Rafic Charaf (Baalbek, Lebanon, 1932 – Beirut 2003) was a Lebanese painter. He studied at the Académie Libanaise des Beaux-Arts ALBA and, in 1955, obtained a scholarship from the Spanish government and went at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid before returning to Lebanon.
Life and Work
Grown up in a poor neighborhood, Charaf pioneered an expressionistic style of painting, covering a range of themes including contemporary political issues, social struggles of his native Baalbek and folk art and poetry.
Charaf appeared as a visionary and pessimistic artist when, in the early 1960s, he depicted lugubrious landscapes, often outfitted by wires and dead trees. He always showed social and political involvement in his art, so that when the Lebanese Civil War broke up, he produced posters devoted to the National Resistance. Charaf eventually made during this period more personal drawings in which he interpreted his feelings about the tragedy that shook his country. Two of these drawings were part of The Road to Peace, an exhibition Saleh Barakat curated in 2009 at the Beirut Art Center, encompassing Lebanese visual arts between 1975 and 1991. In the years following the beginning of the war, Charaf will drift into an opposite direction, working with gold leaf on icons inspired by Byzantine and Oriental religious mosaics and paintings.
Rafic Charaf always showed interest on popular culture from his native region and elsewhere in the region. Inspired by oral history and folklore, he created a series of paintings depicting the epics of the Arab poet and hero Antar and his cousin, Abla, with whom he fell in love and married her.
- Body and Space, Planula Elissar, Beirut, 1981
- Antar wa Abla, Galerie Damo, Antelias, Lebanon, 1978
- Charaf, Contact Gallery, Beirut, 1975
- Charaf, Contact Gallery, Beirut, 1974
- Of Men and Horses, Contact Gallery, Beirut, 1973
- Forgotten Land, Carlton Hotel, Beirut, 1964
- Unesco Palace, 1961
- Art from Lebanon, Beirut Exhibition Center, 2012
- De Lumière et de Sang, Foundation Audi, Beirut, 2010
- The Road to Peace, Beirut Art Center, 2009
- Landscapes.Cityscapes.1 - Maqam Art Gallery, Beirut, 2009
- Biennale de Paris, 1965
- 3rd Unesco Salon, Beirut, 1955
- Prix de l’Ile de France, 1963
- Ministry of Education of Lebanon, 1st Prize, 1959
- Nicole MALHAMÉ HARFOUCHE (1 February 2003). "RAFIC CHARAF N'EST PLUS L'ART LIBANAIS EN DEUIL". Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Trading places Lebanese and Spanish artists switch hats for a new exhibition". Now Lebanon. 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Buchakjian, Gregory (2010). Convergence: New Art from Lebanon (PDF). Washington: Katzen Arts Center. ISBN 978-9953-0-1680-1.
- Maasri, Zeina (3 February 2009). Off the Wall: Political Posters of the Lebanese Civil War (PDF). I. B. Tauris. p. 41. ISBN 1-84511-951-7.
- "The Road to Peace". Beirut Art Center. 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Rafic Charaf". The Mokbel Art Collection. 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Joseph Sokhn. "Rafic Charaf et la vie populaire". OneFineArt. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Art From Lebanon". Beirut Exhibition Center. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- "Canvas Guide: 'Of Light and Blood: Spain and Lebanon, Shared Stories'". Canvas Magazine. June 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2012.