Rail transport in Belarus
Map of the system
|National railway||Belarusskaja Železnaja Doroga|
|Total||5,512 km (3,425 mi)|
|Electrified||874 km (543 mi)|
|Main||1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in)|
|25 kV 50 Hz||Main network|
Rail transport in Belarus is owned by the national rail company BŽD / BČ (be: Bielaruskaja Čyhunka / ru: Belorusskaja Železnaja Doroga). The railway network consists of 5,512 km, its gauge is 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) (Russian broad gauge) and 874 km are electrified.
The first line crossing the country was the Saint Petersburg – Warsaw Railway, which started operating in late 1862. This included section and railway station in Hrodna. During the mid-1860s, railway line was built also from Daugavpils to Polatsk and further to Vitebsk. Line Warsaw-Brest, opened in 1866, completed to Moscow in 1871.
Belarus is crossed, from Brest to Orsha through Minsk, by an international rail line connecting Berlin and Warsaw to Moscow. Other important lines are the Minsk-Gomel (to Kiev), the Orsha-Vitebsk (to Saint Petersburg), the Minsk-Vilnius and others. Some international trains serving Belarus are the Pribaltika Riga-Odessa, the Minsk-Irkutsk and the Sibirjak Berlin-Novosibirsk (and other Russian destinations).
Minsk is the only city with a subway system, the Minsk Metro. The network consists of two lines: Avtozavodskaya and Moskovskaya. The only cities with tramway systems are Minsk, Vitebsk, Mazyr and Novopolotsk.
- (Poland) – yes – break-of-gauge 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in)/1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)
- (Lithuania) – yes
- (Latvia) – yes
- (Russia) – yes
- (Ukraine) – yes
- Transport in Belarus
- List of town tramway systems in Belarus
- Children's Railroad of Minsk
- Rail transport in the Soviet Union
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