Railway station types in Germany

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The railways in Germany use several abbreviations to differentiate between various types of stops and stations.

Current usage[edit]

  • BfBahnhof (railway station), defined as a place where trains may start, stop, end, overtake, meet or change directions, and that has at least one set of points.
  • HbfHauptbahnhof, the main or central station of a town or city. Also the only abbreviation commonly found on station timetables and signs.
  • PbfPersonenbahnhof (passenger station), usually used to differentiate in places that have several types of stations, but only one passenger station.
  • FbfFernbahnhof (long distance station).
  • RbfRangierbahnhof (marshalling yard).
  • GbfGüterbahnhof (freight station).
  • BbfBetriebsbahnhof (locomotive depot).
  • BftBahnhofsteil (part of a station), used when a station consists of distinct facilities, for example a Pbf and a Rbf.
  • HpHaltepunkt, (halt) a passenger stop that does not fit the requirements to be a Bf. Defined as allowing passengers to board and disembark from trains, which can start, stop, end or change direction at here at a place where no set of points is in the vicinity.

Other abbreviations[edit]

These are not real stations per se, but sometimes are the result of transforming a derelict station:

  • AbzwAbzweigstelle (a junction without platforms)
  • AnstAnschlußstelle (industrial siding outside of station limits at branch lines). Trains using an Anst can't be passed by trains running on the main line, because they could run away
  • AwanstAusweichanschlußstelle (refuge siding), an industrial siding outside the station limits where trains can run on the main line while another train is shunting at the siding.
  • BkBlockstelle a signal box outside station limits, where there is a long distance between stations and/or junctions/crossovers, with just one signal in each direction, to allow more trains following each other (only called Bk if mechanical signal boxes are used)
  • SlstSchiffslandestelle (ship's dock)
  • ÜstÜberleitstelle (crossover)