Rail usage statistics by country

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Rail network divided by area of country

This article displays rail usage statistics by country [1] according to the latest figures provided by the International Union of Railways (UIC) except for more up to date ones.

Today, of the almost 10,000 billion freight tonne-kilometres travelled around the world about a quarter each are in the United States, China and Russia. Among the 3,000 billion passenger-kilometres performed around the world 1,158 billion passenger-kilometres are done solely in India. The average Swiss travels every year 2,430.9 kilometres by train, almost 500 more than the Japanese who come in second.

In 2014 there are around 1.00 million km of railway in the world (-3% compared to 2013). Of this, 0.35 million km is in Europe which is mainly used for passenger service, 0.37 million km in America which is mainly used for freight and 0.23 million km in Asia used for both freight and passenger service.[2] In America and Europe, there are many low cost airlines and motorways which compete with rail for passenger traffic, while Asia has seen a large growth in high-speed rail with 257 billion passenger-km representing 72 % of total world high-speed rail passenger traffic.[2]

Freight rail[edit]

Freight rail by billions of tonne-kilometres[edit]

Tonne-km of selected carriers in the European Union, 2003

Countries with more than one billion tonne-kilometres (tkm)[2]

Rank Country Billion tkm Year
1  China 2,750[3] 2014
2  United States 2,704[4] 2014
3  Russia 2,306[5] 2015
4  India 666 2014
5  Canada 352 2011
6  Brazil 267 2014
7  European Union 261 2014
8  Ukraine 237 2011
9  Kazakhstan 236 2012
10  Australia 197[6] 2008
11  South Africa 135 2014
12  Mexico 81[4] 2014
13  Germany 75 2014
14  Belarus 45 2014
15  Poland 32 2014
16  France 32 2014
17  United Kingdom 24.4[7] 2014
18  Uzbekistan 22 2012
19  Iran 22 2013
20  Sweden 21.1[8] 2014
21  Japan 21[4] 2014
22  Austria 16 2014
23  Latvia 15 2014
24  Lithuania 14 2014
25  Argentina 12 2010
26  Turkmenistan 12 2012
27  Colombia 12 2009
28  Turkey 11 2014
29  South Korea 10 2013
30  Italy 10 2014
31  Czech Republic 10 2014
32  Finland 9.6[2] 2014
33   Switzerland 9 2014
34  Azerbaijan 8 2014
35  Spain 8 2014
36  Mauritania 8 2010
37  Indonesia 7 2010
38  Netherlands 6[9] 2013
39  Morocco 6 2011
40  Belgium 5 2014
41  Estonia 5 2012
42  Norway 4[9] 2013
43  Chile 4 2009
44  Vietnam 4 2012
45  Malaysia 3 2011
46  Serbia 3 2014
47  Thailand 3 2011
48  Gabon 2 2014
49  Croatia 2 2014
50  Denmark 2[9] 2013
51  Tunisia 2 2010
53  Egypt 2 2010
54  Kenya 1.7 2014[10]
55  Algeria 1 2012
56  Cameroon 1 2011

Freight rail by million-ton[edit]

Countries with more than 10 million tonnes[2]

Rank Country Million tonnes Year
1  China 3,813[11] 2014
2  United States 1,710 2011
3  Australia 1,298[12] 2014
4  Russia 1,218[13] 2015
5  Brazil 460 2014
6  Ukraine 457 2011
7  Canada 310 2011
8  Kazakhstan 295 2012
9  Germany 221 2014
10  South Africa 197 2011
11  Belarus 141 2014
12  Poland 120 2014
13  United Kingdom 110.1[14] 2014
14  India 106 2014
15  Mexico 105 2010
16  Uzbekistan 82 2014
17  Austria 74 2014
18  France 63 2011
19  Colombia 59 2014
20  Czech Republic 57 2014
21  Latvia 57 2014
22   Switzerland 50[2] 2014
23  Lithuania 49 2014
24  Romania 44 2014
25  South Korea 40 2013
26  Italy 38 2014
27  Finland 37 2014
28  Belgium 37 2009
29  Slovakia 36 2014
30  Morocco 37 2011
31  Iran 33 2013
32  Japan 31 2010
33  Turkmenistan 27 2012
34  Turkey 26 2014
35  Estonia 26 2012
36  Spain 25 2014
37  Chile 25 2013
38  Argentina 24 2010
39  Azerbaijan 23 2012
40  Georgia 20 2012
41  Indonesia 20 2010
42  Mongolia 18 2011
43  Slovenia 17 2014
44  Bosnia and Herzegovina 13 2014
45  Malaysia 12 2011
46  Bulgaria 12 2014
47  Taiwan 11 2012
48  Thailand 11 2011
49  Croatia 10 2014
50  Tunisia 10 2012

Freight Modal share (in all kinds of transport)[edit]

Country modal
share
[%]
year
 Canada 68 2009[15]
 Russia 59 2010[15]
 Latvia 61 2012[16]
 Estonia 47 2012[16]
  Switzerland 46 2012[17]
 United States 44 2008[15]
 Austria 41 2012[16]
 Sweden 40 2012[16]
 Australia 40 2009 [18]
 Lithuania 38 2012[16]
 China 31 2009[15]
 Finland 27 2012[16]
 Romania 24 2012[16]
 Germany 23 2012[16]
 Czech Republic 22 2012[16]
 Hungary 21 2012[16]
 Slovakia 20 2012[16]
 Poland 18 2012[16]
 Belgium 18 2012[16]
 France 15 2012[16]
 Italy 14 2012[16]
 United Kingdom 12 2012[16]
 Bulgaria 9 2012[16]
 Japan 6.2 2010[15]
 Netherlands 5 2012[16]
 European Union 18 2012[16]

Freight rail by tonne-kilometre per capita[edit]

Country Tonne-kilometre per capita Year
 Russia 12,599
 Canada 10,517
 United States 9,165
 Australia 2,308
 China 2,150
  Switzerland 1477 2013[17][19]
 Germany 1,060
 European Union 782

Passenger rail[edit]

These figures do not include metro railway systems; see Lists of rapid transit systems for metro rail statistics.

Passenger-kilometre of rail transport per year[edit]

Countries with more than 5 billion passenger-km[2]

Rank Country Billion
passenger-km
Year
1  India 1,158.7 2014
2  China 807 2014
 Europe 804 2014
3  Japan 260 2013
4  Russia 128.8 2014
5  France 83.9 2014
6  Germany 79.3 2014
7  United Kingdom 62.9 2015[20]
8  Ukraine 49.2 2011
9  Italy 39.7 2014
10  Spain 24.5 2014
11  South Korea 22.6 2013
12  Pakistan 20.6 2011
13  Indonesia 20.3 2010
14  Taiwan 19.6 2014
15   Switzerland 18.4 2014
16  Iran 17.4 2013
17  Netherlands 17 2013
18  Kazakhstan 16.6 2011
19  Poland 11.9 2011
20  Austria 11.4 2014
21  Belgium 10.8 2011
22  United States 10.3 2014
23  Belarus 7.7 2011
24  Thailand 7.5 2011
25  Bangladesh 7.3 2010
26  Czech Republic 6.9 2014
27  Sweden 6.1 2014
28  Turkey 5.9 2011
29  Denmark 5.8 2014
30  Hungary 5.7 2014
31  Morocco 5.3 2014
 World 3,070 2014

Passengers carried in rail transport per year[edit]

Countries with more than 20 million passengers[2]

Country Million passengers Year Notes/Reference
China China 17,116 2014 Beijing Metro alone had 3.41 billion passengers in 2014
Japan Japan 9,147 2014
India India 8,397 2014
Germany Germany 2,023 2014
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,654 2014[21] The London Underground ("The Tube") had an additional 1.305 billion passengers[22]
France France 1,122 2014
 Russia 1,070 2014 Moscow Metro alone had 2.45 billion passengers in 2014[23]
Italy Italy 622 2010
 Spain 578 2014
 Ukraine 485 2011
  Switzerland 475 2014
 Netherlands 346 2013
 Taiwan 233 2014
 Belgium 229 2011
 Austria 245 2014
 Indonesia 199 2010
 Czech Republic 170 2014
 Denmark 163 2014
 Poland 140 2014
 South Korea 131 2014
 Hungary 119 2014
 Portugal 110 2014
 Belarus 92 2014
 Turkey 78 2014
 Romania 65 2014
 Israel 49 2014
 Thailand 44 2011
 Malaysia 40 2011
 United States - 2015 Amtrak, the major intercity passenger rail operator in the USA had 30.8 million passengers in the year 2014-15.[24] Among regional systems that report to the American Public Transportation Association, there were 3.945 billion metro/subway riders, 529.6 million commuter rail riders, and 489.8 million light rail/streetcar riders in 2015.[25]
 Croatia 22 2014
 Luxembourg 20 2014

Modal ratio[edit]

Modal ratio of railway transport (excluding tram & metro) compared to other modes of transport.

Country modal
ratio
[%]
year
 Japan 30.5 2009[26]
  Switzerland 17.2 2012[27]
 Austria 11.5 2012[27]
 Denmark 10.1 2012[27]
 Hungary 10.1 2012[27]
 United Kingdom 9.6 2014[28]
 France 9.5 2012[27]
 Sweden 9.1 2012[27]
 Germany 9.0 2012[27]
 Netherlands 8.8 2012[27]
 Czech Republic 8.4 2012[27]
 Belgium 8.0 2010[29]
 Bulgaria 7.1 2012[27]
 Slovakia 7.1 2012[27]
 Indonesia 6.3 2005[30]
 Italy 6.1 2012[27]
 Spain 5.6 2012[27]
 Finland 5.3 2012[27]
 Romania 4.9 2012[27]
 Latvia 4.8 2012[27]
 Poland 4.8 2012[27]
 Norway 4.7 2012[27]
 Luxembourg 4.6 2012[27]
 Portugal 4.1 2012[27]
 Croatia 3.5 2012[27]
 Ireland 2.8 2012[27]
 Slovenia 2.3 2012[27]
 Estonia 1.8 2012[27]
 Turkey 1.7 2012[27]
 Macedonia 1.5 2012[27]
 Lithuania 0.8 2012[27]
 Greece 0.7 2012[27]
 United States 0.3 2004[31]

Passenger kilometre per head of population[edit]

Only countries with five billion or more passenger km are included.

Country Kilometers/year Year
  Switzerland 2430.9 2013[17][19]
 Japan 1,995
 Denmark 1,329
 France 1,298[32] 2014
 Austria 1,245
 Russia 1,220
 Ukraine 1,150
 Belarus 1,030
 Belgium 1,009
 United Kingdom 981[33] 2015
 Germany 959[34] 2014
 Netherlands 940
 Kazakhstan 880
 Italy 780
 India 777
 Hungary 690
 Czech Republic 660
 China 653
 South Korea 650
 Sweden 620
 Egypt 550
 Spain 460
 Poland 450
 Taiwan 410
 Romania 380
 Iran 180
 Argentina 170
 Pakistan 160
 Thailand 150
 Indonesia 110
 Turkey 80
 United States 80

Brief railway statistics by country[edit]

An important stage to use the brief traffic data according to UIC in 2007 and (List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita).

Country area pop Av GDP Rail co Net km Dbl km El km HSR km Loco. No. pkm tkm HS. PKm train weight Pass. % Frt. % Pass/ pop % P. fare F. tariff Elec % income %
 Russia 17.09 143 16 RZD 128 36 48 1.3 20101 173 2090 14 2528 42 67 9.1 4 2 80 107
 Germany 0.36 82 35 DB 34 18 20 1.2 74 91 22 410 10 17 22.4 11 3 60 109
 France 0.55 62 34 SNCF 29 16 14 1.8 81 40 48 496 16.8 12 4 105
 Japan 0.38 127 34 JR 20 8 12 2.5 253 23 79 368 29 69.6 100 124
 South Korea 0.1 48 28 KNR 3 1 2 0.32 32 11 10 472 20.4 20 106
 United Kingdom 0.24 61 37 NR 16 5 0.3 48 21
 Taiwan 0.036 23 31 TRA 1 0.67 0.69 0.33 9 1 77
 Spain 0.51 45 31 Renfe 15 5 9 1.27 21 11 4 105
 Italy 0.3 59 31 FS 16 7 12 0.82 45 21 9 96
 Turkey 0.78 74 13 TCDD 9 04 1.9 0.25 6 10 572 24 69
  Switzerland 0.041 8 43 SBB 4 2 3 15 13 442 40.9 100 103
 Iran 1.6 71 11 RAI 7 1 0.15 0.25 400 13 21 0 1088 4 7 0.3 0.4 2 1 62
 United States 9.6 302 47 AMTK 227 2820 5254 42 34 2 1 128
 Egypt 1 73 6 ENR 5 1.5 0.07 41 4 6.1 80
 India 3.28 1132 3 IR 63 17.4 17.8 696 481 1614 5.5 2 8
 China 9.6 1342 6 CR 91 33 36 5 19000 876 2764 46
 World 149 6400 10 United Nations 900 250 240 9 2468 9486 178 1677 10 20 50
 Poland 0.31 38 17 PKP 19 9 12
 South Africa 1.22 48 10 SAR 24 2 8 3421 14 109 2700 11
 Kazakhstan 2.72 16 11 KTZ 14 5 4 1727 14 191
 Brazil 8.54 189 10 29 0.5 2394 232
 Pakistan .796 169 3 PR 7 0.3 544 26 6
 Austria 0.08 40 OBB
 Morocco 0.44 32 4 ONCFM 2 0.6 1 4 6 915 0.8 89

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lewandowski, Krzysztof (2015). "New coefficients of rail transport usage" (PDF). International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT). 5 (6): 89–91. ISSN 2277-3754. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Railway Statistics – 2014 Synopsis" (PDF). Paris, France: UIC (International Union of Railways). 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  3. ^ http://www.statista.com/statistics/276066/volume-of-rail-freight-traffic-in-china/
  4. ^ a b c "Key Transport Statistics 2014 Data" (PDF). 
  5. ^ Грузооборот по видам транспорта
  6. ^ 197.5 bln in 2007-2008 as per Table TA.6 in Australian rail freight performance indicators 2007–08, page 38. The 60 billion tonne-km amount given in the UIC report is for QR Queensland Rail only.
  7. ^ Freight Britain: Continuity and certainty for rail freight Rail Delivery Group 2015 (page 3)
  8. ^ SE Railway Transports 2014/Q4 Trafa.se March 10th 2015 (page 8)
  9. ^ a b c IRG-Rail Market monitoring report 2014 IRG-Rail (15) 2 April 3rd 2015 (page 31).
  10. ^ "The CEO Magazine – RVR achieves Net Ton per Kilometer (NTK) target". Theceomagazine-ug.com. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  11. ^ http://www.nra.gov.cn/fwyd/zlzx/hytj/201504/t20150427_13281.htm
  12. ^ Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics and Australasian Railway Association. Trainline 3. Statistical Report, page 6. The amount of 242 mln tonnes for 2011 in the UIC table was for QR only.
  13. ^ Перевозки грузов по видам транспорта
  14. ^ UK rail freight usage 2014/Q4 ORR report May 21th 2015 (page 10)
  15. ^ a b c d e "OECD Report" (PDF). p. 40. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Eurostat Yearbook – Freight transport statistics – 2015 edition". ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main/home. Retrieved 2015-05-29. 
  17. ^ a b c "Mobility and Transport: Pocket Statistics 2014" (PDF) (Official publication) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  18. ^ "Road and rail freight: competitors or complements?" (PDF). BITRE. BITRE. Retrieved 4 February 2016.  |first2= missing |last2= in Authors list (help)
  19. ^ a b "Mobility and Transport: Key figures" (web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  20. ^ ORR report June 2015 (page 5).
  21. ^ "Passenger Rail Usage 2014–15 Quarter 4 Statistical Release" (PDF). 4 June 2015.  line feed character in |title= at position 21 (help)
  22. ^ "London Underground Facts and figures". 
  23. ^ "Moscow Metro in numbers". 
  24. ^ "Amtrak Ridership and Ticket Revenue Steady in Fiscal Year 2015" (PDF) (Press release). Amtrak.com. December 2, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Ridership Report". American Public Transportation Association. Retrieved 2016-08-29. 
  26. ^ "Transport - Transport activity - Passenger transport". OECD Statistics (online statistics). OECD. 2009. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab undefined editor (ed.). "Modal split of inland passenger transport, 2002 and 2012". eurostat Statistics Explained. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  28. ^ "Rail modal share 1952-2014". 
  29. ^ "ANNEX to Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 1370/2007 concerning the opening of the market for domestic passenger transport services by rail" (PDF) (COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT: IMPACT ASSESSMENT). Brussels: European Commission. 2013. p. 4. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  30. ^ "High Speed Train Project in Indonesia (Jakarta – Surabaya corridor)" (PDF). Ministry of Transportation. 
  31. ^ "EU Transport in Figures; Statistical Pocketbook". European Commission Directorate-General for Energy and Transport; Eurostat. 2007. 
  32. ^ "Population of France 2014". Using above table and population at July 2014
  33. ^ "UK Passenger Rail Usage 2014-15" (PDF). 
  34. ^ "Population of Germany 2014". Using above table and population at July 2014