Raglan Castle from the front, with main gatehouse at the centre
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Raglan (//; (Welsh: Rhaglan) is a village and community in Monmouthshire, south east Wales, United Kingdom. It is located some 9 miles south-west of Monmouth, midway between Monmouth and Abergavenny on the A40 road very near to the junction with the A449 road. The fame of the village derives from Raglan Castle, built for William ap Thomas and now maintained by Cadw. The community includes the villages of Llandenny and Pen-y-clawdd. Raglan itself has a population of 1,183.
History and buildings
The village stands at the crossing point of two Roman roads, that from Gloucester to Usk, and that from Chepstow to Abergavenny. Raglan was first mentioned in the will of Walter de Clare. The earliest market in Raglan was recorded in 1354. The market cross in the town, which stands in the centre of the cross roads between the church and the Beaufort Arms Inn, consists now only of a massive base on which has been mounted a lamp post. In the large space around this stone the markets were held, the base of the cross forming the table on which bargains were struck.
The agricultural roots of Raglan are illustrated by a 1397 account of discussions between the reeve Ieuan Hire and Ieuan ap Grono and haywards (hedge wardens) Iorwerth ap Gwillym and Hoe ap Gwillym Goch, held in the records depository at Badminton House. The earliest records of the manor of Raglan Court are found in 26 October – 28 July 1391 during the reign of Richard II. At this time Raglan Castle was probably no more than a hill fort. After 1415 Raglan Castle was greatly expanded and by 1587 contemporary descriptions refer to Raglan as a town. For the court, 13 July 1587, the marginal heading reads Burgus de Ragland cum Curia Manerii de Ragland cum membris and the caption becomes 'The Court of William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester of his said borough and the Court of the said Earl of his said manor with members'. From 1 June 1587 onwards most courts refer to the Borough of Ragland in the following manner: 'The Court of the said manor with the Court of the borough or the town of Ragland'.
By 1632, a Court House was established in Raglan. "The jury to meet at the Court House at Ragland the 25th March next by ten of the clock under peyn of xls. apeece to have a view and inquire of lands in Landenny (Llandenny) and Ragland late of Philip David Morris", (Dec. 1632). Subsequent leet courts refer to the liberty of Raglan and in 1682 the hundred of Ragland is mentioned. Court Roll excerpts reflect the issues of the day: In 1680, ‘The bridge called Pontleecke upon the highway leading from Raglan towards Chepstow to be out of repair. Moses Morgan fined for not spending 14s of the parish money towards repairing the stocks and whipping post in the parish of Raglan’. In 1695 the repair of bridges are still under discussion, ‘The bridge called Pont y bonehouse in the town of Raglan, 1695. John Curre, gent., steward’.
There is no longer a direct train service to the village, the local railway station having closed in 1955. The railway station buildings have been removed to St Fagans. The village continued to be an important thoroughfare in the 18th and 19th centuries, which explains its three substantial coaching inns the Beaufort Arms, the Ship and the Crown where the mail coaches would stop.
Castle Street runs north from the village to the castle, although it is now bisected by the A449. The village end of the street contains six listed buildings; Castell Coch, Exmoor House, and The Malthouse, which form a continuous terrace on the eastern side, and 7, and 8, Castle Street and The Old Post Office, which form a run on the western side. Other listed buildings in the village include the Baptist Chapel, the Post Office, and village store, Elm Cottages on the Chepstow Road, and the telephone box in the centre of the village which is to the K6 design and dates from the reign of George VI.
The English Civil War had disastrous consequences both for Raglan Castle as well as for Raglan village. The castle was under siege for two months from 3 June to 19 August 1646 by Parliamentarian forces, finally surrendering to Thomas Morgan. It was then slighted to prevent refortification. In the 18th century the ruins were neglected and were used as a quarry for those needing stone to repair their houses: dressed and moulded stones can be seen in farmhouses and cottages in the area. The castle is now maintained by Cadw, although the Duke of Beaufort remains its hereditary keeper.
St Cadoc's Church
St Cadoc's is a substantial mediaeval church, extensively restored in the 19th century by Thomas Henry Wyatt. It houses some much-defaced tombs of the Lords of Raglan. The base of a fine pilgrim's cross can be seen in the churchyard. The first part of the church was built during the 14th century. The church is a Grade II* listed building.
Cross at Croes Llwyd Farm
On Broom Lane, to the east of Broom House, stands a medieval stone cross, 1.9 metres (6.2 ft) high, with an octagonal shaft. The cross is a Grade I listed structure and a scheduled monument.
- "Community and Ward populations 2011". Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- "Custom report - Nomis - Official Labour Market Statistics". www.nomisweb.co.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
- Soulsby 1983, pp. 222–3.
- Bradney 1992, p. 2.
- "Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516". British History Online. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
- Badminton records: No. 1,573. Michaelmas, 21 Richard II to Michaelmas, 22 Richard II (1397 to 1398. National Library of Wales.
- Bad1am3.doc National Library of Wales.
- Badminton Records. 13 Oct. 1587 (MS 8); MS 7 National Library of Wales.
- Court Roll, 4 August 1716, National Library of Wales
- "Raglan railway station to move to St Fagans museum". BBC News. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
- Newman 2000, p. 489.
- Cadw. "Castell Coch (Grade II) (24731)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "Exmoor House (Grade II) (24732)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "The Malthouse (Grade II) (24733)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "7, Castle Street (Grade II) (24728)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "8, Castle Street (Grade II) (24729)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "The Old Post Office (Grade II) (24730)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "Raglan Baptist Chapel (Grade II) (24743)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "The Post Office (Grade II) (24726)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "3, The High Street, including store to the rear (Grade II) (24727)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "Elm Cottages and attached outbuilding (Grade II) (24744)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "Telephone call-box (Grade II) (2838)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "Cross in St Cadoc's Churchyard (Grade II) (17428)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Newman 2000, pp. 488–489.
- Cadw. "Church of St Cadoc (Grade II*) (2100)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- Cadw. "Cross at Croes Lwyd (Grade I) (24716)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- "Croes Llwyd (306485)". Coflein. RCAHMW. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- "Cross on Croes Lwyd Farm, Monmouthshire". Ancient Monuments. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
- "Your Councillors and the Council". Raglan Community Council. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- The County of Monmouthshire (Electoral Changes) Order 2002. legislation.gov.uk. Statutory Instruments. 6 December 2002. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- Bradney, Joseph (1992). A History of Monmouthshire: The Hundred of Raglan, Volume 2 Part 1. Academy Books. ISBN 1-873361-15-7.
- Newman, John (2000). Gwent/Monmouthshire. The Buildings of Wales. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-071053-1.
- Soulsby, Ian (1983). The Towns of Medieval Wales: A Study of Their History, Archaeology, and Early Topography. Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 978-085033-437-1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Raglan, Monmouthshire.|
- Old Raglan Village Photo's Slideshow
- www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Raglan and surrounding area
- Francis Frith Photo's