8 July 1948
|Occupation||Musician, author, essayist, lecturer|
|Subject||Ecology, Child Advocacy|
Raffi Cavoukian, CM OBC (Armenian: Րաֆֆի, born 8 July 1948), better known by the mononym Raffi, is a Canadian singer-songwriter and author born in Egypt and known best for his children's music. He developed his career as a "global troubadour" to become a music producer, author, entrepreneur, and founder of the Centre for Child Honouring, a vision for global restoration.
Born in Cairo, Egypt, to Armenian parents, he spent his early years in Egypt before immigrating with his family to Canada in 1958, eventually settling in Toronto, Ontario. His mother named him after the Armenian poet Raffi. His father Arto Cavoukian was a well-known portrait photographer with a studio on Bloor Street in Toronto. His older brother Onnig Cavoukian, known as "Cavouk", is also a famous portrait photographer. His younger sister is Ann Cavoukian, Ontario's former Information and Privacy Commissioner. His parents died within 12 hours of each other, his mother dying first, of abdominal cancer.
In the early 1970s, Raffi frequented a guitar store near Yonge and Wellesley called Millwheel, where he met other developing Canadian musicians such as David Wilcox and John Lacey. Raffi ran a coffee house at the University of Toronto up until 1980. He befriended John Lacey, a folk guitarist from Oakville, Ontario, who helped Raffi improve his finger picking (John went on to become a steel guitar player). Raffi continued playing folk guitar in various coffee houses in Toronto and Montreal before hitchhiking to Vancouver in 1972 to find "fame and fortune."
He returned to Toronto after a few years and was invited to sing for a Toronto public school. Despite his own hesitations about singing for kids, he was an immediate success, and thus he began his career entertaining children.
Raffi started his own fund, and now is an environmentalist as well as a musician.
Once called "the most popular children's singer in the English-speaking world" he is well loved by many children born in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s for his popular children's songs. His autobiography, The Life of a Children's Troubadour, documents the first part of his award-winning career. Some of Raffi's best-known children's songs are Baby Beluga, Bananaphone, All I Really Need, and Down by the Bay.
Most of Raffi's children's albums include small, simple, folk instrumentations featuring Raffi's vocal and guitar work. Early works included contributions from Toronto-area folk musicians, including Ken Whiteley, The Honolulu Heartbreakers, and Bruce Cockburn. Raffi also incorporated many world music sounds into his records.[example needed]
Raffi preferred to play in small intimate settings. In his autobiography he notes that he turned down a very lucrative offer to perform a concert at Madison Square Garden because he thought the venue was too large for him to connect to children. He also wrote that early in his career, he found it difficult to perform for kids under 3 years old because their short attention span was distracting to him and to the rest of the audience. This led to him taking a hiatus from children's performing in the mid 1980s.
Raffi is currently the president of Troubadour Music Inc., a triple-bottom-line company he founded to produce and promote his work according to his ethical standards. As of 2012, he continued to perform and appear occasionally across Canada and the United States.
Raffi's recent musical work focuses on social and environmental causes and appeals to the generation who grew up with his children's music ("Beluga Grads") to affect change in the world. He also promotes those causes through his books, academic lectures and as a speaker. In 2007, Raffi wrote, recorded and produced the single, Cool It, a rockabilly "call to action" on global warming with Dr. David Suzuki in the chorus. Cool It was the theme song for Dr. Suzuki's recent Canadian tour to promote action on climate change. In February 2016, Raffi released the song Wave of Democracy in support of American Senator Bernie Sanders run to be the nominee of the Democratic Party (United States) and the US Presidency.
In the 21st century, Raffi has devoted himself to "Child Honouring," his vision for creating a humane and sustainable world by addressing the universal needs of children. The Child Honouring ethic is described as a "vision, an organizing principle, and a way of life—a revolution in values that calls for a profound redesign of every sphere of society." His "Covenant for Honouring Children" outlines the principles of this philosophy.
In 2006, with Dr. Sharna Olfman, he co-edited an anthology, Child Honouring: How to Turn This World Around, which introduces Child Honouring as a philosophy for restoring communities and ecosystems. It contains chapters by Penelope Leach, Fritjof Capra, David Korten, Riane Eisler, Mary Gordon, Graca Machel, Joel Bakan, Matthew Fox, Barbara Kingsolver, Jean-Daniel Williams, and others. The book's foreword is by the 14th Dalai Lama. Resisto Dancing: Songs of Compassionate Revolution is the companion music record album for that book.
Raffi advocates for a child's right to live free of commercial exploitation and he has consistently refused all commercial endorsement offers. Raffi's company has never directly advertised nor marketed to children. In 2005, he sent an open letter to Ted Rogers of Rogers Wireless, urging them to stop marketing cell phones to children. He also turned down a film proposal for "Baby Beluga" because of the nature of the funding, which was based on exploitative advertising and marketing.
Raffi has been hailed for his work as "Canada's all time children's champion."
In October 2006, Raffi was presented with the Fred Rogers Integrity Award by the Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood at the Judge Baker Children's Center in Boston, for his consistent refusal to use his music in endorsements that market products directly to children.
In 2012, after learning details surrounding the online bullying, exploitation and ultimate suicide of teenager Amanda Todd, Raffi and his Centre for Child Honouring co-founded the Red Hood Project with business owner, former Crown prosecutor, community and arts philanthropist and advocate Sandy Garossino and design professional, writer, educator and community activist Mark Busse. Red Hood Project is a movement for consumer protection for children online that launched in November 2012.
In June 2013, Raffi published his book, Lightweb Darkweb: Three Reasons To Reform Social Media Before it Re-Forms Us, a revealing look at both the benefits and the dangers present on the Internet and critique of society's unquestioning embrace of social media.
Awards and memberships
- Order of Canada (1983)
- Order of British Columbia (2001)
- Doctor of Music, from the University of Victoria (honorary degree)
- Doctor of Letters, from the University of British Columbia (honorary degree)
- Doctor of Letters, from Wilfrid Laurier University (honorary degree)
- Fred Rogers Integrity Award (2006)
- Special Achievement Award at the SOCAN Awards in Toronto in 2000.
- Honorary Doctorate of Letters, Vancouver Island University (2014)
- Good Luck Boy (1975)
- Singable Songs for the Very Young (1976)
- Adult Entertainment (1977)
- More Singable Songs (1977)
- The Corner Grocery Store (1979)
- Baby Beluga (1980)
- Rise and Shine (1982)
- Raffi's Christmas Album (1983)
- One Light, One Sun (1985)
- Everything Grows (1987)
- Raffi in Concert with the Rise and Shine Band (1989)
- Evergreen Everblue (1990)
- Raffi on Broadway (1993)
- Bananaphone (1994)
- Raffi Radio (1995)
- The Singable Songs Collection (1996)
- Raffi's Box of Sunshine (2000)
- Country Goes Raffi (2001) (tribute album)
- Let's Play (2002)
- Where We All Belong (2003)
- Song for the Dalai Lama (2004) (commemorative CD)
- Quiet Time (2006) (compilation)
- Resisto Dancing – Songs of Compassionate Revolution (2006)
- Animal Songs (2008) (compilation)
- Songs of Our World (2008) (compilation)
- Communion (2009)
- On Hockey Days (2012) (single)
- Fun Food Songs (2013) (compilation)
- Love Bug (2014)
- Owl Singalong (2016)
- A Young Children's Concert with Raffi (1984)
- Raffi in Concert with the Rise and Shine Band (1988)
- Raffi on Broadway (1993)
- Raffi Renaissance (2007)
- The Life of a Children's Troubadour (2000)
- Child Honouring: How to Turn this World Around (2006)
- Lightweb Darkweb (2013)
- Shake My Sillies Out (1988)
- Tingalayo (1988)
- Spider on the Floor (1996)
- Baby Beluga (1997)
- Wheels on the Bus (1998)
- Down by the Bay (1999)
- Five Little Ducks (1999)
- If You're Happy and You Know It (2005)
- "New York Times", 18 September 2002
- Washington Post, 31 May 1992
- "Raffi upcoming concerts". Retrieved 3 December 2012.
- Olfman, S. and Cavoukian, R. eds (2006). "Child Honouring: How to Turn This World Around" (PDF). Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "A Covenant for Honoring Children" (PDF). Childhonoring.org. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
-  Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Raffi Asks Rogers Not to Market Mobile Phones to Children – Commercial Alert". Commercialalert.org. 30 August 2005. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- "Raffi on George Stroumboulopoulos Tonight: INTERVIEW". YouTube. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- Toronto Star, 10 March 1996
- "The Governor General of Canada > Find a Recipient". Gg.ca. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- "2001 Recipient: Raffi Cavoukian – Vancouver | Order of BC". Orderofbc.gov.bc.ca. 15 January 2009. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- "University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, Media releases". Communications.uvic.ca. 13 October 2004. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
-  Archived 26 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Wilfrid Laurier University - University Secretariat - Senate - Honorary Degree Recipients
- "CCFC – The Fred Rogers Integrity Award". Commercialfreechildhood.org. 2 February 2005. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- 2000 SOCAN AWARDS
- Record of Honorary Doctorate Recipients
- Campagnola, Iona. "Campagnola says Child Honouring is a vast change in the human paradigm", "Child Honoring Luncheon" 2006-07-29. Retrieved on 14 March 2007.
- Cavoukian, Raffi. "Raffi's open letter to Ted Rogers asking not to market mobile phones to children", "Commercial Alert", 2005-08-30. Retrieved on 14 March 2007.
- Adilman, Sid, Toronto Star, "Coming of Age Canada's boom in recordings for kids has peaked. But shift is on to videos and CD-Roms", 10 March 1996
- Leiby, Richard, The Washington Post, "Raffi's Growing Pains", 31 May 1992.
- Pogrebin, Robin, "The New York Times", "Not All Sunshine for Teensy Set's Troubadour", "". Retrieved on 31 October 2015.
- Appears as a parody, named Roofi, in an Episode of The Simpsons – "Marge vs. Singles, Seniors, Childless Couples and Teens, and Gays" (eighth episode of the fifteenth season)
- Child Honouring
- Raffi at the Internet Movie Database
- "A Day in the Life" podcast about Raffi's career
Organizations affiliated with Raffi: