Rafer Johnson at the 1960 Olympics
|Full name||Rafer Lewis Johnson|
|Born||August 18, 1935 (age 83)|
Hillsboro, Texas, U.S.
|Height||1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)|
|Weight||91 kg (201 lb)|
|Club||Southern California Striders, Anaheim|
|Achievements and titles|
|Personal best(s)||100 m – 10.3 (1957)|
220 yd – 21.0 (1956)
400 m – 47.9 (1956)
110 mH – 13.8 (1956)
HJ – 1.89 m (1955)
PV – 4.09 m (1960)
LJ – 7.76 m (1956)
SP – 16.75 m (1958)
DT – 52.50 m (1960)
JT – 76.73 m (1960)
Decathlon – 7982 (1960)
Rafer Lewis Johnson (born August 18, 1935) is an American former decathlete and film actor. He was the 1960 Olympic gold medalist in the decathlon, having won silver in 1956. He had previously won a gold in the 1955 Pan American Games. He was the USA team's flag bearer at the 1960 Olympics and lit the Olympic flame at the Los Angeles Games in 1984.
After he retired from athletics, Johnson turned to acting, sportscasting, public service and was instrumental in creating the California Special Olympics. His acting career included appearances in The Sins of Rachel Cade (1961), the Elvis Presley film Wild in the Country (1961), Pirates of Tortuga (1961), None but the Brave (1965), two Tarzan films with Mike Henry, The Last Grenade (1970), Soul Soldier (1970), Roots: The Next Generations (1979), Think Big (1990) and the 1989 James Bond film Licence to Kill, with Timothy Dalton.
Johnson was born in Hillsboro, Texas, but the family moved to Kingsburg, California, when he was 9. For a while, they were the only black family in the town. A versatile athlete, he played on Kingsburg High School's football, baseball and basketball teams. He was also elected class president in both junior high and high school. The Summer between his sophomore and junior years in high school (age 16), his coach Murl Dodson drove Johnson 24 miles (40 km) to Tulare and watched Bob Mathias compete in the 1952 U.S. decathlon olympic trials. Johnson told his coach, "I could have beaten most of those guys." Dodson and Johnson drove back a month later to watch Mathias' victory parade. Weeks later, Johnson competed in a high school invitational decathlon and won the event. He also won the 1953 and 1954 California state high school decathlon meets. 
In 1954 as a freshman at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), his progress in the event was impressive; he broke the world record in his fourth competition. He pledged Pi Lambda Phi fraternity, America's first nondiscriminatory fraternity, and was class president at UCLA. In 1955, in Mexico City, he won the title at the Pan American Games.
Johnson qualified for both the decathlon and the long jump events for the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. However, he was hampered by an injury and forfeited his place in the long jump. Despite this handicap, he managed to take second place in the decathlon behind compatriot Milt Campbell. It would turn out to be his last defeat in the event.
Due to injury, Johnson missed the 1957 and 1959 seasons (the latter due to a car accident), but he broke the world record in 1958 and 1960. The crown to his career came at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome. His most serious rival was Yang Chuan-Kwang (C. K. Yang) of Taiwan. Yang also studied at UCLA; the two trained together under UCLA track coach Elvin C. "Ducky" Drake and had become friends. In the decathlon, the lead swung back and forth between them. Finally, after nine events, Johnson led Yang by a small margin, but Yang was known to be better in the final event, the 1500 m. According to The Telegraph (UK), "Legend has it" that Drake gave coaching to both men, with him advising Johnson to stay close to Yang and be ready for "a hellish sprint" at the end, and advising Yang to put as much distance between himself and Johnson before the final sprint as possible. 
Johnson ran his personal best at 4:49.7 and finished just 1.2 sec slower than Yang, winning the gold by 58 points with an Olympic record total of 8,392 points. Both athletes were exhausted and drained and came to a stop a few paces past the finish line leaning against each other for support. With this victory, Johnson ended his athletic career.
At UCLA, Johnson also played basketball under legendary coach John Wooden and was a starter on the 1959–60 men's basketball team. Wooden considered Johnson a great defensive player, but sometimes regretted holding back his teams early in his coaching career, remarking, "imagine Rafer Johnson on the break."
While training for the 1960 Olympics, his friend Kirk Douglas told him about a part in Spartacus that Douglas thought might make him a star: the Ethiopian gladiator Draba, who refuses to kill Spartacus (played by Douglas) after defeating him in a duel. Johnson read for and got the role, but was forced to turn it down because the Amateur Athletic Union told him it would make him a professional and therefore ineligible for the Olympics. The role eventually went to another UCLA great, Woody Strode. In 1960, he began acting in motion pictures and working as a sportscaster. In the 1963–1964 season, he appeared on an episode of ABCs drama about college life, Channing, starring Jason Evers and Henry Jones. Johnson made several film appearances including the James Bond film Licence to Kill as a DEA agent. After his acting career, he worked full-time as a sportscaster in the early 1970s. He weekend sports anchored on the local Los Angeles NBC news, but seemed uncomfortable in that position and eventually moved on to other things.
In 1968, he worked on the presidential election campaign of Robert F. Kennedy, and with the help of Rosey Grier, he apprehended Sirhan Sirhan immediately after Sirhan had assassinated Kennedy. He discusses the experience in his autobiography, The Best That I Can Be (published in 1999 by Galilee Trade Publishing and co-authored with Philip Goldberg).
Rafer Johnson is the spokesperson for Hershey's Track & Field Games and is very involved in Special Olympics Southern California (www.sosc.org). After attending the first Special Olympics competition in Chicago in 1968, conducted by Special Olympics founder, Eunice Kennedy Shriver, he was inspired to become involved. Johnson, along with a small group of volunteers, then founded California Special Olympics in 1969 by conducting a competition at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum for 900 individuals with intellectual disabilities. Following the first California Games in 1969, Johnson became one of the original members of the Board of Directors. The board worked together to raise funds and offer a modest program of swimming and track and field. In 1983, Rafer ran for President of the Board to increase Board participation, reorganize the staff to most effectively use each person's talents and expand fundraising efforts. He was elected president and served in the capacity until 1992, when he was named Chairman of the Board of Governors.
Johnson's brother Jimmy is a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame and his daughter Jennifer competed in beach volleyball at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney following her collegiate career at UCLA. His son Joshua Johnson followed his father into track and field and had a podium finish in the javelin throw at the USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships.
Johnson was named Sports Illustrated's Sportsman of the Year in 1958 and won the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States in 1960, breaking that award's color barrier. He was chosen to ignite the Olympic Flame during the opening ceremonies of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. In 1994, he was elected into the first class of the World Sports Humanitarian Hall of Fame. In 1998, he was named one of ESPN's 100 Greatest North American Athletes of the 20th Century. In 2006, the NCAA named him one of the 100 Most Influential Student Athletes of the past 100 years. On August 25, 2009, Governor Schwarzenegger and Maria Shriver announced that Johnson would be one of 13 California Hall of Fame inductees in The California Museum's yearlong exhibit. The induction ceremony was on December 1, 2009, in Sacramento, California. Johnson is a member of The Pigskin Club of Washington, D.C. National Intercollegiate All-American Football Players Honor Roll. Rafer Johnson Junior High School in Kingsburg, California is named after Johnson, as are Rafer Johnson Community Day School and Rafer Johnson Children's Center, both in Bakersfield, California. This last school, which has classes for special education students from the ages of birth-5, also puts on an annual Rafer Johnson Day. Every year he speaks at the event and cheers on hundreds of students with special needs as they participate in a variety of track and field events. In 2010, Johnson received the Fernando Award for Civic Accomplishment from the Fernando Foundation and in 2011, he was inducted into the Bakersfield City School District Hall of Fame. Additionally, Rafer now acts as the athletic advisor to Dan Guerrero, Director of Athletics at UCLA. He was Inducted into the Texas Track and Field Coaches Hall of Fame, Class of 2016.
In the media
- The Sins of Rachel Cade (1960) - Kosongo
- Wild in the Country (1961) - Davis
- Pirates of Tortuga (1961) - John Gammel
- None but the Brave (1965) - Pvt. Johnson
- The Last Grenade (1970) - Joe Jackson
- Soul Soldier (1970) - Pvt. Armstrong
- Licence to Kill (1989) - Mullens
- Think Big (1990) - Johnson
- Rafer Johnson. sports-reference.com
- "Today in history". The New York Times. Associated Press. August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- The Best That I Can Be: an Autobiography, Rafer Johnson, New York, NY, U.S.: Doubleday, 1998, page 24, "I’m sure that in 1946 no one thought twice when they heard that another family named Johnson had moved into town; it was the most common name in Kingsburg.”
- Joe Posnanski (August 2, 2010). "Rafer Johnson and the Power of 10". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on August 5, 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
- Rivals: Legendary Matchups That Made Sports History, edited by David K. Wiggins, R . Pierre Rodgers; "Ch. 1 The Purest of Rivalries: Rafer Johnson, C.K. Yang, and the 1960 Olympic Decathlon," by Joseph M. Turrini; Fayetteville, Arkansas, U.S.: University of Arkansas Press, 2010.
- Great Olympic Moments: UCLA friends Rafer Johnson and Yang Chuan-kwang make decathlon history in 1960, The Telegraph, Jon Henderson, 26 June 2012.
- Rome 1960: The Olympics That Changed the World, David Maraniss, New York, NY, U.S.: Simon & Schuster, 2008, page 301, "At that moment, (Coach Elvin 'Ducky') Drake was like a master chess player competing against himself. He saw the whole board and was making the best moves for both sides."
- "Rafer Johnson — Olympic gold medalist and UCLA dad". Spotlight.ucla.edu. October 1, 2005. Archived from the original on January 18, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- Jacobs and Washington on track for repeat in Paris - USA Champs Day Three. IAAF (2003-06-22). Retrieved on 2015-07-02.
- "Art of the Olympians | Be the best you can be". artoftheolympians.org. Retrieved 2016-05-16.
- "Sportsman of the Year". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- "100 Most Influentical Student-Athletes". ncaa.org
- "Eight Olympians, Paralympians Named Athletes In Excellence". Team USA. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
- "Rafer Johnson, Two-Time Olympic Gold and Silver Decathlon Medalist–Guest 1/15/2015". kenboxerlive.com. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Maraniss, David (2008). Rome 1960: The Olympics That Changed The World. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1-4165-3408-3.
- Johnson, Rafer (1998). The Best That I Can Be: An Autobiography. Doubleday. ISBN 0-3854-8760-6.
| Flagbearer for United States
| Final Olympic torchbearer
Los Angeles 1988
| Final Summer Olympic torchbearer
Los Angeles 1984
Chung Sun-Man, Sohn Mi-Chung
and Kim Won-Tak
| Track & Field Athlete of the Year
| Men's decathlon world record holder
June 11, 1955 – May 18, 1958
| Men's decathlon world record holder
July 28, 1958 – May 17, 1959
| Men's decathlon world record holder
July 9, 1960 – April 28, 1963