Rai Coast languages
|Linguistic classification:||Trans–New Guinea
Though the validity of Rai Coast is well established, there are ongoing adjustments to membership and internal classification. Malcolm Ross added two languages to Rai Coast, Tauya and Biyom, from the small erstwhile Brahman branch of Madang. He classifies the Kalam languages as the closest relatives of Rai Coast, and suggests that they may actually be an additional branch of the family.
- Rai Coast family
- Mindjim branch: Anjam (Bom), Bongu, Male, Sam (Songum)
- Yaganon branch: Ganglau, Saep, Yabong, Dumun (extinct), ?Bai-Maclay (extinct)
- Peka: Danaru, Sumau, Urigina, Sop (Usino)
- Nuru: Duduela (Uyajitaya), Ogea (Erima), Jilim, Kwato, Rerau, Uya (Usu), Yangulam
- Kabenau: Arawum, Kolom (Migum), Lemio, Pulabu, Siroi
Ross (2000, 2005) reconstructs pronouns for proto-Sub-Rai, which is more-or-less synonymous with Rai Coast as a whole, proto-Mindjim, proto-Yaganon, and proto-Kow–Usino.
- Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.
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