Rahim Yar Khan

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Rahim Yar Khan

رحیم یار خان
District Headquarter
CountryPakistan
ProvincePunjab
DistrictRahim Yar Khan
Area
 • Total22 km2 (8 sq mi)
Population
 • Estimate 
(2011)
353,203
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Calling code068
Number of towns4
Number of Union councils8

Rahim Yar Khan ( رحیم یار خان) is a city in Province Punjab, Pakistan. Rahim Yar Khan is the capital city of Rahim Yar Khan District as well as the tehsil of the same name. The city itself is administratively subdivided into nine Union councils.[1] According to the 1998 census, the city population was 233,537 with an annual growth rate of 3.50%. As of 2009, it is around 340,810. The area of Rahim Yar Khan City is about 22 km².

Language

Dialects of Punjabi

Following are the demographics of the Rahim yar khan district, by spoken language:

Inhabitants of District speak a great variety of Punjabi[2] dialects, although few of these dialects are called as separate language “Saraiki”, but because of good and loving nature of people there is no distinction or hate among different dialects and have a mix culture of Great Bahawalpur State, Punjab and Choolistan.

  • Riyasti (Local state dialect spoken by 51% population which is a Mix of Rajhastani, Punjabi and Multani(Saraiki)
  • Majhi & Malwi (Standard Punjabi dialect spoken by 35% specially in majority in Sadiqabad and Khanpur Tehsils and sizeable population in cities)
  • Bagri/Choolistani (9% Population speaks a Punjabi Rajhastani mix specially in Desert area)
  • Haryanvi (1% population speaks A mixture of Punjabi and Urdu. sizeable population in cities)

Other Languages include:

  • Urdu is mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by the sizeable population.
  • English is also understood and spoken by the educated elite.
  • Sindhi is also spoken by small population.
  • Baluchi is also spoken by small population.

History

Buddhism Era

The Buddhist Empire was headed by Asoka. During his quest of power he invade almost whole of the subcontinent. His influence in this area is still unknown to many but it is believed that Rahim Yar Khan was the Part of His Empire before 493 AD.

Rai Dynasty

Rai Dynasty belongs from the Sindh and they came into power around 493 AD Raja Divaji of Rai Dynasty was the ruler. He developed the system of districts and towns in his era. Rai Dynasty Ruled almost 150 yrs in the surrounding area including Sindh and Current Cities like Multan, Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan.

Brahman Era

Brahman’s Era is widely recognized by one of its strongest Kings Raja Dahir, But Brahmans came into power after the Death of King Rai Sahiras II of Rai Dynasty. Brahman Chach Married his widow and came into power. The Brahman Chach belonged to the current known city of Chachran Shariff. The last ruler of Brahman Era was the Strongest Raja Dahir. Raja Dahir was overthrown by Arabs.

Alexander Era

Alexander was the warrior and conqueror when he entered Multan the City which is known by its saints. He appointed one of his famous generals to rule the area. Rahim Yar Khan and neighboring cities came under Alexander successors rule. His rule spread from the city of Multan to Sukkur (then known as Poros) He was challenged by Raja Poros in the Battle of Poros and defeated. With this the Alexander Era came to an end.

Arabs and Islamic Era

Arabs were trading to the Far East in that era. It is a known history that Raja Dahir people attacked some of the Arabs Merchants and their Ships. This gives a change to the history of subcontinent the Caliph of Baghdad Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf sent his commander Mohammad Bin Qasim to free the Arab merchants from Raja Dahir. Mohammad Bin Qasim entered in this area to free the people but his invasion continues and travels to South and north of Punjab till Multan and beyond. Arab ruled the land from 712 A.D to 871 AD Islam flourishes as a religion in their era. The Arab Ruling families at that time was Abbasids and Umayyad in the Arab World and their Kingdom stretched from subcontinent to Spain.

Yemini Dynasty

Yemini dynasty is of Turkish origin and included large extent of Persia and Northern India. Mahmud of Ghazni was the crowned ruler of this empire though it was founded by Sebuktigin. Sebuktigin's son Mahmud, expanded the empire that stretched from the Oxus River to the Indus Valley and the Indian Ocean and in the West too. Mahmud invade the Somnath Temple and after that appointed Karamatian people to the throne. The Yemini Dynasty in subcontinent was under the influence of Abbasid Caliph Abdul Abbas Al Hakim. In 1366 AD Amir Sultan Ahmed II migrated from Egypt to the Subcontinent and settled in the Derawar Fort Area. They were succeeded by Moguls and Ghauris.

Duddees influence

In 1540, Duddees (Daudpota Family of Pakistan) a well-known tribe rose to considerable power in the eastern part of Bahawalpur. Amir Bahadur Khan Abbasi, the chief of Daudpota then came to power him and his descendants wielded small principalities of Bahawalpur State into a united kingdom. Amir Muhammad Mubarik Khan I, Abbasi who came to power in 1702 was an able commander and leader. Throughout his reign he had to fight many battles against Kalhoras. He abdicated in 1723 AD, in favor of his son Sadiq Mohammad Khan I. Sadiq Mohammad Khan I (1723–1746) was killed in a battle with Khuda Yar Khan Kalhora. Amir Mohammad Bahawal Khan I, (1 746-1 949) ascended the throne in 1746. During his short rule, he built the towns of Bahawalpur, Qaimpur, Hasilpur, Tranda Ali Murad Khan, Shahbazpur and Mohammadpur Laman.

Subcontinent and inclusion in Pakistan

On the death of Amir Bahawal Khan 111. Sadiq Mohammad Khan III, (1852–1853) was crowned as Amir. On assuming ruler ship he confined prince Haji Khan and his brothers and treated them harshly. Much of Bahawalpur army was demobilized. All the grants, rights and claims of Daudpotas and other usual expenses were diminished and abolished. These events made the Amir unpopular. On the 29th of Rabi-ul-Sani, 1269 A.H, Fateh Garh Fort was attacked at night. Prince Haji Khan, who was kept as prisoner, was freed and brought to Khanpur. Haji Khan entered Ahmedpur East without any resistance and Sadiq Muhammad Khan III was imprisoned. Prince Haji Khan who assumed the title of Fateh Khan ruled the state from 1853 to 1858 AD. Prince Rahim Yar Khan succeeded his father, the late Amir Fateh Khan Abbasi, as Muhammad Bahawal Khan IV (1858–1866). He was poisoned and died on 25 March. I866. On the death of Amir Bahawal Khan IV, Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV was crowned when he was four and half year old. He was installed in 1879 when he attained maturity In the interim period from 1866 to 1879. The state was supervised by British Officers. Amir Muhammad Bahawal Khan V, the next successor was about I6 years of age at the time of his father's death in 1907. Amir Sadiq Mohammad Khan Abbasi V (1907–1955), was proclaimed Amir of Bahawalpur on the death of his father in 1907. He was then a child of three years old. He ruled the state till 1955 when it was integrated in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Economy

View of evening at the Desert's Palace Road, Rahim Yar Khan

Rahim Yar Khan is a commercial and industrial center, it is connected to the rest of the country through Railway Transport and Air Traffic including the other industrial hubs such as Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, Quetta and Faisalabad. Industries include fertilizer Such as Fauji Fertilizer Company, Fatima Fertilizer Company, cosmetics, glass manufacturing, cotton production and processing, large textile units, flour mills, sugar and oil mills and large-scale power generation projects. Cotton production in Punjab Province starts from this area. Mango and Citrus are the two main fruits of this city. Cottage industries includes ginning, pottery/clay products, agricultural machinery, handicrafts, and embroidery. Agriculture is the Occupation of 65% People Living in Rahim Yar Khan. Recently Rahim Yar Khan Chamber of Commerce was incorporated to overlook the trade and commerce of the cities. It involves Yearly Elections and proper board meetings.[3]

Higher education

Sheikh Zayed Medical College is named after the Late Ruler of United Arab Emirates His Highness Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan. Establishment of Sheikh Zayed Medical College in the city has put the city on International map. The College is accredited by Pakistan Medical and Dental Council. It was earlier based on Self finance Education Scheme. The Yearly Fees is around 3500 Dollars, which is far less than any other medical college operated on Self Finance scheme. Recently it came under the state run list of Medical Schools and now is operated on the basis of self finance and merit basis also. The Board of Directors include personnel linked to the Royal Family of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.[4]

Places to visit

Rahim Yar Khan has a small recreational park. It also has a small recreational zoo.

Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahiyan Desert Hawk, former President of the UAE constructed and maintained a private residence just outside the city called 'Desert Palace' or Abu Dhabi Palace. It is linked with the Sheikh Zayed International Airport Rahim Yar Khan through a designated road which leads directly into the palace. Some rough estimates are that the surroundings of the area is about 35 square kilometers. It includes a vast hunting area which is used by the royal family only.

Sheikh Zayed International Airport, also known as Rahim Yar Khan Airport, is located nearby. It is named in honour of (Late) Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahiyan, as it was originally built for his exclusive use, so that he may visit his "Desert Palace" just outside the city; he later donated it to the Government of Pakistan. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) operates daily flights to Karachi and selected week days flights to Lahore, Faisalabad and Islamabad.

Pakistan International Airline recently started weekly direct flights from Abu Dhabi (capital of United Arab Emirates) to Rahim Yar Khan and Vice Versa.

References

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