RailTel Corporation of India
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|रेलटेल कॉर्पोरेशन ऑफ़ इंडिया लिमिटेड|
|Public sector undertaking (PSU)|
|Headquarters||143, Institutional Area, Sector-44, Bathinda, Haryana, India|
|R.K. Bahuguna (Chairman & MD)|
|Services||RailTel Services, Carrier Service-Leased Line, NLD for Voice Carriage, Managed Co locations Enterprise Service (MPLS-VPN), Internet|
|Revenue||₹5.54 billion (US$86 million) (2014–15)|
|₹2.98 billion (US$46 million) (2014–15)|
|Profit||₹2.56 billion (US$40 million) (2014–15)|
|Total assets||₹12.36 billion (US$190 million) (2014–15)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||RailTel Enterprises Limited|
RailTel Corporation of India Ltd. is a Miniratna enterprise of Government of India focusing on providing broadband and VPN services. RailTel was formed in September 2000 with the objective of creating nationwide broadband, telecom and multimedia network, to modernise Train Control Operation and Safety System of Indian Railways. RailTel's network passes through around 5,000 stations across the country, covering all central business districts, towns, cities, mini/major-metros.
The Indian Railways was initially solely dependent on the Department of Telecom (now BSNL) for their control and administrative communication circuits. To increase circuit efficiency, the Railways began building up its own communication systems from early 1970s based on overhead telephone lines, quad cabels and MW. In 1983, the Railway Reforms Committee decided to introduce optical fibre cable (OFC) based communications in IR to provide safety, reliability, availability and serviceability through use of a dedicated network. The decision was also taken to create a network independent of the DoT and replace the existing MW telecom systems (60% of which had achieved end of life) with OFC.
Indian Railways commissioned the first OFC on the Churchgate – Virar line in Mumbai in 1988 for train operation and control purpose, which consisted of 60 km of network across 28 stations. The network was expanded in Central India with the commissioning of 900 km of OFC network in 1991–92 across Durg – Nagpur, Nagpur – Itarsi and Itarsi – Bhusaval sections and in Eastern India with the commissioning of 60 km of OFC network in Tata nagar – Chakradhrapur section.
The second National Telecom Policy in 1999 opened the NLD segment under favourable license in conditions with revenue share to assist mobile network operators to spread their networks across India. In 2000, the Government announced the formation of a telecom corporation to build a nationwide broadband multimedia telecommunication network. RailTel was established in September 2000 as a PSU, wholly owned by the Indian Railways.
Wi-Fi and WiMax
RailTel, in collaboration with Google, provides free WiFi access at select railways stations across India. Google chose railways stations as the location to provide free WiFi because stations have access to reliable power supply, fibre provided by RailTel, and the passengers at a station come from all demographics of India.
The free WiFi service was launched at Mumbai Central railway station in January 2016. In April 2016, the service was expanded to 9 more railway stations. In June 2016, Google announced that free Wi-Fi was available across 19 stations in India and was being used by over 1.5 million people. Google and RailTel plan to provide free WiFi at 100 railway stations across the country by the end of 2016.
In September 2016, Google announced a public WiFi initiative called Google Station. Google plans to expand free WiFi coverage under the initiative to locations such as cafes and malls across India, and later expand worldwide.
With the formation of extensive and robust Pan India Fiber network RailTel is in a position to offer various bandwidth intensive application to its customers. One such initiative is RailWire, a joint venture with MSOs to provide Voice, Video and Multimedia access on a single wire at home/office.
Rail Tel has bagged the 12th National Awards for Excellence in Cost management 2014
- "Evolution of Railtel". http://www.railtelindia.com. Archived from the original on 15 February 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2016. External link in
- "15th Annual Report 2014-2015" (PDF). http://www.railtelindia.com. RailTel Corporation of India Limited. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2016. External link in
- "RAILTEL Celebrates its Annual Day". Press Information Bureau, Indian government. 18 October 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- Rural Broadband Connectivity Provider in India | RailTel
- "Google teams up with RailTel to give free Wifi to all railway stations in India". India Live Today. 30 July 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- Mumbai Central gets Google's Wi-Fi network – The Hindu
- "Google, RailTel expand free WiFi reach, cover 9 more stations". Business Standard. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- "1.5 million Indians enjoy high Speed Wi-Fi across 19 Railway Stations". Official Google India Blog. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- Byford, Sam (27 September 2016). "Google Station is a new platform that aims to make public Wi-Fi better". The Verge. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "RailTel to tie up with MSOs to expand internet base in rural T.N.". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 25 November 2013.
- "Railway PSU – "RailTel" Bags 12th National Awards for Excellence in Cost Management 2014". Press Information Bureau of India. Retrieved 19 July 2015.