Raigarh

Coordinates: 21°48′N 83°18′E / 21.8°N 83.3°E / 21.8; 83.3
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Raigarh
City
Raigarh
From top, left to right : Raigarh Railway Station , Hemu kalani chowk raigarh, Kelo-River, River flows through Raigarh city, TV tower, Sunrise in Raigarh.
Raigarh map
Raigarh map
Raigarh
Location in Chhattisgarh,India
Raigarh map
Raigarh map
Raigarh
Raigarh (India)
Coordinates: 21°48′N 83°18′E / 21.8°N 83.3°E / 21.8; 83.3
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictRaigarh
Government
 • BodyRaigarh (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
 • MLAPrakash Naik (Indian National Congress)
Elevation
219 m (719 ft)
Population
 • City135,363
 • RankIndia 285th, Chhattisgarh 6th
 • Metro
150,019[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
496001 (Raigarh)[2]
Telephone code07762
Vehicle registrationCG-13
UN/LOCODEIN RIG
Sex ratio1000/985 /
Websiteraigarh.gov.in/en/

Raigarh is a city in northern Chhattisgarh known as the 'Cultural capital of Chhattisgarh', Raigarh is famous for its dance form “Kathak” (as Raigarh Gharana) and classical music, Raigarh is also known as Sanskardhani.[3]

It is also known for its coal reserves and power generation for the state and the country.With a population of just about 1,50,019 (2011) it is a rapidly growing industrial city in Chhattisgarh, Raigarh is one of major rice-producing district in India. The city of Raigarh has a lot to offer. Rich in culture and tradition, this place has everything to keep its visitor engaged. Raigarh City is the administrative headquarters of Raigarh district. Apart from its cultural heritage, the city of Raigarh is also known for its Kosa (a fine silk) and rich deposits of coal reserves.

Raigarh is home to one of the oldest jute mills in India and is major producer of Steel, Iron Ore and Power in the country. The most spoken language of the people living here are Odia, Chattisgarhi and Hindi. It is rapidly emerging as industrial city on the map of Chhattisgarh and India[4]

Transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Raigarh Railway Station

Raigarh railway station is a station on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line the broad gauge line. All express and some superfast trains stop here, while Gondwana express and Janshatabdi express originate at Raigarh. It is well connected with many major cities. While for other destinations it has to depend upon Bilaspur railway station, which is a regional rail hub connected to every part of the country and 132   km from Raigarh district headquarter. Kirodimal Nagar railway station is another suburb small station of Raigarh city. Raigarh railway station serving to the people of the nearby area lie Surguja, Dharamjaigarh, Lailunga, Sarangarh. The Raigarh railway station has a good Vehicle parking facility even overnight parking can be done on need.

Airport[edit]

By Air

Nearest Airport is Bilasa devi kevat airport(Bilaspur Airport) just 156 km from Raigarh City.

A private airport owned by the Jindal Steel and Power Limited is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north-west of the city.

History[edit]

The tradition preserved by the ruling family of the erstwhile state of Raigarh maintains that the Raj Gond family migrated to this region from Bairagarh/Wariagarh of Chanda district of Maharashtra state about the beginning of the eighteenth century and first stayed at Phuljhar in Raipur district. From there Madan Singh, head of the family migrated to Banda of the present-day Raigarh. The successor kings of Raigarh state after Maharaja Madan Singh were Maharaja Takhat Singh, Maharaha Beth Singh, Maharaja Dilip Singh, Maharaja Jujhar Singh, Maharaja Devnath Singh, Maharaja Ghansyam Singh, Maharaja Bhupdev Singh, Maharaja Natwar Singh, and Maharaja Chakradhar Singh. Truly speaking music, dance, and literature got fillip during the reign of Maharaja Bhupdev Singh and developed further during the rule of Maharaja Chakradhar Singh.[5] Prior to Indian Independence, Raigarh was capital of Princely State of Raigarh.[6]

Geography and climate[edit]

Raigarh is located at 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E / 21.9; 83.4.[7] It has an average elevation of 215 metres (705 feet). The Kelo river flows through the city, which is one of its main water sources.[8]

The minimum-maximum temperature range is 29.5 - 49 °C in summer, and 8 - 25 °C in winter.

Climate data for Raigarh (1981–2010, extremes 1951–2008)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.4
(92.1)
39.4
(102.9)
43.0
(109.4)
46.0
(114.8)
48.3
(118.9)
47.2
(117.0)
41.8
(107.2)
39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
38.6
(101.5)
36.6
(97.9)
34.4
(93.9)
48.3
(118.9)
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
30.8
(87.4)
35.5
(95.9)
39.8
(103.6)
41.4
(106.5)
37.4
(99.3)
32.2
(90.0)
31.2
(88.2)
32.2
(90.0)
32.4
(90.3)
30.3
(86.5)
28.2
(82.8)
33.3
(91.9)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.5
(68.9)
24.8
(76.6)
27.5
(81.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.6
(76.3)
22.2
(72.0)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
21.4
(70.5)
Record low °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
7.8
(46.0)
12.2
(54.0)
14.4
(57.9)
18.7
(65.7)
19.5
(67.1)
18.6
(65.5)
18.4
(65.1)
20.2
(68.4)
13.4
(56.1)
9.3
(48.7)
6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 16.7
(0.66)
16.0
(0.63)
14.3
(0.56)
14.7
(0.58)
34.5
(1.36)
202.0
(7.95)
403.5
(15.89)
401.9
(15.82)
230.7
(9.08)
46.6
(1.83)
11.3
(0.44)
2.4
(0.09)
1,394.7
(54.91)
Average rainy days 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 2.1 8.5 15.8 16.2 11.0 2.8 0.6 0.2 62.4
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 49 40 31 26 30 53 75 79 75 62 53 51 52
Source: India Meteorological Department[9][10]

Language and demographics[edit]

Languages spoken are Chhattisgarhi, Hindi, and Odia. The demographics of the city consist mainly of people from Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Haryana and Bihar. A sizeable community of Bengali, Telugu and Marathi speaking people also live here.

As of 2011 India census[11] Raigarh district had a population of 1,493,984, and the city of Raigarh a population of 137,126. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Raigarh has an average literacy rate of 87.02%, male literacy is 93.18%, and female literacy is 80.60%.

Religion in Raigarh (2011)

Religions in Raigarh (2011)

  Hinduism (90.20%)
  Islam (5.50%)
  Christianity (2.99%)
  Sikhism (0.85%)
  Jainism (0.19%)
  Buddhism (0.19%)
  Others (0.02%)

Hinduism is Raigarh predominant religious faith, with 90.20% of Raigarh population, followed by Islam (5.50%), Christianity (2.99%),Sikhism (0.85%), Jainism (0.19%) and Buddhism (0.19%).[12]

Education[edit]

rage literacy rate in Raigarh district as per census 2011 is 85.22 % of which males and females are 92.01 % and 78.09 % literates respectively. As of the 2011 Census of India, Raigarh had 55 primary schools, 37 middle schools, 9 secondary schools and 16 senior-secondary school, along with 2 arts and commerce colleges (including Kirodimal Government Arts and Science College), 1 law college, 1 Medical College(Late Shri Lakhiram Agrawal Medical College), 1 polytechnic college.[13] O.P. Jindal University and Kirodimal Institute of Technology are newer institutions in the city.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Raigarh Population".
  2. ^ Raigarh
  3. ^ "History | Raigarh District, Government of Chhattisgarh, India | India". Retrieved 13 January 2023.
  4. ^ "Raigarh Guide".
  5. ^ Poyam, Akash (18 December 2015). "Story of Gond Raja Chakradhar Singh: Scholar, Musician, Dancer". Adivasi Resurgence. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Raigarh State". Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 21. 1909. pp. 45–47. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Raigarh
  8. ^ "Raigarh · Chhattisgarh 496001, India".
  9. ^ "Station: Raigarh Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 641–642. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Raigarh Population (2022/2023), District Tehsils List, Chhattisgarh". www.indiagrowing.com. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  12. ^ "Raigarh City Population 2023 - Sex Ratio, Population Density, Literacy". www.indiacensus.net. Retrieved 27 January 2023.
  13. ^ "Chhattisgarh Census 2011 - Town Amenities". Retrieved 17 February 2022.

External links[edit]