|Rafeiro do Alentejo|
|Dog (domestic dog)|
The Rafeiro do Alentejo is a Portuguese breed of livestock guardian dog. It is named for its area of origin, the Alentejo region of southern Portugal.: 33 It is recognised by the Clube Português de Canicultura, and was definitively accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1954.
Dogs of this type were traditionally used to protect flocks during the biannual transhumance to summer pastures in the mountains, and then back to the plateau of the Alentejo for the winter. Since the late nineteenth century they have been known as Rafeiro do Alentejo. In 1954 the breed was definitively accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.
The Rafeiro is a large dog, slightly longer than it is tall, with a broad chest. The head is massive; the eyes are small and dark, the ears small, triangular and hanging. The coat is dense and straight, of short or medium length. It may be black, fawn, wolf grey or yellow, either brindled or not, but always with white markings; or may be white marked with these colours. It is not as thick as the coat of other pastoral dogs such as the Polish Tatra.
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- Rafeiro do Alentejo (in Portuguese). Lisboa: Clube Português de Canicultura. Accessed May 2023.
- FCI-Standard N° 96: Rafeiro do Alentejo (Rafeiro of Alentejo). Thuin, Belgium: Thuin, Belgium: Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Accessed May 2023.
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- David Hancock (2014). Dogs of the Shepherds: A Review of the Pastoral Breeds. Ramsbury, Marlborough: The Crowood Press. ISBN 9781847978097.