Arié studied first in his native city with C. Brambaroff, making his stage debut at the Sofia Opera in 1945. He then left for Italy to further his studies, and was a pupil of Riccardo Stracciari, Apollo Granforte and Carlo Tagliabue. He made his debut at La Scala in 1946, as the King in The Love for Three Oranges.
He sang widely in Italy, creating in Venice, the role of Trulove in The Rake's Progress in 1951. He also appeared at the Vienna State Opera, the Salzburg Festival, the Paris Opéra, and the Aix-en-Provence Festival.
Arié possessed a deep, easily produced and fine-textured voice, he can be heard on record, as Raimondo in Lucia di Lammermoor, opposite Maria Callas, Giuseppe di Stefano, Tito Gobbi, under Tullio Serafin.
- 1953 - Donizetti - Lucia di Lammermoor - Maria Callas, Giuseppe di Stefano, Tito Gobbi, Raffaele Arié - Coro e Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala, Tullio Serafin
- 1959 - Bellini - I puritani - Anna Moffo, Gianni Raimondi, Ugo Savarese, Raffaele Arié - Coro e Orchestra di Milano della RAI, Mario Rossi.
- 1974 - Verdi - Luisa Miller - Gilda Cruz-Romo, Luciano Pavarotti, Christina Angelakova, Raffaele Arié, Ferruccio Mazzoli - Coro e Orchestra di Torino della RAI, Peter Maag.
- Grove Music Online, Noël Goodwin, Oxford University Press, 2008.