1998 FIFA World Cup squad. Márquez has played various tournaments with the Mexican team, winning the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup and losing to Canada at the 2000 CONCACAF Gold Cup. Márquez started all four of Mexico's games during the 2002 World Cup in South Korea and Japan, where he was given the captain's armband by then coach Javier Aguirre despite his young age of 23. He received a red card during Mexico's second round 2–0 loss to the United States for a deliberate mid-air head butt on Cobi Jones in the final minutes of the match.
Márquez was selected by Ricardo La Volpe for the 2006 World Cup in Germany. Márquez played in all of three of Mexico's opening round matches, and scored the lone Mexican goal in a 2–1 loss to Argentina in the second round off a Pável Pardo free kick which was headed to the far post by Mario Méndez, allowing an unmarked Márquez to strike the ball into the back of the net. The winner was scored by Maxi Rodríguez in extra time after Hernán Crespo had equalised for Argentina.
New Mexico coach Hugo Sánchez called-up Márquez to participate in the 2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup and the 2007 Copa América. Márquez joined up with the team Mexico for the Gold Cup's championship game against the United States after the conclusion of 2006–07 La Liga; he started the match, which Mexico lost 2–1.
Márquez captained Mexico at the 2010 World Cup, scoring Mexico's goal in the tournament's opening match against South Africa which ended in a 1–1 draw. In Mexico's 2–0 win against France, Márquez assisted Javier Hernández in Mexico's first goal.
During Mexico's opening match at the 2014 World Cup – a 1–0 win over Cameroon – Márquez became the first player to captain a team in four World Cups. On 23 June, he scored the opening goal in the 3–1 win against Croatia, thus advancing to the knockout stage. This goal made Márquez the first Mexican player to score in three consecutive World Cups, and the second Mexican player ever to score in three different World Cups after Cuauhtémoc Blanco.
In May 2015, it was announced that Márquez was included in the 23-man squad that would participate in the Copa América tournament in Chile. He was selected to start as captain in Mexico's opening fixture of the tournament, a 0–0 draw with Bolivia in Viña del Mar.
Appearing in Mexico's second group-stage match against New Zealand at the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, Márquez – at 38 years and four months – became the second-oldest player to appear in a match in Confederations Cup history. Márquez was also making his first appearance at the tournament since 2005, setting new record for most years between consecutive matches (12).
Although considered one of the best Mexican footballers of all time, Márquez is also seen as a controversial figure in the Mexican media for his indiscipline during crucial matches with Mexico.
Márquez's father, Rafael Márquez Esqueda, was also a professional football player in Mexico. Rafael married Mexican actress Adriana Lavat in December 2001 and had two children, Santiago Rafael and Rafaela, before separating in 2007 and divorcing. He is now married to Jaydy Michel, ex-wife of singer Alejandro Sanz. His younger cousin, Luis Márquez, is also a professional footballer. Ironically, Luis was formed in Atlas' rival club, Guadalajara and currently plays on loan at Lobos BUAP.
Kingpin Act designation
On 9 August 2017, it was reported that Márquez was among 22 people sanctioned under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (also known as the "Kingpin Act") by the United States Treasury Department for alleged ties to a drug trafficking organization allegedly headed by Raúl Flores Hernández, a suspected drug trafficker with links to the Sinaloa Cartel and the Jalisco New Generation Cartel. He was placed on a Specially Designated Nationals List by the Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). Nine businesses, including a soccer school and charitable foundation, were linked to Márquez by the OFAC. All 22 people were accused of providing support to, or being under the control of Flores Hernández.
According to the OFAC, Márquez conducted money laundering by acting as a strawperson for Flores Hernández and his criminal organization. They alleged that Márquez used businessmen Mauricio Heredia Horner and Marco Antonio Fregoso González to act for or on his behalf. Márquez’s assets "that are under U.S. jurisdiction or are in the control of U.S. persons" would be frozen. The Mexican Attorney General's Office said in a statement that Márquez came voluntarily to their offices to provide a statement that same day.
- As of 29 April 2018
|New York Red Bulls||2010||Major League Soccer||10||1||2||0||—||12||1|
|Hellas Verona||2014–15||Serie A||26||0||3||0||—||29||0|
- As of 2 July 2017
|Mexico national team|
- Scores and results list Mexico's goal tally first.
|1.||5 February 1999||Hong Kong Stadium, Wan Chai, Hong Kong||Egypt||1–0||3–0||1999 Carlsberg Cup|
|2.||16 August 1999||Xanthi FC Arena, Xanthi, Greece||Greece||1–1||2–3||Friendly|
|3.||13 February 2000||Qualcomm Stadium, San Diego, United States||Trinidad and Tobago||1–0||4–0||2000 CONCACAF Gold Cup|
|4.||3 September 2000||Estadio Azteca, Mexico City, Mexico||Panama||5–1||7–1||2002 FIFA World Cup qualifier|
|5.||12 May 2002||Estadio Azteca, Mexico City, Mexico||Colombia||2–1||2–1||Friendly|
|6.||24 July 2003||Estadio Azteca, Mexico City, Mexico||Costa Rica||1–0||2–0||2003 CONCACAF Gold Cup|
|7.||19 June 2004||Alamodome, San Antonio, United States||Dominica||3–0||10–0||2006 FIFA World Cup qualifier|
|8.||7 September 2005||Estadio Azteca, Mexico City, Mexico||Panama||2–0||5–0||2006 FIFA World Cup qualifier|
|9.||24 June 2006||Zentralstadion, Leipzig, Germany||Argentina||1–0||1–2 (a.e.t.)||2006 FIFA World Cup|
|10.||28 March 2007||McAfee Coliseum, Oakland, United States||Ecuador||2–2||4–2||Friendly|
|11.||10 September 2008||Estadio Víctor Manuel Reyna, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Mexico||Canada||2–0||2–1||2010 FIFA World Cup qualifier|
|12.||11 June 2010||Soccer City, Johannesburg, South Africa||South Africa||1–1||1–1||2010 FIFA World Cup|
|13.||12 June 2011||Soldier Field, Chicago, United States||Costa Rica||1–0||4–1||2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup|
|14.||30 October 2013||Qualcomm Stadium, San Diego, United States||Finland||1–0||4–2||Friendly|
|15.||13 November 2013||Estadio Azteca, Mexico City, Mexico||New Zealand||5–0||5–1||2014 FIFA World Cup qualifier|
|16.||2 April 2014||University of Phoenix Stadium, Glendale, United States||United States||1–2||2–2||Friendly|
|17.||23 June 2014||Arena Pernambuco, São Lourenço da Mata, Brazil||Croatia||1–0||3–1||2014 FIFA World Cup|
|18.||5 June 2016||University of Phoenix Stadium, Glendale, United States||Uruguay||2–1||3–1||Copa América Centenario|
|19.||11 November 2016||Mapfre Stadium, Columbus, United States||United States||2–1||2–1||2018 FIFA World Cup qualifier|
- La Liga: 2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10
- Copa del Rey: 2008-09
- Supercopa de España: 2005, 2006
- UEFA Champions League: 2005–06, 2008–09
- FIFA Club World Cup: 2009
- Ligue 1 Best Defender: 2001
- Best Player of the CONCACAF: 2005
- International Federation of Football History and Statistics Third Most Popular Player in the World: 2006
- Free Kick Masters: 2008
- "FIFA Club World Cup UAE 2009 presented by Toyota: List of Players" (PDF). FIFA. 1 December 2009. p. 1. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "Rafael Marquez". espnfc.com. ESPN. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
- "Meet the Confed Cup captains". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). 17 June 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
When you think about El Tri's captain, you don't have to look further than No4 [Rafael Márquez]. The only player in history to have captained his side in four consecutive FIFA World Cups™, 'El Káiser' will be wearing the armband once again in Russia.
- "Rafael Márquez - Los 10 mejores futbolistas mexicanos de la historia" [Rafael Márquez - The 10 best Mexican footballers in history] (in Spanish). Marca.
- "Rafael Márquez, la resurrección del Kaiser mexicano" (in Spanish). Zócalo Saltillo. June 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- Keh, Andrew (16 June 2014). "Despite a Wayward Journey, Márquez Is a Rock for Mexico". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
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- "El Tri captain Rafa Marquez heads back to Europe with transfer to Serie A side Hellas Verona". MLSSoccer.com. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- "World Cup Player Profile: Rafael Márquez". FIFA.com.
- "Márquez es ya el mexicano con más partidos en Copas del Mundo". MARCA. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- "El Mónaco ficha un mexicano" [Monaco signs a mexican] (PDF) (in Spanish). Mundo Deportivo. 11 August 1999.
- "Rafa Márquez y su buen recuerdo del Mónaco". AS.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 May 2017.
- "¡Hola Márquez!" (PDF) (in Spanish). Mundo Deportivo. 8 June 2003.
- Crawford, Stephen (28 April 2009). "Barcelona Defender Rafael Marquez Out for the Season". Goal.com. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
Barcelona centre-back Rafael Marquez has been ruled out for the rest of the season after suffering a knee injury in Tuesday night's Champions League clash with Chelsea.
- "Bueno, bonito y barato" [Good, pretty and cheap] (in Spanish). Fox Sports en Español. 14 June 2009. Archived from the original on 20 July 2009. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
Florentina ha mostrado su interés formal en el mexicano Rafael Márquez..." ["Florentina have formally demonstrated their interest in the Mexican Rafael Márquez...]
- "Marquez nears Barça return". FIFA. FIFA. 26 July 2009. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
It would be my wish to retire at Barca. I'm very calm with regards the contract renewal. I know that we will arrive at an agreement, so it's only a question of time.
- "Marquez signs new Barca deal". Ontheminute.com. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2009.
- "Marquez released by Barcelona". ESPN FC. 31 July 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
- "Adeu al viute estranger amb mes partits". fcbarcelona.cat. 1 August 2010. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
- "Márquez, Chicharito, Sánchez: CONCACAF's European stars". UEFA.com. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- "Chicharito, el mexicano con más partidos en Champions League". Goal.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 February 2017.
- Juventus Monitor Barcelona Defender Rafael Marquez. Goal.com (27 November 2015). Retrieved on 2015-12-02.
- "New York Red Bulls sign Mexico National Team captain Rafa Marquez". New York Red Bulls. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
-  Archived 23 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Defender Rafa Marquez Released by. New York Red Bulls (2 August 2010). Retrieved on 2015-12-02.
- Isola, Frank (30 October 2011). "Rafa Marquez continues tradition of throwing cheap shots at American players". Goal.com. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- Parker, Graham. "Was Rafael Márquez the worst ever MLS designated player?". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "Márquez considera que el Mundial de Brasil será el más complicado". ESPN Deportes. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "Rafa Márquez es el nuevo refuerzo del León". Medio Tiempo. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- León v Puebla live football scores | Soccer scores and live video. ESPNFC.com (12 August 2014). Retrieved on 2015-12-02.
- Terán, Juan Manuel (15 December 2013). "La Fiera logró rugido de Campeón". Medio Tiempo. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- "León Rugió en el Estadio Azteca y es Campeón de la Liga BBVA Bancomer" (in Spanish). Liga MX official website. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Rafael Márquez, 'el patrón' mexicano de los récords que jugará en Italia" (in Spanish). CNN Mexico. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
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- "Official: Marquez joines Atlas". Football Italia. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
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- "Rafael Márquez Cerró su Carrera a Nivel de Clubes" [Rafael Márquez finished his career at the club level] (in Spanish). 28 April 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
- "Argentina 2–1 Mexico (aet)". BBC Sport. Retrieved 24 June 2006.
- Dodd, Mike. "U.S. continues dominance vs. Mexico in Gold Cup final". USA TODAY. Retrieved 25 June 2007.
- Clarke, Raghavan, Liz, Sudarsan. "World Cup 2010: Host South Africa tie Mexico,1–1, in opener". Washington Post. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Glendenning, Barry. "World Cup 2010: France v Mexico – as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
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- Adriana Lavat y Rafa Márquez firman divorcio por separado. Tvyespectaculos.com (15 November 2007). Retrieved on 2015-12-02.
- Jaydy Michel, blaugrana de corazón. vefutbol.com.mx (26 May 2006)
- Rafael Márquez y su novia, reafirman su amor. Blogyfamosos.com. Retrieved on 2 December 2015.
- C.V., Chivas de Corazon S.A. de. "El perfil de cantera: Luis Alberto Márquez Quezada". Chivas.
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- Fairholm, Adam. "Music Video Relapse: "Waka Waka (This Time For Africa)" (2010) by Shakira". IMVDb. FilmedInsert, LLC. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
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- Nesquik, Nestle. "Rafa Márquez, in Partnership with Nestlé Nesquik, Inspires Kids' Dreams On The Soccer Field". www.prnewswire.com.
- "Mexico's Rafael Marquez among 22 sanctioned for drug trafficking ties". ESPNFC.com. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
- "Treasury Sanctions Longtime Mexican Drug Kingpin Raul Flores Hernandez and His Vast Network". United States Department of the Treasury. August 9, 2017.
- "Mexico's Rafael Márquez Accused of Aiding Drug Kingpin". The New York Times. 9 August 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
- "Soccer star Marquez, singer Alvarez among targets of sanctions for alleged drug ties". abc7.com. ABC. 9 August 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
- "Rafael Márquez statistics". ESPN FC.
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- Rafael Márquez - Century of International Appearances
- "R. Márquez". Soccerway. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rafael Márquez.|
- Official website (in Spanish)
- Rafael Márquez at Liga MX (in Spanish)
- Rafael Márquez – Liga MX stats at MedioTiempo.com (in Spanish)
- Rafael Márquez at ESPN FC
- Rafael Márquez at National-Football-Teams.com