Raigad district

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Raigad district
Elephanta Cave 3 2.jpg
PanoramaPointView.JPG
Shivaji statue, Alibag 03.jpg
Kalamboli image1.jpg
Hills Views From Raigad.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Elephanta Caves, Hills near Matheran, Kalamboli, Hills around Raigad Fort, Shivaji statue in Alibag
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionKonkan
HeadquartersAlibag
Tehsils1. Alibag,
2. Panvel,
3. Murud,
4. Pen,
5. Uran,
6. Karjat,
7. Khalapur,
8. Mangaon,
9. Roha,
10. Sudhagad,
11.Tala,
12. Mahad,
13. Mhasala,
14. Shrivardhan,
15. Poladpur
Government
 • BodyRaigad Zilla Parishad Alibag
 • Guardian MinisterAditi Sunil Tatkare
(Minister of State Mha)
 • President Z. P. RaigadMs. Yogita Pardhi
 • District CollectorMr. Mahendra Kalyankar (IAS)
 • CEO Z. P. RaigadMr. Kiran Patil, (IAS)
 • MPsSunil Tatkare
(Raigad)
Shrirang Barne
(Maval) [1]
Area
 • Total7,152 km2 (2,761 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,634,200
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
 • Urban
36.91%
Demographics
 • Literacy83.14
 • Sex ratio959 per 1000 male
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-4, NH-66
Average annual precipitation3,884 mm
Websiteraigad.gov.in/en/

Raigad district (Marathi pronunciation: [ɾaːjɡəɖ]), previously Colaba district, is a district in the Konkan division of Maharashtra, India.[2]

The district was renamed to Raigad after the fort that was the first capital of the former Maratha Empire, which in turn was renamed from its earlier name - Rairi. The fort is located in the interior regions of the district, in dense forests on a west-facing spur of the Western Ghats of Sahyadri Range. In 2011 the district had a population of 2,634,200, compared to 2,207,929 in 2001. The name was changed in the regime of Chief Minister A. R. Antulay on 1 January 1981.[3] In 2011 urban dwellers had increased to 36.91% from 24.22% in 2001.[4] Alibag is the headquarters of Raigad district.[5]

Raigad district's neighbouring districts are Mumbai, Thane districts on North, Pune district on East, Satara district on South East, Ratnagiri district is present on South side and Arabian sea on West.[6]

History[edit]

Kulaba (also spelled Kolaba) district was split from Thane district in 1869. At this point, the northernmost parts of present-day Raigad district were retained in Thane district. Panvel, just across the bay from Mumbai, was not included in Kolaba district until 1883, and Karjat, an area in the north-east corner of modern Raigad district, was not placed in Kolaba district until 1891. Kolaba district was later renamed as Raigad district.

A major part of the population is Hindu. The native surnames - last names - in Raigad district are:

  • Bhoir,
  • Bhagat,
  • Patil,
  • Mhatre,
  • Naik and
  • Thakur.

Geography[edit]

The district is bounded by Mumbai Harbour to the northwest, Thane district to the north, Pune district to the east, Ratnagiri district to the south and the Arabian Sea to the west. It includes the large natural harbour of Pen-Mandwa, which is immediately south of Mumbai harbour, and forming a single landform with it.

The northern part of the district is included in the planned metropolis of Navi Mumbai, consisting of Kharghar, Ulve node, New Panvel and Khanda Colony, Taloja, Kamothe and Kalamboli nodes as well as Uran City and its port, the JNPT.

The district includes cities/towns Kharghar, Taloja, Kalamboli, Panvel, Rasayani, Karjat, Khopoli, Matheran, Uran, Pen, Alibag, Murud-Janjira, Roha, Nagothane, Sudhagad-Pali, Mangaon, Mhasla, Shrivardhan, Mahad, Birwadi, Poladpur. The largest city in terms of Population, Industrialization as well as Area is Panvel. The district also includes the isle of Gharapuri or Elephanta, located in Uran which has ancient Hindu and Buddhist caves.

Politics[edit]

Members of Parliament:

Raigad constituency is shared with Ratnagiri district while Maval constituency is shared with Pune district.

Guardian Minister:

Officer[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]


Raigad constituency is shared with Ratnagiri district while Maval constituency is shared with Pune district.

Guardian Minister[edit]

Guardian Minister Raigad
पालकमंत्री रायगड
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Aditi Sunil Tatkare

since 9 January 2020
StyleThe Honourable
ResidenceRoha Sunil Tatkare Home
AppointerChief Minister of Maharashtra
Term length5 years / No time limit
Websiteraigad.gov.in/en/

list of Guardian Minister[edit]

Name Term of office
Prakash Mehta 31 October 2014 - 8 November 2019
Aditi Sunil Tatkare 9 January 2020 - Incumbent

District Magistrate/Collector[edit]

District Magistrate / Collector Raigad
जिल्हाधिकारी तथा जिल्हदंडाधिकरी रायगड
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Dr. Mahendra Kalyankar, IAS

since 23 August 2021
ResidenceAt Alibag Raigad district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websiteraigad.gov.in/en/

list of District Magistrate / Collector[edit]

Name Term of office
Ms. Nidhi Chaudhary (IAS) Till 21 August 2021
Dr. Mahendra Kalyankar (IAS) 23 August 2021 - Incumbent

District Justice[edit]

District Justice Raigad
जिल्हा न्यायाधीश रायगड
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Shri. P.C. Bavaskar

since 12 January 2019
StyleThe Honourable
ResidenceAlibag Raigad district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websiteraigad.gov.in/en/

list of District Justice[edit]

Name Term of office
Shri. P.C. Bavaskar 12 January 2019 - Incumbent

District Police Commissioner[edit]

District Police Commissioner Raigad
जिल्हा पोलीस आयुक्त रायगड
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Shri. Ashok T. Dudhe (IPS)

since 9 October 2020
ResidenceAlibag Raigad district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websiteraigad.gov.in/en/

list of District Police Commissioner[edit]

Name Term of office
Shri. Ashok T. Dudhe (IPS) 9 October 2020 - Incumbent

President & Vice-President Zilla Parishad[edit]

  • President
President Zilla Parishad Raigad
अध्यक्ष जिल्हा परिषद रायगड
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Ms. Yogita Pardhi

since 2020
ResidenceAlibag Raigad district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websiteraigad.gov.in/en/

list of President Zilla Parishad Raigad[edit]

Name Term of office
Ms. Yogita Pardhi 2020 - Incumbent
  • Vice-President
Vice-President Zilla Parishad Raigad
उप- अध्यक्ष जिल्हा परिषद रायगड
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Mr. Sudhakar Ghare

since 2020
ResidenceKarjat Raigad district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websiteraigad.gov.in/en/

list of Vice-President Zilla Parishad Raigad[edit]

Name Term of office
Mr. Sudhakar Ghare 2020 - Incumbent

Chief Executive Officer Zilla Parishad[edit]

Chief Executive Officer Zilla Parishad Raigad
मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी जिल्हा परिषद रायगड
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Dr. Kiran Patil (IAS)

since 2019
ResidenceAlibag Raigad district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websiteraigad.gov.in/en/

list of Chief Executive Officer Zilla Parishad[edit]

Name Term of office
Dr. Kiran Patil (IAS) 2019 - Incumbent

Sub-Divisional Officer[edit]

01) Alibaug

02) pen

03) Panvel

04) Karjat

05) Roha

06) Mangaon

07) Shrivardhan

08) Mahad

Tahasildar & Executive Magistrate[edit]

Education[edit]

After the British took over the old Colaba and this region, they established four Anglo-Vernacular medium school and 30 government schools in the year 1865–66. In the year 1861 the first school for girls was started in Alibag. The Mission Church started the first English school in Alibag in 1879. Prabhakar Patil Education Society (PNP education Society) runs 27 Institutes: Five Primary English & Marathi Schools, Twenty Seven Secondary Marathi Schools, One Arts, Science & Commerce Jr. & Sr. College, One English & Marathi Medium D. Ed College, One B. Ed. College, One Polytechnic Institute and One MMS College. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) established National Institute of Securities Markets at Patalganga, tal Khalapur. Two more old and valuable institutions in Raigad District named Vasantrao Naik College Murud And Mhasla, established by the former Chief Minister of Maharashtra A. R. Antulay.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Raigad district is divided into eight subdivisions, with fifteen talukas, and 1,967 villages.[7]

Subdivision Taluka km2 Census 2001 Census 2011 Panchayats[8] Villages
Alibag Alibag 500 221,661 236,167 62 218
Murud 231 72,046 74,207 24 74
Pen Pen 499 176,681 195,454 63 171
Panvel Panvel 631 422,522 750,236 90 177
Uran 184 140,351 160,303 34 62
Karjat Karjat 665 184,420 212,051 50 184
Khalapur 183 183,604 207,464 42 141
Roha Roha 643 161,750 167,110 62 162
Sudhagad 467 62,852 62,380 34 98
Mangaon Mangaon 683 152,270 159,613 74 187
Tala 250 42,869 40,619 26 61
Shrivardhan Shrivardhan 120 85,071 83,027 43 78
Mhasla 236 61,010 59,914 40 84
Mahad Mahad 1,257 186,521 180,191 134 183
Poladpur 373 54,301 45,464 43 87
Total 15 7,152 2,207,929 2,634,200 821 1,967

Municipal Civic Bodies[edit]

Panvel (in Navi Mumbai city) is the main Municipal Corporations responsible for services. MMRDA, CIDCO, and NAINA are the special planning authorities operational in Raigad district.

Municipal Councils include Matheran, Karjat, Khopoli, Uran, Pen, Alibag, Murud-Janjira, Roha, Shrivardhan, Mahad, Mangaon. Nagar Panchayats include Neral, Poladpur, Khalapur, Tala, Mhasla, and Sudhagad. Proposed Municipal Councils include Rees-Mohopada, Neral-Mamdapur, Pali-Sudhagad, Tala, Mhasla, and Poladpur.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901721,083—    
1911714,371−0.09%
1921677,586−0.53%
1931756,315+1.11%
1941805,157+0.63%
1951909,083+1.22%
19611,058,855+1.54%
19711,263,003+1.78%
19811,486,452+1.64%
19911,824,816+2.07%
20012,207,929+1.92%
20112,634,200+1.78%
source:[9]

According to the 2011 census Raigad district has a population of 2,634,200,[10] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[11] or the US state of Nevada.[12] This gives it a ranking of 153rd in India (out of a total of 640).[10] The district has a population density of 368 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi) .[10] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.31%.[10] Raigad has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males,[10] and a literacy rate of 83.14%.[10]

Religions in Raigad district (2011)[13]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
85.01%
Islam
8.64%
Buddhism
4.62%
Christianity
0.66%
Other or not stated
1.07%

Languages in Raigad district (2011)[14]

  Marathi (79.04%)
  Hindi (7.06%)
  Urdu (5.85%)
  Konkani (4.01%)
  Others (4.04%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 79.04% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 7.06% Hindi, 5.85% Urdu and 4.01% Konkani as their first language.[14]

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are 5.12% and 11.58% of the population respectively. The most populous tribes are the Katkari, Thakar and Mahadev Koli.[15]

Transport[edit]

Raigad District is connected to Mumbai by Sion Panvel Expressway. The Mumbai-Pune expressway and NH4 passes through Panvel. NH 66, which starts at Panvel, traverses the whole district. The Konkan Railway line starts at Roha and passes through Mangaon and Veer in Mahad. The Central Railway Line of Mumbai to Pune passes through Karjat with Extension Line for Karjat to Khopoli. Panvel Junction is the most important railway station in the district; it is connected to Mumbai (by both the Harbour Line and Main Line of Central Railway), Thane (by Trans-Harbour Line), Roha, Vasai (Western Railway) and Karjat. All trains, ranging from passengers to Rajdhanis stop here, and it is considered the gateway for travelling south. There is a narrow gauge railroad from Neral to Matheran, called the Matheran Hill Railway. The main ports are JNPT, Mandava, Revas, Murud, Dighi and Shrivardhan .

University[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Election Commission website
  2. ^ "List of districts in Maharashtra". districts.nic.in. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  3. ^ रायगड जिल्हा
  4. ^ "Raigarh District Population 2011". Census Organisation of India.
  5. ^ "District Map". Government of Maharashtra. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  6. ^ Sawadi, A.B. (2020). महाराष्ट्राचा भूगोल (in Marathi). Pune, India: Nirali publication. p. 8.
  7. ^ "District details". Raigad District, Maharashtra State.
  8. ^ "Block Panchayats of Raigad, Maharashtra". National Panchayat Directory, Panchayat Informatics Division, National Informatics Centre, Government of India. Archived from the original on 5 November 2011.
  9. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  10. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  13. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  14. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  15. ^ 2008 Revised Gazetteer of Raigad
  16. ^ "University Grant Commission". Retrieved 19 November 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°39′00″N 72°52′48″E / 18.65000°N 72.88000°E / 18.65000; 72.88000