Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram

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Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram (sometimes called Ram Dhun) is a notable bhajan (Hindu devotional song) that was widely popularized by Mahatma Gandhi.[1]

Lyrics[edit]

The version that is most common was put to music by Vishnu Digambar Paluskar,[2] and was sung by Gandhi and his followers as they walked during the 241 mile Salt March to Dandi.[3]

The Hindi lyrics of the bhajan along with their translation, by historian and musicologist Guy Beck, are as follows:[4]

Hindi - Devanagari script - Original

रघुपति राघव राजाराम
पतित पावन सीताराम
सुंदर विग्रह मेघश्याम
गंगा तुलसी शालग्राम
भद्रगिरीश्वर सीताराम
भगत-जनप्रिय सीताराम
जानकीरमणा सीताराम
जयजय राघव सीताराम

Transliteration (IAST):

Raghupati raghava rajaram
Patita paavana sitaram
Sundara vigraha meghashyam
Ganga tulasi salagram
Bhadra girishwara sitaram
Bhagat janapriya sitaram
Janaki ramana sitaram
Jaya jaya raghava sitaram

Hindi by Gandhi (tempered the original lyrics)

रघुपति राघव राजाराम,
पतित पावन सीताराम
सीताराम सीताराम,
भज प्यारे तू सीताराम
ईश्वर अल्लाह तेरो नाम,
सब को सन्मति दे भगवान
राम रहीम करीम समान
हम सब है उनकी संतान
सब मिला मांगे यह वरदान
हमारा रहे मानव का ज्ञान

Transliteration (IAST):

raghupati rāghav rājārām,
patit pāvan sītārām
sītārām, jai sītārām,
bhaj pyāre tu sītārām
ishwar allah tero naam
sab ko sanmati de bhagavān
rāma rahīm karīm samān
hama saba hai unaki santān
saba mila māṅge yaha varadān
hamara rahe mānava kā jñān

Translation:

O Lord Rama, descendent of Raghu, Uplifter of the fallen.
You and your beloved consort Sita are to be worshipped.
All names of God refer to the same Supreme Being,
including Ishvara and the Muslim Allah.
O Lord, Please give peace and brotherhood to everyone,
as we are all your children.
We all request that this eternal wisdom of humankind prevail.

In popular culture[edit]

Elements of the chant were included in the song "uTho-uTho he bharat" in the movie Bharat Milap (1942), the song "de dii hamen aazaadii binaa khaDg binaa Dhaal" in the movie Jagriti (1954), Purab Aur Paschim (1970) and in the film Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998), in the Kannada film Gandhi Nagara (1998), and in the movie Gandhi (1982). It was also the title of a Tamil movie produced in 1977. Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram has been recorded by several well-known singers. Pete Seeger included it on his album "Strangers and Cousins" (1964). The song is an important motif in the 2006 Bollywood film, Lage Raho Munna Bhai, and is featured in the movie Gandhi, My Father. The game Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories featured the song on one of the radio stations Radio Del Mundo The 2013 film Satyagraha also has a song based on 'Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram'. Rakesh Roshan's superhero film Krrish 3 contains a song named 'Raghupati Raghav'. The arrangement by Jyotishka Dasgupta is an official piece of Grade 2 Electronic Keyboard from Trinity College London, where it is simply named Bhajan. Sheila Chandra recorded a version titled Bhajan on her 1992 album Weaving My Ancestors' Voices.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dalton, Dennis (1993). Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action. Columbia University Press. p. 109. ISBN 0-231-12237-3.
  2. ^ Sinha, Manjari (2008-08-08). "Tuned to excellence". The Hindu. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
  3. ^ "Dandi: Salt March". Lal, Vinay. University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
  4. ^ Guy L. Beck (17 July 2006). "Hinduism and music". In Guy L. Beck. Sacred Sound: Experiencing Music in World Religions. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-88920-421-8.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dalton, Dennis (1993). Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12237-3.

External links[edit]