Rail transport in Nauru

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A phosphate train in Nauru.
The phosphate railway in 1908
Nauru railway in 1917

Rail transport in Nauru is used for moving phosphate of lime from the island's interior to the cantilever jetties on the island's western coast. For this purpose, a 3.9 km long, 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge railway was built by the Pacific Phosphate Company in 1907. The line passes through the districts of Aiwo, Buada, Denigomodu, Nibok, Uaboe and Anibare.

History[edit]

A map of Nauru showing the railway (the dashed black line)

The railway at Aiwo jetty was electrified in 1912, but replaced by a conveyor belt between the storage bins and the jetty head.[1]

The gauge was upgraded to 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge by the British Phosphate Commission in 1920. In the past, steam engines were used to power the trains,[2] but the railway is nowadays worked by diesel engines, though occasionally, a tractor is used.

With Nauru's phosphate deposits almost depleted, the future of the railway is uncertain. The trains were still running as of 2008.[3][4]

Nauru's phosphate train features on several Nauru stamps, including a series from 1980 (Yvert no. 211-213) and another one from 1985 (Yvert no. 306, Scott no. 308).

The trains of Nauru have been depicted on commemorative Nauruan postage stamps.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Railways in Nauru and Ocean Island". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 94 no. 578. Westminster: Railway Publishing Co. November–December 1948. p. 411. 
  2. ^ Iamge on pbase.com
  3. ^ "Things to Do in Nauru". VirtualTourist.com. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  4. ^ Images on Flickr
  5. ^ Infos on janeresture.com

External links[edit]

Media related to Rail transport in Nauru at Wikimedia Commons