List of railway stations in Eritrea

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Eritrean Railways at their greatest extension before WWII

This article is a list of the railway stations in Eritrea.
The Eritrean Railway originally ran from Massawa, a port on the Red Sea, via the capital Asmara to Agordat. The line can be divided into three sections (Massawa-Asmara; Asmara-Keren; Keren-Agordat). Additionally there was until WW2 a potash line, that was used also for civilian service.

Massawa to Asmara[edit]

The route was built between 1887 and 1910 by the Italians, who made the two main stations (Asmara and Massawa) with typical structures of railway stations in small Italian cities.

As of 2008, this is the only section open.

Name Image Distance[1] Altitude[1] Coordinates
Massawa Massawa station - 2008-10-31.jpg 0.0 km (0.0 mi) 3 m (10 ft) 15°36′24″N 39°27′58″E / 15.606546°N 39.466163°E / 15.606546; 39.466163
Campo di Marte D 27 Campo di Marte.jpg 2.8 km (1.7 mi) 9 m (30 ft) 15°36′52″N 39°26′42″E / 15.6144297°N 39.4450754°E / 15.6144297; 39.4450754
Otumlo[2] 13 - Ponte protettore attraversamento ferrovia e strada provinciale ad Otumlo.jpg 4.6 km (2.9 mi) 11 m (36 ft) 15°37′24″N 39°25′58″E / 15.6233339°N 39.4328311°E / 15.6233339; 39.4328311
Moncullo Moncullo station - 2008-10-30.jpg 7.7 km (4.8 mi) 30 m (98 ft) 15°36′37″N 39°24′32″E / 15.61041°N 39.408839°E / 15.61041; 39.408839
Dogali Dogali station - 2008-10-31.jpg 19.6 km (12.2 mi) 100 m (328 ft) 15°35′54″N 39°18′26″E / 15.5983434°N 39.3071535°E / 15.5983434; 39.3071535
Mai Atal Mai Atal station - 2008-10-31.jpg 29.4 km (18.3 mi) 181 m (594 ft) 15°34′06″N 39°14′35″E / 15.5682675°N 39.2429334°E / 15.5682675; 39.2429334
Damas Damas station - 2008-10-31.jpg 45.0 km (28.0 mi) 416 m (1,365 ft) 15°28′34″N 39°12′29″E / 15.476202°N 39.207952°E / 15.476202; 39.207952
Baresa Baresa station - 2008-10-31.jpg 57.1 km (35.5 mi) 600 m (1,969 ft) 15°24′05″N 39°11′05″E / 15.401421°N 39.184778°E / 15.401421; 39.184778
Ghinda Ghinda station - 2008-11-02.jpg 69.4 km (43.1 mi) 888 m (2,913 ft) 15°26′19″N 39°06′05″E / 15.438634°N 39.101447°E / 15.438634; 39.101447
Embatkalla Embatkalla station - 2008-11-02.jpg 81.1 km (50.4 mi) 1,274 m (4,180 ft) 15°24′02″N 39°04′26″E / 15.400438°N 39.07397°E / 15.400438; 39.07397
Nefasit Nefasit station - 2008-10-30.jpg 93.0 km (57.8 mi) 1,672 m (5,486 ft) 15°20′07″N 39°03′48″E / 15.335212°N 39.063274°E / 15.335212; 39.063274
Arbaroba Arbaroba station - 2008-11-04.jpg 104.9 km (65.2 mi) 2,064 m (6,772 ft) 15°20′48″N 39°00′27″E / 15.346758°N 39.007419°E / 15.346758; 39.007419
Asmara Asmara Railway Station (8351472009).jpg 117.6 km (73.1 mi) 2,342 m (7,684 ft) 15°20′20″N 38°56′58″E / 15.338936°N 38.949323°E / 15.338936; 38.949323

Asmara to Keren[edit]

Keren railway station – now used as a bus station and market

This section (with the stations) was built between 1911 and 1923. The railway generally followed the Anseba River and one of its tributaries through the mountains between Zazzega and Halib Mentel.

Halib Mentel Station
Name Distance[1] Altitude[1] Coordinates
Tzada Cristian 127.2 km (79.0 mi) 2,292 m (7,520 ft) 15°20′14″N 38°50′54″E / 15.337200°N 38.848235°E / 15.337200; 38.848235
Zazzega 136.8 km (85.0 mi) 2,217 m (7,274 ft) 15°21′13″N 38°48′32″E / 15.353530°N 38.808876°E / 15.353530; 38.808876
Dem Sabai 148.5 km (92.3 mi) 1,988 m (6,522 ft) 15°24′45″N 38°46′04″E / 15.412373°N 38.767746°E / 15.412373; 38.767746
Andenna 156.6 km (97.3 mi) 1,907 m (6,257 ft) 15°27′31″N 38°45′40″E / 15.458534°N 38.761063°E / 15.458534; 38.761063
Abrascico 164.9 km (102.5 mi) 1,783 m (5,850 ft) 15°30′32″N 38°44′08″E / 15.508964°N 38.735621°E / 15.508964; 38.735621
Amba Derho 176.3 km (109.5 mi) 1,688 m (5,538 ft) 15°34′46″N 38°41′43″E / 15.579392°N 38.695315°E / 15.579392; 38.695315
Furkuto 185.7 km (115.4 mi) 1,635 m (5,364 ft) 15°38′01″N 38°39′37″E / 15.633484°N 38.660290°E / 15.633484; 38.660290
Elabered 195.3 km (121.4 mi) 1,468 m (4,816 ft) 15°40′55″N 38°36′53″E / 15.681942°N 38.614706°E / 15.681942; 38.614706
Halib Mentel 209.9 km (130.4 mi) 1,423 m (4,669 ft) 15°44′43″N 38°32′50″E / 15.745387°N 38.547237°E / 15.745387; 38.547237
Keren 221.7 km (137.8 mi) 1,390 m (4,560 ft) 15°46′37″N 38°27′13″E / 15.776962°N 38.453618°E / 15.776962; 38.453618

Keren to Agordat[edit]

Agordat station, built in Arabesque style

This section was built between 1924 and 1929.

Name Distance[1] Altitude[1] Coordinates
Asciadira 232.7 km (144.6 mi) 1,204 m (3,950 ft) 15°45′49″N 38°23′25″E / 15.763700°N 38.390402°E / 15.763700; 38.390402
Hummed 245.7 km (152.7 mi) 935 m (3,068 ft) 15°44′20″N 38°19′25″E / 15.738949°N 38.323677°E / 15.738949; 38.323677
Agat 253.3 km (157.4 mi) 864 m (2,835 ft)
Darotai 262.5 km (163.1 mi) 795 m (2,608 ft)
Mai Adarte 271.4 km (168.6 mi) 750 m (2,461 ft) 15°39′19″N 38°08′01″E / 15.655361°N 38.133637°E / 15.655361; 38.133637
Umfutat 284.6 km (176.8 mi) 669 m (2,195 ft)
Carobel 296.4 km (184.2 mi) 677 m (2,221 ft)
Agordat 306.4 km (190.4 mi) 606 m (1,988 ft) 15°32′46″N 37°52′52″E / 15.546063°N 37.881155°E / 15.546063; 37.881155

Beyond Agordat[edit]

Beyond Agordat, the rails were laid as far as Bishia, another 31 kilometres (19 mi), with plans to extend to Ellit and Teseney,[3] linking with the railway network in Sudan. However this section was never completed.[4]

There would have been a break-of-gauge at the connection between Sudan and Eritrea.

Name Distance Altitude Comments
Agordat 232.7 km (144.6 mi) 606 m (1,988 ft)
Bishia 263.7 km (163.9 mi), 715 m (2,346 ft) 15°29′24″N 37°32′48″E / 15.490014°N 37.546572°E / 15.490014; 37.546572
Ellit 290.7 km (180.6 mi) 735 m (2,411 ft) km uncertain
Teseney 301.0 km (187.0 mi) 600 m (1,969 ft) km uncertain
SudanKassala, Sudan 351.0 km (218.1 mi) 531 m (1,742 ft) km uncertain; Near Eritrea-Sudan border

Potash railway[edit]

A 42 kilometres (26 mi) line carrying potash was built to serve the following locations:[5]

The 600 mm (1 ft 11+58 in) gauge line was active from 1905: a 600-mm track gauge line was built by the Italians inside the port of Mersa Fatuma[6] and from it into the hinterland until Kululi near the Ethiopian border. This was the main source of potash in Eritrea and had to cease operations because of the Great Depression of 1929.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Railways Administration in Eritrea. Imperial Ethiopian Government. 16 November 1965.
  2. ^ Photo of Otumlo station
  3. ^ Map of 1938 Italian Eritrea showing the expansion planned toward Ethiopia and Sudan border (the red line continuous is the Massaua-Asmara-Keren-Agordat railway)
  4. ^ "The Eritrean Railway". Retrieved 24 March 2009.
  5. ^ "Building the line". Retrieved 24 March 2009.
  6. ^ Meleca: Map of the potash railway from Mersa Fatuma in page 3
  7. ^ Neil Robinson. World Rail Atlas and Historical Summary.North, East and Central Africa. London, 2009 (p.35-39). ISBN 978-954-92184-3-5

External links[edit]

Media related to Train stations in Eritrea at Wikimedia Commons