Rafah, Egypt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city in North Sinai. For the part of the city in Gaza Strip, see Rafah.
Rafah
"Rapia" in the Egyptian Language
Rafah is located in Egypt
Rafah
Rafah
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°17′19″N 34°14′28″E / 31.28861°N 34.24111°E / 31.28861; 34.24111
Country  Egypt
Governorate North Sinai
Population
 • Ethnicities Bedouin Arabs and Egyptians
Time zone EST (UTC+2)

Rafah (Egyptian Arabic: رفح‎‎, IPA: [ˈɾɑfɑħ]) or Egyptian Rafah is an important city in North Sinai and Egypt's eastern border with the Gaza strip. It is the capital of Rafah center in North Sinai Governorate, and is situated on the eastern Mediterranean coast of Egypt. In the Egyptian language of Ancient Egypt, the city was known as Rapia.

The Egyptian government announced in early 2015 that it would raze the entire city and build a new settlement for its residents, in order to expand a security buffer between Egypt and Gaza. The Egyptian military reportedly began bulldozing sections of Rafah in late 2014.[1]

History[edit]

The city has always been a part of the Egyptian Empire since the Pharaohnic period. It was also a major location on the battle route towards Egyptian settlements in Anatolia and Levant.

During the 2011 Egyptian protests, anti-government rioters attacked and killed three police officers in the town.[2][3]

Obliteration[edit]

In October of 2014, the Egyptian government announced plans to relocate the population and completely demolish the city in order to enlarge the buffer zone between Egypt and Gaza.[4] Between July 2013 and August 2015, Egyptian authorities demolished at least 3,255 residential, commercial, administrative, and community buildings along the border, forcibly evicting thousands of people.[5]

In June 2015 Egypt completed the digging of a ditch at the Rafah Crossing Point, 20 meters wide by 10 meters deep. It is located two kilometers from the border with Gaza outside of Rafah City and part of the enlarged buffer zone. Expansion of the trench along with watchtowers was planned.[6]

Agriculture[edit]

Due to rain, hail and sleet; the city has plentiful sources of water for agriculture. Mediterranean fruits and crops are dominant, such as: peaches, olives, apples, citrus fruits, dates, grapes, vegetables, strawberries and peppers.

Climate[edit]

Like east Mediterranean cities and Egypt's north coast but wetter, it is characterised by hot dry summers and mild rainy winters. The temperature during summer can be around 30 °C (86 °F) during daytime, and rarely exceeds 35 °C (95 °F) due to the influence of the sea. Winters range from mild to cool during the day and chilly during the night and temperatures dip below 6 °C (43 °F) very often. Rainfall is average with sometimes hail, sleet and rarely snow takes place.

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot semi-arid (BSh).[7][8]

Rafah, Alexandria, Abu Qir, Rosetta, Baltim, Kafr el-Dawwar and Mersa Matruh are the wettest places in Egypt.

Climate data for Rafah, North Sinai
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
18
(64)
20.3
(68.5)
22.9
(73.2)
25.8
(78.4)
28.2
(82.8)
29.6
(85.3)
30.5
(86.9)
29
(84)
27.4
(81.3)
23.7
(74.7)
19.3
(66.7)
24.33
(75.73)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.7
(54.9)
13.5
(56.3)
15.4
(59.7)
18
(64)
20.8
(69.4)
23.5
(74.3)
25.2
(77.4)
25.9
(78.6)
24.5
(76.1)
22.4
(72.3)
18.6
(65.5)
14.7
(58.5)
19.6
(67.25)
Average low °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
9
(48)
10.6
(51.1)
13.2
(55.8)
15.9
(60.6)
18.8
(65.8)
20.8
(69.4)
21.4
(70.5)
20
(68)
17.4
(63.3)
13.5
(56.3)
10.1
(50.2)
14.91
(58.82)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 49
(1.93)
37
(1.46)
28
(1.1)
6
(0.24)
4
(0.16)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(0.31)
39
(1.54)
54
(2.13)
225
(8.87)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 78m)[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt Moves to Eradicate Town Near Gaza Strip". The New York Times. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Parker, Nick (29 January 2011). "Troops Battle Rioters in Egypt". The Sun. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  3. ^ "Pyramids closed as deadly riots spread". Herald Sun. 30 January 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  4. ^ Laura Dean (February 2, 2015). "An entire city is going to be wiped off the map in Egypt". GlobalPost. 
  5. ^ “Look for Another Homeland”. Human Rights Watch, September 2015
  6. ^ Egypt builds trench along Gaza border to prevent smuggling. Ma'an News Agency, 22 June 2015
  7. ^ a b "Climate: Rafah - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-02-21. 
  8. ^ a b "Climate: Rafiah - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-02-21. 

Coordinates: 31°16′51″N 34°14′29″E / 31.28083°N 34.24139°E / 31.28083; 34.24139