Rafizi Ramli

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Rafizi Ramli
Rafizi Ramli.jpg
Rafizi in 2013
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Pandan
In office
5 May 2013 – 10 May 2018
Preceded byOng Tee Keat (MCA-BN)
Succeeded byWan Azizah Wan Ismail (PKR-PH)
Majority26,729 (2013)
Vice-President of the People's Justice Party
Assumed office
20 August 2014
PresidentWan Azizah Wan Ismail
Anwar Ibrahim
Secretary-General of the People's Justice Party
In office
13 October 2014 – November 2016
Preceded bySaifuddin Nasution Ismail
Succeeded bySaifuddin Nasution Ismail
Strategy Director of the People's Justice Party
In office
Unknown – 13 October 2014
Succeeded bySim Tze Tzin
Personal details
Mohd Rafizi bin Ramli

(1977-09-14) 14 September 1977 (age 44)
Besut, Terengganu, Malaysia
Political partyPeople's Justice Party (PKR)
Other political
Pakatan Harapan (PH)
Pakatan Rakyat (PR)
EducationMalay College Kuala Kangsar
Alma materUniversity of Leeds (BEng)
ProfessionChartered accountant
WebsiteOfficial website
Rafizi Ramli on Facebook

Mohd Rafizi bin Ramli (born 14 September 1977) is a Malaysian politician. He is the Vice-President[1] and former Secretary-General of the People's Justice Party (PKR), a component party of Pakatan Harapan (PH). Rafizi is also a former Member of Parliament of Malaysia for Pandan in Selangor from 2013 to 2018. He is the founder of the whistleblower organization, National Oversight and Whistleblowers Centre (NOW)[2] and the election volunteerism organization, Invoke Malaysia (INVOKE).[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Rafizi was born in Besut, Terengganu and was raised in Kemaman, an east-coast town. He came from a humble background; his father was a rubber tapper. During his schooling days he was active in extra-curricular activities where he represented Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK) for debate championships as well as being a top student. After finishing his secondary education, he was awarded a scholarship to study Electrical Engineering at University of Leeds.

Rafizi has been active in politics since his university days. When Anwar Ibrahim was sacked as the deputy prime minister of Malaysia in 1998 he became more involved politics and had joined in the Reformasi movement. He dedicates his involvement in politics to Adlan, his close friend who had become his inspiration.[4]

Early career[edit]

After graduating from college, Rafizi worked for an accounting firm in the United Kingdom and at, the same time, studied for professional papers and qualified as a chartered accountant under Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW).[5] Upon returning to Malaysia in 2003, Rafizi worked for the Malaysian oil company, Petronas from 2003 to 2009. During his tenure at Petronas, he held many important portfolios including managing Petronas' 30 Billion petrochemical assets. In 2009, he became the general manager of the health care company Pharmaniaga, before being appointed as the Chief Executive of the Selangor Economic Advisory Office, a position he held until July 2012.[6]

Political career[edit]

Rafizi was elected to Parliament in the 2013 general election. PKR selected him to contest the seat of Pandan, the incumbent holder of which was Ong Tee Keat of the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) in the governing Barisan Nasional coalition and the then, Minister of Transport. MCA dropped Ong; the popular but controversial ousted party president as a candidate for the election. This decision was exploited by Rafizi, who repeatedly praised Ong on the campaign trail.[7] Rafizi enjoyed an enormous swing towards PKR to be elected by a margin of 26,729 votes, more than doubling the number received by the MCA candidate.[8] Prior to this, he was the strategy director for his party.

Rafizi had decided not to contest in the 2018 general election (GE14) because of his eligibility was in doubt as his appeal of court cases convictions and jail sentences for exposing both scandals of National Feedlot Corporation (NFC) and 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) which were still pending then.[9][10][11]

Kajang Move[edit]

Rafizi is a close ally of the PKR's parliamentary leader Anwar Ibrahim.[12] In 2014, Rafizi engineered the failed Kajang Move, which sought to oust Khalid Ibrahim, a PKR member, as Chief Minister of Selangor and install Anwar as his replacement. The move encountered a number of obstacles; it ultimately succeeded in forcing Khalid's resignation, but Azmin Ali, PKR's deputy president, replaced him instead.[13]

In October 2014, after the Kajang Move reached its conclusion, Rafizi was appointed as secretary-general of PKR, replacing Saifuddin Nasution Ismail as the leading administrative officer of the party.[14] Rafizi's appointment came two months after his election as one of the party's four vice-presidents.[15] The party's constitution permitted him to hold both his appointed and elected positions.[16]


Rafizi Ramli has been a staunch critic of the Barisan Nasional (BN) led government. He has revealed many leakages in the government, including corruption and mismanagement. Among his infamous revelation for BN wrong doings was the National Feedlot Corporation (NFC) scandal which involved the Women, Family and Community Development Minister, Shahrizat Abdul Jalil. Shahrizat and her family were accused of misusing RM250 million in public funds meant for a state cattle ranch in Gemas, Negeri Sembilan.[17] She's, however, were cleared out from this case by Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC).[18] He has also revealed malpractices and wastages in the government which includes awarding of over-priced closed tender projects and purchasing of overpriced assets. Pakatan Rakyat state government officials also have their part with the revelation of 14th Menteri Besar of Selangor, Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim out of court settlement with Bank Islam over the RM66.67mil Kumpulan Guthrie Bhd shares when Khalid was the group’s chief executive officer. His revelation, which liquified Khalid Ibrahim's integrity were a part which culminated the Kajang Move.[19]

Rafizi Ramli is an advocate for lower petrol prices.[20] He criticised the government's move in 2014 to end petrol subsidies, arguing that it would benefit oil companies and petrol station owners but not the Malaysian people.[21] He had prominently threaten to lead a street protest on 2015 New Year's Eve if the government did not lower the oil prices, following the fall of oil prices worldwide.[22][23] He had also advocated for changes to the way petrol prices are fixed by the government, to protect petrol station owners from the deleterious impacts of fluctuating prices.[24][25] His action for defending petrol station owners have attracted criticism from netizens and Utusan Malaysia for abandoning people's interest.[26][27][28]



He was charged for exposing confidential Public Bank's customer document in his pursuit of exposing the NFC scandal. Rafizi was charged in August 2012 under Banking and Financial Institutions Act (Bafia) 1989 for revealing four Public Bank customer-profile documents on the balance summaries of the NFC, National Meat and Livestock Sdn Bhd, Agroscience Industries Sdn Bhd and NFC chairman, Datuk Seri Mohamad Salleh Ismail.[29][30]

Rafizi was allegedly disclosed the documents to media consultant Yusuf Abdul Alim and to The Star reporter Erle Martin Carvalho, at the PKR headquarters in Petaling Jaya on 7 March 2012. Bank clerk Johari Mohamad, 44, is also accused of conspiring with Rafizi.[31][32] His effort to strike out the charges were rejected by High Court on 23 November 2012, by Appeals Court on 23 May 2013 and finally, by Federal Court on 6 April 2015.[33] His trial will begin 27 April 2015.[34][35] On 7 February 2018 Rafizi was sentenced by a Sessions Court in Shah Alam to 30 months in jail for exposing confidential banking details relating to the NFC scandal.[36] The conviction was however overturned by the High Court on 15 November 2019 and he was fully discharged from the earlier jail sentence.[37]

On 8 April 2016, Rafizi pleaded not guilty to the charge of publishing libellous statement against Tabung Haji (TH) through the posting of an article with the heading '’Analisa Kewangan Tabung Haji 2009-2015” in his blog www.rafiziramli.com.[38] On 27 February 2019 the Kuala Luampur Magistrate’s Court acquitted and discharged him on defaming TH.[39]

In August 2017, a Malaysian High Court in Kuala Lumpur upheld an 18-month jail sentence against him for having page 98 of the 1MDB audit report without approval, in violation of the Official Secrets Act 1972.[40] The conviction and 18-month jail sentence had prevented Rafizi from contesting in the GE14.[41] On 1 June 2018 after the GE14, Rafizi however was released on good behaviour bond of RM10,000 bound over for two years in one surety over the OSA conviction by the Court of Appeal.[42]

On 16 November 2019, Rafizi Ramli succeeded in his appeal in the case involving NFC, National Meat and Livestock Sdn Bhd, Agroscience Industries Sdn Bhd and NFC chairman, Datuk Seri Mohamad Salleh Ismail.[43] Judge involved in this appeal was Judge Mohd Yazid Mustafa. Mohd Yazid, in his ruling, said exhibit P4 and attachments A to D were photostated documents that failed to meet requirements under Section 65(1)(c) of the Evidence Act 1950, and therefore inadmissible. Also discharged and acquitted from the same charge was bank clerk Johari Mohamad.

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia: P100 Pandan, Selangor[44][45][46][47]
Year Opposition Votes Pct Government Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2013 Rafizi Ramli (PKR) 48,183 66.73% Lim Chin Yee (MCA) 21,454 29.71% 73,225 26,729 87.32%


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  2. ^ "NOW Malaysia - National Oversight & Whistleblowers". nowmalaysia.org.
  3. ^ "INVOKE Malaysia : Objective". invokemalaysia.org.
  4. ^ "Allahyarham Adlan Benan Omar (1973 – 2008) - Rafizi Ramli". rafiziramli.com.
  5. ^ "Biodata - Rafizi Ramli". rafiziramli.com.
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  7. ^ Chooi, Clara (22 April 2013). "Rafizi rides on Tee Keat's name in campaign for Pandan". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  8. ^ Chooi, Clara; Md Izwan (24 February 2013). "PKR mulled Tee Keat for Pandan but chose Rafizi, source says". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  9. ^ Azura Abas (7 February 2018). "EC: Too soon to decide if Rafizi can contest in GE14". New Straits Times. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Rafizi says will not contest in GE14". New Straits Times. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Rafizi denies contesting in Rantau". New Straits Times. 16 November 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Anwar, Azmin continue to shadow-box in PKR". The Rakyat Post. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  13. ^ Md Izwan (19 October 2014). "Azmin to bear PKR, Pakatan's burden in a future without Anwar". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  14. ^ Rahmah Ghazali (13 October 2014). "Rafizi appointed PKR secretary-general". The Star. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
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  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  20. ^ KHAN, FARAH ZAMIRA FARUSH (26 December 2018). "Harga RON95 sebenar di bawah RM2" (in Malay). Sinar Harian.
  21. ^ "Archived copy" (in Malay). Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 April 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ @gmail.com), zulkefli hamzah (warungrakyat.mingguan. "Politik kritik" (in Malay).
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  28. ^ RASHAD, ROBIATULADAWIYAH ABD (26 December 2018). "Pengusaha tak akan muflis walau minyak turun" (in Malay).
  29. ^ V Anbalagan (7 April 2015). "Court Orders Rafizi to Stand Trial Over NFC Bank Leaks". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  30. ^ V Anbalagan - The Malaysian Insider (7 April 2015). "Court Orders Rafizi to Stand Trial Over NFC Bank Leaks". The Edge Financial Daily. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  31. ^ "Rafizi's BAFIA trial set for April 27". Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  32. ^ "BAFIA: Rafizi mula dibicara 27 April" (in Malay). Utusan Online. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  33. ^ "Rafizi's appeal in bank info leak case struck out". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  34. ^ "Kes Rafizi Dedah Penyata Akaun NFC Dibicara 27 April" (in Malay). mStar. 7 April 2015.
  35. ^ "April 27 for PKR sec-gen Mohd Rafizi's Bafia trial". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  36. ^ Nurbaiti Hamdan (7 February 2018). "Rafizi gets 30 months' jail for exposing NFC banking details". The Star Online. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  37. ^ Azril Annuar (15 November 2019). "High Court acquits Rafizi over NFC bank info leak". Malay Mail. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
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  39. ^ "Rafizi acquitted of Tabung Haji defamation charge". Bernama. The Edge Markets. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
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  41. ^ RAM ANAND (23 August 2017). "Rafizi loses OSA appeal, jail sentence upheld". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  42. ^ Maizatul Nazlina (1 June 2018). "Rafizi released on good behaviour bond over OSA conviction". The Star Online. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  43. ^ "Rafizi walks away a free man".
  44. ^ "P100: Pandan, Selangor". Utusan. Retrieved 19 October 2014. Independent and third party candidates are not included. Percentage figures are based on total turnout.
  45. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 19 June 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  46. ^ "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
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