Railway station types in Germany
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The railways in Germany use several abbreviations to differentiate between various types of stops and stations.
- Bf – Bahnhof (railway station), defined as a place where trains may start, end or change directions, and that has at least one set of points.
- Hbf – Hauptbahnhof, the main or central station of a town or city. Also the only abbreviation commonly found on station timetables and signs.
- Pbf – Personenbahnhof (passenger station), usually used to differentiate in places that have several types of stations, but only one passenger station.
- Fbf – Fernbahnhof (long distance station).
- Rbf – Rangierbahnhof (marshalling yard).
- Gbf – Güterbahnhof (freight station).
- Bhf – Betriebshof (locomotive depot).
- Bft – Bahnhofsteil (part of a station), used when a station consists of distinct facilities, for example a Pbf and a Rbf.
- Hp – Haltepunkt, (halt) a passenger stop that does not fit the requirements to be a Bf. Defined as allowing passengers to board and disembark from trains at a place where no set of points is in the vicinity.
These are not real stations per se, but sometimes are the result of transforming a derelict station:
- Abzw – Abzweig (branch-off point)
- Anst – Anschlußstelle (industrial siding)
- Awanst – Ausweichanschlußstelle (refuge siding), a single-ended siding where trains are put aside whilst trains on the main line pass. Often linked to an industrial siding.
- Slst– Schiffslandestelle (ship's dock)
- Üst – Überleitstelle (crossover)