List of countries by rail usage

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Length of rail network divided by area of country

This is a list of countries by rail usage. Rail usage may be measured in tonne-kilometres (tkm) or passenger-kilometres (pkm) travelled for freight and passenger transport respectively. This is the number of tonnes or passengers multiplied by the average distance of their journeys in kilometres.

Overview[edit]

Almost 10,000 billion freight tonne-kilometres are travelled around the world. Roughly one quarter of these are travelled in the United States, another quarter in China, and a third in Russia. Of the 3,000bn passenger-kilometres travelled across the world, 1,158bn of these are travelled solely in India. The average Swiss person travels 2,430 km by train each year, almost 500 more than the average Japanese person (the Japanese having the second-highest average kilometres travelled per passenger in the world).

In 2014 there were around 1 million kilometres of railway in the world (a decrease of 3% compared to 2013). Of this, 350,000 km are in Europe and mainly used for passenger service, 370,000 km are in America and mainly used for freight, and 230,000 km are in Asia and used for both freight and passenger service.[1] In America and Europe, there are many low cost airlines and motorways which compete with rail for passenger traffic, while Asia has seen a large growth in high-speed rail with 257bn pkm representing 72% of total world high-speed rail passenger traffic.[1]

Freight rail[edit]

Tonne-kilometres of rail transport per year[edit]

Tonne-km of selected carriers in the European Union, 2003

Countries with more than one billion tonne-kilometres (tkm) travelled per year. Unless otherwise specified, data come from the Railway Statistics 2014 Report by the International Union of Railways.

Rank Country Billion tkm Data year
1  United States 2,704[2] 2014
2  China 2,375[3] 2015
3  Russia 2,306[4] 2015
4  India 666 2014
5  Canada 352 2011
6  Brazil 267 2014
7  European Union 261 2014
8  Ukraine 237 2011
9  Kazakhstan 236 2012
10  Australia 198[5] 2008
11  South Africa 135 2014
12  Mexico 81[2] 2014
13  Germany 75 2014
14  Belarus 45 2014
15  Poland 32 2014
16  France 32 2014
17  United Kingdom 24.4[6] 2014
18  Uzbekistan 22 2012
19  Iran 22 2013
20  Sweden 21.1[7] 2014
21  Japan 21[2] 2014
22  Austria 16 2014
23  Latvia 15 2014
24  Lithuania 14 2014
25  Argentina 12 2010
26  Turkmenistan 12 2012
27  Colombia 12 2009
28  Turkey 11 2014
29  South Korea 10 2013
30  Italy 10 2014
31  Czech Republic 10 2014
32  Finland 9.6[1] 2014
33   Switzerland 9 2014
34  Azerbaijan 8 2014
35  Spain 8 2014
36  Mauritania 8 2010
37  Indonesia 7 2010
38  Netherlands 6[8] 2013
39  Morocco 6 2011
40  Belgium 5 2014
41  Estonia 5 2012
42  Norway 4[8] 2013
43  Chile 4 2009
44  Vietnam 4 2012
45  Malaysia 3 2011
46  Serbia 3 2014
47  Thailand 3 2011
48  Gabon 2 2014
49  Croatia 2 2014
50  Denmark 2[8] 2013
51  Tunisia 2 2010
53  Egypt 2 2010
54  Kenya 1.7 2014[9]
55  Algeria 1 2012
56  Cameroon 1 2011

Tonnes carried in rail transport per year[edit]

Countries with more than ten million tonnes carried per year. Unless otherwise specified, data come from the Railway Statistics 2014 Report by the International Union of Railways.

Rank Country Million tonnes Data year
1  China 3,358[3] 2015
2  United States 1,710 2011
3  Australia 1,298[10] 2014
4  Russia 1,218[11] 2015
5  Brazil 460 2014
6  Ukraine 457 2011
7  Canada 310 2011
8  Kazakhstan 295 2012
9  Germany 221 2014
10  South Africa 197 2011
11  Belarus 141 2014
12  Poland 120 2014
13  United Kingdom 110.1[12] 2014
14  India 106 2014
15  Mexico 105 2010
16  Uzbekistan 82 2014
17  Austria 74 2014
18  France 63 2011
19  Colombia 59 2014
20  Czech Republic 57 2014
21  Latvia 57 2014
22   Switzerland 50[1] 2014
23  Lithuania 49 2014
24  Romania 44 2014
25  South Korea 40 2013
26  Italy 38 2014
27  Finland 37 2014
28  Belgium 37 2009
29  Slovakia 36 2014
30  Morocco 37 2011
31  Iran 33 2013
32  Japan 31 2010
33  Turkmenistan 27 2012
34  Turkey 26 2014
35  Estonia 26 2012
36  Spain 25 2014
37  Chile 25 2013
38  Argentina 24 2010
39  Azerbaijan 23 2012
40  Georgia 20 2012
41  Indonesia 20 2010
42  Mongolia 18 2011
43  Slovenia 17 2014
44  Bosnia and Herzegovina 13 2014
45  Malaysia 12 2011
46  Bulgaria 12 2014
47  Taiwan 11 2012
48  Thailand 11 2011
49  Croatia 10 2014
50  Tunisia 10 2012

Freight modal share for rail[edit]

The modal share carried by rail of all freight in a given country.

Rank Country Modal share (%) Data year
1  Canada 68[13] 2009
2  Latvia 61[14] 2012
3  Russia 59[13] 2010
4  Estonia 47[14] 2012
5   Switzerland 46[15] 2012
6  United States 44[13] 2008
7  Austria 41[14] 2012
8  Sweden 40[14] 2012
9  Australia 40[16] 2009
10  Lithuania 38[14] 2012
11  China 31[13] 2009
12  Finland 27[14] 2012
13  Romania 24[14] 2012
14  Germany 23[14] 2012
15  Czech Republic 22[14] 2012
16  Hungary 21[14] 2012
17  Slovakia 20[14] 2012
18  Poland 18[14] 2012
19  Belgium 18[14] 2012
20  France 15[14] 2012
21  Italy 14[14] 2012
22  United Kingdom 12[14] 2012
23  Bulgaria 9[14] 2012
24  Japan 6.2[13] 2010
25  Netherlands 5[14] 2012

Freight rail by tonne-kilometres per capita[edit]

Rank Country Tonne-kilometre per capita Data year
1  Russia 12,599
2  Canada 10,517
3  United States 9,165
4  Australia 2,308
5  China 2,150
6   Switzerland 1,480[15][17] 2013
7  Germany 1,060
   European Union 782

Passenger rail[edit]

These figures do not include metro railway systems; see Lists of rapid transit systems for metro rail statistics.

Passenger-kilometres of rail transport per year[edit]

Countries with more than five billion passenger-kilometres (tkm) travelled per year. Unless otherwise specified, data come from the Railway Statistics 2014 Report by the International Union of Railways (UIC).

Rank Country Billion passenger-kilometres Data year
1  China 1,196[3] 2015
2  India 1,159 2014
3  Japan 260[note 1] 2013
4  Russia 128.8 2014
5  France 83.9 2014
6  Germany 79.3 2014
7  United Kingdom 64.4[18] 2015
8  Ukraine 49.2 2011
9  Italy 39.7 2014
10  Spain 24.5 2014
11  South Korea 22.6 2013
12  Pakistan 20.6 2011
13  Indonesia 20.3 2010
14  Taiwan 19.6 2014
15   Switzerland 18.4 2014
16  Iran 17.4 2013
17  Netherlands 17 2013
18  Kazakhstan 16.6 2011
19  Poland 11.9 2011
20  Austria 11.4 2014
21  Belgium 10.8 2011
22  United States 10.3[note 2] 2014
23  Belarus 7.7 2011
24  Thailand 7.5 2011
25  Bangladesh 7.3 2010
26  Czech Republic 6.9 2014
27  Sweden 6.1 2014
28  Turkey 5.9 2011
29  Denmark 5.8 2014
30  Hungary 5.7 2014
31  Morocco 5.3 2014
 World 3,070 2014
 Europe 804 2014

Passengers carried in rail transport per year[edit]

Countries with more than 20 million passengers per year. Unless otherwise specified, data come from the Railway Statistics 2014 Report by the International Union of Railways.

Rank Country Million passengers Data year Notes
1 China China 17,116 2014 Beijing Metro alone had 3.41 billion passengers in 2014; China Railway sent 2.534 billion passengers in 2015.
2 Japan Japan 9,147 2014
3 India India 8,397 2014
4 Germany Germany 2,023 2014
5 United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,689 2015[18] The London Underground ("The Tube") had an additional 1.34 billion passengers in 2015-16[19]
6 France France 1,122 2014
7  Russia 1,070 2014 Moscow Metro alone had 2.45 billion passengers in 2014[20]
8 Italy Italy 622 2010
9  Spain 578 2014
10  Ukraine 485 2011
11   Switzerland 475 2014
12  Netherlands 346 2013
13  Taiwan 233 2014
14  Belgium 229 2011
15  Austria 245 2014
16  Indonesia 199 2010
17  Czech Republic 170 2014
18  Denmark 163 2014
19  Poland 140 2014
20  South Korea 131 2014
21  Hungary 119 2014
22  Portugal 110 2014
23  Belarus 92 2014
24  Turkey 78 2014
25  Romania 65 2014
26  Israel 49 2014
27  Thailand 44 2011
29  Malaysia 40 2011
30  Croatia 22 2014
31  Luxembourg 20 2014
   United States   2015 Amtrak had 30.8 million passengers in the year 2014-15.[21] Among regional systems that report to the American Public Transportation Association, there were 3.945 billion metro/subway riders, 529.6 million commuter rail riders, and 489.8 million light rail/streetcar riders in 2015.[22]

Passenger modal share for rail[edit]

The modal share of railway transport (excluding tram & metro) as compared to other modes of transport.

Rank Country Modal share (%) year
1  Japan 30.5 2009[23]
2   Switzerland 17.2 2012[24]
3  Austria 11.5 2012[24]
4  Denmark 10.1 2012[24]
5  Hungary 10.1 2012[24]
6  United Kingdom 9.6 2014[25]
7  France 9.5 2012[24]
8  Sweden 9.1 2012[24]
9  Germany 9.0 2012[24]
10  Netherlands 8.8 2012[24]
11  Czech Republic 8.4 2012[24]
12  Belgium 8.0 2010[26]
13  Bulgaria 7.1 2012[24]
14  Slovakia 7.1 2012[24]
15  Indonesia 6.3 2005[27]
16  Italy 6.1 2012[24]
17  Spain 5.6 2012[24]
18  Finland 5.3 2012[24]
19  Romania 4.9 2012[24]
20  Latvia 4.8 2012[24]
21  Poland 4.8 2012[24]
22  Norway 4.7 2012[24]
23  Luxembourg 4.6 2012[24]
24  Portugal 4.1 2012[24]
25  Croatia 3.5 2012[24]
26  Ireland 2.8 2012[24]
27  Slovenia 2.3 2012[24]
28  Estonia 1.8 2012[24]
29  Turkey 1.7 2012[24]
30  Macedonia 1.5 2012[24]
31  Lithuania 0.8 2012[24]
32  Greece 0.7 2012[24]
33  United States 0.3 2004[28]

Passenger rail by passenger-kilometres per capita[edit]

Countries with more than five billion passenger-kilometres travelled per year.

Country Kilometers/year Year
  Switzerland 2430.9 2013[15][17]
 Japan 1,995
 Denmark 1,329
 France 1,298[29] 2014
 Austria 1,245
 Russia 1,220
 Ukraine 1,150
 Belarus 1,030
 Belgium 1,009
 United Kingdom 981[30] 2015
 Germany 959[31] 2014
 Netherlands 940
 Kazakhstan 880
 Italy 780
 India 777
 Hungary 690
 Czech Republic 660
 China 653
 South Korea 650
 Sweden 620
 Egypt 550
 Spain 460
 Poland 450
 Taiwan 410
 Romania 380
 Iran 180
 Argentina 170
 Pakistan 160
 Thailand 150
 Indonesia 110
 Turkey 80
 United States 80

Brief railway statistics by country[edit]

Country area pop Av GDP Rail co Net km Dbl km El km HSR km Loco. No. pkm tkm HS. PKm train weight Pass. % Frt. % Pass/ pop % P. fare F. tariff Elec % income %
 Russia 17.09 143 16 RZD 128 36 48 1.3 20101 173 2090 14 2528 42 67 9.1 4 2 80 107
 Germany 0.36 82 35 DB 34 18 20 1.2 74 91 22 410 10 17 22.4 11 3 60 109
 France 0.55 62 34 SNCF 29 16 14 1.8 81 40 48 496 16.8 12 4 105
 Japan 0.38 127 34 JR 20 8 12 2.5 253 23 79 368 29 69.6 100 124
 South Korea 0.1 48 28 KNR 3 1 2 0.32 32 11 10 472 20.4 20 106
 United Kingdom 0.24 61 37 NR 16 5 0.3 48 21
 Taiwan 0.036 23 31 TRA 1 0.67 0.69 0.33 9 1 77
 Spain 0.51 45 31 Renfe 15 5 9 1.27 21 11 4 105
 Italy 0.3 59 31 FS 16 7 12 0.82 45 21 9 96
 Turkey 0.78 74 13 TCDD 9 04 1.9 0.25 6 10 572 24 69
  Switzerland 0.041 8 43 SBB 4 2 3 15 13 442 40.9 100 103
 Iran 1.6 71 11 RAI 7 1 0.15 0.25 400 13 21 0 1088 4 7 0.3 0.4 2 1 62
 United States 9.6 302 47 AMTK 227 2820 5254 42 34 2 1 128
 Egypt 1 73 6 ENR 5 1.5 0.07 41 4 6.1 80
 India 3.28 1132 3 IR 63 17.4 17.8 696 481 1614 5.5 2 8
 China 9.6 1342 6 CR 91 33 36 5 19000 876 2764 46
 World 149 6400 10 United Nations 900 250 240 9 2468 9486 178 1677 10 20 50
 Poland 0.31 38 17 PKP 19 9 12
 South Africa 1.22 48 10 SAR 24 2 8 3421 14 109 2700 11
 Kazakhstan 2.72 16 11 KTZ 14 5 4 1727 14 191
 Brazil 8.54 189 10 29 0.5 2394 232
 Pakistan .796 169 3 PR 7 0.3 544 26 6
 Austria 0.08 40 OBB
 Morocco 0.44 32 4 ONCFM 2 0.6 1 4 6 915 0.8 89

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The UIC data here cover the Japan Railways Group only.
  2. ^ The UIC data here cover Amtrak only.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Railway Statistics – 2014 Synopsis" (PDF). Paris, France: UIC (International Union of Railways). 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Key Transport Statistics 2014 Data" (PDF). 
  3. ^ a b c "国家铁路局". www.nra.gov.cn. Retrieved 2016-09-30. 
  4. ^ Грузооборот по видам транспорта
  5. ^ Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics; Australian Railway Association (February 2010). "Australian rail freight performance indicators 2007–08" (PDF). bitre.gov.au. p. 38. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Freight Britain: Continuity and certainty for rail freight" (PDF). Rail Delivery Group. 2015. p. 3. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Railway transport 2014, quarter 4" (PDF). Trafa.se (in Swedish). March 10, 2015. p. 8. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c "IRG–Rail 3rd Annual Market Monitoring Report 2014" (PDF). IRG-Rail. April 3, 2015. p. 31. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  9. ^ "The CEO Magazine – RVR achieves Net Ton per Kilometer (NTK) target". The CEO Magazine. March 6, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  10. ^ Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics; Australian Railway Association (November 2015). "Trainline 3, Statistical Report" (PDF). bitre.gov.au. p. 6. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  11. ^ Перевозки грузов по видам транспорта
  12. ^ Amusan, Folusho (May 21, 2015). "Freight Rail Usage 2014-15 Quarter 4 Statistical Release" (PDF). Office of Rail and Road. p. 10. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d e OECD Competition Committee (2014). "Recent Developments in Rail Transportation Services" (PDF). The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. p. 40. Retrieved September 6, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Statistics Explained (2012). "Freight transport statistics". European Commission. Retrieved May 29, 2015. 
  15. ^ a b c "Mobility and Transport: Pocket Statistics 2014" (PDF) (Official publication) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. July 30, 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  16. ^ Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (2009). "Road and rail freight: competitors or complements?" (PDF). bitre.gov.au. Retrieved February 4, 2016. 
  17. ^ a b "Mobility and Transport: Key figures" (web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  18. ^ a b "Passenger Rail Usage 2015-16 Quarter 4 Statistical Release" (PDF). 26 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Facts & Figures". London: Transport for London. 
  20. ^ "Moscow Metro in numbers". 
  21. ^ "Amtrak Ridership and Ticket Revenue Steady in Fiscal Year 2015" (PDF) (Press release). Amtrak.com. December 2, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Ridership Report". American Public Transportation Association. Retrieved 2016-08-29. 
  23. ^ "Transport - Transport activity - Passenger transport". OECD Statistics (online statistics). OECD. 2009. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "Modal split of inland passenger transport, 2002 and 2012". eurostat Statistics Explained. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Rail modal share 1952-2014". 
  26. ^ "ANNEX to Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 1370/2007 concerning the opening of the market for domestic passenger transport services by rail" (PDF) (COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT: IMPACT ASSESSMENT). Brussels: European Commission. 2013. p. 4. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  27. ^ "High Speed Train Project in Indonesia (Jakarta – Surabaya corridor)" (PDF). Ministry of Transportation. 
  28. ^ "EU Transport in Figures; Statistical Pocketbook". European Commission Directorate-General for Energy and Transport; Eurostat. 2007. 
  29. ^ "Population of France 2014". 
  30. ^ "UK Passenger Rail Usage 2014-15" (PDF). 
  31. ^ "Population of Germany 2014". Using above table and population at July 2014