|Ethnicity||Kiranti: Limbu, Yakkha, Sunwar, Rai, etc.|
|Nepal, Sikkim, Darjeeling|
The Kiranti languages are frequently posited to form part of a Mahakiranti family, although specialists are not completely certain of either the existence of a Kiranti subgroup or its precise membership. LaPolla (2003), though, proposes that Kiranti may be part of a larger "Rung" group.
- Limbu (affinities to Eastern Kiranti)
- Greater Yakkha: Yakkha, Belhare, Athpare, Chintang, Chulung
- Upper Arun River: Yamphu–Lohorung, Meohang, Waling?
- Midwestern: Thulung (perhaps a primary branch of Kiranti)
- Chaurasiya: Wambule, Jerung
- Upper Dudhkosi River: Khaling, Dumi, Koi
- Northwestern (Sunuwar Kõits): Bahing, Sunwar, Vayu
Ethnologue adds Tilung to Western Kiranti, based on Opgenort (2011).
- George van Driem (2001) Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region. Brill.
- Bickel, Balthasar, G. Banjade, M. Gaenszle, E. Lieven, N. P. Paudyal, & I. Purna Rai et al. (2007). Free prefix ordering in Chintang. Language, 83 (1), 43–73.
- James A. Matisoff: Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman. University of California Press 2003.
- Graham Thurgood (2003) "A Subgrouping of the Sino-Tibetan Languages: The Interaction between Language Contact, Change, and Inheritance," The Sino-Tibetan Languages. Routledge. pp. 3–21.
- Karen H. Ebert (2003) "Kiranti Languages: An Overview," The Sino-Tibetan Languages. Routledge. pp. 505–517.
- Michailovsky, Boyd. 1991. Big black notebook of Kiranti, proto-Kiranti forms. (unpublished ms. contributed to STEDT).
- Opgenort, Jean Robert. 2011. A note on Tilung and its position within Kiranti. Himalayan Linguistics 10.1:253-271.