Raimundo de Madrazo
Raimundo de Madrazo y Garreta
24 July 1841
|Died||15 September 1920 (aged 79)|
|Education||Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando|
École des Beaux-Arts
Raimundo de Madrazo y Garreta (24 July 1841 – 15 September 1920) was a Spanish painter from the Madrazo family of artists who worked in the Realistic style, although his later work shows signs of Rococo and Japanese influence. He was known primarily for his genre paintings and portraits. His grandfather was José de Madrazo, his father was the portrait painter Federico de Madrazo and his brother was Ricardo de Madrazo.
He was born in Rome into a family of artists with a noble background. His grandfather was José de Madrazo, the painter and former Director of the Museo del Prado; his father was Federico de Madrazo, also a painter; his uncles were Luis de Madrazo, a painter, Pedro de Madrazo, an art critic and Juan de Madrazo, an architect; while his brother was Ricardo de Madrazo, also a painter. His maternal grandfather was Tadeusz Kuntze, a Polish painter. The Madrazo family have been described as one of the most important painting dynasties, who literally dominated 19th-century painting in Spain.
His first lessons came from his father and grandfather. Later, he attended the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, where he studied with Carlos Luis de Ribera and Carlos de Haes. He settled in Madrid and completed his education with a visit to Paris in 1860; taking lessons from Léon Cogniet and coming under the influence of his friend Alfred Stevens.
He had his first exhibition that same year and often visited New York to sell his paintings. Among his clients there were the Vanderbilt family and Alexander Turney Stewart. He rarely had exhibitions in Spain. In 1882 he, Stevens, Giuseppe de Nittis and Georges Petit established an "International Painting Exhibition" to promote foreign artists living in Paris.
He was a frequent exhibitor at the Paris Salon, won a major medal at the Exposition Universelle (1889) and was a regular at the salon of Madeleine Lemaire. The model for nearly all of the female figures in his genre paintings was Aline Masson, the daughter of the doorman at the Paris residence of the Marqués de Casa Riera.
After 1862, he lived in Paris for much of his life. In the late 1860s, he spent some time in Rome with his brother, working in the studios of Marià Fortuny, who had married their sister Cecilia. During the Franco-Prussian War, he lived in Granada. His wife died during childbirth in 1874, the same year as his brother-in-law, Fortuny.
In 1894, he donated a collection of works by Francisco de Goya that he had acquired in 1869 to the Museo del Prado. In 1914, he moved to Versailles, where he died six years later. His son, Federico de Madrazo y Ochoa (known as "Coco") also became a notable painter.
- His place of birth is not entirely clear. Some sources give Madrid as the birthplace while others cite Rome.
- Caso, E.D., Les Orientalistes de l'école Espagnole, ACR edition, 1997, p. 158
- Los Madrazo, una familia de artistas: [Exhibition], Museo Municipal, 1985 [catálogo de la exposición, tapa del libro]
- Brief biography @ the Museo del Prado.
- Brief biography @ AllArt Classic.
- Commentary on "The Reading" @ the Carmen Thyssen Museum.
- Raimundo de Madrazo (1842-1920), exhibition catalog, Zaragoza, Proedi Promociones Editoriales, 1996. ISBN 84-89640-02-5
- Portús Pérez, Javier, The Spanish Portrait: from El Greco to Picasso. London: Scala, 2004. ISBN 978-1-85759-374-7
- El Legado Ramón de Errazu, Rico, Fortuny y Madrazo, exhibition catalog, Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2005. ISBN 84-8480-086-5
- Assier, Mathilde, Raimundo de Madrazo (1841-1920), aux confins de la modernité, 2012.
- Raimundo de Madrazo y Garreta (1841-1920), Portrait of Isabelle McCreery, 1880. http://www.jansantiques.com/Lot/jac2025.php
Media related to Raimundo Madrazo at Wikimedia Commons